Waste management in Hong Kong
In the densely populated Hong Kong, waste is a troublesome issue. The territory generates around 6.4 million tons of waste each year, and by 2015, its existing landfills are expected to be full. The government has introduced waste management schemes and is working to educate the public on the subject. On the commercial side, producers are taking up measures to reduce waste.
Waste management process
In Hong Kong, wastes generated can be categorized as municipal solid waste, construction and demolition waste, chemical waste and other special waste including clinical waste, animal carcasses, livestock waste, radioactive waste, grease trap waste and waterworks/sewage sludges. Current (2012), according to Waste Atlas 1st Report waste generation in Hong Kong is around 3,3 million tonnes per year or 464 kg/cap/year.
Wastes in Hong Kong are first collected from disposal bins to refuse transfer stations (RTS). After they are compacted and put in containers, they are delivered to disposal lands or recycling centers.
There are hundreds of collectors in the territory where wastes are located before transferring to refuse transfer stations.
Operated by the EPD, the landfill sites only accept garbage from Hong Kong. Thirteen of 16 landfills were closed from 1988 to 1996.
|West New Territories Landfill (WENT)||Nim Wan, Tuen Mun||110||1993||61 million m³||Active (Full by 2018/2019)|
|South East New Territories Landfill (SENT)||Tai Chik Sha, Tseung Kwan O||100||1994||43||Active (Full by 2014/2015)|
|North East New Territories Landfill (NENT)||Ta Kwu Ling||61||1995||35||Active (Full by 2016/2017)|
There are also 13 closed landfills. The closed landfills are converted into facilities such as golf courses, multi-purpose grass pitches, rest gardens, and ecological parks. Greenhouse gases emitted from closed landfills are used for energy. The closed landfills are:
|Landfill||Location||Acres||Opened||Capacity||Status||Rehab Period||Current use|
|Gin Drinkers Bay||Kwai Tsing District||29||1960||3.5 million tonnes||Closed||1999–2000||now Kwai Chung Park|
|Ngau Tam Mei||Yuen Long District||2||1973||0.15 million tonnes||Closed||1999–2000||Green Belt|
|Shuen Wan||Tai Po District||50||1973||15 million tonnes||Closed||1996–1997||golf driving range|
|Ma Tso Lung||North District||2||1976||0.2 million tonnes||Closed||1999–2000||recreation centre for Tung Wah Group of Hospitals|
|Ngau Chi Wan||Wong Tai Sin District||8||1976||0.7 million tonnes||Closed||1997–1998||recreation area|
|Sai Tso Wan||Kwun Tong District||9||1978||1.6 million tonnes||Closed||1997–1998||Sai Tso Wan Recreation Ground opened in 2004|
|Siu Lang Shui||Tuen Mun District||12||1978||1.2 million tonnes||Closed||1999–2000||Green Belt|
|Tseung Kwan O Stage I||Sai Kung District||68||1978||15.2 million tonnes||Closed||1997–1999||proposed site for football academy and driving range|
|Ma Yau Tong West||Kwun Tong||6||1979||6 million tonnes||Closed||1997–1998||planned recreation facilities|
|Ma Yau Tong Central||Kwun Tong||11||1981||1.0 million tonnes||Closed||1997–1998||future Lam Tin Park|
|Pillar Point Valley||Tuen Mun District||38||1983||13 million tonnes||Closed||2004–2006||N/A|
|Jordan Valley||Kwun Tong||11||1986||1.5 million tonnes||Closed||1997–1998||Jordan Valley Park, Opened 2010.|
|Tseung Kwan O Stage II-III||Sai Kung District||42||1988||12.6 million tonnes||Closed||1997–1999||temporary home for Hong Kong Air Cadet Corps model plane training facilities|
Friends of the Earth
Green Power, another local environmental organization, has many activities related to waste control and management. Green Power organizes an on-going "Zero Waste Action", aiming to reduce the waste the territory produces.
- Waste problem in Hong Kong (PDF), retrieved 2009-06-28
- Ockenden, James (2007-02-27). "HK landfills full in 4-8 years". blueskieschina.com. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
- EPD - Data & Statistics
- "Waste Atlas. (2012). Country Data: HONG KONG SAR, CHINA.".
- Friends of the Earth (HK)
- Hong Kong Expands Municipal Solid Waste Management System Into The Future
- North East New Territories (NENT) Landfill
- Green Power - Activities
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Waste management in Hong Kong.|
- Restoring Hong Kong's Landfills
- Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department
- Friends of the Earth
- Green Power