|Law & Order character|
|First appearance||"Second Opinion"|
|Last appearance||"Rubber Room"|
|Portrayed by||Sam Waterston|
|Time on show||1994–2010|
|Credited appearances||368 episodes (L&O)
2 episodes (HLOTS)
3 episodes (SVU)
2 episodes (TBJ)
375 episodes (total)
|Preceded by||Ben Stone (EADA)
Arthur Branch (DA) (L&O)
|Succeeded by||Michael Cutter (EADA)|
|Family||Rebecca McCoy (daughter)|
John James "Jack" McCoy is a fictional character in the television drama Law & Order, created by Michael S. Chernuchin and played by Sam Waterston since 1994. He is the second-longest tenured character on the show, after Lt. Anita Van Buren (S. Epatha Merkerson). On January 28, 2009, McCoy's character ended the longest run of a character appearing in consecutive episodes. He was not featured in the episode "Lucky Stiff". His streak ended with 333 uninterrupted appearances since the first episode of the fifth season in 1994. He appeared in 368 episodes of Law & Order, three episodes of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, two episodes of Law & Order: Trial by Jury, and two episodes of Homicide: Life on the Street.
Character overview 
Jack McCoy brings 24 years of experience with him as he is appointed Executive Assistant District Attorney by Adam Schiff (Steven Hill) in the Season 5 premiere episode "Second Opinion". He quickly establishes himself as a more unconventional, ruthless litigator than his predecessor, Ben Stone (Michael Moriarty); he often bends—and sometimes breaks—trial rules to get convictions, finds tenuous rationales for charging defendants with crimes when the original charges fail to stick, and charges innocent people to frighten them into testifying against others. McCoy is more than once found in contempt of court for such behavior, and his tactics occasionally incur negative publicity for the DA's office. His underlying motivation, however, is not, he maintains, corruption, but a sincere desire to see justice done. To that end, McCoy has gone after defendants accused of perverting the justice system to arrange wrongful convictions with just as much determination as his more mundane cases. Such aggressive actions in the courts have earned him the nickname "Hang 'em High McCoy". He has subsequently developed a reputation with both colleagues and rival attorneys, once being referred to as "the top of the legal food chain" by a rival attorney during a case.
Following the 17th season (2006–2007), Jack McCoy became District Attorney, taking over from Arthur Branch (Fred Thompson). McCoy's appearance on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit on the November 13, 2007 episode "Blinded", marked his first appearance in the Law & Order universe as District Attorney. The replacement for his former position is Michael Cutter (Linus Roache), a prosecutor with a penchant for recklessness not unlike McCoy's own in his younger days. This occasionally presents political difficulties for the new District Attorney. More than once, McCoy berates Cutter for reckless conduct, in the same manner as he was berated by district attorneys when he was Assistant District Attorney.
In the season 19 episode "Lucky Stiff", McCoy begins his election campaign for New York County District Attorney after serving the last season and a half as interim DA. In the episode "Rapture", his opponent for the office is shown for the first time. In season 19 episode "Promote This", it is revealed that in 1991 his wife Ellen (whom he was divorcing) unknowingly employed an undocumented immigrant as a nanny. This causes McCoy political havoc during a murder case where the motive was racism against illegal immigrants of Hispanic descent. In the episode "Skate or Die", the place where his final campaign fundraiser would be held is discovered by the organizers to be owned by a man who served a 20-year prison sentence for racketeering. Eventually, the final campaign fundraiser would be held at a Chinese seafood restaurant with a kosher section. In the last episode of season 19, "The Drowned and the Saved", McCoy's opponent's patron resigns due to scandal on the eve of the election, giving him good prospects for victory.
While he is a brilliant legal mind, McCoy has more than a few personal demons. The episode "Aftershock" reveals that he was abused by his father, an Irish Chicago policeman who had also beat Jack's mother, and who eventually died of cancer. In the same episode, McCoy says that his determination and unyielding work ethic are a byproduct of having been harshly punished by his father for losing at anything. He also revealed that his father was a racist who once hit him for dating a Polish girl.
McCoy has been divorced twice (one ex-wife having been a former assistant) and has an adult daughter, Rebecca. A gossip columnist writes that McCoy has not seen or spoken to his daughter since 1997, and McCoy receives an envelope containing pictures of his daughter. He does not open the envelope; rather, he places it in his bottom left desk drawer, next to a bottle of Jim Beam. In "Fallout", the last scene shows McCoy meeting his daughter at a restaurant. During a conversation with (fictional) New York Governor Donald Shalvoy in the Season 18 episode "Personae Non Grata", he mentions Rebecca has taken a job in San Diego, and that she drove up to Los Angeles to meet him there for dinner while he was attending a conference on official business; the governor uses this to try to smear McCoy, wrongly implying that he used public funds to visit Rebecca. In the Season 20 episode "Dignity", McCoy mentions to ADAs Michael Cutter (Linus Roache) and Connie Rubirosa (Alana De La Garza) that his daughter either is pregnant or is a mother, thus making him soon to be or already a grandfather.
