Kachina Peaks Wilderness

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Kachina Peaks Wilderness
IUCN category Ib (wilderness area)
Humphreys Peak KPW.jpg
Humphreys Peak from the Inner Basin Trail
Location Coconino County, Arizona, USA
Nearest city Flagstaff, AZ
Coordinates 35°20′22″N 111°39′45″W / 35.33944°N 111.66250°W / 35.33944; -111.66250Coordinates: 35°20′22″N 111°39′45″W / 35.33944°N 111.66250°W / 35.33944; -111.66250
Area 18,616 acres (75 km2)
Established 1984
Governing body U.S. Forest Service

Kachina Peaks Wilderness is a 18,616-acre (75 km2) wilderness area about 6 miles (10 km) north of Flagstaff within the Coconino National Forest in the U.S. state of Arizona.[1]

The Wilderness encompasses most of the upper reaches of the San Francisco Peaks including Humphreys Peak, Arizona's highest point at 12,643 feet (3,854 m). The area is named for the Hopi gods, or Kachinas, whom according to Hopi mythology live here for part of every year. In mid-summer these Gods fly from the top of the peaks to the Hopi mesas as clouds bringing the rains of the seasonal monsoons.[2] These peaks are sacred to tribes including the Havasupai, Hopi, Navajo, and Zuni. Several religious shrines have been identified in the Wilderness, some of which are still in use.[1]

Geology[edit]

Kachina Peaks Wilderness is part of a large composite volcano that last erupted roughly two million years ago. Some of the area's trails lead to the top of the Kachina Peaks: Humphreys Peak, Doyle Peak (11,460 ft), Fremont Peak (11,969 ft), and Agassiz Peak (12,365 ft). These mountains form the rim of the volcano's inner basin, a huge caldera which was formed during its last eruption.[1][2]

Kachina Peaks Wilderness features Arizona's best examples of Ice Age glaciation, found in lateral and medial moraines and abandoned stream beds.[1]

Vegetation[edit]

The only Arctic-Alpine vegetation in Arizona is found in a fragile 2-square-mile (5.2 km2) zone on the peaks of Kachina Peaks Wilderness. This is the only place where the threatened San Francisco Peaks groundsel (Packera franciscana) is found.[3]

Recreation[edit]

Common recreational activities in Kachina Peaks Wilderness include hiking, backpacking, cross-country skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, and hunting.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kachina Peaks Wilderness - Wilderness.net
  2. ^ a b Kachina Peaks Wilderness - Coconino National Forest
  3. ^ a b Kachina Peaks Wilderness - GORP

External links[edit]