Scottish Premier League
|Number of teams||12|
|Levels on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Scottish First Division|
|Domestic cup(s)||Scottish Cup|
|League cup(s)||Scottish League Cup|
|International cup(s)||Champions League, Europa League|
|Most championships||Celtic (8)[note 1]|
|TV partners||Sky Sports, ESPN, BBC Scotland|
|2012–13 Scottish Premier League|
The Scottish Premier League (SPL) is the top level league competition for professional football clubs in Scotland. The league was founded in 1998, when it broke away from the Scottish Football League (SFL).
At the end of the 2012–13 season, the Scottish Premier League will be ranked 24th in the UEFA rankings of European leagues, which are based on the performances of member clubs in European competitions. A total of 19 clubs have competed in the SPL since its inauguration in 1998–99 but only two, Celtic and Rangers, have won the title.
Previously, the Scottish Football League had a two divisional structure (Divisions One and Two) between which clubs were promoted and relegated at the end of each season. However, by the mid 1970s, this organisation was perceived to be stagnant, and it was decided to split into a three divisional structure: Premier Division (formerly Division One), First Division (formerly Division Two) and a newly added Second Division. This system came into force for the 1975–76 season. This setup continued until the 1994–95 season, when a four divisional structure was introduced, along with a new Third Division, with all four divisions consisting of ten clubs.
On 8 September 1997, the football clubs in the Premier Division decided to split from the Scottish Football League and form the Scottish Premier League, following an earlier example in England, which came into force during the 1992–93 season. This decision was fuelled by a desire by the top clubs in Scotland to retain more of the revenue generated by the game. Originally, league sponsorship money was divided proportionally between clubs in all four divisions. After the SPL was formed, its clubs retained all of its commercial revenues except for an annual payment to the SFL and a parachute payment to relegated clubs.
Competition format 
There are currently twelve clubs in the Scottish Premier League. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner.
A season, which runs from July until May, is divided into two phases. During the first phase, each club plays three games against every other team, either once at home and twice away or vice-versa. After this first phase of matches, by which time all clubs will have played 33 games, the league splits into a 'top six' and a 'bottom six'. Each club then plays a further five matches against the other five teams in their own section. Points achieved during the first phase of 33 matches are carried forward to the second phase, but the teams will compete only within their own sections during the second phase. After the first phase has been completed, clubs cannot move out of their own section in the league, even if they achieve more or fewer points than a higher or lower ranked team, respectively.
At the beginning of each season, the Scottish Premier League 'predicts' the likely positions of each club in order to produce a fixture schedule that will ensure the best possible chance of all clubs playing each other twice at home and twice away. These are known as the league seeding and are based on clubs' performance in previous years. However, should a club not finish in the half where it was predicted to finish, it faces the possibility of playing an unequal number of home and away games; for example, one club may play another three times at home and once away.
The bottom placed SPL club at the end of the season is relegated, and swaps places with the winner of the Scottish First Division, provided that the winner satisfies the league's entry criteria.
Originally the SPL contained 10 clubs, but it subsequently enlarged to 12 for the 2000–01 season onwards. The increase from 10 clubs to 12 was part of the deal offered to obtain approval from SFL member clubs. Since then, the SPL has operated a "split league format" to prevent the need for a 44-game schedule, which was once used in the Scottish Premier Division, but is now considered to be too high a number of games in a league season.
There has been criticism of the split season format. In April 2007, Craig Levein labelled it as "rubbish" and a "nonsense", claiming that it resulted in lost revenue for clubs and put more pressure on managers, while Rangers manager Walter Smith branded the format as "unfair" and called for an 18-team league to be considered. The SPL has defended the split format, however, and dismissed the possibility of expanding the league due to a lack of strong enough clubs within the Scottish Football League. In March 2008 Kilmarnock manager Jim Jefferies was the latest to call for a league revamp, claiming that the potential for four matches per season against the same opponent is too many.
