UEFA Euro 2004

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UEFA Euro 2004
Campeonato da Europa de Futebol 2004 (Portuguese)

UEFA Euro 2004 official logo
Tournament details
Host country Portugal
Dates 12 June – 4 July
Teams 16
Venue(s) 10 (in 8 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Greece (1st title)
Runners-up  Portugal
Tournament statistics
Matches played 31
Goals scored 77 (2.48 per match)
Attendance 1,156,473 (37,306 per match)
Top scorer(s) Czech Republic Milan Baroš (5 goals)
Best player Greece Theodoros Zagorakis
2000
2008

The 2004 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2004 or Euro 2004, was the 12th edition of the UEFA European Football Championship, a quadrennial football tournament for men's national teams in Europe. It was held in Portugal for the first time, after the country's bid was selected by UEFA on 12 October 1999, over those of Spain and Austria/Hungary.[1][2] The tournament took place from 12 June to 4 July 2004, and matches were played in ten venues across eight cities: Aveiro, Braga, Coimbra, Guimarães, Faro/Loulé, Leiria, Lisbon and Porto.

As in the 1996 and 2000 editions, the final tournament was contested by 16 teams – the hosts plus the 15 teams that successfully overcame the qualification round, which began in late 2002. Latvia secured their first participation in a major tournament after overcoming Turkey in the play-offs, while Greece returned to the European Championship after 24 years.

The tournament was rich in surprises and upsets: Germany, Spain and Italy were knocked out during the group stage; France, the defending champions, were eliminated in the quarter-finals by underdogs Greece; and the Portuguese team recovered from an opening defeat (also to Greece) to reach the final, eliminating England and the Netherlands along the way. For the first time in a major football tournament, the final featured the same teams as the opening match,[3] and like in their previous encounter, Portugal were beaten by Greece, with the winning goal scored by Angelos Charisteas.[4] Greece's triumph was unexpected, considering that they had only qualified for two other major tournaments – Euro 1980 and the 1994 World Cup – and their opening match victory was their first in a final tournament stage.

During the opening ceremony, one of the tableaux depicted a ship – symbolising the voyages of the Portuguese explorers – sailing through a sea which transformed into the flags of all competing countries.[5] In the closing ceremony, Portuguese-Canadian pop-singer Nelly Furtado performed her single and official tournament theme song, "Força".

Summary[edit]

Opening ceremony at the Estádio do Dragão in Porto

Group A opened with a shock as Greece, ranked outsiders from start, defeated the hosts 2–1. Giorgos Karagounis put the Greeks ahead after only seven minutes, and Angelos Basinas made it 2–0 from the penalty spot on 51 minutes. An injury time goal from Cristiano Ronaldo proved no more than a consolation.[6] Greece then drew with Spain,[7] before losing to Russia in their last group stage game.[8] Portugal, meanwhile, recovered from their opening defeat by defeating Russia 2–0, who had their keeper Sergei Ovchinnikov sent off.[9] Nuno Gomes scored the winning goal against Spain,[10] which ensured Portugal finished first place in Group A. Greece advanced to the quarter-finals as runners-up, ahead Spain on goals scored.[11]

France, the holders, and England ended their Group B encounter in furious fashion as the French scored twice in injury time to go from 1–0 down to 2–1 winners. Zinedine Zidane scored in the first minute of injury time and two minutes later, an error by the English defence gave a France penalty and Zidane fired in the winner.[12] England's other two games were memorable for the performances of their young star Wayne Rooney. Only 18 at the time, Rooney's goal-scoring ability proved instrumental in victories over Switzerland (3–0) and Croatia (4–2).[13][14] France and England qualified from the group as winners and runners-up, respectively.[15]

Swedish striker Henrik Larsson taking a free kick against the Netherlands in the quarter-finals

Group C featured a three-way tie between Sweden, Denmark, and Italy for first spot. All matches between the three sides had ended in draws and all three had beaten Bulgaria.[16][17][18] Italy were ultimately eliminated on the number of goals scored between the three sides, after Sweden and Denmark drew 2–2 and qualified to the quarter-finals as group winners and runners-up.[19][20] The Italians went so far as to accuse Sweden and Denmark of fixing their match,[21] as both sides knew that a 2–2 result would advance them both over Italy, but UEFA disregarded such an idea.[22]

The Czech Republic took the first place in Group D after becoming the only team to win all three of their group matches. They defeated Latvia 2–1,[23] the Netherlands 3–2,[24] and Germany 2–1.[25] It was another disappointing European campaign for Germany, which failed to advance from the group stage for the second consecutive time.[26] The Netherlands claimed a quarter-final berth as runners-up.[27]

In the first quarter-final match between England and Portugal, the English opened the score after only two minutes, through Michael Owen. Portugal's constant attacking pressure from then on resulted in Hélder Postiga's 83rd minute equaliser. A controversial incident came in the dying minutes when Owen hit the Portuguese crossbar, resulting in a Sol Campbell header that appeared to have given England the lead again, but was ruled out for what the referee Urs Meier deemed a foul on the Portuguese goalkeeper Ricardo. The sides exchanged goals in extra-time, sending the match to a penalty shoot-out. Portugal won 6–5, as goalkeeper Ricardo saved a penalty from Darius Vassell, and then scored himself the winning goal.[28]

Angelos Charisteas (first from left with white shirt), scoring Greece's winner against Portugal in the final.

