Infanta Maria Adelaide of Portugal
|Infanta of Portugal|
|Spouse||Dr. Nicolaas van Uden|
|House||House of Braganza|
|Father||Miguel, Duke of Braganza|
|Mother||Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg|
31 January 1912|
Saint-Jean-de-Luz, French Republic
|Died||24 February 2012
Lisbon, Portuguese Republic
D. Infanta Maria Adelaide of Portugal, (31 January 1912 – 24 February 2012) was an Infanta of Portugal from the royal House of Braganza, daughter of Miguel, Duke of Braganza and Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. She was born in Saint-Jean-de-Luz, France. Her godparents were King Manuel II, the last reigning king of Portugal, and Amélie of Orleans.
Infanta Maria Adelaide was educated at the Sacre Coeur College in Riedenburg, Germany. She was married in Vienna, 13 October 1945, to Dr. Nicolaas van Uden (Venlo, 5 March 1921 – Lisbon, 5February 1991) who was Dutch and who became a naturalized Portuguese citizen in 1975. He was a medical biochemist and a great scientific authority in the field of yeast development.
Infanta Maria Adelaide lived in Vienna, Austria, working as a nurse and social assistant. During World War II, when there were bombardments, she travelled at night to the place to provide aid to the victims. She was part of the Nazi resistance movement, and the Gestapo sentenced her to death. The Portuguese President of the Council of Ministers, António de Oliveira Salazar intervened with the Germans, claiming that Infanta Maria Adelaide was a national heritage. This intervention of the Portuguese diplomacy resulted in the release and her immediate deportation, after which she settled in Switzerland. It was there that her brother Dom Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza and sister-in-law Francisca lived. After the war, the family finally returned to Austria.
In 1949, Dona Maria Adelaide returned to Portugal. Meanwhile, her husband graduated in medicine from the University of Vienna and specialized in diseases of the skin. But when Dr. Nicolaas van Uden arrived in Portugal his qualifications were not recognised as equivalent to the Portuguese ones, and therefore he could not practice medicine. As there was no other solution, he went to work for a small research laboratory at the Faculty of Science and stayed there for several years, until the opportunity to work in partnership with the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation arose. Due to such a collaboration the Gulbenkian Science Institute was born and it promotes scientific research in various areas since the 1950s to date.
The van Uden family originally lived in the Quinta do Carmo, in Almada. Infanta Maria Adelaide began working as a social assistant in some initiatives, because that area of Trafaria in Monte da Caparica, was very poor. She developed an intensive career, especially in the area whereby newborn poor or orphaned children were collected and then taken to the D. Nunes Alvares Pereira Foundation, of which she was President.
|Ancestors of Infanta Maria Adelaide of Portugal|
|Adriano Sergio de Braganza van Uden||9 April 1946||Married Maria de Jesus de Saldanha de Sousa e Menezes|
|Nuno Miguel de Braganza van Uden||2 September 1947||Married Maria do Rosário Cayolla Bonneville|
|Francisco Xavier Damiano de Braganza van Uden||8 September 1949||Married Maria Teresa Henriques Gil|
|Filipa Teodora de Braganza van Uden||22 June 1951||Married António Manuel d'Atouguia da Rocha Fontes|
|Miguel Inacio de Braganza van Uden||31 July 1953||Married Maria do Carmo Leão Ponce Dentinho|
|Maria Teresa de Bragança van Uden||24 June 1956||Married João Ricardo da Cámara Chaves|
- Monroe, Kristen R. (2004). The hand of compassion: portraits of moral choice during the Holocaust. Princeton University Press. pp. 73–. ISBN 978-0-691-11863-5. Retrieved 27 April 2011.