Promotion and relegation 
Providing they meet certain criteria regarding their stadium, the top club from the Scottish First Division is promoted to the SPL, with the 12th-placed SPL club relegated. These promotion criteria have previously caused controversy. In 2003, the chairmen of the member clubs voted against Falkirk's proposed ground share with Airdrie United and stopped the club from having the 10,000 capacity stadium it required, thus saving Motherwell from relegation.
The same situation nearly materialised in 2004. After several votes and discussion, including threats of court cases from Partick Thistle, the team threatened with relegation, Inverness Caledonian Thistle were promoted on the basis that they would ground share with Aberdeen at Pittodrie. In 2005, the stadium size criterion for entry to the SPL was reduced to 6,000, thereby allowing Inverness Caledonian Thistle to return to their home stadium during the 2005–06 season.
Old Firm dominance 
One of the main criticisms of the SPL has been the dominance of the two Old Firm clubs, Celtic and Rangers. No team outside the Old Firm has won the Scottish league championship since 1985. Until Rangers were ejected from the SPL due to their liquidation, there was only one SPL season (2005–06) where both clubs failed to occupy first and second positions, with Hearts finishing second behind Celtic. Whilst other European leagues have been dominated by a few clubs in modern times, the Old Firm dominance in Scotland dates back to the beginning of Scottish league football, with a few exceptional periods. The average home attendances of both clubs is significantly higher than the other Scottish clubs, which has resulted in the Old Firm having far greater revenues and therefore more money to spend on players. Both clubs have also received significant revenues from participation in the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League.
Despite having more resources than other Scottish clubs, the Old Firm experienced difficulty in competing with big clubs from other leagues in terms of transfer fees and player wages due to the SPL's relatively low television revenue. A recurring theme in recent years has been the prospect of the two clubs leaving the Scottish football set-up to join either the English set-up, or an Atlantic League with clubs from countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium and Portugal. While some feel that the departure of the Old Firm from the Scottish football setup would be detrimental to Scottish football as a whole, others, such as Craig Levein, believe it would benefit Scottish football due to increased competition among the remaining clubs for the SPL title. World football's governing body FIFA has ruled out the prospect of any move to the English set-up. The duopoly was effectively broken when Rangers entered insolvency in 2012 and were liquidated. Rangers were relaunched by a new company and placed in the Scottish Football League Third Division.
Winter break 
A further issue of controversy was the SPL's decision to scrap the 'winter break' after the 2000–01 season, thereby forcing clubs to play throughout January and often resulting in postponement of matches and significant damage to clubs' pitches due to adverse weather conditions, as well as player fatigue. Managers Martin O'Neill, Jim Duffy and Walter Smith are among those who have called for the winter break to be reinstated. Alex McLeish accused the SPL of taking Scottish football "back to the Dark Ages" after its decision to scrap the mid-season hiatus.
European qualification 
The Scottish Premier League are eighteenth in UEFA's coefficient ranking for 2012, meaning that for the 2013–14 season, Scotland will have one less representative in European competitions. Only the SPL champions will qualify for the UEFA Champions League, entering at the second qualifying round, one round earlier than the previous season. The SPL runners-up, who had entered the third qualifying round for non-champions in the Champions League in the 2012-13 season, will start instead in the second qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League. The winners of the Scottish Cup and third placed team also qualify for the Europa League, both starting one round earlier than in 2012-13, in the third and second qualifying rounds respectively.
Clubs also had the opportunity to apply for qualification to the UEFA Intertoto Cup before it was folded into the Europa League; qualification for that event was given to the highest placed applicant, although only two clubs chose to play in the tournament since the SPL's inception in 1998–99 (Dundee in 2001 and Hibernian in 2004, 2006 and 2008). Clubs may also qualify for Europe via the UEFA Fair Play ranking.
In the seasons after the SPL's inception, Scotland's UEFA co-efficient improved significantly, having been ranked 26th in 1998–99, they reached a high of 10th at the end of the 2007-08 season. Since then, the SPL's ranking has declined, with the league falling back to 24th position at the end of 2012-13. This means that for the 2014-15 season, the Scottish Cup winners and third placed SPL team will start one round earlier than the 2013-14 season, in the second qualifying round and first qualifying round of the Europa League respectively.