The Greeks, meanwhile, continued to stun everybody. Firm defensive play and an Angelos Charisteas goal on 65 minutes helped them defeat France 1–0 and send Greece through to the semi-finals.[29] This victory made Greece the first team to defeat both the holders and the hosts in the same tournament. Sweden and the Netherlands played out an exciting encounter, but neither side could find a breakthrough and the match ended goalless after extra-time. The Dutch progressed after winning the penalty shoot-out 5–4, their first ever victory on penalties in a major tournament.[30] The last quarter-final match saw the Czechs dispatch Denmark, as a two-goal effort from Milan Baroš helped seal a 3–0 win.[31]

Portugal and the Netherlands faced each other in the first semi-final. Cristiano Ronaldo put the hosts in the lead from a corner kick midway through the first half, and just before the hour mark Maniche made it 2–0 for Portugal with a spectacular goal from the corner of the penalty area. An own goal from Jorge Andrade gave the Netherlands a glimmer of hope. Portugal came close to scoring a third goal that was only stopped by Wilfred Bouma's blocking attempt. The game ended 2–1 to Portugal and the hosts,[32] after their opening day failure, were through to the final of their European Championship. The Czech Republic looked likely candidates to face the hosts in the final, but they would have to see off the upstart Greeks to do so. The Czechs had several chances, including a shot from Tomáš Rosický that struck the bar. The game remained goalless, until the dying moments of the first half of extra-time, when Traianos Dellas headed home the winner, the first and only silver goal in a European Championship.[33]

The final was a repeat of the opening game of the tournament and Portugal were hoping to avenge their opening day loss. Portugal furiously attacked and dominated the possession but once again, sturdy defending and goalkeeping from Greece kept the Portuguese hosts off the scoreboard. Just before the hour mark, Greece earned a corner kick from which Angelos Charisteas scored. Portugal continued to press after the goal but even with five minutes of injury time they could not find an equaliser. Greece won the match 1–0 and were crowned European champions,[34] a title that they were given a 150–1 chance of winning before the tournament.[35] All of Greece's wins in the knockout stage came in an identical manner: a 1–0 win, with the goal being a header off a cross from the right wing.

Qualification[edit]

The draw for the qualifying round was held on 25 January 2002 at the Europarque Congress Centre, in Santa Maria da Feira, Portugal. Fifty teams were divided into ten groups of five and each team played two matches against all its opponents, on a home-and-away basis. Qualification matches took place from September 2002 to November 2003. The first-placed teams from each group qualified automatically to the final tournament, whereas the ten runners-up took part in a two-legged play-off to select the remaining five teams that would join the host nation in the final tournament.[36][37]

Qualified teams[edit]

Ten of the sixteen finalists participated in the previous tournament in 2000. Latvia made its first appearance in a major football competition, while Greece returned to the European Championship finals after a 24-year absence. Bulgaria, Croatia, Russia and Switzerland also took part in their second tournament finals since their debut in 1996.

Country Qualified as Date qualification was secured Previous appearances in tournament1, 2
 Portugal 00Hosts 13 October 1999 3 (1984, 1996, 2000)
 France 01Group 1 winner 10 September 2003 5 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000)
 Denmark 02Group 2 winner 11 October 2003 6 (1964, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000)
 Czech Republic 03Group 3 winner 10 September 2003 5 (1960,3 1976,3 1980,3 1996, 2000)
 Sweden 04Group 4 winner 10 September 2003 2 (1992, 2000)
 Germany 05Group 5 winner 11 October 2003 8 (1972,4 1976,4 1980,4 1984,4 1988,4 1992, 1996, 2000)
 Greece 06Group 6 winner 11 October 2003 1 (1980)
 England 07Group 7 winner 11 October 2003 6 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000)
 Bulgaria 08Group 8 winner 10 September 2003 1 (1996)
 Italy 09Group 9 winner 11 October 2003 5 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000)
  Switzerland 10Group 10 winner 11 October 2003 1 (1996)
 Croatia 11Play-off winner 19 November 2003 1 (1996)
 Latvia 12Play-off winner 19 November 2003 0 (debut)
 Netherlands 13Play-off winner 19 November 2003 6 (1976, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000)
 Spain 14Play-off winner 19 November 2003 6 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000)
 Russia 15Play-off winner 19 November 2003 7 (1960,5 1964,5 1968,5 1972,5 1988,5 1992,6 1996)
1 Bold indicates champion for that year
2 Italic indicates host for that year

