Vice President of Venezuela
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Executive Vice President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is the second highest political position in the government of Venezuela. Vice President is the most direct collaborator of the President of the Republic according to the Constitution. Position of Vice President appeared in the Constitution of 1830 until the Constitution of 1858, and once again in the Constitution of 1999.
Office of the Executive Vice President
Functions and duties
According to the Constitution of 1999, the duties of the Executive Vice President are
- To collaborate with the President of the Republic to direct the actions of the Government.
- To coordinate the Public National Administration in accordance with the instructions of President of the Republic.
- To propose the appointment and the removal of the Ministers to the President of the Republic.
- To preside over the Cabinet if the President is absent.
- To coordinate the relations of the National Executive with the National Assembly.
- To preside at the Federal Council of Government.
- To name and to remove, in accordance with the law, the officials or national officials whose designation is not attributed to another authority.
- To substitute for the President of the Republic on temporary and absolute absences.
- To exercise the duties delegated to him by the President of the Republic.
Appointment and removal
Executive Vice President is appointed and removed by the President. Vice President can also be removed with more than two-thirds of the votes in National Assembly. If the National Assembly removes three Vice Presidents from office during a six-year presidential term, the President is authorized to dissolve the Parliament.
Executive Vice President is the first in line to the succession of the President of Venezuela, when President is unable to fulfill the duties of office in the exceptional cases established in the Article 233 and 234 of the National Constitution.
Former Vice Presidents Andrés Navarte, Carlos Soublette, Diosdado Cabello (in April 2002) and Nicolás Maduro (in 2012-2013) were all once acting Presidents of Venezuela. Soublette and Maduro were also later elected as President.
List of Vice Presidents of Venezuela
|Manuel Moreno de Mendoza||1811||1812||First Triumvirate|
|Cristóbal Mendoza||1812||1812||Second Triumvirate|
|Juan Germán Roscio|
|Francisco Antonio Zea||1819||1819||Interim|
|Diego Bautista Urbaneja||1830||1833||Interim|
|Andrés Narvarte||1833||1837||Elected indirectly|
|Carlos Soublette||1837||1841||Elected indirectly|
|Santos Michelena||1841||1844||Elected indirectly|
|Diego Bautista Urbaneja||1845||1849||Elected indirectly|
|Antonio Leocadio Guzmán||1849||1851||Elected indirectly|
|Manuel Felipe de Tovar||1858||1860||Interim|
|Pedro Gual Escandón||1860||1861||Elected indirectly|
|Antonio Guzmán Blanco||1863||1864||Interim|
|Jesús Ramón Ayala||1901||1904|
|Juan Vicente Gómez|
|Juan Vicente Gómez||1905||1910|
|José Antonio Velutini|
|Juan Crisóstomo Gómez||1922||1923|
|José Vicente Gómez|
|No provision for Vice President (1923–1999)|
|Julián Isaías Rodríguez Diaz||2000||2000||Appointed by President|
|Adina Bastidas||2000||2002||Appointed by President|
|Diosdado Cabello||2002||2002||Appointed by President|
|José Vicente Rangel||2002||2007||Appointed by President|
|Jorge Rodríguez Gómez||2007||2008||Appointed by President|
|Ramón Carrizales||2008||2010||Appointed by President|
|Elías Jaua||2010||2012||Appointed by President|
|Nicolás Maduro||2012||2013||Appointed by President|
|Jorge Arreaza||2013||Appointed by President|