Kerala State Electricity Board

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Kerala State Electricity Board Limited
Type Public Sector Company
Industry Electricity generation, transmission, distribution
Founded March 31, 1957
Headquarters Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Area served Kerala, India
Key people M. Sivasankar Chairman & Managing Director
Products Electricity

Kerala State Electricity Board Ltd (KSEBLtd) is a public sector agency under the Government of Kerala, India, that generates,transmits and distributes the electricity supply in the state. Established in 1957, the agency comes under the authority of the Department of Power.


The Kerala State Electricity Board, constituted by the Government of Kerala, by order dated 7.3.1957, under the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 is in the business of Generation, Transmission and Distribution of electricity and striving to provide quality electricity at affordable cost to all classes of consumers in the state of Kerala. As per section 172 (a) of the Electricity Act 2003 and as mutually decided by the Government of India and Government of Kerala, KSEB has continued as Transmission utility and Distribution licensee till 24-09-2008. In exercise of powers conferred under sub-sections (1), (2), (5), (6) and (7) of section 131 of the Electricity Act, 2003, State Government vide the notification G.O (Ms).37/2008/PD dated 25th September, 2008 has vested all functions, properties, interests, rights, obligations and liabilities of KSEB with the State Government till it is re-vested the same in a corporate entity. Accordingly, KSEB has been continuing all the functions as a Generator, State Transmission Utility and a Distribution Licensee in the State. Kerala State Electricity Board commenced functioning on 31-3-1957 After Noon as per order no. EL1-6475/56/PW dated 7-3-1957 of the Kerala State Government. It had 5 members with Sri K P Sreedharan Nair as Chairman. All the staff belonging to the erstwhile Electricity Department was transferred to the Board. The 'Board' consisting of the Chairman and the Members is the Supreme Governing Body. The State Government by their notification EL3-9345 dated 21-2-1958 constituted the State Electricity Consultative Council under section 16 of the Electricity Supply Act. The Council functions as consultative body and the Board is required to place before the council the annual financial statement and supplementary statements if any before submitting such statements to the State Government. The 'Board' consisting of the Chairman and the Members is the Supreme Governing Body. The Board consists of seven members and is headed by the Chairman. The Government of Kerala and KSE Board issued orders for the restructuring of KSE Board into profit centers in April 2002. Members head the profit centers. There is a Corporate Office to co-ordinate and control the activities of the Board.

After the enactment of Electricity Act, 2003, KSEB has been functioning as the State Transmission Utility (STU) and a distribution licensee w.e.f 10.12.2004 under section 172(a) of the Electricity Act, 2003. The Central Government had approved the continuation of KSEB as a State Transmission Utility & Licensee only up to 24.09.2008. In exercise of the powers conferred under sub-sections (1), (2), (5), (6) and (7) of section 131 and section 133 of the Electricity Act 2003 (Central Act 36 of 2003) the Government of Kerala had issued notification vide G.O. (MS) No.37/2008/PD, Dated, Thiruvananthapuram, 25th September, 2008 for the purpose of vesting of functions, properties, interests, rights, obligations and liabilities of the Kerala State Electricity Board in the State Government on such terms as agreed to by the Kerala State Electricity Board and the State Government and re¬vesting thereof by the State Government in a Corporate entity and also for the transfer of Personnel of the Board to the Corporate entity and for determining the terms and conditions on which such transfers and vesting shall be made. Accordingly, with effect from 25.09.2008, all the functions, properties and all interests, rights in properties, all rights and liabilities of the Board are vested in the State Government.KSEB was converted to Kerala State Electricity Board Limited in 2014. The original KSEB was dissolved and its assets and liabilities were transferred from government to the newly formed company KSEB Limited


The Kerala state Electricity board started functioning under the direction of a newly formed Kerala government, on 31 March 1957.[1] The first governing body consisted of 5 members, and was headed by the Chairman K P Sreedhara Kaymal. The staff of the erstwhile Department of Electricity of the Thiru-Kochi state were transferred to the KSEB.

