Irving Kaplansky

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Irving Kaplansky
Irving Kaplansky2.jpg
Born March 22, 1917
Toronto
Died June 25, 2006
Los Angeles
Nationality Canada, American
Fields Mathematics
Institutions University of Chicago
Alma mater Harvard University
Doctoral advisor Saunders Mac Lane
Doctoral students Hyman Bass
H. Arlen Brown
Jacob Feldman
Donald Ornstein
Alex Rosenberg
Fred Wright, Jr.
Known for group theory
ring theory
operator algebras
field theory

Irving Kaplansky (March 22, 1917 – June 25, 2006) was a Canadian mathematician.

Biography[edit]

Kaplansky (or "Kap," as his friends and colleagues called him) was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, to Polish-Jewish immigrants;[1][2] his father worked as a tailor, and his mother ran a grocery and, eventually, a chain of bakeries.[3][4][5] He attended the University of Toronto as an undergraduate. In his senior year, he competed in the first William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition, becoming one of the first five recipients of the Putnam Fellowship, which paid for graduate studies at Harvard University.[3] After receiving his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1941[6] as Saunders Mac Lane's first student, he remained at Harvard as a Benjamin Pierce Instructor, and in 1944 moved with Mac Lane to Columbia University for a year.[3] He was professor of mathematics at the University of Chicago from 1945 to 1984, and Chair of the department from 1962 to 1967. Kaplansky's many doctoral students included Hyman Bass, Donald Ornstein, and Harold Widom. Kaplansky was the Director of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute from 1984 to 1992, and the President of the American Mathematical Society from 1985 to 1986.

Kaplansky was also an accomplished amateur musician. He studied piano until the age of 15, earned money in high school as a dance band musician, taught Tom Lehrer, and played in Harvard's jazz band in graduate school. He also had a regular program on Harvard's student radio station. After moving to the University of Chicago, he stopped playing for two decades, but then returned to music as an accompanist for student-run Gilbert and Sullivan productions and as a calliope player in football game parades.[3] He often composed music based on mathematical themes. One of those compositions, A Song About Pi, is a melody based on assigning notes to the first 14 decimal places of pi, and has occasionally been performed by his daughter, singer-songwriter Lucy Kaplansky.

Mathematical contributions[edit]

Kaplansky made major contributions to group theory, ring theory, the theory of operator algebras and field theory. He published more than 150 papers and worked with at least 20 co-authors.

Awards and honors[edit]

Kaplansky was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Selected publications[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Irving Kaplansky Memoir by Nancy E. Albert
  2. ^ Making Family Stories into Art
  3. ^ a b c d Albers, Donald J.; Alexanderson, Gerald L.; Reid, Constance, eds. (1990), "Irving Kaplansky", More Mathematical People, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, pp. 118–136 .
  4. ^ Irving Kaplansky — mathematician and author
  5. ^ In memoriam: Irving Kaplansky
  6. ^ Irving Kaplansky at the Mathematics Genealogy Project

References[edit]

External links[edit]