Interstate 94 in Illinois

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Interstate 94 marker

Interstate 94
Route information
Maintained by Illinois Department of Transportation
Length: 78.00 mi[1] (125.53 km)
Major junctions
West end: I-94 / US 41 near Zion
  I-294 in Northbrook
I-90 in Chicago
I-290 / IL 110 in Chicago
I-55 in Chicago
I-90 / Chicago Skyway in Chicago
I-57 in Chicago
I-80 / I-294 / IL 394 in South Holland
East end: I-80 / I-94 / US 6 in Lansing
Highway system
Illinois State Highway System
IL 93 IL 94

Interstate 94 (I-94) generally runs north–south through the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Illinois, in Lake and Cook counties. It is marked east–west in Illinois in accordance with its general alignment across the country, although some entrances on the Tri-State Tollway have north or south I-94 signs. I-94 in Illinois is 78.00 miles (125.53 km) long.[1]

The William G. Edens Expressway (also known as the Edens Parkway and the Edens Superhighway) is the main major expressway north from the city of Chicago to Northbrook, Illinois. Only the short portion from the spur ramp to the expressway's end in Highland Park does not carry I-94. It was the first expressway in Chicago and was opened on December 20, 1951. It has three lanes in each direction. The original name of the expressway was the Edens Parkway, named after William G. Edens, a banker and early advocate for paved roads. He was a sponsor of Illinois' first highway bond issue in 1918.

Route description[edit]

The control cities for I-94 generally are Wisconsin or Milwaukee to the north and west, Chicago or Chicago Loop for those heading to the central portion, and Indiana to the south and east.

Wisconsin to Downtown Chicago[edit]

I-94 traverses rural and suburban areas in Lake County, and serves Six Flags Great America and the Gurnee Mills mall; extensive office developments and residential districts in southern Lake County and the North Shore region of Cook County, and serves the Old Orchard Shopping Center; the length of the city of Chicago, running just west of the Chicago Loop on the Kennedy Expressway.

I-94 has 6 lanes (3 in each direction) from the state line to Illinois Route 173 (Rosecrans Road) with wide shoulders planned to be 8 by 2015-2016 (same time as the I-94 in WI work). At this point it becomes 8 lanes wide until just north of Deerfield Road where it widens further to 10 lanes as it approaches Interstate 294 and the Edens Spur. This is where 3 lanes branch off and begin I-294 while 2 lanes for I-94 head east onto the Edens Spur which only has four lanes total (two in each direction).

The highway turns south and widens back to six lanes on the Edens Expressway, and to ten lanes (four lanes in each direction + two reversible lanes) along the Kennedy Expressway. At Ohio Street, the reversible lanes terminate and the highway has 10 lanes to the Circle Interchange, where the left lane ends and the right lane exits onto the Eisenhower Expressway.

Until 2010, mileposts along the portion of I-94 that are part of the Tri-State Tollway reflect the distance from the southeastern terminus of the tollway, that led to a counterintuitive increase in the mile numbers as one proceeds "west." In 2010, the mile markers have been renumbered to indicate mileage of Interstate 94 traveled in Illinois, increasing from the Wisconsin border to the Indiana border.[2]

Downtown Chicago to Indiana[edit]

South of downtown Chicago, I-94 serves the southeast suburbs of Chicago, including Dolton, Calumet City, and South Holland, Illinois, until it joins Interstate 80 on the Kingery Expressway, which finally enters Indiana east of Lansing, Illinois.

I-94 has ten lanes (five in each direction) from the exit ramps of the Circle Interchange to the Stevenson Expressway. It then splits into a 14 lane expressway on the Dan Ryan, with three and four lanes alternating between the local and express lanes in both directions. At the Chicago Skyway, a two lane ramp carries traffic to I-90, leaving ten lanes (five in each direction) running south to the I-57/I-94 junction.

From I-57 to Cottage Grove Avenue, I-94 has four lanes (two lanes each way), with six lanes (three lanes each way) between Michigan Avenue and Cottage Grove Avenue. The freeway connection ramp to Stony Island Avenue has four lanes (two in each direction). I-94 then has six lanes (three in each direction) south to I-80. On the ramps to and from I-80, I-94 has two lanes in each direction. On I-80 itself, I-94 widens to eight lanes (four in each direction) to the state line.

