John Blund

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John Blund
Archbishop of Canterbury-elect
Province Canterbury
Diocese Diocese of Canterbury
See Archbishop of Canterbury
Elected 26 August 1232
Quashed 1 June 1233
Predecessor John of Sittingbourne
Successor Edmund Rich
Other posts Chancellor of York
Orders
Consecration never consecrated
Personal details
Born c. 1175
Died 1248

John Blund (or Johannes Blund, Iohannes Blondus, Iohannes Blundus; circa 1175–1248) was an English scholastic philosopher, known for his work on the nature of the soul, the Tractatus de anima, one of the first works of western philosophy to make use of the recently translated De Anima by Aristotle and especially the Arab philosopher Avicenna's work on the soul, also called De Anima.[1] He taught at Oxford University[2] along with Edmund of Abingdon. David Knowles said that he was "noteworthy for his knowledge of Avicenna and his rejection of the hylomorphism of Avicebron and the plurality of forms.",[3] although the problem of the plurality of forms as understood by later scholastics was not formulated explicitly in Blund's time.[4] Maurice Powicke calls him the "first English Aristotelian."[5]

He was a royal clerk by 1227 and studied at Oxford and Paris, and was at the University of Paris when it was dispersed in 1229.[6] He was a canon of Chichester before 1232. He was archbishop of Canterbury during a brief reign, having been elected on 26 August 1232.[7] He was supported by Peter des Roches, but did not receive papal approval and the election was quashed because of alleged pluralism on 1 June 1233.[8] Probably it was the support of des Roches that doomed his election to Canterbury, and the pluralism charge was cover for the real reason.[9] He was appointed chancellor of the see of York before 3 November 1234, and died in 1248.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Blund Tractatus de Anima
  2. ^ Knowles Evolution of Medieval Thought p. 280
  3. ^ Knowles Evolution of Medieval Thought p. 287
  4. ^ Dales Problem of the Rational Soul in the Thirteenth Century p. 45
  5. ^ Powicke Thirteenth Century p. 56
  6. ^ British History Online Canons of Chichester accessed on 11 September 11, 2007
  7. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 233
  8. ^ British History Online Archbishops of Canterbury retrieved on 11 September 2007
  9. ^ Lawrence "Blund, John (c.1175–1248)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  10. ^ British History Online Chancellors of York accessed on 11 September 2007

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Josiah Cox Russell, "Master Henry of Avranches as an International Poet," Speculum, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jan., 1928), pp. 34–63.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John of Sittingbourne
Archbishop of Canterbury
Election quashed

1232
Succeeded by
Edmund Rich