John Johnson Farm
John Johnson Farm
Location in the state of Ohio
|Location||Hiram Township, Portage County, Ohio|
|Architectural style||Colonial, Other|
|Governing body||The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|
|NRHP Reference #||76001512|
|Added to NRHP||12 December 1976|
The John Johnson farm in Hiram Township, Portage County, Ohio, United States is a key location in the history of the Latter Day Saint movement and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Movement founder Joseph Smith, Jr. accepted Johnson's invitation to reside on the farm in September 1831. The farm was the headquarters of Smith's Church of Christ from September 1831 until March 1832, and the farm was the site of several important revelations to Smith and other church leaders. In 1956, the LDS Church purchased the farm property and used the property as a welfare farm from 1971–2002. The home continues to operate as a tourist attraction.
Revelations received at the Johnson Farm
Several revelations were received by Joseph Smith and other church leaders while at the Johnson Farm. Sixteen of the sections of the Doctrine and Covenants were received. Among these revelations were section 1, the introduction and section 76, the vision of the degrees of glory. As part of section 76, Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon stated, "And now, after the many testimonies which have been given of (Jesus Christ), this is the testimony, last of all, which we give of him: That he lives! For we saw him, even on the right hand of God; and we heard the voice bearing record that he is the Only Begotten of the Father--." Joseph Smith also completed part of his revision of the Bible at the Johnson home.
Violence at the Johnson Farm
On the night of 24 March 1832 Joseph and Emma Smith were caring for their adopted twins. Both of the twins were sick with the measles. While Joseph was sleeping on the trundle bed on the first floor of the Johnson home a mob of about 25 attacked Joseph and dragged him out the front door. Joseph struggled with the mob but was overcome. The mob choked him, tried to put acid in his mouth, put tar all over his body and then covered him with feathers. When Joseph got back to the house, Emma thought that the tar was blood and fainted. Joseph's friends spent the rest of the night cleaning the tar off of his body. The next day, Joseph preached a sermon to a crowd which included some of the mobbers and baptized three people. One of the twin babies, the eleven-month-old boy named Joseph Murdock Smith died four days later. A late second-hand witness, Clark Braden, alleged Eli Johnson led the attack was to punish Smith for an improper relationship with his sister. Two other antagonistic witnesses, Hayden and S. F. Whitney, claimed the motive was economic. However, Nancy Marinda Johnson had no brother named Eli. Eli was, in fact, her Uncle, brother to her father John, and was living with the family at the time. The mob enlisted the services of a physician to castrate Smith. However, in the end, the physician refused to administer the procedure.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "John Johnson Farm, Hiram, Ohio, USA". Mormon Historic Sites Registry. Mormon Historic Sites Foundation. Retrieved 28 January 2008.
- Becky Cardon Smith (2003). "Hiram, Ohio". LDS Family Travels. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2008.
- Cahoon, Garth A. (2009). The Historic John Johnson Farm. Garth Cahoon. p. 1.
- "Historic Johnson Home". LDS.org. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- The Doctrine and Covenants. Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1989. pp. 1–4, 136–144. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- Church History, Chronology, Maps, and Photographs. Intellectual Reserve. 1999. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- Church History in the Fulness of Times. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1993.
- Anderson, Karl Ricks (1989). Joseph Smith's Kirtland. Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book.
- Brodie, Fawn (1945). No Man Knows My History. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-679-73054-5.
- Compton, Todd. In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith. p. 231.
- Caldwell, Michael. For He Is a Descendant of Joseph. up.The John and Alice Johnson Family
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