McCoy has a reputation for having romantic affairs with his ADAs. Claire Kincaid (Jill Hennessy) mentions this when they first meet; he tells her he has had affairs with only three of his ADAs, but by the end of the episode she realizes that he has only had three female ADAs before her. In the episode "Scoundrels", McCoy reveals that Sally Bell, a recurring defense attorney played by Edie Falco, had been one of those ADAs. Kincaid initially makes it clear that she is not interested in a romantic relationship, and McCoy agrees to her stipulation. However, it is later revealed that they have indeed had an affair. Kincaid is killed in a car accident just as their affair is beginning to unravel, a source of ongoing pain for McCoy. Defense attorneys have used this against him. Since Kincaid's death, McCoy has kept his relationships with assistants professional, although he nurtures friendships with all of them.
McCoy's affairs with his ADAs have often had explosive consequences. For instance, his former ADA Diana Hawthorne, with whom he had a sexual relationship, was found to have suppressed evidence so they could win several cases. In one such case, Hawthorne engineered a defendant's wrongful conviction for several murders.
In "House Counsel", McCoy tries to prosecute Vincent Dosso, an organized crime figure, for bribing and murdering a jury member. Dosso's lawyer, Paul Kopell, went to law school with McCoy and proves to be equally aggressive in his approach to his work. As Kopell repeatedly stymies McCoy's prosecutorial efforts, McCoy takes the position that Kopell is not acting as an independent attorney but as a participant in organized crime, and eventually prosecutes Kopell for conspiracy in the jury member's murder. He tells Kopell's wife that the prosecution is not personal, but she angrily replies that McCoy simply wants the final victory over a rival. By the end of the episode, even though he has won the case, McCoy is so troubled that he does not even want to share an elevator with Kincaid.
While McCoy was not exactly a part of the 1960s counterculture, he did protest against the policies of the Richard Nixon administration, particularly the Vietnam War. In 1972, he published an article in the New York University Law Review in defense of Catholic priests who had been opposed to the conflict. He does retain some of the wild streak from his youth: he is a huge fan of punk rock bands like The Clash and he drives a Yamaha motorcycle.
Unlike his predecessor Ben Stone, McCoy embraces the option of the death penalty, claiming it is a suitable punishment for particularly heinous crimes and a useful threat in plea bargaining. This often leads to heated arguments with his more liberal colleagues. In "Savages", when the death penalty has just been restored in New York State following the election of Governor George Pataki, Kincaid asks McCoy about the probability of executing an innocent individual. McCoy responds that, with the lengthy prosecution process and opportunities for the defendant to appeal the verdict, the probability of wrongful execution is unlikely. Kincaid asks McCoy if he is able to accept the probability of "unlikely"; his hesitation indicates clearly that he has never considered the possibility. In later seasons, his view towards the death penalty has apparently changed: in Season 18's "Executioner", he is deeply troubled hearing of a gruesomely botched execution in South Carolina, and in Season 20's "Four Cops Shot", he resists efforts by a U.S. Attorney to prosecute a suspect in the murder of a police officer under a federal death penalty statute.
He has shown mercy on occasion, such as the 1997 episode "Burned" in which he prosecutes a boy with bipolar disorder for murdering his sister. The boy's grandfather (Robert Vaughn), a wealthy CEO (and good friend of Schiff's) who also proved to suffer from the disorder, had attempted to get his grandson to plead guilty and go to jail rather than plead insanity and be committed to a mental institution, fearing that a public revelation of the boy's illness would provide enough evidence to reveal his own illness and affect his reputation. McCoy leads the effort to prevent an unjust punishment for the boy.
McCoy was raised Catholic but does not appear to be in practice, and has not been for some time. In the episode "Angel", it is revealed that McCoy was educated by the Jesuits. In the Season 17 episode "Good Faith", he describes himself as "a lapsed Catholic". On several occasions, religion has been the subject of various cases. In the episode "Thrill", in which two teenage boys are accused of killing a man just for fun, McCoy finds his case particularly complicated when one of the suspects confesses the crime to his uncle, a priest. When the confession tape is labeled privileged, McCoy ignores the bishop's request to preserve the sacrament of reconciliation and instead tries to use the tape as evidence. When Detective Rey Curtis (Benjamin Bratt) tries to dissuade McCoy from doing so, reminding him that he is a Catholic, McCoy responds, "Not when I'm at work."
