Kama Reservoir

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Kama Reservoir
Perm Reservoir
Камское водохранилище.PNG
View from the confluence area of the Chusovaya River.
Coordinates 58°59′N 56°10′E / 58.983°N 56.167°E / 58.983; 56.167Coordinates: 58°59′N 56°10′E / 58.983°N 56.167°E / 58.983; 56.167
Lake type reservoir
Primary inflows Kama, Chusovaya, Sylva, Obva, Inva, Kosva
Primary outflows Kama
Basin countries Russia
Max. length 272 km (169 mi)
Max. width 30 km (19 mi)
Surface area 1,915 km2 (739 sq mi)
Average depth 6.3 m (21 ft)
Max. depth 30 m (98 ft)
Water volume 12.2 km3 (2.9 cu mi)
Surface elevation 108.5 m (356 ft)
Settlements Perm, Dobryanka, Chyormoz, Berezniki, Usolye, and Solikamsk

The Kama Reservoir, also known as the Perm Reservoir (Russian: Камское водохранилище, Пермское водохранилище), is a reservoir formed by the dam of the Kama Hydroelectric Station near Perm (constructed in 1954-1956). The Kama Reservoir has a surface area of 1,915 km² and a water volume of 12,2 cubic km. Its length along the Kama is 272 km, major width - up to 30 km, average depth - 6,3 m (with maximum depth equaling 30 m). The Kama Reservoir was created for the benefit of transportation, energetics, and water supply. It also performs seasonal flow regulation. The cities of Perm, Dobryanka, Chyormoz, Berezniki, Usolye, and Solikamsk are located on the shores of the Kama Reservoir.

This article includes content derived from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978, which is partially in the public domain.