|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2011)|
|Motto: "Education – Commerce – Heritage"|
Location in Calhoun County and the state of Alabama
|• Total||9.85 sq mi (25.52 km2)|
|• Land||9.84 sq mi (25.49 km2)|
|• Water||0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|Elevation||709 ft (216 m)|
|• Density||1,275/sq mi (492.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0159857|
Jacksonville is a city in Calhoun County, Alabama, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 12,548, which is a 49% increase since 2000. It is included in the Anniston-Oxford Metropolitan Statistical Area. Jacksonville State University is located here, which is a center of commerce and one of the largest employers in the area.
Jacksonville was founded in 1833 on land purchased from Creek Indian Chief "Du-Hoag" Ladiga. First called Drayton, the town was renamed to honor President Andrew Jackson in 1834. There are a few Civil War monuments in town, including a statue of Major John Pelham in the city cemetery and a statue of Gen John H. Forney in the middle of the square. Jacksonville served as the county seat for Calhoun County until 1899 when it moved to Anniston. Jacksonville State University was founded here in 1883.
Nestled in the foothills of the Appalachians, Jacksonville is located at 33°48'56.758" North, 85°45'37.681" West (33.815766, -85.760467).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.8 square miles (25.5 km2), of which 0.008 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.10%, is water. Jacksonville is located in a valley between Choccolocco Mountain to the east and smaller ridges to the west.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,404 people, 3,274 households, and 1,735 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,018.5 people per square mile (393.3/km²). There were 3,605 housing units at an average density of 436.9 per square mile (168.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.20% White, 20.18% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 1.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,274 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.0% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the city the age distribution of the population shows 16.6% under the age of 18, 31.4% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,726, and the median income for a family was $48,137. Males had a median income of $32,351 versus $22,534 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,035. About 13.0% of families and 24.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
Two Alabama state routes pass through Jacksonville:
Jacksonville is the home of Jacksonville State University, a public, coeducational university with an enrollment of approximately 10,000 students. It offers degrees in business, communication, education, family sciences, liberal arts and sciences, nursing and technology in addition to continuing education programs. The university's campus is located a few blocks north of the square.
Jacksonville is home to two public schools run by Jacksonville City Schools:
There are also two public schools located northwest of the city proper that serve the unincorporated communities of Pleasant Valley and Williams and are run by Calhoun County Schools:
- Pleasant Valley High School
- Pleasant Valley Elementary School
There is also a Christian school called Jacksonville Christian Academy (JCA) located within the city.
The Calhoun County Center for the Arts offers classes through the Community Center.
- The Jacksonville News - Weekly, locally-owned newspaper
- The Chanticleer - Student-run newspaper of Jacksonville State University
- House to House Heart to Heart - Bi-monthly Christian magazine distributed through Churches of Christ; circulation over 2.5 million each issue
- WJXS TV 24 - Local news, sports and programming
- WCHA Alabama 810 - Local news, sports and Classic Country music
- WLJS 91.9 - College radio, limited NPR station
- Rick Bragg, won the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing in 1996 while working for The New York Times
- Glen Browder, U.S. Representative from 1989 to 1997 and professor of political science at Jacksonville State University.
- John Henry Caldwell, U.S. Representative from 1873 to 1877.
- William Crutchfield, U.S. Representative from 1873 to 1875. Lived in Jacksonville from 1844 to 1850.
- Todd Cunningham, Major League Baseball center fielder
- John Horace Forney, major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War
- William H. Forney, U.S. Representative from 1875 to 1893
- James A. Haley, U.S. Representative representing Florida from 1953 to 1977.
- Thomas C. Hindman, lawyer, United States Representative from the 1st Congressional District of Arkansas, and a Major General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
- Harvey Jackson III, notable Alabama historian
- Lilly Ledbetter, women's equality activist and plaintiff in the American employment discrimination case Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.
- Darrell Malone, former National Football League cornerback
- Herman Clarence Nixon, political scientist, historian, and member of the Nashville-based Southern Agrarians
- John Pelham, celebrated Confederate officer
- Neel Reid, prominent early-twentieth century architect
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jacksonville city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Calhoun County Center for the Arts
- "Hindman, Thomas Carmichael - Biographical Information". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- City of Jacksonville official website
- Jacksonville City Schools
- Kitty Stone Elementary School
- Jacksonville High School
- Jacksonville State University