|Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for National Party List
|Born||12 May 1969
|Political party||National Party|
|Alma mater||Massey University|
|Profession||Member of Parliament|
The New Zealand politician Katrina Shanks (born 12 May 1969) was a list member of parliament for the New Zealand National Party from 2007 to 2013. Shanks became a Member of Parliament on 7 February 2007, following the formal resignation of Don Brash from Parliament.
Katrina Shanks was born in Dannevirke in 1969, and attended St Matthews Collegiate for Girls in Masterton and Dannevirke High School. Shanks graduated with a Bachelor of Business Studies from Massey University.
Prior to entering politics, Katrina Shanks worked as a self-employed accountant. She had previously worked as a Project Accountant for the Westpac Banking Corporation, in retail client services for Newton Investment Management in the United Kingdom, and as a Senior Auditor for Audit New Zealand. Shanks has three children.
Shanks joined the New Zealand National Party in 2001, as a member of the Karori branch and was a member of the party's executive committee for the Wellington Central electorate until 2004, when she joined the Ohariu-Belmont branch.
Member of Parliament
|Parliament of New Zealand|
Shanks contested for the National party nomination as their candidate for the Ohariu-Belmont electorate at the 2005 general election in 2004. She was one of two final challengers, along with Simon Wright. Shanks was eventually confirmed by National Party Ohariu-Belmont electorate chairman Tony Heyward.
Shanks was placed 46th on the National party's list for the 2005 election. In the electorate vote, she placed third behind the incumbent MP, United Future leader Peter Dunne and Labour's Charles Chauvel, with Shanks gaining 7,329 votes, a gain of 2% from the 2002 result for National candidate Dale Stevens. However, National's party vote within the electorate increased by nearly 19% and exceeded that of Labour (although they had also improved slightly on their 2002 result).
The initial results for the election on 17 September 2005 (election night) would have seen Shanks elected as a list MP; but the official count including special votes resulted in Shanks not going into Parliament on the list. The number of National list seats was reduced by one when the Māori Party share of the party vote rose above 2% and they were entitled to three not two seats from the party vote. They had won four electorate seats so the number of overhang seats in Parliament reduced from two to one. As National had the 120th seat allocated under the party vote, National lost one list seat that they appeared to have on election night. However Shanks' list position meant that if any National list MP resigned, Shanks would become the next National MP. This happened when former party leader Don Brash resigned on 7 February 2007.
Shanks became her party's Associate Spokeswoman for Commerce and Associate Spokeswoman for Economic Development, as well as a member of the Social Services Select Committee, which she held for the remainder of the 48th Parliament.
Shanks, along with Dunne and Chauvel, contested the same seat again in 2008, within the newly named Ōhariu electorate (with modified boundaries from the former Ohariu-Belmont electorate). Shanks placed third again in the election, although National received 46.3% of the party vote in the electorate.
Shanks was again placed 46th on the party's list for the 2008 general election, and her party's result meant that she returned to Parliament. She was not offered a ministerial role as part of the new National Government.
Shanks was (2013) co-chairperson of the Regulations Review Select Committee, a member of the Māori Affairs Select Committee and also a member of the Justice and Electoral Select Committee in the 50th Parliament.
The political publication Trans-Tasman has reviewed Shanks each year since 2007, as part of their annual review of Parliament (known as Roll Call). MPs are scored between one (lowest) and ten (highest) for their work during the year. According to the rankings, she improved slightly in 2008, but retained the same result in the following year, before returning in 2010 to the same score as in her first year:
|2007||3/10||List MP who replaced Don Brash. She’s made a reasonable start with Associate portfolios. Seems keen.|
|2008||3.5/10||Tries hard but she’s got light hands. Didn't make much headway.|
|2009||3.5/10||Really needs to start being noticed. Diligent but doesn't show much enthusiasm.|
|2010||3/10||Another one on the road to obscurity. She showed early promise but hasn’t lived up to it. Must do more than ask patsy questions and make the occasional forgettable speech.|
In April 2011, Shanks delivered a speech praising the pending anti-file-sharing copyright bill known as "The Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment Bill". Opponents of the controversial bill quickly responded on Twitter and created YouTube parodies comparing Shanks' speech to a contestant's bumbling speech during the 2007 Miss Teen USA beauty pageant. The bill, which aims to prevent Internet piracy, passed overwhelmingly with a 111 to 11 vote.
Shanks' father, Graeme Hislop, twice stood against National Prime Minister Keith Holyoake as a Social Credit candidate, in 1975 and in the 1977 by-election.  At that time he had reached the same age (36) as Shanks when she stood for Parliament in 2005.
- Katrina Shanks - New Zealand National Party Website
- Katrina Shanks MP - Official website
- New Zealand Parliament Profile on Katrina Shanks
- "MP a typical New Zealander", Patrick Credson, The Dominion Post, 1 December 2006
- "Don Brash gone at lunchtime". The New Zealand Herald. 23 November 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- Chief Electoral Office (2007-02-07). "New List MP For National Party". Scoop (Scoop Media Group). Retrieved 2008-07-19. "The Chief Electoral Officer has declared KATRINA SHANKS from Wellington to be elected to Parliament from the National Party's list."
- "Shanks to leave politics". Stuff NZ (Fairfax). 2013-07-11. Retrieved 2014-02-27.
- "National MP quits early". Stuff NZ (Fairfax). 2013-10-12. Retrieved 2014-02-27.
- Heyward, Tony (2004-12-21). "National selects Dunne challenger". Scoop (news website). Retrieved 2008-10-29. "Katrina Shanks is a self-employed accountant. She has previously worked as a Project Accountant for the Westpac Banking Corporation, in Retail Client Services for Newton Investment Management in the United Kingdom and as a Senior Auditor for Audit New Zealand."
- "Key unveils more centrist line-up". Television New Zealand. 1 December 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- "National narrows down hunt for Dunne challenger" Press Release, New Zealand National Party. Scoop Media Ltd, 16 December 2004 http://scoop.co.nz/stories/PO0412/S00192.htm
- National selects Dunne challenger. Press Release, New Zealand National Party, Scoop.co.nz. 21 December 2004 http://scoop.co.nz/stories/PO0412/S00233.htm
- "National announces 2005 list ranking". Judy Kirk, New Zealand National Party, 29 May 2005 http://www.national.org.nz/Article.aspx?ArticleID=4361
- NZ Votes.org: Ohariu-Belmont electorate candidates and results Source
- Official Count Results -- Öhariu http://www.electionresults.govt.nz/electionresults_2008/electorate-35.html
- "Key faces protest over opening of electorate office". 3 News. 10 September 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- "Copyright law: Net parodists target Nat MPs". Stuff.co.nz. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- "Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment Bill — Third Reading". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- NZPA (2006-12-01). "New MP fulfilling dad's dream". The New Zealand Herald (Auckland: APN News & Media). Retrieved 2008-07-19. "She is fulfilling a dream of her father, Graham W E Hislop, who stood for Parliament when he was 36 - the same age Mrs Shanks was during the election campaign last year."
- Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.