Seeding[edit]

The draw for the group stage took place on 30 November 2003 at the Pavilhão Atlântico in Lisbon, Portugal, where the 16 finalists were divided into four groups.[38]

The pot allocations were based on the UEFA national team coefficient which measured performance of teams in the 2002 FIFA World Cup qualifying and UEFA Euro 2004 qualifying.[38] The coefficient was calculated by dividing the number of all points scored (three points for a win, one for a draw) by the number of all matches played. Results from the final tournaments, play-off matches and friendly games were all ignored.[39] As host country, Portugal were unranked and automatically placed in Group A. The remaining fifteen teams were split into four pots, with title-holders France seeded alongside Sweden and the Czech Republic in the first pot.[38] For reference, the 19 November 2003 European zonal rankings calculated for FIFA World Rankings are given in tables below.

1 Hosts were automatically assigned to Group A, i.e. Pot 1.
2 Defending champions were automatically assigned to Pot 1.

Venues[edit]

The final tournament was played in ten venues located in eight different cities. Lisbon and Porto, the two biggest cities, had two venues each, while Aveiro, Braga, Coimbra, Faro-Loulé, Guimarães, and Leiria had one venue. In order to meet UEFA's requirements on venue capacity and infrastructure, seven new stadiums were built – Estádio Municipal de Aveiro (Aveiro),[40] Estádio Municipal de Braga (Braga),[41] Estádio do Algarve (Faro-Loulé),[42] Estádio Dr. Magalhães Pessoa (Leiria),[43] Estádio da Luz (Lisbon),[44] Estádio José Alvalade (Lisbon),[45] and Estádio do Dragão (Porto)[46] – and three underwent renovation works – Estádio Cidade de Coimbra (Coimbra),[47] Estádio D. Afonso Henriques (Guimarães),[48] and Estádio do Bessa Século XXI (Porto).[49] The Estádio da Luz was the largest stadium with a tournament capacity of 65,000 seats, and served as the venue for the final. The opening ceremony and match took place at the Estádio do Dragão.

This was the first European Championship where matches took place in more than eight venues, since the tournament was expanded to sixteen teams in 1996. As of the Euro 2016, the final tournament will be contested by twenty-four teams and matches will be played in ten venues.[50]

The table below lists stadium capacity for the final tournament, which may not correspond to their effective maximum capacity.

Portugal blank map.svg

Braga
Soccer ball.svg
Guimarães
Soccer ball.svg
Porto
Soccer ball.svg
Aveiro
Soccer ball.svg
Coimbra
Soccer ball.svg
Leiria
Soccer ball.svg
Lisbon
Soccer ball.svg
Faro/Loulé
Soccer ball.svg
Lisbon Lisbon Porto
Estádio da Luz Estádio José Alvalade Estádio do Dragão
Capacity: 65,000 Capacity: 52,000 Capacity: 52,000
Estádio da Luz Estádio José Alvalade Estádio do Dragão
Aveiro Coimbra Braga
Estádio Municipal de Aveiro Estádio Cidade de Coimbra Estádio Municipal de Braga
Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 30,000
Estádio Municipal de Aveiro Estádio Cidade de Coimbra Estádio Municipal de Braga
Guimarães Faro/Loulé Porto Leiria
Estádio D. Afonso Henriques Estádio do Algarve Estádio do Bessa Século XXI Estádio Dr. Magalhães Pessoa
Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 30,000
Estádio Municipal de Guimarães Estádio do Algarve Estádio do Bessa Século XXI Estádio Dr. Magalhães Pessoa

Ticketing[edit]

A total of 1.2 million tickets were available for the 31 matches of the final tournament,[51] of which 77% were to be sold to the general public, and the remainder reserved for sponsors and partners (13%), media (5%), and corporate hospitality (5%).[52] Public sales for an initial batch of 450,000 tickets (38%) were launched on 28 April 2003,[53] in a ceremony in Lisbon which gathered former European football stars Eusébio and Ruud Gullit.[54] Ticket prices were divided in three categories, ranging from €35 (group matches) to €270 (final).[52]

