Jewfish Creek Bridge
|Jewfish Creek Bridge|
|Official name||Jewfish Creek Bridge|
|Carries||US 1 (Overseas Highway)|
|Locale||Key Largo, Florida|
|Maintained by||Florida Department of Transportation|
|Design||Concrete Girder Bridge|
|Vertical clearance||65 Feet|
|Opened||1944 (original bridge)
May 22, 2008 (current bridge)
The Jewfish Creek Bridge is a bridge in the Florida Keys. Spanning both Jewfish Creek and Lake Surprise, it carries the Overseas Highway (U.S. 1) between the Florida Keys and the Florida mainland. The bridge is 65 feet tall and opened in 2008, replacing a small drawbridge.
The original Jewfish Creek drawbridge opened for traffic in 1944 along with the current stretch of the Overseas Highway between Florida City and Key Largo (locally known as the 18 Mile Stretch). Prior to this, the Overseas Highway was connected to the mainland via the nearby Card Sound Bridge (which at the time was also a small drawbridge). The current route was built along the original right of way of the Overseas Railroad, which shortened the driving distance between Florida City and Key Largo by nearly 14 miles. The main reason for rerouting the Overseas Highway was World War II. Because of the war, the United States Navy, who continue to have a large presence in Key West, needed an improved access to the mainland resulting in the entire Overseas Highway being rerouted onto the former railroad right of way.
The original Card Sound Bridge was closed to vehicular traffic after the completion of the Jewfish Creek Bridge and it was destroyed by a fire shortly afterward. The current Card Sound Bridge opened in 1969, restoring the original route and giving the Florida Keys two vehicular accesses to the mainland.
The Jewfish Creek drawbridge was replaced by the current bridge on May 22, 2008. The current bridge was built as part of larger $300 million project to reconstruct the entire 18 mile stretch. The project also included the construction of passing lanes in various locations, a jersey barrier between the northbound and southbound lanes throughout, the removal of the Lake Surprise Causeway, and the replacement of the non-functional C-111 canal drawbridge with a small fixed bridge.
The current structure is 65 feet tall. It carries two lanes separated by a Jersey barrier, and also features outside berms to prevent road pollutants from entering Florida Bay. Due to the height of the bridge, it spans both Jewfish Creek and Lake Surprise, which allowed for the removal of the man-make Lake Surprise Causeway restoring the natural water flow into Florida Bay. Although, the bridge bypasses the community of Jewfish, which is home to a marina and other businesses. Exit ramps exist off of the main bridge provide access to Jewfish.