Human rights in Zambia

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Zambia

Human rights in Zambia are addressed in the constitution. However, the Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Zambia for 2012 by the United States Department of State noted that in general, the government's human rights record remained poor.

Serious abuses[edit]

The Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Zambia for 2012 noted the following serious human rights abuses:[1]

  • abuses by security forces, including unlawful killings, torture, and beatings;
  • life-threatening prison conditions;
  • restrictions on freedom of speech, assembly, and association;
  • arbitrary arrest and prolonged pretrial detention;
  • arbitrary interference with privacy;
  • government corruption;
  • violence and discrimination against women, child abuse, and trafficking in persons;
  • discrimination against persons with disabilities and based on sexual orientation;
  • restrictions on labor rights, forced labor, and child labor; and
  • that the government generally did not take steps to prosecute or punish officials who committed abuses, allowing impunity to remain a problem.

Freedom in the World ratings[edit]

The following are Zambia's ratings since 1972 in the Freedom in the World reports, published annually by Freedom House (1 is best, 7 is worst).[2]

Year Political Rights Civil Liberties Status President1
1972 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1973 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1974 5 4 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1975 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1976 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1977 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1978 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1979 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1980 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1981 5 6 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1982 5 6 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1983 5 6 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1984 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1985 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1986 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1987 5 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1988 6 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1989 6 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1990 6 5 Partly Free Kenneth Kaunda
1991 2 3 Free Kenneth Kaunda
1992 2 3 Free Frederick Chiluba
1993 3 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
1994 3 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
1995 3 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
1996 5 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
1997 5 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
1998 5 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
1999 5 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
2000 5 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
2001 5 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
2002 4 4 Partly Free Frederick Chiluba
2003 4 4 Partly Free Levy Mwanawasa
2004 4 4 Partly Free Levy Mwanawasa
2005 4 4 Partly Free Levy Mwanawasa
2006 3 4 Partly Free Levy Mwanawasa
2007 3 4 Partly Free Levy Mwanawasa
2008 3 3 Partly Free Levy Mwanawasa
2009 3 4 Partly Free Rupiah Banda
2010 3 4 Partly Free Rupiah Banda
2011 3 4 Partly Free Rupiah Banda
2012[3] 3 4 Partly Free Michael Sata

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

1.^ As of January 1.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zambia", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Country ratings and status, Freedom in the World 1973-2012" (XLS). Freedom House. 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "Zambia", Freedom in the World 2013, Freedom House. Retrieved 22 January 2014.

External links[edit]