In a first phase lasting until 16 June 2003, supporters could apply for tickets via UEFA's tournament website or through forms available at the Portuguese Football Federation and match venues. Applicants could request a maximum of four tickets per match but were limited to one match per day. In parallel to individual match tickets, UEFA created a new category of tickets called "Follow My Team", which allowed supporters to see all the matches of their favourite team (group stage and, if qualified, knockout stage matches). If there were oversubscribed matches by the end of the first phase of sales, a match-specific draw would take place to select the successful applicants.[52]

Between 1 August and 24 November 2003, available tickets were placed again on sale in a first-come, first-served basis.[55] After the draw for the group stage on 30 November, a third phase of public sales began on 9 December, which included a second batch of tickets (39%) that could be bought until March 2004 through the national associations of the finalist teams.[56] Every national association was awarded 20% of the venue capacity for each of their team's matches.[52] From 1 to 30 April 2004, surplus tickets from UEFA or national associations were made available to the public for the last time.[57] Ticket distribution began in May, after sales were officially closed.[52]

Broadcasting[edit]

Nineteen cameras were used in each of the ten venues to broadcast the live matches, with three additional cameras in the opening and knockout stage matches.[58][59]

Team base camps[edit]

Each team were given a base camp between their matches, approved by the Portuguese Football Federation.[60][61]

Team Group Arrival Last match Base camp Match venues
 Bulgaria C 22 June Póvoa de Varzim
(near Porto)
Braga, Guimarães and Lisbon (Group stage)
 Croatia B 8 June 21 June Coruche
(near Lisbon)
Leiria and Lisbon (Group stage)
 Czech Republic D 1 July Sintra
(near Lisbon)
Aveiro and Lisbon (Group stage)
Porto (Quarter-finals)
Porto (Semi-finals)
 Denmark C 27 June Portimão
(near Faro)
Braga, Guimarães, and Porto (Group stage)
Porto (Quarter-finals)
 England B 24 June Oeiras
(near Lisbon)
Coimbra and Lisbon (Group stage)
Lisbon (Quarter-finals)
 France B 25 June Santo Tirso
(near Porto)
Coimbra, Leiria, and Lisbon (Group stage)
Lisbon (Quarter-finals)
 Germany D 12 June 23 June Almancil
(near Loulé)
Lisbon and Porto (Group stage)
 Greece A 4 July Vila do Conde
(near Porto)
Porto and Faro/Loulé (Group stage)
Lisbon (Quarter-finals)
Porto (Semi-finals)
Lisbon (Final)
 Italy C 22 June Lisbon Guimarães and Porto (Group stage)
 Latvia D 23 June Anadia
(near Aveiro)
Aveiro, Braga and Porto (Group stage)
 Netherlands D 30 June Albufeira
(near Faro)
Aveiro, Braga and Porto (Group stage)
Faro/Loulé (Quarter-finals)
Lisbon (Semi-finals)
 Portugal A 4 July Alcochete
(near Lisbon)
Lisbon and Porto (Group stage)
Lisbon (Quarter-finals)
Lisbon (Semi-finals)
Lisbon (Final)
 Russia A 20 June Vilamoura
(near Faro)
Faro/Loulé and Lisbon (Group stage)
 Spain A 20 June Braga Faro/Loulé and Porto (Group stage)
 Sweden C 26 June Estoril
(near Lisbon)
Lisbon and Porto (Group stage)
Faro/Loulé (Quarter-finals)
  Switzerland B 21 June Óbidos
(near Leiria)
Coimbra and Leiria (Group stage)

Match ball[edit]

The official match ball was presented during the final draw ceremony on 30 November 2003 in Lisbon.[62][63] It was produced by Adidas and named Adidas Roteiro, after the logbook (Portuguese: roteiro) used by the Portuguese maritime explorers, such as Vasco da Gama.[62] Roteiro was the first official tournament football to employ the new thermal-bonding technique in its production, which resulted in a seamless surface and a more homogenous design.[62] Portuguese Football Federation president Gilberto Madaíl praised the ball, stating: "Adidas has delivered a stunning, modern and state-of the-art Portuguese football. This is very much how we envisage the UEFA Euro 2004 event to be".[62] Roteiro was also used at the 2004 AFC Asian Cup,[64] and during the mid-season of the 2004–05 German Bundesliga.[65]

The new ball received mixed reactions from players and technical staffs. England midfielder David Beckham, who was asked by Adidas to test it, was pleased with Roteiro's performance, particularly in free-kicks.[62] France midfielder Zinedine Zidane believed the ball would "improve the game".[65] Several Spanish players, however, regarded it as "horrible, difficult to control and to pass", with Real Madrid footballer Iván Helguera describing it as a "beach ball".[66] Heavy critics were also addressed by notable players of the Italy national team, such as Francesco Totti, Andrea Pirlo and goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon.[67]

Squads[edit]

For the list of all squads that played in the tournament, see UEFA Euro 2004 squads.

