Xiazhi

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See also: Summer solstice
Solar term
 Longi-
tude
 
  Term   Calendar
Spring
315° Lichun 4–5 February
330° Yushui 18–19 February
345° Jingzhe 5–6 March
Chunfen 20–21 March
15° Qingming 4–5 April
30° Guyu 20–21 April
Summer
45° Lixia 5–6 May
60° Xiaoman 21–22 May
75° Mangzhong 5–6 June
90° Xiazhi 21–22 June
105° Xiaoshu 7–8 July
120° Dashu 22–23 July
Autumn
135° Liqiu 7–8 August
150° Chushu 23–24 August
165° Bailu 7–8 September
180° Qiufen 23–24 September
195° Hanlu 8–9 October
210° Shuangjiang 23–24 October
Winter
225° Lidong 7–8 November
240° Xiaoxue 22–23 November
255° Daxue 7–8 December
270° Dongzhi 21–22 December
285° Xiaohan 5–6 January
300° Dahan 20–21 January
Date and Time (UTC)
year begin end
辛巳 2001-06-21 07:37 2001-07-07 01:06
壬午 2002-06-21 13:24 2002-07-07 06:56
癸未 2003-06-21 19:10 2003-07-07 12:35
甲申 2004-06-21 00:56 2004-07-06 18:31
乙酉 2005-06-21 06:46 2005-07-07 00:16
丙戌 2006-06-21 12:25 2006-07-07 05:51
丁亥 2007-06-21 18:06 2007-07-07 11:41
戊子 2008-06-20 23:59 2008-07-06 17:26
己丑 2009-06-21 05:45 2009-07-06 23:13
庚寅 2010-06-21 11:28 2010-07-07 05:02
辛卯 2011-06-21 17:16 2011-07-07 10:42
壬辰 2012-06-20 23:08 2012-07-06 16:40
癸巳 2013-06-21 05:03 2013-07-06 22:34
甲午 2014-06-21 10:51 2014-07-07 04:14

Source: JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms (節氣). Xiàzhì (pīnyīn) or Geshi (rōmaji) (Chinese and Japanese: 夏至; Korean: 하지; Vietnamese: Hạ chí; literally: "summer's extreme") is the 10th solar term, and marks the summer solstice. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 90° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 105°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 90°.

Western correlation[edit]

In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around 21 June and ends around 7 July.

The solstices[edit]

The solstices (as well as the equinoxes) mark the middle of the seasons in traditional East Asian calendars. Here, the Chinese character means "extreme", so the term for the summer solstice directly signifies the summit of summer.


Preceded by
Mangzhong (芒種)
Solar term (節氣) Succeeded by
Xiaoshu (小暑)

See also[edit]