||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (April 2013)|
|Full name||Jean-Alain Boumsong-Somkong|
|Date of birth||14 December 1979|
|Place of birth||Douala, Cameroon|
|Height||1.91 m (6 ft 3 in)|
|Playing position||Centre back|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 3 September 2013.
† Appearances (Goals).
Boumsong was born in Douala, Cameroon, and started his career with French team Le Havre before joining Auxerre. He notably scored the 89th-minute winning goal in Auxerre's 2–1 win in the 2003 French Cup Final against Paris Saint-Germain.
A long-time target for then Liverpool manager Gérard Houllier, the press speculated that it was only a matter of time before Boumsong signed for Liverpool. However, as Boumsong was a free agent, his agent, the Monaco based Scot Willie McKay negotiated the best sign-on fee to the player for Boumsong from Scottish Premier League club Rangers.
As a result, Boumsong joined Alex McLeish at Rangers in 2004 and signed a five-year contract. Boumsong quickly adapted to the Scottish game and showed his skill as a centre back, leading to rumours that his stay in Glasgow may be shorter than expected. Halfway through the 2004–05 season, Newcastle under new manager Graeme Souness, made an £8 million bid for him, which Rangers accepted in a deal that was finalized once the January 2005 transfer window opened.
Boumsong signed a 5½-year contract with the Magpies. However, as Boumsong had played the requisite number of games for Rangers that season, he still received a Scottish Championship Winners Medal, despite having been a Newcastle player for around five months by the time Rangers won the title.
The £8 million transfer fee raised eyebrows, as the player, being out of contract, had joined Rangers for free just months before, at which point Newcastle showed no interest in signing him. This transfer is one of those about which the Stevens inquiry report in June 2007 expressed concerns:
"There remains inconsistencies in evidence provided by Graeme Souness – a former manager of the club – and Freddy Shepherd – apparently acting in an undefined role but not as a club official – as to their respective roles in transfer negotiations."
However the Stevens enquiry later issued two clarifications. It said of Souness, "We wish to make it clear that inconsistencies did not exist within the evidence given by Graeme Souness to Quest concerning his role in transfers covered by the Inquiry during his time as manager of Newcastle United FC and neither the Premier League nor do Quest have any concerns in this regard". As regards McKay it stated: "Further to the key findings from the final Quest report published on 15 June 2007 by the Premier League, Quest would like to emphasise that, in that report, it was clear that no evidence of irregular payments was found in the transfers in the inquiry period which involved the agent Willie McKay. Quest would also like to thank Mr McKay for his cooperation with the inquiry." 
He had a mixed time during his stay on Tyneside in regards to his form. During his first season at Newcastle he was praised for his defensive abilities and partnership with Titus Bramble. His popularity led to fans shouting the first syllable of his name, elongating the sound in a similar way to Arsenal fans chanting Nwankwo Kanu's name.
His second season at Newcastle however was less well received. Boumsong's defensive abilities began to lapse and was often blamed for the conceding of several goals. He blamed this lapse in form on his girlfriend's illness and other personal problems.
On 22 August 2006, Boumsong joined the recently Serie B relegated Juventus for a fee of £3.3m, with future incentives promised to Newcastle relating to Juventus' future performance. In September 2006 Boumsong scored his first Juventus goal in a game against Crotone where Juventus won 3–0. Valeri Bojinov scored the other two goals. In Boumsoug's final match with Juventus, he scored a key equaliser in their Coppa Italia match against rivals Internazionale on 23 January 2008.
On 24 January 2008, Boumsong moved to French club Olympique Lyonnais on a three-and-a-half-year contract. Boumsong has stated he made this move in order to increase his chances to make Raymond Domenech's EURO 2008 squad.
On 30 July 2010, Boumsong transferred from Olympique Lyonnais to Super League Greece champions Panathinaikos F.C. for a fee that could rise up to €750,000. He signed a three-year contract with the Greek, earning €1.9 million annually. Although he started the season roughly, he gradually improved his performance and gained the fans' trust. He scored his first goal in a 2–0 win against Panserraikos F.C..
