Gomel Region

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Homyel'skaya voblasts')
Jump to: navigation, search
Gomel Region
Гомельская вобласць (Belarusian)
Гомельская область (Russian)
Flag of Gomel Region
Flag
Coat of arms of Gomel Region
Coat of arms
Location of Gomel Region
Administrative center Gomel
Largest cities Gomel - 481,200
Mazyr - 111,800
Žlobin - 72,800
Raions 21
Cities - 17
Urban localities - 278
Villages - 2,608
City raions 4
Area
 • Total 40,361.66 km2 (15,583.72 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,426,674
 • Density 35/km2 (92/sq mi)
Website www.gomel-region.by

Gomel Region (Homieĺ Voblasć, Homieĺskaja Voblasć, Belarusian: Го́мельская во́бласць) is a region (voblast) of Belarus with its administrative center being Gomel. The total area of the region is 40400 square kilometers, the population in 2011 stood at 1,435,000 with the number of inhabitants per 1 km2 at 36.[1]

Important cities within the voblast include: Gomel, Mazyr, Žlobin, Svietlahorsk, Rečyca, Kalinkavičy, Rahačoŭ, Dobruš.

Both the Gomel Region and the Mogilev Region suffered severely after the Chernobyl nuclear reactor catastrophe.[2] The Gomel Province borders the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone in places, and parts of it is designated as mandatory or voluntary resettlement areas as a result of the radioactive contamination.[3]

Administrative Subdivisions[edit]

Gomel Region comprises 21 rajons (districts) and 2 city municipalities. Raions comprises 278 selsovets, 17 cities and towns.

Cities and towns[edit]

Сity municipalities: Gomel, Mazyr.

Geography[edit]

Pripiatski National Park covers 2% of the territory of the region. 11 wildlife preserves of national importance cover 2,1% of the region.[4]

The extreme southern point of Belarus is located in Gomel Region, on the Dnieper River to the south of the urban-type settlement of Kamaryn, Brahin Raion.[5]

3rd the largest lake in Belarus Čyrvonaje Lake is situated in Homieĺ Voblasć, Žytkavičy Rajon.[6]

The frozen Svietlahorsk Biarezina river.

Economy[edit]

The processing industry is represented by alcohol, alcoholic beverage, wine, beer and soft drinks, vegetable-drying and canning industries.

Transport[edit]

Gomel Region is a major transport hub. Major railway junctions include Gomel, Zhlobin, and Kalinkavichy. Gomel is located at the intersection of the highways 95E Odessa - Kiev - St. Petersburg, Bakhmach - Vilnius, and M10 Bryansk - Brest. River transport is also common in the region with regular navigation on the Pripyat, Dnieper and Berezina Rivers.

Tourism[edit]

The number of travel agencies in Gomel Region has grown from 21 in 2000 to 54 in 2010.[7][8] Main tourist destinations of the region are Prypyatski National Park and Gomel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Territory and population density of Belarus by region as of January 1, 2011". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  2. ^ http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chernobyl_radiation_map_1996.svg
  3. ^ Mould, Richard Francis (2000-05-01). Chernobyl Record: The Definitive History of the Chernobyl Catastrophe. CRC Press. ISBN 9780750306706. 
  4. ^ "Nature reserves and national parks, wildlife preserves and nature sanctuaries". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Coordinates of the extreme points of the state frontier". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Main characteristics of the largest lakes of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Research Laboratory for Lake Study of the Belarus State University. 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  7. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organizations engaged in tourist activities in 2010 in Belarus". Land of Ancestors. National Staistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organisations engaged in tourist activities in Belarus by region". Land of Ancestors. National Staistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 52°20′N 29°40′E / 52.333°N 29.667°E / 52.333; 29.667