Kidderminster (UK Parliament constituency)

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Kidderminster
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Worcestershire
Major settlements Kidderminster
19181983
Number of members One
Replaced by Wyre Forest
18321918
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Created from Worcestershire

Kidderminster was a parliamentary constituency in Worcestershire, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

History[edit]

The borough of Kidderminster returned two members to Parliament in 1295, Walter Caldrigan and William Lihtfot, but not to any subsequent one.[1][2] From 1295 to 1832 Kidderminster had no separate representation from Worcestershire.

The constituency was created by the Reform Act 1832 for the 1832 general election and was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new Wyre Forest constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

1832–1868[edit]

The Reform Act 1832 enfranchised Kidderminster as a parliamentary borough. The constituency comprised the township of Kidderminster Borough and part of the township of Kidderminster Foreign.[1] The Parliamentary Boundaries Act of the same year set out the boundaries in detail:

From the Point at or near Proud Cross at which the Boundary of the old Borough meets the Broomfield Road, along the Boundary of the old Borough, to the Point at which the Abberley Road meets the Black Brook; thence, Westward, along the Abberley Road to the first Point at which the same is met by a Hedge running due South therefrom; thence along the said Hedge to its Southern Extremity near a Stone Quarry; thence in a straight Line to the said Stone Quarry; thence in a straight Line to the First Mile Stone on the Bewdley Road; thence, Westward, along the Bewdley Road to the Point at which the same is joined by a Footpath leading to the Stourport Road; thence along the said Footpath to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the old Borough; thence, Southward, along the Boundary of the old Borough to the Point at which the same meets the South-eastern Fence of a Wood called "The Copse," situated on the Eastern Bank of the River Stour; thence along the said Fence to the Point at which the same meets Hoo Lane; thence across Hoo Lane, over a Stile called "Gallows Stile," along a Footpath leading from the said Stile to the Lane from Hoo Brook to Comberton Hill, to the Point at which the last-mentioned Footpath meets the Lane from Hoo-Brook to Comberton Hill; thence, Northward, along the Lane from Hoo-Brook to Comberton Hill to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the old Borough; thence, Northward, along the Boundary of the old Borough to the Point first described.[3]

1868–1918[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1867 (also known as the Second Reform Act) redrew parliamentary constituencies. The consequential Boundary Act of the following year extended the boundaries of the parliamentary borough. Three areas of the parish of Kidderminster and part of the parish of Wolverley were added.[4]

1918–1950[edit]

The next change in constituency boundaries was carried out under the Representation of the People Act 1918. The parliamentary borough was abolished and a new Kidderminster constituency was created as a division of the parliamentary county of Worcestershire. It consisted of a wide area of northern Worcestershire, comprising the following local government districts:[1][5]

1950–1983[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1948 redrew constituencies throughout Great Britain: the revised boundaries were first used at the 1950 general election. The 1948 legislation also introduced the terms "borough constituency" and "county constituency".[1] The Bromsgrove and Redditch areas were formed into a separate Bromsgrove constituency, while the new Kidderminster County Constituency, now took much of north west Worcestershire. It was defined as follows:[6]

The boundaries were not altered at the next redistribution in 1970 and the seat remained unchanged until the 1983 general election, when constituencies were realigned to the administrative geography introduced in 1974. A new seat of Wyre Forest was formed centred on Kidderminster.[7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election 1st Member 2nd member
1295 Walter Caldrigan William Lihtfot
Election Member Party
1832 Richard Godson Whig
1835 George Richard Philips Whig
1837 Richard Godson Tory
1847 Liberal-Conservative
5 Sep 1849 John Best Peelite
1852 Robert Lowe Liberal
1859 Alfred Rhodes Bristow Liberal
27 May 1862 Luke White Liberal
1865 Albert Grant[note A] Conservative
1868 Thomas Lea Liberal
1874 Albert Grant[note A] Conservative
2 Aug 1874 Sir William Augustus Fraser, Bt. Conservative
1880 John Brinton Liberal
1886 Sir Augustus Godson Conservative
1906 Edmund Broughton Barnard Liberal
Jan. 1910 Major Eric Ayshford Knight Conservative
1922 Sir John Wardlaw-Milne Conservative
1945 Louis Tolley Labour
1950 Sir Gerald Nabarro Conservative
1964 Sir Tatton Brinton Conservative
Feb 1974 Esmond Bulmer Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Wyre Forest

Note A: ^ Grant was granted the title of baron in the Italian nobility by Victor Emmanuel II in 1868, and styled himself "Baron Albert Grant" thereafter. His election in 1874 was overturned on petition.[8]

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

John Brinton
General Election 1885: Kidderminster [9]

Electorate 4,506

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Brinton 2,172 51.9
Conservative
Majority
Turnout 92.9
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Kidderminster [10]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Augustus Frederick Godson
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Kidderminster [11]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Augustus Frederick Godson
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1895: Kidderminster [12]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Augustus Frederick Godson
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Kidderminster [13]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Augustus Frederick Godson 51.9
Liberal Edmund Broughton Barnard 1,804 48.1
Majority 146 3.8
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1906: Kidderminster [14]

Electorate 4,697

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edmund Broughton Barnard 2,354 53.1 +5.0
Conservative Stanley Baldwin 2,083 46.9 -5.0
Majority 271 6.2 10.0
Turnout 94.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.0

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Kidderminster [15]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Eric Ayshford Knight
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: Kidderminster [16]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Eric Ayshford Knight
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 845. ISBN 0-86193-127-0. 
  2. ^ Williams, William Retlaw (1897). The parliamentary history of the county of Worcester : including the city of Worcester, and the boroughs of Bewdley, Droitwich, Dudley, Evesham, Kidderminster, Bromsgrove and Pershore, from the earliest times to the present day, 1213-1897, with biographical and genealogical notices of the members. Hereford: Privately published for the author. pp. 185–190. Retrieved 9 July 2010. 
  3. ^ Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 c.64, Schedule O
  4. ^ The Public General Acts 1868. London: HMSO. 1868. p. 165. Retrieved 9 July 2010. 
  5. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918, Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats
  6. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948 c.65, First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies
  7. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983/417)
  8. ^ Thomas Seccombe, rev. Michael Reed (2004). "Grant, Albert , Baron Grant in the Italian nobility (1831–1899)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 17 December 2009. 
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  15. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  16. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]