Match officials[edit]

On 4 December 2003, UEFA revealed the twelve referees and four fourth officials.[68] Each refereeing team was composed by one main referee and two assistant referees from the same country.

Country Referee Assistant referees Matches refereed
Denmark Denmark Kim Milton Nielsen Jens Larsen
Jørgen Jepsen
Croatia 2–2 France (Group B)
Netherlands 3–0 Latvia (Group D)
England England Mike Riley Philip Sharp
Glenn Turner
Sweden 5–0 Bulgaria (Group C)
Latvia 0–0 Germany (Group D)
France France Gilles Veissière Frédéric Arnault
Serge Vallin
Russia 2–1 Greece (Group A)
Czech Republic 2–1 Latvia (Group D)
Germany Germany Markus Merk Christian Schraer
Jan-Henrik Salver
France 2–1 England (Group B)
Denmark 2–2 Sweden (Group C)
Portugal 0–1 Greece (Final)
Italy Italy Pierluigi Collina Marco Ivaldi
Narciso Pisacreta
Portugal 1–2 Greece (Group A)
Croatia 2–4 England (Group B)
Greece 1–0 Czech Republic (Semi-final)
Norway Norway Terje Hauge Ole Hermann Borgan
Steinar Holvik
Russia 0–2 Portugal (Group A)
Germany 1–2 Czech Republic (Group D)
Portugal Portugal Lucílio Batista José Cardinal
Paulo Januário
Switzerland 0–0 Croatia (Group B)
Bulgaria 0–2 Denmark (Group C)
Russia Russia Valentin Ivanov Gennady Krasyuk
Vladimir Eniutin
England 3–0 Switzerland (Group B)
Italy 2–1 Bulgaria (Group C)
Czech Republic 3–0 Denmark (Quarter-final)
Slovakia Slovakia Ľuboš Micheľ Igor Sramka
Martin Balko
Greece 1–1 Spain (Group A)
Switzerland 1–3 France (Group B)
Sweden 0–0 Netherlands (Quarter-final)
Spain Spain Manuel Mejuto González Oscar Martínez Samaniego
Rafael Guerrero Alonso
Denmark 0–0 Italy (Group C)
Netherlands 2–3 Czech Republic (Group D)
Sweden Sweden Anders Frisk Kenneth Petersson
Peter Ekström
Spain 0–1 Portugal (Group A)
Germany 1–1 Netherlands (Group D)
France 0–1 Greece (Quarter-final)
Portugal 2–1 Netherlands (Semi-final)
Switzerland Switzerland Urs Meier Francesco Buragina
Rudolf Käppeli
Spain 1–0 Russia (Group A)
Italy 1–1 Sweden (Group C)
Portugal 2–2 England (Quarter-final)
Country Fourth official
Belgium Belgium Frank De Bleeckere
Greece Greece Kyros Vassaras
Luxembourg Luxembourg Alain Hamer
Scotland Scotland Stuart Dougal

Results[edit]

UEFA Euro 2004 finalists and their result

UEFA announced the match schedule for the final tournament on 10 March 2003, in Porto, Portugal. In a change from the previous tournament schedule, where two quarter-final matches were played per day, over two days, the quarter-finals at the Euro 2004 were to be played over four consecutive days, with one match per day.[69]

Group stage[edit]

Tie-breaking criteria[edit]

If two or more teams finished level on points after completion of the group matches, the following tie-breakers are used to determine the final ranking:[70]

  1. greater number of points in the matches between the teams in question;
  2. greater goal difference in matches between the teams in question;
  3. greater number of goals scored in matches between the teams in question;
  4. greater goal difference in all group games;
  5. greater number of goals scored in all group games;
  6. higher coefficient derived from Euro 2004 and 2002 World Cup qualifiers (points obtained divided by number of matches played);
  7. fair play conduct in Euro 2004;
  8. drawing of lots.

If two teams playing the final group match have identical records going into that match, and it ends in a draw, then a penalty shoot-out would be played, rather than using the above criteria.[70] Euro 2004 marked the introduction of this procedure, although it did not need to be used. The same procedure was also used at Euro 2008.