By the episode "Under God", McCoy had particularly soured on the Church. When a man is accused of killing a drug dealer who killed the man's son, a priest confesses to the crime. Though McCoy personally believes that the priest is covering for the man, he prosecutes the priest instead. At the end of the episode, McCoy says that he lost his faith after the death of a childhood friend.
Notable conflicts 
McCoy's unconventional and sometimes ruthless professional conduct has put his job in jeopardy more than once throughout the series. Some of the more serious occurrences are these:
- In "Competence", McCoy withholds turning over the statement of a witness to the defense. The statement would have aided the defense's case by showing strong motive to another individual for the crime, casting a reasonable doubt. Under Brady v. Maryland, the prosecution is required to turn over exculpatory evidence to the defense. McCoy's reasoning is that he was not going to call the witness at trial and that he is not obliged to "...turn over irrelevant and potentially misleading evidence." When defense eventually learns of the withheld statement and accuses the DA's office of misconduct, DA Adam Schiff (Steven Hill) is angry about McCoy's judgment call, and suggests that McCoy is at grave risk of being disbarred. A hearing with a judge declares that McCoy pushed the envelope of good law practice, but that the ambiguity of the law did not prove his actions were unethical.
- In "Under the Influence", McCoy is prosecuting a drunk driver for killing three pedestrians. McCoy takes an incriminating statement from a flight attendant (a Colombian citizen) about how drunk the defendant was and encouraged the airline, at fear for its public image, to assign the flight attendant to an international route, putting her out of reach for the defense to question her. McCoy then lies to the defense attorney about following all relevant discovery procedures, and is reinforced by the judge not to turn over the statement to the defense. Ross does not agree that withholding evidence furthers justice and warns McCoy that he faces disbarment. The defense's case is repeatedly undermined by the judge and McCoy, but eventually McCoy changes his mind and submits the flight attendant's statement at trial, prompting a plea bargain. The judge initially does not accept the plea bargain and threatens to charge McCoy with professional misconduct, but McCoy threatens to bring the judge before the ethics committee. The judge eventually accepts the plea and no misconduct charges are brought on either party.
- In "Mad Dog", McCoy becomes obsessed with proving that a recently paroled rapist (Burt Young) is guilty of a new fatal rape. McCoy pushes the police periliously close to harassment and was considering committing false arrest until Schiff decides to put a stop to it. At the end of the episode the rapist is killed by his daughter after he attacks one of her friends. McCoy says "I'm sorry it had to happen this way". ADA Jamie Ross (Carey Lowell) says "Not that sorry".
- In "Monster", McCoy is brought before the Disciplinary Committee of the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division on misconduct charges stemming from his previous case in "Under the Influence" in which he had hidden a material witness from the opposing counsel to support more serious charges against a defendant. Since McCoy had ultimately released the evidence before the case was decided, he was not seriously punished for what he did. In the same episode, it becomes clear that he had wrongly prosecuted an innocent man for the sexual assault of a young girl; during the investigation, the suspect had been coerced by Curtis and Briscoe into giving them a false confession. When the real perpetrator is caught, McCoy asks the girl's doctor to give the defendant's lawyer false information. The following episode explains that he is exonerated by the ethics committee.
- In "Invaders", after the brutal murder of McCoy's assistant Alexandra Borgia (Annie Parisse), McCoy pushes the envelope even further when he arranges to present a sham prosecution to intimidate a corrupt DEA agent to turn state's evidence against her murderers. When that trick fails, McCoy, hoping the agent would lead police to the killers, orders him released. While the murderers are arrested and the corrupt agent is killed, the severely unorthodox strategies used in the case lead to McCoy being removed from the case by order of the Governor of New York. He is replaced for the duration of the case with an attorney from the New York State Attorney General's Office.
- In "The Family Hour", in which a state senator is on trial for murder, medical examiner Elizabeth Rodgers (Leslie Hendrix) cites the wrong book during cross examination and later confesses to McCoy about it. McCoy wishes to disclose the error to the judge, but Branch decides the error is not exculpatory, and he orders McCoy to keep quiet. When McCoy refuses to cooperate, Rubirosa gives the trial's closing summation instead of him. Although Rubirosa wins the case, McCoy submits his letter of resignation in protest. Branch appears to dissuade him from resigning and says he would not be "in this chair forever." McCoy replaces Branch as the DA immediately thereafter.
In Law & Order: Special Victims Unit 
McCoy has appeared in three episodes of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit; however, he is often referred to in the series, and his actions affect the ADA's working with the Special Victims Unit.