The section including the Southland Interchange with I-80 and 294 was reconfigured as part of the Kingery Expressway reconstruction project, completed in 2007, including 4 lanes south of 159th Street, with the split between I-80 and 94 East to the left, and I-80 West, I-294 North, and Ill. 394 South on the right located north of the 170th St. overpass. The configuration of I-80 and 94 is discussed in connection with the Kingery Expressway.

History[edit]

Interstate 494 (and later Interstate 694) was originally planned to serve as a loop in Chicago and follow Lake Shore Drive along Lake Michigan. After local opposition prevented I-494 and I-694 from being completed, both numbers were completely dropped. Portions of the old I-494/I-694 exist as US 41/Lake Shore Drive and the Ohio Street connector. In addition, I-494 was also planned at one point to be a western bypass of Chicago, as the Crosstown Expressway.

The Edens Expressway section of I-94 was last rehabilitated from 1978 through 1980.[3] From 2007 to 2009, I-94 was widened from six to eight lanes between Illinois Route 173 (Rosecrans Road) and Illinois Route 22 (Half Day Road).[4]

On April 4, 2008 the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) closed one lane in each direction for the entire length of the freeway. The closures lasted until August 2008, occurred in advance of patching and resurfacing of the mainline. In addition, the $42.8 million project will rehabilitate six bridges and improve drainage at four underpasses.[5]

The Bishop Ford Freeway in South Holland, approaching Exit 73.

The Calumet Expressway was originally an extension of Doty Avenue. There were traffic lights at the intersections of Doty with 111th, 115th, and 130th, but interchanges were built in the early 1960s. The expressway was originally designated as Illinois 1, Alternate U.S. 30, and certain portions as U.S. 6 and Illinois 83, but Illinois 1 returned to Halsted Street, and U.S. 6 and Illinois 83 were routed onto Torrence Avenue. In 1962, the connection between the Calumet Expressway and Dan Ryan Expressway opened, and is now signed as part of the Bishop Ford.

In 2006-2007, the portion south of 159th Street was reconstructed as part of the Kingery Expressway-Southland Interchange project. The section between 159th Street and Martin Luther King, Jr. drive was rehabilitated and resurfaced in Summer and Fall 2009.[6]

Exit list[edit]

Various sections of I-94 take on localized names.

Tri-State Tollway[edit]

See Tri-State Tollway Exits South Holland to Northbrook 24.

Edens Parkway[edit]

County Location[1] Mile[1] Exit[1] Destinations Notes
I-94.svg I-94 runs west onto the Edens Spur
Cook Northbrook 29.96 29 US 41.svg US 41 north (Skokie Highway) West end of US 41 overlap; last free exit westbound; no eastbound exit
30.23 30 Illinois 68.svg IL 68 west — Dundee Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; signed as exits 30A (west) and 30B (east).
Northbrook
Northfield 31.92 31 Tower Road Westbound entrance, eastbound exit.
Tower Road East goes to Winnetka; access to Northfield and Willow Road via West Frontage Road.
33.04 33 Willow Road Westbound exit, eastbound entrance; signed as exits 33A (west) and 33B (east)
Winnetka
Wilmette 33.95 34A US 41.svg US 41 south — Skokie Road East end of US 41 overlap; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
34.58 34 Lake Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; signed as exits 34B (west) and 34C (east)
Skokie 35.84 35 Old Orchard Road (10000 North) Access to Old Orchard Mall
37.38 37 Illinois 58.svg IL 58 — Dempster Street (8800 North) Signed to Northwestern University.
Morton Grove
Lincolnwood 39.87 39 Touhy Avenue (7200 North) Westbound exit to Touhy Avenue East utilizes Illinois 50.svg Illinois Route 50 — Cicero Avenue.

