Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, mills and mining operations or excavation. It has existed since the outset of the industrial revolution. Some examples of industrial waste are chemical solvents, paints, sand paper, paper products, industrial by-products, metals, and radioactive wastes.
Toxic waste, chemical waste, industrial solid waste and municipal solid waste are designations of industrial waste. Sewage treatment plants can treat some industrial wastes, i.e. those consisting of conventional pollutants such as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). Industrial wastes containing toxic pollutants require specialized treatment systems. (See Industrial wastewater treatment).
- Maczulak, Anne Elizabeth (2010). Pollution: Treating Environmental Toxins. New York: Infobase Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 9781438126333.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (2011). "Introduction to the National Pretreatment Program" Document no. EPA-833-B-11-001. pp. 1-1, 1-2.
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