In 2003 Celtic became the first Scottish club since Dundee United in 1987 to reach a European final, eventually losing 3–2 to F.C. Porto after extra time in the UEFA Cup final. In 2003–04, two Scottish clubs (Celtic and Rangers) qualified for the UEFA Champions League for the first time. In 2005–06, Rangers became the first Scottish club to reach the knockout stage of the Champions League, a feat which was repeated by Celtic the following two seasons. In the 2007–08 season, three Scottish clubs were competing in Europe after Christmas for the first time since 1970, while in the same season Rangers reached the UEFA Cup final where they lost 2–0 to Russian club Zenit St. Petersburg. During the season Scotland's European representatives collected the most coefficient points since the 1982–83 season.
If the Scottish Cup winners have already qualified for the Champions League, the Europa League place is handed to the runners-up, and if the winners have already qualified for the Europa League, the Europa League place is given to the fourth placed SPL club. The same rule also applies if both the winners and the runners-up have already qualified. In 2010, as Dundee United had qualified for the Europa League through both winning the Scottish Cup and finishing third in the SPL, a Europa League place passed to Motherwell, who finished fifth in the SPL.
Until 1995, the winners of the Scottish League Cup were granted a place in the UEFA Cup, although this privilege was rarely invoked as the winning teams usually qualified for Europe by some other means such as winning the League Championship or Scottish Cup. The most recent example was Raith Rovers, who represented Scotland in the 1995–96 UEFA Cup after winning the League Cup the previous season as a First Division club. This privilege has since been discontinued due to the reduction in the number of European places granted to Scottish clubs.
Scottish Premier League clubs have almost complete freedom to sign whatever number and category of players they wish. There is no team or individual salary cap, no squad size limit, no age restrictions other than those applied by general employment law, no restrictions on the overall number of foreign players, and few restrictions on individual foreign players – all players with EU nationality, including those able to claim an EU passport through a parent or grandparent, are eligible to play, and top players from outside the EU are able to obtain UK work permits.
The only restriction on selection is the "Under-21 rule". This rule states that each club must include at least three players under the age of 21 in its matchday squad. Opinions on this rule appear to be divided among SPL managers. Walter Smith, Gus MacPherson and Jim Jefferies have expressed their disapproval of the policy. John Collins, meanwhile, expressed approval of the ruling, claiming that it is healthy for Scottish football and encouraged the development of young players.
Recent decline in television revenue has resulted in relatively little spending among SPL clubs in recent seasons, with major transfer spending mostly limited to the Old Firm clubs. As a result, many clubs are now more reliant on developing their own young players and selling them on for profit. This has also resulted in a large proportion of SPL clubs' squads being made up of Scottish players (73% in the 2004–05 season).
Due to its relatively low income from television and commercial partners, Scottish clubs are highly dependent on revenues from fans attending matches. More people in Scotland per head of population watch their domestic top-level league than any other European nation. All ten of the clubs that played in the 1998–99 Scottish Premier League also participated in the 2011–12 Scottish Premier League. Nine of those ten clubs recorded lower average attendance. Celtic have had a 14% decline in attendance since a peak season of 2000–01, when the club won the domestic treble. Dunfermline, who were newly promoted to the SPL in 2011–12, only saw an increase of 939 in average attendance from the 2010–11 Scottish First Division season. They also attracted a bigger crowd for a Fife derby game in the First Division against Raith Rovers than any game in the SPL.
The Bank of Scotland, who had sponsored the league since March 1999 (the League was unsponsored for most of the inaugural season), did not renew their sponsorship at the end of the 2006–07 season. Talks began with Clydesdale Bank, and a deal was confirmed shortly afterwards. A four-year deal for £8m came into effect from July 2007 and in 2010 this was extended until 2013.
