Jingzhe

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For the Chinese film or the anarchist newspaper, see Jingzhe (film) and Jingzhe (Chengdu).
Solar term
 Longi-
tude
 
  Term   Calendar
Spring
315° Lichun 4-5 February
330° Yushui 18-19 February
345° Jingzhe 5-6 March
Chunfen 20-21 March
15° Qingming 4-5 April
30° Guyu 20-21 April
Summer
45° Lixia 5-6 May
60° Xiaoman 21-22 May
75° Mangzhong 5-6 June
90° Xiazhi 21-22 June
105° Xiaoshu 7-8 July
120° Dashu 22-23 July
Autumn
135° Liqiu 7-8 August
150° Chushu 23-24 August
165° Bailu 7-8 September
180° Qiufen 23-24 September
195° Hanlu 8-9 October
210° Shuangjiang 23-24 October
Winter
225° Lidong 7-8 November
240° Xiaoxue 22-23 November
255° Daxue 7-8 December
270° Dongzhi 21-22 December
285° Xiaohan 5-6 January
300° Dahan 20-21 January

Jīngzhé (pīnyīn) or Keichitsu (rōmaji) (traditional Chinese: 驚蟄; simplified Chinese: 惊蛰; Japanese: 啓蟄; Korean: 경칩; Vietnamese: Kinh trập; literally: "awakening of insects") is the 3rd of the 24 solar terms (節氣) in the traditional East Asian calendars. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 345° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 360°. More often, it refers to the day when the Sun is exactly at a celestial longitude of 345°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around March 5th and ends around March 20th.

The word 驚蟄 means the awakening of hibernating insects. is to start and means hibernating insects. Traditional Chinese folklore says that during Jingzhe, thunderstorms will wake up the hibernating insects, which implies that the weather is getting warmer.

Pentads[edit]

Date and Time (UTC)
year begin end
辛巳 2001-03-05 12:32 2001-03-20 13:30
壬午 2002-03-05 18:27 2002-03-20 19:16
癸未 2003-03-06 00:04 2003-03-21 00:59
甲申 2004-03-05 05:55 2004-03-20 06:48
乙酉 2005-03-05 11:45 2005-03-20 12:33
丙戌 2006-03-05 17:28 2006-03-20 18:25
丁亥 2007-03-05 23:18 2007-03-21 00:07
戊子 2008-03-05 04:58 2008-03-20 05:48
己丑 2009-03-05 10:47 2009-03-20 11:43
庚寅 2010-03-05 16:46 2010-03-20 17:32
辛卯 2011-03-05 22:29 2011-03-20 23:20
壬辰 2012-03-05 04:21 2012-03-20 05:14
癸巳 2013-03-05 10:14 2013-03-20 11:01
甲午 2014-03-05 16:02 2014-03-20 16:57

Source: JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System

Each solar term can be divided into 3 pentads (候). They are the first pentad (初候), the second pentad (次候), and the third pentad (末候): Pentads in Jingzhe are

China
Japan
  • First pentad: Japanese: 蟄虫啓戸 (Romanisation: Chitchū kei to), 'Awakening of hibernating insects'.
  • Second pentad: Japanese: 桃始笑 (Romanisation: Momo Hajime Emi), 'Peach trees start to bloom (smile)'.
  • Last pentad: Japanese: 菜虫化蝶 (Romanisation: Na mushi-ka chō), 'Caterpillars become butterflies'.


Preceded by
Yushui (雨水)
Solar term (節氣) Succeeded by
Chunfen (春分)