In 2012 Boumsong signed a two-year contract with the club, extending his stay at Panathinaikos until 2014. During the summer Boumsong was declared vice-captain of the club for the 2012–2013 season. He scored the opening goal in a 2–0 win against Motherwell F.C. in the first leg of the third qualifying round of the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League.
He established himself as a regular starter in the national team in the 2006 World Cup qualifiers, and was called up to the squad for the 2006 World Cup, but did not see any game action during the competition because of Lillian Thuram's return to the team. Boumsong was also named in the France squad for Euro 2008.
Boumsong appeared on only one game during Euro 2008, when during the group match between France and Italy he substituted Samir Nasri. Nasri himself entered the field only 16 minutes earlier, when he replaced the injured Franck Ribéry, however when central defender Éric Abidal was sent off, French coach Raymond Domenech decided to pull off the midfielder Nasri from the field for the defender Boumsong. Interestingly, four years earlier during the Euro 2004, Boumsong has been already sent to the field once as a substitute's substitute, when he replaced William Gallas during a match against Switzerland, thus he is the first player in European Championship history to achieve this feat twice.
Boumsong is a convert to Islam and travelled to Makkah to perform the Islamic ritual of hajj in 2014.
- As of 3 September 2013
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Continental||Total|
|France||League||Coupe de France||Coupe de la Ligue||Europe||Total|
|1997–98||Le Havre||Division 1||1||0||-||1||0|
|Scotland||League||Scottish Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|England||League||FA Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|2004–05||Newcastle United||Premier League||14||0||1||0||-||-||15||0|
|Italy||League||Coppa Italia||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|France||League||Coupe de France||Coupe de la Ligue||Europe||Total|
|2007–08||Olympique Lyonnais||Ligue 1||8||0||4||0||0||0||1||0||13||0|
|Greece||League||Greek Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
- Scores and results list France's goal tally first.
|1.||11 October 2003||Stade de France, Saint-Denis||Israel||3–0||3–0||Euro 2004 qualifier|
- Scottish Premier League one (1) time: 2004-2005 (Glasgow Rangers)
- Ligue 1 one (1) time: 2007-08 (Olympique Lyonnais)
- Coupe de France two (2) times: 2002-03 (Auxerre) and 2007-08 (Olympique Lyonnais)
- Serie B one (1) time: 2006-07 (Juventus)
Notes and references
- "FIFA World Cup Germany 2006: List of Players" (PDF). FIFA. 11 May 2010. p. 11. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Player Profile". bbc.co.uk. 12 June 2004. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Walker, Michael (17 July 2007). "Football: Newcastle relaxed about police raids | Football". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
- "What Stevens said about each club". London: www.telegraph.co.uk. 16 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-17.
- "Edinburgh Evening News". Edinburghnews.scotsman.com. 26 November 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
- Scott, Matt (8 November 2007). "Quest finds no irregular payments in McKay deals | News | Guardian Unlimited Football". London: Football.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
- "Soccer-Roundup 3-Boumsong leaves Juventus for Lyon | Reuters". Uk.reuters.com. 26 January 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
- "Juventus – Boumsong: I Love Juve & Am Sad To Leave". Goal.com. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
- Boumsong follows Govou to Panathinaikos
- "Jean-Alain Boumsong extends Panathinaikos contract". Inside Futbol. 11 July 2012.
- "Motherwell 0 Panathinaikos 2: Harsh lesson for Champions League rookies". Mail Online (London). 31 July 2012.
- France sunk as Italy grab lifeline
- Henry makes the difference
- "Yannick Boumsong Boumsong(Yannick Boumsong)". Playerhistory.com. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
- "Liverpool to bid for PSG prospect Ngog". tribalfootball.com. Retrieved 2010-01-13.[dead link]
- "Jean-Alain Boumsong profile". Soccerway. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- incl. play-off match Panathinaikos-Skoda Xanthi 3-0 on 9 May 2013
- Jean-Alain Boumsong at National-Football-Teams.com