Insolvency events 
Since the SPL began, five of its member clubs have entered administration. Serious financial difficulties first arose in 2002 when broadcaster Sky Sports withdrew their interest in the League’s television rights when the SPL rejected their offer of £45m, hoping that a better deal would arise from another broadcaster. A better deal failed to arise, however, adding to the clubs’ already delicate financial position. By season 2001/02, combined debt among SPL clubs was estimated to be around £132m, having been barely into double figures two years previously. Motherwell became the first SPL club to enter administration in April 2002, with debts of £11m and a wage bill totalling 97% of their annual turnover. Dundee were next to follow, when in November 2003 they sacked 25 staff after debts of £20m.
The severity of the SPL's financial problems were revealed in September 2003 when combined losses for SPL clubs during 2001/02 was estimated to have been £60m. A report by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) in 2003 described five SPL clubs—Dundee, Dunfermline Athletic, Hearts, Hibernian and Livingston—as "technically insolvent". Livingston became the third SPL club to enter administration in February 2004, with debts of £3.5m. Dunfermline Athletic's financial position also looked bleak, with several players asked to take wage-cuts, while Rangers chairman David Murray announced in September 2004 a plan to raise £57m via a rights issue in an attempt to wipe out a large proportion of the club's debts.
After widespread cost-cutting measures, the finances of SPL clubs began to show signs of improvement. Both Motherwell and Dundee came out of administration in April and August 2004 respectively, while Livingston ended their fifteen month spell in administration in May 2005. The 2006 report on SPL finances by PWC revealed operating profits of £2.8m among SPL clubs—the first collective operating profit made by Scotland's top-flight clubs in over a decade. Seven of the SPL's 12 clubs had a wage turnover ratio of less than 60%.
The 2007 report by PWC revealed a collective loss of £9m for 2005–06, however six clubs—Falkirk, Hibernian, Inverness CT, Kilmarnock, Motherwell and Rangers—all made a profit. The report highlighted the increasingly precarious financial position of Hearts, describing their current finances as "unsustainable" with debt rising by £7m to £28m and a wage bill which represents 97% of their turnover. The figures for 2006–07 showed a collective profit of £3m, with eight clubs making a profit.
Gretna became the fourth SPL club to enter administration in March 2008 after their main benefactor Brooks Mileson was forced to withdraw his financial support due to failing health. The club was liquidated after it had been relegated to the Scottish Football League at the end of the 2007–08 Scottish Premier League. Gretna fans formed a new club, Gretna 2008, which entered the East of Scotland Football League.
With the financial crises and the UK economic recession, SPL clubs were badly affected. A reduction in revenue from ticket sales for SPL games and club merchandise impacted negatively on club expenditure. Players were asked to consider wage cuts and team squads were reduced. Indeed some clubs may reduce the number of non-playing staff. During 2009 and 2010, the financial constraints at Rangers were widely reported, with the club's debt rising to £30 million.
The 21st PWC annual review found that SPL clubs made a collective loss of £22M during the 2008–09 season, although this loss was almost entirely due to problems at two clubs. Rangers incurred a £14M loss after losing most of their European revenues due to an early defeat by FBK Kaunas, while Hearts lost £8M. In 2010, Hearts were described by The Scotsman as the only true financial "basket case" in the SPL, with the club having a wages-to-turnover ratio of 126% and debt of over three times turnover. Rangers stabilised financially in the next two seasons, thanks to income generated from Champions League participation.
Rangers entered administration on 14 February 2012, owing an approximate £9m in unpaid taxes and with an ongoing tribunal with HMRC regarding the club's use of an Employee Benefit Trust Scheme. This case is subject to a First Tier Tribunal Hearing and the estimated claim of HMRC, subject to the findings of the tribunal, is circa £50m, with estimated interest and penalties of circa £25m. HMRC blocked a proposed Company Voluntary Arrangement in June 2012, forcing preferred bidder Charles Green to use a new company to buy out the business and assets of Rangers.
Media coverage 
Between 1998–99 and 2001–02, exclusive television rights for live Scottish Premier League matches were held by Sky Sports. In January 2002 the SPL rejected a £45m offer from Sky Sports and began considering setting up its own pay-per-view channel, dubbed "SPL TV". These plans broke down in April 2002, however, when the Old Firm clubs, Rangers and Celtic, utilised the 11–1 voting system to veto the proposals. This caused discontent among the remaining 10 SPL clubs who subsequently announced their intention to resign from the league.
