Jazz in Silhouette
|Jazz in Silhouette|
|Studio album by Sun Ra and his Arkestra|
|Recorded||El Saturn studio, Chicago
March 6, 1959
|Sun Ra and his Arkestra chronology|
Jazz in Silhouette is a jazz album by Sun Ra and His Arkestra. It was recorded on March 6, 1959 and released in May of the same year. The album was recorded in Chicago during a session that also included the whole of Sound Sun Pleasure!! and Interstellar Low Ways from the album of the same name. The album is considered to be one of Ra's best from his Chicago period before veering off into 'their full-fledged explorations into the avant-garde'  that characterises the recordings made in New York in the 1960s.
Jazz in Silhouette stands as an overlooked masterpiece, a work that shows Ra not as a mere curiosity or backwater galaxy, but as a major creative force in the jazz universe, a center of gravity around which many of jazz’s major developments have orbited.This album simply inspires, no matter what perspective you adopt: rhythm, melody, ensemble or mood....Jazz in Silhouette shows Ra doing what he did like few others: looking at the past, present and future simultaneously while maintaining a unified musical direction.... what results is a captivating set of music that not only firmly establishes Ra in the jazz tradition, but actually puts him on its leading edge, pointing the direction forward.—Mathew Wuethrich
Recorded in 1959 at El Saturn Studio, Chicago, the album is one of three records that the Arkestra released in the 1950s - the other two being Jazz by Sun Ra and Super-Sonic Jazz. Originally released in a simple silk-screened cover credited to HP Corbissero, the album had gained its sci-fi cover, 'of half-naked women teleporting themselves over one of the moons of Saturn', credited to 'Evans'  by the early 1960s. The album was reissued by Impulse in 1974, and released on CD by Evidence in 1992.
When originally released, the album's sides were reversed, starting with Hours After at the beginning of side one, and ending side two with Ancient Aiethopia. Enlightenment in particular was to become a staple of the Arkestra's concerts, often featuring chanted lyrics.
|All About Jazz||(?)|
The Penguin Guide to Jazz selected this album as part of its suggested "Core Collection" and awarded it a "crown" accolade, stating "This marvellous record will one day be recognised as one of the most important jazz records since the war."
Tracks written by Sun Ra, except where noted
- "Enlightenment" (Hobart Dotson, Ra) – (5:02)
- "Saturn" – (3:37)
- "Velvet" – (3:18)
- "Ancient Aiethopia" – (9:04)
- "Hours After" (Ra, Turner) – (3:41)
- "Horoscope" – (3:43)
- "Images" – (3:48)
- "Blues at Midnight" – (11:56)
For some years the record was believed to have been recorded in 1958, until the musicologist and discographer Robert Campbell uncovered the original tape box, clearly dated March 6, 1959. The album's release was mentioned a few months later in the Chicago Defender of June 9 (Sun Ra Discs Hit Album!).
- Sun Ra - Piano, celeste, gong
- Hobart Dotson - Trumpet
- Marshall Allen - Alto sax, flute
- James Spaulding - Alto sax, flute, percussion
- John Gilmore - Tenor sax, percussion
- Bo Bailey - Trombone
- Pat Patrick - Baritone sax, flute, percussion
- Charles Davis - Baritone sax, percussion
- Ronnie Boykins - Bass
- William Cochran - Drums
- From Sonny Blount to Sun Ra: The Chicago Years, Robert L. Campbell, Christopher Trent, and Robert Pruter, 2009
- Planer, Lindsay. Allmusic review
- All about Jazz
- Allmusic review
- Rolling Stone review
- All About Jazz review
- Cook, Richard; Brian Morton (2006) . "Sun Ra". The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings. The Penguin Guide to Jazz (8th. ed.). New York: Penguin. p. 1245. ISBN 0-14-102327-9.
- Complete Sun Ra's Discography
- An early history of Saturn, including a picture of the original sleeve of Jazz in Silhouette and a description of the manufacturing process
- A clip of the Arkestra performing Enlightenment in the early seventies on French TV