Simon Mepeham

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Simon Mepeham
Archbishop of Canterbury
Canterburycathedralsimonmeophamtomb.jpg
Tomb of Mepeham in Canterbury Cathedral
Elected 11 December 1327
Installed 22 January 1329
Term ended 12 October 1333
Predecessor Walter Reynolds
Successor John de Stratford
Orders
Ordination 21 September 1297
Consecration 5 June 1328
Personal details
Died 12 October 1333

Simon Mepeham (or Meopham or Mepham; died 1333) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1328 to 1333.

Early life[edit]

Mepeham was educated at Oxford between the years 1290 and 1296 at Merton College where he devoted himself to the study of theology. He was ordained priest on 21 September 1297 in Canterbury Cathedral by Archbishop Robert Winchelsey, who gave Simon the rectory of Tunstall in Kent.

Mepeham became a prebendary of Llandaff in 1295 and soon afterwards a canon of Chichester but took no interest or part in public affairs.[1]

Archbishop of Canterbury[edit]

Mepeham was the candidate of the Earl of Lancaster against the candidate supported by Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer.[2] Elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury on 11 December 1327, Simon Mepeham was consecrated on 5 June 1328, and received the temporalities of the see of Canterbury on 19 September 1328.[3] That winter, he supported a rebellion against the rule of Roger Mortimer that was led by the Earl of Lancaster and supported by the Earl of Norfolk, Earl of Kent and others.[4]

Archbishop Mepeham's register is lost[5] and as a result what we know of his governance of his see is gleaned from the chroniclers William Thorne and William Dene.[5] Mepeham was considered to be a "man of no great ability and with scanty knowledge of ecclesiastical tradition and propriety, and the maintenance of the rights of his See caused disputes on every side."[1]

Dispute and excommunication[edit]

Mepeham became involved in a dispute about the juridical rights of churches that had been appropriated by St Augustine's Abbey. The monks made an appeal against the Archbishop, and a Papal nuncio and canon of Salisbury, Icherius de Concareto, was appointed to mediate. Mepeham was cited to give evidence before him, but refused to attend. The suffragans of Canterbury were in support of Mepeham, but his refusal to submit to the judicial process of the Church led to his excommunication by Pope John XXII in 1333.[6] Concoreto had issued an order suspending Mepham from presiding at Divine Services on 22nd January 1333 with the condition that should the Archbishop continue to refuse to resist the will of the Pope and court he was to be excommunicated 30 Days later. [7]

Mepeham's excommunication was postumously rescinded allowing him to be buried in Cantarbury Cathedral.

Death and afterward[edit]

Mepeham died on 12 October 1333.[3] He is buried in a tomb made of black marble located beneath the entrance arch to the Chapel of St. Anselm in Canterbury Cathedral.[1]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chronicles of Wingham accessed April 2010
  2. ^ Weir Queen Isabella p. 306
  3. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 233
  4. ^ Powell House of Lords in the Middle Ages p. 302
  5. ^ a b Haines "An Innocent Abroad" English Historical Review pp. 555–596
  6. ^ Carpenter 'Cantuar' pp. 89–90
  7. ^ Haines 'Archbishop Simon Mepham 1328-1333: A Boy Among Men'

References[edit]

  • Carpenter, E.; Hastings, A. (1997). Cantaur: The Archbishops in their Office (3rd Edition ed.). London: Mowbray. ISBN 0264674499. 
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Haines, Roy (June 1997). "An Innocent Abroad: The Career of Simon Mepham, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1328–33". The English Historical Review CXII (447): 555–596. doi:10.1093/ehr/CXII.447.555. 
  • Haines, Roy (2012). Archbishop Simon Mepham 1328-1333: A Boy Amongst Men. Xlibris Corp. ISBN 978-1465302380. 
  • Powell, J. Enoch and Keith Wallis The House of Lords in the Middle Ages: A History of the English House of Lords to 1540 London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson 1968
  • Weir, Alison Queen Isabella: Treachery, Adultery and Murder in Medieval England New York: Ballantine 2005 ISBN 0-345-45319-0
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Walter Reynolds
Archbishop of Canterbury
1328–1333
Succeeded by
John de Stratford