Despite a two-year television deal being agreed with BBC Scotland in July 2002, for a significant amount less than the money previously offered by Sky Sports, the 10 non-Old Firm clubs confirmed their resignation from the SPL in August 2002, citing discontent with the voting system. The ten clubs withdrew their resignations in January 2003 after an agreement was reached to change some of the voting procedures and to change the distribution of TV revenue.
The SPL agreed a television rights deal with Irish broadcaster Setanta Sports in February 2004 in a four-year deal worth £54m. In June 2008, it was announced that a further four-year deal would commence for the 2010–11 season, with the deal worth £125m. Setanta lost the rights to show live SPL games in the United Kingdom as they were unable to pay the £3 million they owed to the SPL. The SPL then agreed a deal with ESPN and Sky Sports worth £13 million per season to the clubs. This is comparable to the deal which Setanta previously had in place, but it was around half of the amount that Setanta would have been paying from 2010. The Old Firm criticised the decision of nine of the other SPL clubs to accept that offer from Setanta, instead of taking an alternative package from Sky that would have been worth significantly more than the deal signed after Setanta went into administration.
In 2009, Sky and ESPN agreed a five-year deal with the SPL where they would pay a total of £65m for the rights to show 30 matches each per season. In November 2011, it was announced that a five-year extension to the contract would commence from the 2012–13 season. This deal was amended, however, after Rangers entered insolvency and were not allowed to transfer their SPL membership to a new company. The rights held by ESPN were acquired by BT Sport in February 2013.
BBC Scotland's Sportscene currently own the rights to broadcast highlights of each game first on terrestrial TV. The BBC also hold the rights to show on-line internet highlights to UK users for one week after each game. BBC Alba, launched in September 2008, shows one full SPL game per week in delayed coverage. BBC Alba will also show three live matches per season in 2012–13 and 2013–14. The SPL is broadcast in Australia by Setanta Sports Australia, in Canada by Sportsnet World and in the USA by Fox Soccer Channel & Fox Soccer Plus.
Radio broadcasting rights are currently held by BBC Radio Scotland, who have held the rights since the SPL's inception in 1998. BBC Radio Scotland also provide internet webcasts to all Scottish Premier League matches, having became the first broadcaster to introduce such a service in June 2000. However Old Firm games are broadcast when available on BBC Radio 5 Live and also on 102.5 Clyde 1.
SPL clubs 
SPL members for 2012–13 
The clubs listed below are due to compete in the Scottish Premier League during the 2012–13 Scottish Premier League season.
|Club||Position in 2011–12||First season in
|First season of current
spell in top division
|Aberdeen[note 2][note 3]||9th||1905–06||1905–06||1984–85|
|Celtic[note 2][note 3]||1st (Champions)||1890–91||1890–91||2012–13|
|Dundee[note 2]||2nd, First Division||1893–94||2012–13||1961–62|
|Dundee United[note 2][note 3]||4th||1925–26||1996–97||1982–83|
|Heart of Midlothian[note 2][note 3]||5th||1890–91||1983–84||1959–60|
|Kilmarnock[note 2][note 3]||7th||1899–1900||1992–93||1964–65|
|Motherwell[note 2][note 3]||3rd||1903–04||1985–86||1931–32|
|Ross County||1st, First Division||2012–13||2012–13||—|
|St. Johnstone[note 2]||6th||1924–25||2009–10||—|
Former SPL members 
These are previous members of the SPL in reverse order of them losing membership.
in top division
|Last season in
|Hamilton||4th, First Division||1906–07||2010–11||—|
|Falkirk||3rd, First Division||1905–06||2009–10||—|
|Livingston||5th, First Division||2001–02||2005–06||—|
|Partick Thistle||6th, First Division||1897–98||2003–04||—|
The following stadia will be used by clubs during the 2012–13 Scottish Premier League season.