Group A[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Portugal 3 2 0 1 4 2 +2 6
 Greece 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 4
 Spain 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 4
 Russia 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
12 June 2004
Portugal  1–2  Greece
Spain  1–0  Russia
16 June 2004
Greece  1–1  Spain
Russia  0–2  Portugal
20 June 2004
Spain  0–1  Portugal
Russia  2–1  Greece

Group B[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 France 3 2 1 0 7 4 +3 7
 England 3 2 0 1 8 4 +4 6
 Croatia 3 0 2 1 4 6 −2 2
  Switzerland 3 0 1 2 1 6 −5 1
13 June 2004
Switzerland   0–0  Croatia
France  2–1  England
17 June 2004
England  3–0   Switzerland
Croatia  2–2  France
21 June 2004
Croatia  2–4  England
Switzerland   1–3  France

Group C[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Sweden 3 1 2 0 8 3 +5 5
 Denmark 3 1 2 0 4 2 +2 5
 Italy 3 1 2 0 3 2 +1 5
 Bulgaria 3 0 0 3 1 9 −8 0
14 June 2004
Denmark  0–0  Italy
Sweden  5–0  Bulgaria
18 June 2004
Bulgaria  0–2  Denmark
Italy  1–1  Sweden
22 June 2004
Italy  2–1  Bulgaria
Denmark  2–2  Sweden

Group D[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Czech Republic 3 3 0 0 7 4 +3 9
 Netherlands 3 1 1 1 6 4 +2 4
 Germany 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2
 Latvia 3 0 1 2 1 5 −4 1
15 June 2004
Czech Republic  2–1  Latvia
Germany  1–1  Netherlands
19 June 2004
Latvia  0–0  Germany
Netherlands  2–3  Czech Republic
23 June 2004
Netherlands  3–0  Latvia
Germany  1–2  Czech Republic

Knockout stage[edit]

The knockout stage was a single-elimination tournament involving the eight teams that advanced from the group stage. There were three rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round, culminating in the final to decide the champions.

Any game in the knockout stage that was not decided by the end of the regular 90 minutes was followed by up to 30 minutes of extra time (two 15-minute halves). For the first time in an international football tournament, the silver goal system was applied, whereby the team who leads the game at the half-time break during the extra time period would be declared the winner.[71] If the scores were still level after the initial 15 minutes of extra time, play would continue for a further 15 minutes. If the teams could still not be separated after the extra time, there would be a penalty shoot-out (at least five penalties each) to determine which team progressed to the next round.[71]

Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                   
24 June – Lisbon        
  Portugal  2 (6)
30 June – Lisbon
  England  2 (5)  
  Portugal  2
26 June – Faro/Loulé
      Netherlands  1  
  Sweden  0 (4)
4 July – Lisbon
  Netherlands (p)  0 (5)  
  Portugal  0
25 June – Lisbon    
    Greece  1
  France  0
1 July – Porto
  Greece  1  
  Greece (aet)  1
27 June – Porto
      Czech Republic  0  
  Czech Republic  3
  Denmark  0  
 

All times are Western European Summer Time (UTC+1)

Quarter-finals[edit]


25 June 2004
19:45
France  0–1  Greece
Report Charisteas Goal 65'
Estádio José Alvalade, Lisbon
Attendance: 45,390
Referee: Anders Frisk (Sweden)


27 June 2004
19:45
Czech Republic  3–0  Denmark
Koller Goal 49'
Baroš Goal 63'65'
Report
Estádio do Dragão, Porto
Attendance: 41,092
Referee: Valentin Ivanov (Russia)

Semi-finals[edit]

30 June 2004
19:45
Portugal  2–1  Netherlands
Ronaldo Goal 26'
Maniche Goal 58'
Report Andrade Goal 63' (o.g.)
Estádio José Alvalade, Lisbon
Attendance: 46,679
Referee: Anders Frisk (Sweden)

1 July 2004
19:45
Greece  1–0 (a.e.t.)  Czech Republic
Dellas Silver goal in the 105+1th minute 105+1' Report
Estádio do Dragão, Porto
Attendance: 42,449
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)

Final[edit]

4 July 2004
19:45
Portugal  0–1  Greece
Report Charisteas Goal 57'
Estádio da Luz, Lisbon
Attendance: 62,865
Referee: Markus Merk (Germany)

Statistics[edit]

Goalscorers[edit]

[72][73][74]

5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Penalty kicks[edit]

Not counting penalty shoot-outs, there were eight penalty kicks awarded during the tournament. England's David Beckham (in the match against France) was the only player who failed to convert his penalty.

