James Mackay, 1st Earl of Inchcape
Mackay was the second son of James Mackay of Arbroath and his wife, Deborah Lyle.
In 1874 Mackay went to India where he joined the staff of Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co in Calcutta and by 1914 was the sole surviving senior partner of the company that would be renamed Inchcape plc in 1981. Mackay was appointed President of the Bengal Chamber of Commerce in 1890, a member of the Legislative Council of the Viceroy of India in 1891 and a member of the Council of the Secretary of State for India in 1897. In October 1901 Mackay was appointed His Majesty´s Special Commissioner to conduct negotiations with representatives of China, arriving in Shanghai in early December for negotiations. The following year he and Chinese statesman Sheng Xuanhuai negotiated and signed the Sino-British "Mackay Treaty," which anticipated the abolition of extraterritoriality in China.
Mackay was largely responsible for solving India's currency problems and for the adoption of the Gold Standard, he was knighted by King George V for his services to industry and nation in 1911. Mackay later served as Vice-President of the Suez Canal Company, Chairman of P&O and a Director of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company and the National Provincial Bank.
Mackay was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in 1891, a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian India (KCIE) in 1894, a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) in 1902 and a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India in 1910. In 1911 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Inchcape, of Strathnaver in the County of Sutherland. He chose the title to commemorate the Inchcape Rock, which lies off Arbroath, and Strathnaver in Scotland. In 1924 he was made a Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India and created Viscount Inchcape, of Strathnaver in the County of Sutherland. In 1929 he was even further honoured when he was made Viscount Glenapp, of Strathnaver in the County of Sutherland, and Earl of Inchcape.
Lord Inchcape married Jean Shanks on 10 July 1883. They had five children:
- Kenneth Mackay, 2nd Earl of Inchcape (1887–1939)
- Lady Margaret Cargill Mackay (d. 1958), married Alexander Shaw, 2nd Baron Craigmyle.
- Lady Janet Lyle Mackay (d. 1972), married Lt-Col Frederick Bailey, landowner.
- Hon. Elsie Mackay (circa 1893-1928), aviator, actress, and interior designer for P & O, married (later annulled) actor, Dennis Wyndham. Disappeared at sea while attempting an east-westerly Atlantic flight.
- Lady Effie Mackay (1895–1984), married Sir Eugen Millington-Drake, diplomat. Amongst their four children were the artist Teddy Millington-Drake (1932–1994) and the daughter Marie (1924–1973), who in 1960 married the 12th Duke of Carcaci, of an ancient Sicilian aristocratic family.
- 1852-1891: James Lyle Mackay
- 1891-1894: James Lyle Mackay, CIE
- 1894-1902: Sir James Lyle Mackay, KCIE
- 1902-1910: Sir James Lyle Mackay, GCMG, KCIE
- 1910-1911: Sir James Lyle Mackay, GCMG, KCSI, KCIE
- 1911-1924: The Right Honourable the Lord Inchcape, GCMG, KCSI, KCIE
- 1924-1929: The Right Honourable the Viscount Inchcape, GCSI, GCMG, KCIE
- 1929-1932: The Right Honourable the Earl of Inchcape, GCSI, GCMG, KCIE
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Inchcape
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Earl of Inchcape