|Celtic Park||60,832||Celtic||The biggest club stadium in Scotland by seating capacity.|
|Tynecastle Stadium||17,420||Heart of Midlothian|
|Tannadice Park||14,209||Dundee United|
|McDiarmid Park||10,673||St. Johnstone||First purpose-built all-seater stadium in Scotland.|
|St. Mirren Park||8,016||St. Mirren|
|Caledonian Stadium||7,918||Inverness C.T.|
|Victoria Park||6,310||Ross County|
Club managers 
The following is a list of the current managers in the SPL. The list is arranged chronologically by appointment.
|Terry Butcher||Inverness Caledonian Thistle||27 January 2009|
|Neil Lennon||Celtic||25 March 2010|
|Danny Lennon||St Mirren||7 June 2010|
|Stuart McCall||Motherwell||30 December 2010|
|Kenny Shiels||Kilmarnock||31 March 2011|
|Derek Adams||Ross County||19 May 2011|
|Steve Lomas||St. Johnstone||3 November 2011|
|Pat Fenlon||Hibernian||25 November 2011|
|Jackie McNamara||Dundee United||30 January 2013|
|John Brown (interim)||Dundee||23 February 2013|
|Gary Locke||Heart of Midlothian||28 February 2013|
|Derek McInnes||Aberdeen||25 March 2013|
|Season||Winner||Runner-up||Relegated||Top scorer||Players' Player of the Year||Writers' Player of the Year|
|1998–99||Rangers||Celtic||Dunfermline Athletic||Henrik Larsson 29 (Celtic)||Henrik Larsson (Celtic)||Henrik Larsson (Celtic)|
|1999–2000||Rangers||Celtic||No relegation[note 5]||Mark Viduka 25 (Celtic)||Mark Viduka (Celtic)||Barry Ferguson (Rangers)|
|2000–01||Celtic||Rangers||St. Mirren||Henrik Larsson 35 (Celtic)||Henrik Larsson (Celtic)||Henrik Larsson (Celtic)|
|2001–02||Celtic||Rangers||St. Johnstone||Henrik Larsson 29 (Celtic)||Lorenzo Amoruso (Rangers)||Paul Lambert (Celtic)|
|2002–03||Rangers||Celtic||No relegation[note 6]||Henrik Larsson 28 (Celtic)||Barry Ferguson (Rangers)||Barry Ferguson (Rangers)|
|2003–04||Celtic||Rangers||Partick Thistle||Henrik Larsson 30 (Celtic)||Chris Sutton (Celtic)||Jackie McNamara (Celtic)|
|2004–05||Rangers||Celtic||Dundee||John Hartson 25 (Celtic)||John Hartson (Celtic)
Fernando Ricksen (Rangers)
|John Hartson (Celtic)|
|2005–06||Celtic||Heart of Midlothian||Livingston||Kris Boyd 32 (15 – Kilmarnock, 17 – Rangers)||Shaun Maloney (Celtic)||Craig Gordon (Hearts)|
|2006–07||Celtic||Rangers||Dunfermline Athletic||Kris Boyd 20 (Rangers)||Shunsuke Nakamura (Celtic)||Shunsuke Nakamura (Celtic)|
|2007–08||Celtic||Rangers||Gretna||Scott McDonald 25 (Celtic)||Aiden McGeady (Celtic)||Carlos Cuéllar (Rangers)|
|2008–09||Rangers||Celtic||Inverness CT||Kris Boyd 27 (Rangers)||Scott Brown (Celtic)||Gary Caldwell (Celtic)|
|2009–10||Rangers||Celtic||Falkirk||Kris Boyd 23 (Rangers)||Steven Davis (Rangers)||David Weir (Rangers)|
|2010–11||Rangers||Celtic||Hamilton Academical||Kenny Miller 21 (Rangers)||Emilio Izaguirre (Celtic)||Emilio Izaguirre (Celtic)|
|2011–12||Celtic||Rangers||Dunfermline Athletic||Gary Hooper 24 (Celtic)||Charlie Mulgrew (Celtic)||Charlie Mulgrew (Celtic)|
|2012–13||Celtic||Motherwell||Dundee||Michael Higdon 26 (Motherwell)||Michael Higdon (Motherwell)||Leigh Griffiths (Hibernian)|
All-time SPL table 
This table is a cumulative record of all SPL matches played since the inception of the league in 1998. The table is accurate from the 1998–99 season to the end of the 2012–13 season, inclusive. Teams highlighted in bold are current members of the Premier League.