Scored
Missed

Awards[edit]

UEFA Team of the Tournament

The UEFA Technical Team was charged with naming a squad composed of the 23 best players over the course of the tournament.[75] The group of eight analysts watched every game at the tournament before making their decision after the final. Five players from the winning Greek team were selected in the team of the tournament, while Michael Ballack and Gianluca Zambrotta were the only players to be included, whose teams were knocked out in the group stage.[75][76]

Theodoros Zagorakis, UEFA Player of the Tournament
Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards
Czech Republic Petr Čech
Greece Antonios Nikopolidis
England Sol Campbell
Portugal Ricardo Carvalho
England Ashley Cole
Greece Traianos Dellas
Sweden Olof Mellberg
Greece Giourkas Seitaridis
Italy Gianluca Zambrotta
Germany Michael Ballack
Portugal Luís Figo
England Frank Lampard
Portugal Maniche
Czech Republic Pavel Nedvěd
Greece Theodoros Zagorakis
France Zinedine Zidane
Czech Republic Milan Baroš
Greece Angelos Charisteas
Sweden Henrik Larsson
Netherlands Ruud van Nistelrooy
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
England Wayne Rooney
Denmark Jon Dahl Tomasson
Golden Boot

The Golden Boot was awarded to Milan Baroš, who scored five goals in all three group stage matches and in the quarter-finals against Denmark.

UEFA Player of the Tournament

Discipline[edit]

If a player was shown a red card – whether as a result of two bookable offences or a straight red – he would become suspended from playing in his team's next match. If his team was eliminated from the competition before the end of his suspension, the suspension carried over to the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification matches. A player would also become suspended for one match for picking up two yellow cards in separate matches. However, any yellow cards accumulated would be cancelled once a team was eliminated from the tournament or reached the semi-finals. In extreme cases of ill-discipline, UEFA could choose to have a disciplinary panel examine the incident in order to determine whether or not further suspension would be required.

The following players were suspended for one or more games as a result of red cards or yellow card accumulation:

Player Offence(s) Suspension(s) Notes
Russia Roman Sharonov Red card.svg in Group A v Spain Group A v Portugal Suspension due to second yellow card of match
Greece Giorgos Karagounis Yellow card.svg in Group A v Portugal
Yellow card.svg in Group A v Spain
Group A v Russia  
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-Final v France
Yellow card.svg in Semi-Final v Czech Republic
Final v Portugal  
Greece Zisis Vryzas Yellow card.svg in Group A v Portugal
Yellow card.svg in Group A v Russia
Quarter-final v France  
Russia Sergei Ovchinnikov Red card.svg in Group A v Portugal Group A v Greece  
Russia Alexey Smertin Yellow card.svg in Group A v Spain
Yellow card.svg in Group A v Portugal
Group A v Greece  
Russia Vladislav Radimov Yellow card.svg in Group A v Spain
Yellow card.svg in Group A v Greece
World Cup qualifying v Slovakia Suspension to be served in World Cup
qualifying Group 3
Russia Dmitri Alenichev Yellow card.svg in Group A v Portugal
Yellow card.svg in Group A v Greece
World Cup qualifying v Slovakia Suspension to be served in World Cup
qualifying Group 3
Spain Carlos Marchena Yellow card.svg in Group A v Russia
Yellow card.svg in Group A v Greece
World Cup qualifying v Herzegovina Suspension to be served in World Cup
qualifying Group 5
Spain David Albelda Yellow card.svg in Group A v Russia
Yellow card.svg in Group A v Portugal
World Cup qualifying v Herzegovina Suspension to be served in World Cup
qualifying Group 5
Portugal Pauleta Yellow card.svg in Group A v Greece
Yellow card.svg in Group A v Spain
Quarter-final v England  
Portugal Ricardo Carvalho Yellow card.svg in Group A v Russia
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-final v England
Semi-final v Netherlands  
Portugal Costinha Yellow card.svg in Group A v Greece
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-final v England
Semi-final v Netherlands  
Portugal Deco Yellow card.svg in Group A v Russia
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-final v England
Semi-final v Netherlands  
Switzerland Johann Vogel Red card.svg in Group B v Croatia Group B v France Suspension due to second yellow card of match
Switzerland Bernt Haas Red card.svg in Group B v England Group B v France Suspension due to second yellow card of match
Switzerland Benjamin Huggel Yellow card.svg in Group B v Croatia
Yellow card.svg in Group B v France
World Cup qualifying v Faroe Islands Suspension to be served in World Cup
qualifying Group 4
Bulgaria Rosen Kirilov Yellow card.svg in Group C v Sweden
Yellow card.svg in Group C v Italy
Group C v Denmark  
Bulgaria Stiliyan Petrov Red card.svg in Group C v Denmark Group C v Italy Suspension due to second yellow card of match
Sweden Tobias Linderoth Yellow card.svg in Group C v Bulgaria
Yellow card.svg in Group C v Italy
Group C v Denmark  
Sweden Erik Edman Yellow card.svg in Group C v Italy
Yellow card.svg in Group C v Denmark
Quarter-final v Netherlands  
Sweden Zlatan Ibrahimović Yellow card.svg in Group C v Bulgaria
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-final v Netherlands
World Cup qualifying v Malta Suspension to be served in World Cup
qualifying Group 8
Italy Fabio Cannavaro Yellow card.svg in Group C v Denmark
Yellow card.svg in Group C v Sweden
Group C v Bulgaria  
Italy Gennaro Gattuso Yellow card.svg in Group C v Denmark
Yellow card.svg in Group C v Sweden
Group C v Bulgaria  
Italy Francesco Totti Spat on Christian Poulsen in Group C v Denmark Three games suspension The disciplinary committee suspended Totti
after seeing a video where he committed the offence.
Bulgaria Ilian Stoyanov Yellow card.svg in Group C v Denmark
Yellow card.svg in Group C v Italy
World Cup qualifying v Iceland Suspension to be served in World Cup
qualifying Group 8
Bulgaria Martin Petrov Yellow card.svg in Group C v Denmark
Yellow card.svg in Group C v Italy
World Cup qualifying v Iceland Suspension to be served in World Cup
qualifying Group 8
Netherlands John Heitinga Red card.svg in Group D v Czech Republic Group D v Latvia Suspension due to second yellow card of match
Portugal Nuno Valente Yellow card.svg in Semi-final v Netherlands
Yellow card.svg in Final v Greece
World Cup qualifying v Latvia Suspension to be served in World Cup
qualifying Group 3