Western portion of interchange is in Skokie; signed as exits 39A (west) and 37B (east)

Chicago 41.37 41 US 14.svg US 14 — Peterson Avenue / Caldwell Avenue (6000 North) Eastbound exit only to Peterson eastbound; Caldwell entrance only to I-94 East; signed as exits 41A (south) and 41B (north)
41.91 41C Illinois 50.svg Illinois Route 50 south — Cicero Avenue (4800 West) Eastbound exit only. Signed to I-90.svg I-90 west; O'Hare Field; Foster Avenue.
42.49 42 Foster Avenue (5200 North) Entrance and exit to I-94 West only.
43.52[7] 43A Wilson Avenue (4600 North)
43.32 43B I-90.svg Interstate 90 west(Kennedy Expressway) — Chicago Loop Also known as The Junction. EB I-94 joins I-90 traveling eastbound. Exits to eastbound express and local lanes. No access to westbound I-90 traveling eastbound (use Exit 41C, Cicero Avenue and Foster Avenue).
I-90.svgI-94.svg I-90/94 continues south as the Kennedy Expressway

Kennedy Expressway[edit]

See Kennedy Expressway Exits 43B to 51I.

Dan Ryan Expressway[edit]

See Dan Ryan Expressway Exit 51H to 63.

Bishop Ford Freeway[edit]

County Location[1] Mile[1] #[1] Destinations Notes
I-94.svg I-94 continues north onto the Dan Ryan Expressway
Cook Chicago 63.17 63 I-57.svg Interstate 57 South — Memphis, Tennessee Left exit on Bishop Ford Freeway. Northern terminus of Bishop Ford Freeway. Northern terminus of I-57. I-94 continues north onto the Dan Ryan Expressway.
64.59–
65.56
65 WB (on NB Bishop Ford): Stony Island Avenue (1600 East), 103rd Street
EB (on connector): Stony Island Avenue (1600 East), To 95th and 103rd Streets
Marked as "To US 41.svg U.S. Route 41 — Lake Shore Drive".
66.18 66A 111th Street Exit to Pullman Historic District
66.70 66B 115th Street
68.67 68A-B 130th Street Exit to Illinois International Port.
69.52 69 Beaubien Forest Preserve Eastbound exit, westbound entrance. Access to 134th Street.
69.91 Steel Bridge over the Calumet River
Calumet City 70.62 70A-B Dolton Avenue Eastbound exits, westbound entrances.
71.42 71A-B Illinois 83.svg Illinois Route 83 — Sibley Boulevard (15000 South)
South Holland 72.96 73A-B US 6.svg U.S. Route 6 — 159th Street South Holland, Calumet City

While signed as 159th Street, U.S. 6 is 162nd Street in South Holland and River Oaks Drive in Calumet City

74.40 74A Illinois 394.svg Illinois Route 394 South — Danville Southern terminus of Bishop Ford Freeway. Southern terminus of Tri-State Tollway and I-294. I-94 continues eastbound with I-80 onto the Kingery Expressway.
74.40 74B I-80.svgI-294.svg Interstates 80 West/294 North (Tri-State Tollway) — Iowa, Wisconsin
I-80.svgI-94.svg I-80/94 runs east onto the Kingery Expressway

Kingery Expressway[edit]

See Interstate 80 in Illinois for exits on the Kingery Expressway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2006). "T2 GIS Data". Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  2. ^ https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/misc.transport.road/PHUR-5ohNXc
  3. ^ Hilkevitch, John (March 26, 2006). "Buckle up, it looks like a long ride". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 26, 2006. 
  4. ^ "North Tri-State Tollway (I-294/94) Rebuild and Widen Project". Illinois Tollway Authority. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  5. ^ Claffey, Mike; Kollias, Marisa (March 31, 2008). "IDOT: Edens/I-94 Rehab Project Will Close One Lane In Each Direction Until Late Summer" (Press release). Illinois Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 4, 2008. 
  6. ^ http://www.dot.il.gov/bishopford/default.html
  7. ^ The survey point for the Wilson Avenue exit is located prior to the Edens/Kennedy split in Illinois' 2006 GIS data.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

Interstate 94
Previous state:
Wisconsin
Illinois Next state:
Indiana