|3||Heart of Midlothian||15||566||229||139||198||733||670||+63||826||1.459||1||5||1|
P = Position; Ssn = Number of seasons; Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points; Ppg = Points per game
Top goalscorers 
Current Kilmarnock and former Rangers player Kris Boyd has scored the most goals in the SPL, with 164 goals. He broke the previous record of 158, set by Henrik Larsson, by scoring five goals for Rangers in a 7–1 win against Dundee United on 30 December 2009. Boyd and Larsson are the only players to have scored more than 100 goals in the SPL, which started in the inaugural 1998–99 season. There are players who have scored far more goals in the predecessor Scottish Football League competition, with Jimmy McGrory and Bob McPhail each scoring more than 300 goals in the top flight of Scottish football.
Top 10 SPL goalscorers 
- As of 13:40, 19 May 2013 (UTC)
|1||Kris Boyd[note 10]||Kilmarnock (2001–2006)
|2||Henrik Larsson[note 11]||Celtic (1998–2004)||158|
|3||Derek Riordan[note 11]||Hibernian (2001–2006)
St. Johnstone (2012)
|4||Scott McDonald||Motherwell (2004–2007)
|5||John Hartson||Celtic (2001–2006)||88|
|6||Kenny Miller[note 11]||Hibernian (1999–2000)
|7||Michael Higdon[note 10]||Falkirk (2007–2009)
St. Mirren (2009–2011)
|Nacho Novo[note 11]||Dundee (2002–2004)
|9||Anthony Stokes[note 10]||Falkirk (2006–2007)
|10||Colin Nish[note 11][note 10]||Dunfermline Athletic (1999–2003)
Records and awards 
- As of 09:40, 31 January 2013 (UTC)
- Biggest home win
- Celtic 9–0 Aberdeen (2010–11)
- Biggest away win
- Dunfermline Athletic 1–8 Celtic (2005–06)
- Most goals in a game
- Motherwell 6–6 Hibernian (2009–2010)
- Most consecutive wins
- Celtic, 25, 2003–04
- Most consecutive games unbeaten
- Celtic, 32, 2003–04
- Most consecutive defeats
- Partick Thistle, 10, 2003–04
- Most consecutive games without a win
- Hamilton Academical, 22, 2010–11
- Most consecutive games without scoring a goal
- Dunfermline Athletic, 9, 2006–07
- Most points in a season
- Celtic, 103 points, 2001–02
- Fewest points in a season
- Gretna, 13 points, 2007–08[note 12]
- Most goals scored in a season
- Celtic, 105 goals, 2003–04
- Fewest goals scored in a season
- St. Johnstone, 23 goals, 2010–11
- Most goals conceded in a season
- Aberdeen, 83 goals, 1999–00
Gretna, 83 goals, 2007–08
- Fewest goals conceded in a season
- Celtic, 18 goals, 2001–02
- Most wins in a season
- Celtic, 33, 2001–02
- Fewest wins in a season
- Dunfermline Athletic, 4, 1998–99
Livingston, 4, 2005–06
- Fewest defeats in a season
- Celtic, 1, 2001–02
- Most defeats in a season
- Livingston, 28, 2005–06
- Most draws in a season
- Dunfermline Athletic, 16, 1998–99
St Mirren, 16, 2011–12
- Fewest home defeats in a season
- Celtic, 0, 2001–02 and 2002–03
Rangers, 0, 2009–10
- Fewest away defeats in a season
- Celtic, 0, 2003–04
- Fewest home wins in a season
- Hamilton Academical, 1, 2010–11
Dunfermline Athletic, 1, 2011–12
- Fewest away wins in a season
- Dunfermline Athletic, 0, 1998–99
- Youngest player
- Scott Robinson, for Hearts vs Inverness CT, 16 years, 45 days
- Youngest goalscorer
- Fraser Fyvie, for Aberdeen vs Heart of Midlothian, 16 years, 306 days
- Oldest player
- Andy Millen, for St. Mirren vs Hearts, 42 years 279 days, 15 March 2008
- Most goals in a season
- Henrik Larsson (Celtic), 35 goals, 2000–01
- Fastest goal
- Kris Commons, 12.2 seconds, Celtic 4 - 3 Aberdeen, 16 March 2013