Marketing[edit]

Logo, slogan and theme song[edit]

The official tournament logo was created by Euro RSCG Wnek Gosper agency and unveiled on 13 May 2002 at a ceremony held in Lisbon's Belém Cultural Center.[79] It represents a football in the centre of a heart, surrounded by seven green dots. The football – displaying typical Portuguese folk artistic motifs on its panels – and the heart – shaped in the traditional style of the filigree art – conveyed the football passion of the host country. The seven dots represent significant Portuguese elements and achievements, such as the number of castles in the national coat of arms or the conquest of the seven seas during the Age of Discoveries. The logo's colour palette was based on the Portuguese flag and its warm tones recall the light and sun associated with the Portuguese landscape and climate.[80][81] The competition slogan used was "Vive O 2004!" (Portuguese: Live 2004!).[82][83]

The official theme song, called "Força" (Portuguese: Strength), was written and performed by Portuguese-Canadian singer Nelly Furtado.[84] The song was taken from her second studio album, Folklore, and released as its third single, soon after the start of the tournament. Furtado was selected to sing the official song of the tournament, because of her familial connection to the host country (her parents are both Portuguese from the Azores).[85] She wrote "Força" with "the passion the Portuguese people have for football" in mind.[85] The song was played at every match, and performed live by Furtado at the closing ceremony prior to the final.[86][87]

Trophy tour[edit]

During the two months ahead of the tournament, the Henri Delaunay Trophy travelled across Portugal to promote the European Championship finals in the host country. The tour began on 8 April 2004 at the Praça do Comércio in Lisbon, where the launching ceremony took place with the presence of Portuguese football legend and tournament ambassador Eusébio.[88] A total of twenty towns and cities were visited by the trophy tour caravan, including the ten that would host matches.[89]

Trophy tour stops and dates

Merchandise and mascot[edit]

Kinas, mascot of the UEFA Euro 2004

In November 2002, UEFA appointed Warner Bros. Consumer Products (WBCP) as the tournament's exclusive worldwide licensing agent.[90] As the global licensing rights owner, WBCP was responsible for negotiating product license contracts with third parties on the behalf of UEFA and delineate product sales strategies across the host country. Other tasks included setting up and managing marketing plans, product distribution and prices, and prevent illegal use of trademarks and product sales.[91] Over 2000 merchandise items were developed by the 28 licensees chosen by WBCP, and were distributed not only within Portugal but also in major European and Asian markets.[92]

The official mascot was a boy named Kinas – derived from quinas (English: inescutcheons), one of the symbols of the Portuguese coat of arms[93] – who wore a football kit with the Portuguese colors (red shirt and green shorts) and was constantly playing with a football. He possessed the knowledge and talent of generations of highly gifted football players, and embodied the energy and passion of football.[94] Created by Warner Bros., Kinas was officially unveiled on 29 March 2003 at the Casa de Serralves, in Porto, Portugal.[93]

Commemorative coins and stamps[edit]

To celebrate Portugal's hosting of the Euro 2004 finals, commemorative coin and stamp collections were issued by the Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda, the Portuguese national mint and printing house,[95] and CTT, the national postal service.[96]

Sponsorship[edit]

UEFA distinguishes between global sponsors and national sponsors. Global Euro sponsors can come from any country and have together exclusive worldwide sponsorship rights for a UEFA European Football Championship. National sponsors come from the host country and do only have sponsorship rights within that country.[97] Eight sponsors were announced by UEFA in December 2002.[98]

Global sponsors National sponsors

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]