Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park
|Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park|
|Area||1,890.62 square kilometres (729.97 sq mi)|
|Established||September 7, 1949|
Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park (上信越高原国立公園 Jōshin'etsu-kōgen Kokuritsu Kōen?) is a national park in the Chūbu region of the main island of Honshū, Japan formed around several active and dormant volcanoes. The park spans over the mountainous areas of Gunma, Nagano, and Niigata prefectures. The name of the park refers to the two mountain ranges that makes up the park. It is divided into two separate areas: the Southern Niigata/North Nagano Area and the East Nagano Area. Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park was established in 1949, and significantly expanded in 1956 to include the Myōkō-Togakushi mountainous region.
The name of the park consists of two elements. The first, "Jōshin'etsu", is a kanji acronym consisting of three characters which represent the former names of provinces of the area: Kōzuke Province (上野国?) in present-day Gunma Prefecture, Shinano Province (信濃国?) in present-day Nagano Prefecture, and Echigo Province (越後国?) in present-day Niigata Prefecture. The second, "kōgen", means tableland or plateau.
Southern Niigata/North Nagano Area
The Southern Niigata/North Nagano Area (新潟南西部・長野北部 Niigata Nanseibu, Nagano Hokubu?), also referred to as the Myōkō-Togakushi area, encompasses the active volcano Mount Myōkō (2,466 metres (8,091 ft)), Mount Kurohime (2,053 metres (6,736 ft)), Mount Iizuna (1,917 metres (6,289 ft)) and Mount Togakushi (1,911 metres (6,270 ft)).
East Nagano Area
The Eastern Nagano Area, or Southwest Chūgoku Mountain Range Area (三国山脈南西部 Chūgoku Sanmyaku Nanseibu?) includes Mount Tanigawa (1,963 metres (6,440 ft)) and two active volcanoes -- Mount Kusatsu-Shirane (2,162 metres (7,093 ft)) and Mount Asama (2,542 metres (8,340 ft)). Mount Asama is the most active volcano on Honshū.
The Jōshin'etsu Kōgen National Park is a popular tourist destination for skiing, mountain climbing, hiking, and onsen hot spring resorts. The Eastern Area holds the popular skiing areas of Sugadaira and Shiga Kōgen. The Shiga-Kusatsu-Kogen Ridge Highway traverses this section of the park, connecting the Yamanouchi Hot Springs, including the onsens of Yudanaka, in the north with the resort town of Karuizawa, Nagano Prefecture in the south. Karuizawa can be reached from Tokyo via the JR East Nagano Shinkansen.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joshin'etsu Kogen National Park.|
- "大山隠岐国立公園 (Daisen Oki Kokuritsu Kōen)". Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-28.(Japanese)
- "Jōshin'etsu Kōgen National Park". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
- "大山隠岐国立公園 (Daisen Oki Kokuritsu Kōen)". Nihon Kokugo Daijiten (日本国語大辞典). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-28.(Japanese)
- "上信越高原国立公園 (Jōshin'etsu Kōgen Kokuritsu Kōen)". Dijitaru daijisen. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-25.(Japanese)