- All-time top scorer
- Kris Boyd (Kilmarnock and Rangers), 164 goals
- Most hat-tricks
- Henrik Larsson (Celtic), 12
- Hat-tricks in consecutive games
- Henrik Larsson (Celtic), 2000–01
Anthony Stokes (Falkirk), 2006–07
- Most goals in a game
- Kenny Miller, 5, Rangers v St. Mirren, 4 November 2000
Kris Boyd, 5, Kilmarnock v Dundee United, 25 September 2004
Kris Boyd, 5, Rangers v Dundee United, 30 December 2009
Gary Hooper, 5, Celtic v Heart of Midlothian, 13 May 2012
- Most consecutive clean sheets
- Robert Douglas, Celtic, 7 games, 2000–01
- Most clean sheets in a season
- Fraser Forster and Łukasz Załuska, Celtic, 25 games, 2011–12
- Most SPL appearances
- Scott Severin, 345 (correct to the end of the 2010–11 season)
- Highest attendance
- 60,440, Celtic v St. Mirren, 7 April 2001
- Lowest attendance
- 431, Gretna v Inverness CT, 5 April 2008
- Highest average attendance
- 59,369, Celtic, 2000–01
- Lowest average attendance
- 2,283, Gretna, 2007–08
- Highest transfer fee paid
- Tore André Flo, from Chelsea to Rangers, £12m, 23 November 2000
- Highest transfer fee received
- Aiden McGeady, from Celtic to Spartak Moscow, £9.5m, 13 August 2010
- Highest transfer fee between two SPL clubs
- Scott Brown, from Hibernian to Celtic, £4.4m, 1 June 2007
- 1998–99: Dundee United
- 1999–00: Dundee United
- 2000–01: Dunfermline Athletic
- 2001–02: Aberdeen
- 2002–03: Aberdeen
- 2003–04: Aberdeen
- 2004–05: Aberdeen
- 2005–06: Aberdeen
- 2006–07: Aberdeen
- 2007–08: Aberdeen
- 2008–09: Aberdeen
- 2009–10: Aberdeen
- 2010–11: Aberdeen
- 2011–12: Aberdeen
See also 
- List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues
- Scottish Premier League monthly awards
- The Scottish Premier League was instituted in 1998, replacing the Scottish Football League Premier Division. For a complete record of clubs that have won Scottish league championships, see list of Scottish football champions.
- Founding member of the Scottish Premier League
- Played in every Scottish Premier League season
- Gretna F.C. went out of business following the 2007–08 season. A new club called Gretna 2008 was set up in its place and entered the East of Scotland Football League.
- The SPL was expanded from 10 teams in 1999–2000 to 12 teams in 2000–01. There was due to be a play-off involving the team that finished bottom of the SPL (Aberdeen) and the teams finishing second and third in the First Division (Dunfermline Athletic and Falkirk) for two places in the SPL, but this was cancelled because Falkirk did not meet the stadium criteria for SPL membership.
- Motherwell finished bottom of the SPL but avoided relegation because the team that finished top of the First Division (Falkirk) did not meet the stadium criteria for SPL membership.
- Rangers were deducted 10 points for going into administration in the 2011–12 season.
- Gretna were deducted 10 points for going into administration in the 2007–08 season.
- Clubs only include those where players scored goals in the Scottish Premier League.
- Player is currently registered with a Scottish Premier League club.
- Player also scored goal(s) in the Scottish Football League.
- Gretna's points total would have been 23 points without a 10-point administration penalty they received. The lowest points total without such a penalty is 18 points, which was recorded by Livingston in 2005–06.
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