Charles Manners-Sutton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Archbishop of Canterbury. For his son, the Speaker of the House of Commons, see Charles Manners-Sutton, 1st Viscount Canterbury.
The Most Revd and Rt Hon
Charles Manners-Sutton
Archbishop of Canterbury
Charles Manners-Sutton (1755–1828), Archbishop of Canterbury.jpeg
Church Church of England
Province Province of Canterbury
Diocese Diocese of Canterbury
Elected 21 February 1805 (election confirmed), St Mary-le-Bow[1]
Installed 1805
Term ended 21 July 1828 (death)
Predecessor John Moore
Successor William Howley
Other posts Dean of Peterborough
1791–1792
Bishop of Norwich
1792–1805
Dean of Windsor
in commendam, 1794–1805
Personal details
Birth name Charles Manners
Born (1755-02-17)17 February 1755
Died 21 July 1828(1828-07-21) (aged 73)
Lambeth, Surrey, England
Buried 29 July 1828, St Mary the Blessed Virgin Church, Addington, London
Denomination Anglican
Parents Lord George Manners-Sutton & Diana Chaplin
Spouse Mary Thoroton (m. 1778)
Children 2 sons, 10 daughters; incl. Charles, 1st Viscount Canterbury
Alma mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge

Charles Manners-Sutton (Manners before 1762; 17 February 1755 – 21 July 1828) was a priest in the Church of England who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1805 to 1828.

Life[edit]

Manners-Sutton was the fourth son of Lord George Manners-Sutton, third son of John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland. His younger brother was Thomas Manners-Sutton, 1st Baron Manners, Lord Chancellor of Ireland. His father, Lord George, had assumed the additional surname of Sutton in 1762 on inheriting – from his elder brother Lord Robert – the estates of their maternal grandfather Robert Sutton, 2nd Baron Lexinton.

Manners-Sutton was educated at Charterhouse and Cambridge. He married at age 23, and probably eloped with, his cousin Mary Thoroton, daughter of Col. Thomas Thoroton and his wife Mary (Levett) Thoroton[3] of Screveton Hall, Nottinghamshire, in 1778.[4] (Col. Thomas Blackborne Thoroton later moved to Flintham Hall, Flintham, near Screveton, Nottinghamshire. He was later known as Thomas Thoroton Hildyard. Both Thoroton and his stepbrother Levett Blackborne, Esq., a Lincoln's Inn barrister, had long acted as advisers to John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland, and Col. Thoroton was often resided at Belvoir Castle, the ancestral seat of the Dukes of Rutland.[5])

In 1785, Manners-Sutton was appointed to the family living at Averham with Kelham, in Nottinghamshire, and in 1791, became Dean of Peterborough. He was consecrated Bishop of Norwich in 1792, and two years later received the appointment of Dean of Windsor in commendam.

Archbishop of Canterbury[edit]

In 1805 he was chosen to succeed John Moore as Archbishop of Canterbury. During his primacy the old archiepiscopal palace at Croydon was sold and the country palace of Addington bought with the proceeds. He presided over the first meeting which issued in the foundation of the National Society, and subsequently lent the scheme his strong support. He also exerted himself to promote the establishment of the Indian episcopate. As archbishop of Canterbury, Manners-Sutton appointed his cousin Evelyn Levett Sutton, a chaplain to Lord Manners, as one of six preachers of Canterbury Cathedral in 1811.[6]

In 1819, he presided over the christening of the future Queen Victoria at Kensington Palace.

He died at Lambeth on 21 July 1828, and was buried 29 July at Addington, in a family vault.[7]

Works[edit]

His only published works are two sermons, one preached before the Lords (London, 1794), the other before the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (London, 1797).[7]

Family[edit]

Mary Manners-Sutton née Thoroton (1783-1829) (Henry Bone, 1829)

In 1778 he married Mary, daughter of Thomas Thoroton of Screveton, Nottinghamshire, by whom he had a family of two sons and ten daughters.

His son Charles Manners-Sutton served as Speaker of the House of Commons and was created Viscount Canterbury in 1835.[7] His grandson Henry Manners Chichester by his daughter Isabella was a prolific contributor to the Dictionary of National Biography.

Addington Palace was the archbishop's home from 1805 until his death.

References[edit]

Attribution
Church of England titles
Preceded by
George Horne
Bishop of Norwich
1792–1805
Succeeded by
Henry Bathurst
Preceded by
John Moore
Archbishop of Canterbury
1805–1828
Succeeded by
William Howley