- In season one, "Entitled", McCoy makes his first appearance on the series. McCoy, working with his assistant, Abbie Carmichael, assists the Special Victims Unit in solving a cold case, that Detective Briscoe once handled years ago with his former partner, Detective Mike Logan.
- In season two, "Baby Killer", after a murder intertwines with ADA Alexandra Cabot's sex crimes case, Chief Assistant District Attorney Charlie Phillips (Jeffrey DeMunn), Lewin's second in command, hands the murder case to McCoy.
- In season nine, "Blinded", it is revealed that McCoy had been promoted to District Attorney. Appearing in this episode, he calls ADA Casey Novak (Diane Neal) to his office and reprimands her after discovering that she had "abused the authority" of his office. He threatens not only to fire her, but also to have the New York State Bar Association revoke her license to practice law.
- In season nine, "Cold", a mistrial is declared in the case Novak was prosecuting. After she violates due process, Novak is informed by Judge Elizabeth Donnelly (Judith Light), that McCoy has declined to refile charges against the defendant, and that Novak is being called before the Bar. She is later censured for committing the Brady violation.
- In season ten, "Lead", ADA Kim Greylek (Michaela McManus) is called back to the Justice Department in Washington, D.C. McCoy let's her leave immediately, and asks ADA Cabot, who was working in the Appeals Bureau, to temporarily work with the Special Victims Unit.
- In season eleven, "Unstable", McCoy sends Executive ADA Sonya Paxton (Christine Lahti) to 'clean the house' in the 'he-said, she-said unit' due to too many convictions being overturned. However, during the fourth episode of the season, Paxton is sent to rehab after she appears drunk in court.
- In season eleven, "Torch", McCoy transfers ADA Jo Marlowe (Sharon Stone) to SVU. He enlists her to take up a case of two young girls who were killed in a suspicious fire, because "when the DA [McCoy] sees dead little kids, he thinks special victims." McCoy makes his third and final appearance on SVU, in the squad room, where he pressures Marlowe to take the case to trial.
- In season twelve, "Wet", ADA Mikka Von (Paula Patton) is assigned to the Special Victims Unit, as their new permanent ADA. However, in her first case, she sends the defense attorney on vacation in order to give the detectives more time to find out who actually committed the murder. Von is told by Captain Cragen, on behalf of McCoy, to pack her bags and move back to Chicago because the "DA doesn't like dirty tricks," to which Stabler responds, "Unless he’s the one that’s doin’ em."
- In season twelve, "Gray", Executive ADA Paxton returns from her rehabilitation, noting that she's on probation and that she needs to prove to McCoy that she hasn't lost her "winning ways."
- In season twelve, "Reparations", ADA Novak returns to the Special Victims Unit after three years, and reveals that McCoy's office had re-hired her back, but she is still on probation and if she loses her first case back, she's "done."
- In season twelve, "Smoked", after an FBI special agent initially refuses to let his "personal bag man" co-operate with the Special Victims Unit detectives, ADA Sherri West (Francie Swift) pressures him to agree, by calling McCoy and have him speak to the agent's boss.
- In season thirteen, "Scorched Earth", McCoy is out of office by the show's thirteenth season premiere as Cutter, by this time the new Special Victims Unit Bureau Chief ADA, comments to ADA Cabot that "the new DA wants the charges dropped" in the case they were trying at the time.
Entertainment Weekly television critic Ken Tucker has praised Law & Order's creator Dick Wolf for putting McCoy at the center of "some of the best episodes of the immortal series' 19th season." Tucker elaborates how the character, riding "herd over a couple of stubborn young bucks — assistant DAs Mike Cutter (Linus Roache) and Connie Rubirosa (Alana De La Garza) — McCoy argues, bellows orders, and croaks with outrage when his charges disobey his legal advice."
District Attorney's Office timeline 
|Time period||Executive Assistant District Attorney (EADA)||Assistant District Attorney (ADA)||District Attorney (DA)|
|1994–1996||Jack McCoy||Claire Kincaid||Adam Schiff|
|2008–2010||Michael Cutter||Jack McCoy|
Appearances on other TV shows 
- Homicide: Life on the Street
- Season 6
- Episode 5: "Baby, It's You"
- Season 7
- Episode 15: "Sideshow"
- Season 6
- Law & Order: Special Victims Unit
- Season 1
- Episode 15: "Entitled"
- Season 9
- Episode 7: "Blinded"
- Season 11
- Episode 21: "Torch"
- Season 1
- Law & Order: Trial by Jury
- Episode 1: "The Abominable Showman"
- Episode 8: "Skeleton"