Coconino County, Arizona

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Coconino County, Arizona
Old Coconino County Courthouse.jpg
Seal of Coconino County, Arizona
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Coconino County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the United States highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
Founded February 18, 1891
Seat Flagstaff
Largest city Flagstaff
Area
 • Total 18,661.21 sq mi (48,332 km2)
 • Land 18,617.42 sq mi (48,219 km2)
 • Water 43.79 sq mi (113 km2), 0.23%
Population (Est.)
 • (2011) 134,511
 • Density 7/sq mi (2.7/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7
Website coconino.az.gov
Humphreys Peak, the highest point in the state of Arizona
Great Blue Herons at Tonys Tank (near Mormon Lake), Coconino National Forest. San Francisco Peaks in background.
Hahonogeh Canyon

Coconino County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. It is part of the Flagstaff, Arizona Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 134,421 at the 2010 census. The county seat is Flagstaff.[1] It is the second largest county by land area in the 48 contiguous United States, behind San Bernardino County, California, with its 18,661 square miles (48,300 km2) making it larger than each of the nine smallest states.

Coconino County contains Grand Canyon National Park, the Havasupai Nation, and parts of the Navajo Nation, Hualapai Nation, and Hopi Nation. It takes its name from Cosnino, a name applied to the Havasupai.

Coconino County was the setting for George Herriman's early-20th-century Krazy Kat comic strip.

Coconino County has a relatively large Native American population at nearly 30% of the county's total population, being mostly Navajo with smaller numbers of Havasupai, Hopi, and others.

History[edit]

After the building of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad in 1883 the region of northern Yavapai County began experiencing rapid growth. The people of the northern reaches had tired of the rigors of travelling all the way to Prescott for county business. They also believed that they were a significant enough entity that they should have their own county jurisdiction. Therefore, they decided in 1887 to petition for secession from Yavapai and the creation of a new Frisco County. They remained part of Yavapai, however, until 1891 when Coconino County was formed and its seat declared to be Flagstaff.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 18,661.21 square miles (48,332.3 km2), of which 18,617.42 square miles (48,218.9 km2) (or 99.77%) is land and 43.79 square miles (113.4 km2) (or 0.23%) is water.[2] It is the second largest county in the U.S. (excluding boroughs in Alaska) after San Bernardino County in California and is also physically larger than many European nation-states. It has more land area than each of the following U.S. states: Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The highest natural point in Arizona, Humphreys Peak at 12,637 feet (3,852 m), is located in Coconino County, as is the Barringer Meteor Crater.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Indian reservations[edit]

Coconino County has 7,142.42 square miles (18,498.8 km2) of federally designated Indian reservation, second only to Apache County, Arizona. In descending order of area within the county, the reservations are the Navajo Indian Reservation, Hualapai Indian Reservation, Hopi Indian Reservation, Havasupai Indian Reservation, and the Kaibab Indian Reservation. The Havasupai Reservation is the only one that lies entirely within the county's borders.

National protected areas[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 5,514
1910 8,130 47.4%
1920 9,982 22.8%
1930 14,064 40.9%
1940 18,770 33.5%
1950 23,910 27.4%
1960 41,857 75.1%
1970 48,326 15.5%
1980 75,008 55.2%
1990 96,591 28.8%
2000 116,320 20.4%
2010 134,421 15.6%
Est. 2012 136,011 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 116,320 people, 40,448 households, and 26,938 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 53,443 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.09% White, 28.51% Native American, 1.04% Black or African American, 0.78% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 4.13% from other races, and 2.36% from two or more races. 10.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.59% reported speaking Navajo at home, while 6.58% speak Spanish [1].

There were 40,448 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 7.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,256, and the median income for a family was $45,873. Males had a median income of $32,226 versus $25,055 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,139. About 13.10% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map showing the borders for incorporated and unincorporated areas in Coconino County. Also shown are borders for Indian reservations.

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Dinosaur track near Tuba City

Other communities[edit]

Economy[edit]

Grand Canyon Airlines and Air Grand Canyon are headquartered on the grounds of Grand Canyon National Park Airport in Tusayan.[5][6][7]

Transportation[edit]

Flagstaff in Coconino County is a major highway junction, with Interstate 40 extending to the east and the west (connecting with Williams and Winslow, Arizona, for example), and with Interstate 17 extending south from Flagstaff to Phoenix and Maricopa County. U.S. Routes 89 and 180 extend north from Flagstaff and connect it with the Grand Canyon National Park.

The Grand Canyon National Park Airport is a public airport located in Tusayan,[6][7] near the South Rim of the Grand Canyon.

Flagstaff Pulliam Airport is a public airport located four miles (6 km) south of the central business district of Flagstaff, it is mostly used for general aviation but is also served by two commercial airlines.

There is a Greyhound Bus Lines station in Flagstaff, with regular service east-west along Interstate 40, and also north-south service to Phoenix along Interstate 17.

AMTRAK has passenger railroad stations in Flagstaff and Williams, with daily service on the Southwest Chief to the east towards Chicago, and to the west towards Los Angeles.

The Grand Canyon Railway, a tourist railroad, links Williams with the canyon's South Rim in the Grand Canyon National Park and has service every day except Christmas.

The Mountain Line provides public transportation bus service in the Flagstaff area.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Locate Us." Air Grand Canyon. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.
  6. ^ a b "Our Location." Grand Canyon Airlines. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.
  7. ^ a b "Tusayan CDP, Arizona." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°38′N 112°6′W / 35.633°N 112.100°W / 35.633; -112.100