Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, mills and mining operations or excavation. It has existed since the outset of the industrial revolution. Some examples of industrial waste are chemical solvents, paints, sand paper, paper products, industrial by-products, metals, and radioactive wastes.
Toxic waste, chemical waste, industrial solid waste and municipal solid waste are designations of industrial waste. Sewage treatment plants can treat some industrial wastes, i.e. those consisting of conventional pollutants such as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). Industrial wastes containing toxic pollutants require specialized treatment systems. (See Industrial wastewater treatment).
Industrial waste management in Thailand
In Thailand the roles in Municipal solid waste (MSW) management and Industrial waste management is organised by the Royal Thai Government which is then divided into central government, regional government, and local government. Each government is responsible for different tasks such as the central government is responsible to stimulate regulation, policies, and standard, the regional government is to be responsible for coordinated between central and local government, and the local government is responsible for waste management in their governed area. However, the local government does not dispose of the waste by their own but instead hired the private company that has been granted the right from the Pollution Control Department (PCD) in Thailand. These companies are namely Bangpoo Industrial Waste Management Center, General Environmental Conservation Public Company Limited (GENCO), SGS Thailand, Waste Management Siam LTD (WMS), and Better World Green Public Company Limited (BGW) . These companies will be responsible for the waste they have received from their customers before releasing to the environment, buried, and reused as energy. For example, BGW has provided services range from contacting the industries, analyze the waste in the lab so that the waste is treated safely. After the analysis of waste, if they are able to manage the waste safely, BGW will provide the truck for transportation of waste. Lastly, all of the wastes will be classified at BGW. After the classification, the industrial wastes which are hazardous will be dispose or put into the landfill for hazardous waste, and the non-hazardous waste will be put into a separate landfill . On the other hand, the waste waster is being treated on the operated chemical and biological waste water treatment. Some of the large contaminated waste including solid and liquid waste will be burnt in the incinerator with high-technology that is acceptable that it can ensure that incomplete combustion will not occur. BGW also developed a way to reduce waste materials by using solid and liquid blending that is used to make material and fuel substitutes respectively. Furthermore, BGW also provide the waste management consultant for their customer to discuss about the method of waste management and waste disposal, transportation and collection system, management of waste water, waste manifest system, and public activities.
- Maczulak, Anne Elizabeth (2010). Pollution: Treating Environmental Toxins. New York: Infobase Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 9781438126333.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (2011). "Introduction to the National Pretreatment Program" Document no. EPA-833-B-11-001. pp. 1-1, 1-2.
- Jiaranaikhajorn, Taweechai. "Waste and Hazardous Substances Management Bureau". Pollution Control Department (PCD), THAILAND. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
- "Pollution Control Department (PCD) Statement, THAILAND". Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.
- Visvanathan, C. "Hazardous and Industrial Solid Waste Management in Thailand - an Overview". www.faculty.ait.ac.th/visu/. Asian Institute of Technology Thailand. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
- "Genco Background". General Environment Conservation Public Comapany Limited (GENCO). Retrieved 22 November 2014.
- "About SGS". SGS (Thailand) Limited. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
- "About Waste Management Siam LTD. (WMS)". Waste Management Siam LTD. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
- "About BGW". http://www.betterworldgreen.com/. Better World Green Public Company Limited (BWG).
- "BGW Services, Landfill". http://www.betterworldgreen.com/. Better World Green Public Company Limited.
- "BGW Services, Waste water treament". http://www.betterworldgreen.com/. Better World Green Public Company Limited.
- "BGW Services, Incinerator". http://www.betterworldgreen.com/. Better World Green Public Company Limited (BGW).
- "BGW Services, Blending Solid, Liquid Waste-to-Renewable-Energy". http://www.betterworldgreen.com/. Better World Green Public Company Limited (BGW).
- "BGW Services, Advisor". http://www.betterworldgreen.com/. Better World Green Public Company Limited (BGW).