At the time of its inception, in 1958, the KSEB had an installed capacity of 109.5 MW, with a total annual internal generation of 441.35 MU. Over the years, as demand increased, the board has imported power from neighbouring states and private entities. The board also set up several more hydel power stations within the state. As of 2008, the KSEB Ltd has a total installed capacity of State to 2657.24 MW and a consumer base of over 91,59,399. As per the Central Electricity act 2003,KSEB was converted to Kerala State Electricity Board Limited in 2014. The original KSEB was dissolved and its assets and liabilities were transferred to the governmnt initially and then transferred to the newly formed company KSEB Limited Studies made by Electricity finance expert Dr D Shina in 2007 recommended retention of KSEB in Public sector...


KSEB Ltd has 23 Hydro Electric Projects, two Diesel power plants and one Wind Farm . The total installed capacity is 2229.6 MW. They are

  • Hydro Electric Projects (1940.2MW)
    • Idukki (780MW)
    • Sabarigiri (335MW)
    • Idamalayar (75MW)
    • Sholayar (54MW)
    • Pallivasal (37.5MW)
    • Kuttiyadi (225MW)
    • Panniar (30MW)
    • Neriamangalam (77.65MW)
    • Lower Periyar (180MW)
    • Peringalkuthu & PLBE (48MW)
    • Sengulam (48MW)
    • Kakkad (50MW)
  • Small Hydro Electric Projects(52.85MW)
    • Kallada (15MW)
    • Peppara (3MW)
    • Malankara (10.5MW)
    • Madupatty (2MW)
    • Malampuzha (2.5MW)
    • Lower Meenmutty (3.5MW)
    • Chembukadavu - 1 (2.7MW)
    • Chembukadavu - 2 (3.7MW)
    • Urumi -1 (3.75MW)
    • Urumi -2 (2.4MW)
    • Kuttiyadi Tail Race (3.75MW)
    • Peechi (1.25MW)
  • Thermal Projects (234.6MW)
    • Brahmapuram Diesel Power Plant (106.6MW)
    • Kozhikode Diesel Power Plant (128MW)
    • Kayamkulam Rajiv Gandhi Combined Cycle Power Plant (350MW)
  • Non-conventional energy (2MW)
    • Kanjikode Wind Farm (2MW)


The Kerala power system grid is connected to the Southern Region Transmission system through two 400kV double circuit lines.

They are

  • Udumalpet- Madakkathara line and
  • Thiruneveli- Pallippuram( Trivandrum) line.

There are 6 major inter-state transmission lines at 220KV level and 110KV level.

The 220 KV lines are:

  • Kaniyampetta- Kadakola(single circuit).
  • Idukki - Udumalpet(single circuit).
  • Sabarigiri - Theni (single circuit).
  • Edamon - Tirunelveli(double circuit).

The 110 KV lines are:

  • Parassala - Kuzhithura and
  • Manjeswaram - Konake.

The major substations include four 400 KV sub-station, and seventeen 220 KV substations. The main grid comprises the 220 KV systems. The transmission sector of KSEB comprises two zones namely North and South. The State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) located at Kalamassery.

Capacity No. Substations Line length in Circuit Km Reliability Index
400KV 4* 378** 99.96
220KV 17 2701.38 97.75
110KV 129 4004 98.25
66KV 83 2387 97.86
33KV 114 1430 92.99

*400 kV Substations at Pallipuram - Thiruvananthapuram, Pallikkara - Kochi and Palakkad are owned by PGCIL **Owned by PGCIL Thrissur Madakkathara 400 Kv substation. It is the first 400 Kv substation in kerala


KSEB Ltd distributes electricity in the State of Kerala except in the Thrissur Municipal Corporation and Munnar (Kannan Devan Hills). For operational conveniences the distribution wing is divided into three zones; namely South, Central and North.

Kerala State Load Dispatch Centre[edit]

The State Load Dispatch Center is the apex body to ensure integrated operation of the power system in Kerala. It is the strategic functional unit of State Electricity Board Limited,for discharging various functions specified under Section 32 of Indian Electricity Act 2003.

  • Be responsible for optimum scheduling and dispatch of electricity within a State, in accordance with the contracts entered into with the licensees or the generating companies operating in that State;
  • Monitor grid operations
  • Keep accounts of the quantity of electricity transmitted through the State grid
  • Exercise supervision and control over the intra-state transmission system
  • Be responsible for carrying out real time operations for grid control and dispatch of electricity within the State through secure and economic operation of the State grid in accordance with the Grid Standards and the State Grid Code.


External links[edit]