Leominster (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leominster
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Leominster in Herefordshire for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of Herefordshire within England.
County Herefordshire
18852010
Number of members One
Replaced by North Herefordshire
Created from Herefordshire and Leominster
1295–1885
Number of members 1295–1868: Two
1868–1885: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Leominster

Leominster was a parliamentary constituency represented until 1707 in the House of Commons of England, then until 1801 in that of Great Britain, and finally until 2010, when it disappeared in boundary changes, in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

From 1295 to 1868, Leominster was a parliamentary borough which elected two Members of Parliament by the bloc vote system of election. Under the Reform Act 1867 its representation was reduced to one Member, elected by the first past the post system. The parliamentary borough was abolished under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and the name was transferred to a new county constituency.

History[edit]

Abolition[edit]

Following the review by the Boundary Commission for England of parliamentary representation in Herefordshire, no longer connected for such reasons with Worcestershire, two parliamentary constituencies have been allocated to the county. Most of the Leominster seat has been replaced by the North Herefordshire seat, while the remainder of the county is covered by the Hereford and South Herefordshire seat.[1]

Boundaries[edit]

In its final form, the constituency consisted of northern Herefordshire and a small part of north-west Worcestershire, the boundaries having been specified when the two were joined as the single county of Hereford and Worcester. In Herefordshire it included the towns of Bromyard, Kington and Ledbury as well as Leominster, while the largest settlement of Worcestershire it included was Tenbury Wells.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Leominster parliamentary borough[edit]

To 1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 Robert Calderbrook Walter Aston [2]
1388 (Feb) Robert Calderbrook John Montgomery [2]
1388 (Sep) John Aston Walter Aston [2]
1390 (Jan) Hugh Aston Peter Cook [2]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Peter Cook John Bradford [2]
1393 Roger Loutwardin John Hood [2]
1394
1395 Thomas Barber Thomas Reynold [2]
1397 (Jan) Thomas Reynold William Colle [2]
1397 (Sep) William Taverner John Romayn [2]
1399 John Hood Thomas White [2]
1401
1402 William Taverner John Bond [2]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 William Taverner William Tiler [2]
1407 William Taverner William Tiler [2]
1410 Edmund Morris Walter Borgate [2]
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) John Salisbury John Romayn [2]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) William Colle John Salisbury [2]
1415
1416 (Mar) John Salisbury Reynold Smith [2]
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Salisbury John Braas [2]
1419 Thomas Hood Reynold Smith [2]
1420 Thomas Hood William Raves [2]
1421 (May) William Stokes John Hood [2]
1421 (Dec) Thomas Hood William Raves [2]
1510-1523 No names known[3]
1529 John Bell John Hillesley [3]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542  ?
1545  ?
1547 William Crowche Richard Cupper [3]
1553 (Mar)  ?
1553 (Oct) William Strete John Polle [3]
1554 (Apr) Lewis Jones John Evans [3]
1554 (Nov) Nicholas Depden Thomas Wykes [3]
1555 James Warnecombe Thomas Kerry [3]
1558 Alban Birch Richard Hakluyt [3]
1559 Thomas Hakluyt Thomas Coningsby I[4]
1562/3 Thomas Dallowe John Morgan [4]
1571 Edward Croft Nicholas Depden [4]
1572 Nicholas Depden Fabian Phillips [4]
1584 Thomas Wigmore Edward Croft [4]
1586 Edward Croft Thomas Wigmore [4]
1588 Thomas Shoter Humphrey Wall [4]
1593 Sir Francis Vere Richard Coningsby [4]
1597 Thomas Crompton John Creswell [4]
1601 Thomas Coningsby John Warnecombe [4]
1604 Thomas Coningsby John Powle
1614 Sir Humphrey Baskerville Thomas Coningsby
1621-1622 Francis Smallman William Beecher
1624 James Tomkins Sir William Beecher
1625 James Tomkins Edward Littleton
1626 James Tomkins Edward Littleton
1628 James Tomkins Edward Littleton, sat for Caernarvon
and replaced by
Thomas Lyttleton
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) William Smallman Walter Kyrle
1640 (Nov) Sampson Eure
disabled 22 January 1644
Walter Kyrle
1645 Walter Kyrle
excluded in 1648
John Birch
excluded in 1648
1653 Leominster not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 John Birch (One member only)
1656 John Birch (One member only)
1659 John Birch Edward Freeman

Members 1660-1868 (two)[edit]

Election 1st Member[5] 1st Party 2nd Member[5] 2nd Party
1660 Colonel John Birch Edward Pytts
1661 Ranald Grahme Humphrey Cornewall
Feb 1679 James Pytts John Dutton Colt
Sep 1679 Thomas Coningsby,
Lord Coningsby from 1691
1685 Robert Cornewall
1689 John Dutton Colt
1698 Edward Harley
Jan 1701 John Dutton Colt
Apr 1701 Edward Harley
1710 Edward Bangham
1713 Henry Gorges
1715 The Lord Coningsby
1717 George Caswall (expelled)
1721 William Bateman
1722 Sir Archer Croft Sir George Caswall
1727 The Viscount Bateman
1734 Robert Harley
1741 John Caswall Capel Hanbury
1742 Robert Harley
1747 Sir Robert de Cornwall James Peachey
1754 Sir Charles Hanbury-Williams Richard Gorges
1759 Chase Price
1761 Jenison Shafto
1767 Edward Willes
Feb 1768 John Carnac
Mar 1768 The Viscount Bateman
1774 Thomas Hill
1776 Frederick Cornewall
1780 Richard Payne Knight
1784 John Hunter Penn Assheton Curzon
1790 John Sawyer
1791 Richard Beckford
1796 George Augustus Pollen
1797 William Taylor
1802 John Lubbock Charles Kinnaird
Jan 1806 William Lamb Whig
Nov 1806 Henry Bonham
1812 John Lubbock John Harcourt
1818 Sir William Cuningham-Fairlie
1819 John Harcourt
1820 The Lord Hotham Sir William Cuningham-Fairlie
1826 Thomas Bish
1827 Rowland Stephenson
Feb 1830 John Ward
Aug 1830 William Marshall
May 1831 William Bertram Evans Thomas Brayen
Dec 1831 The Lord Hotham Conservative
1832 Thomas Bish Liberal
1837 Charles Greenaway Liberal
1841 James Wigram Conservative
1842 by-election George Arkwright Conservative
1845 by-election Sir Henry Barkly Conservative
1849 by-election Frederick Peel Conservative
1852 John George Phillimore Liberal
1856 by-election Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy Conservative
1857 John Willoughby Conservative
1858 by-election Charles Spencer Bateman Hanbury Kincaid-Lennox Conservative
1865 Arthur Walsh Conservative
1866 by-election Richard Arkwright Conservative
1868 by-election Viscount Mahon Conservative
1868 representation reduced from two Members to one

Members 1868–1885 (one)[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1868 Richard Arkwright Conservative
1876 by-election Thomas Blake Liberal
1880 James Rankin Conservative
1868 Leominster parliamentary borough abolished. Name transferred to county division

Leominster county constituency[edit]

Members 1885–2010[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1885 Thomas Duckham Liberal
1886 Sir James Rankin Conservative
1906 Edmund George Lamb Liberal
Jan. 1910 Sir James Rankin Conservative
1912 by-election Captain Henry FitzHerbert Wright Conservative
1918 Charles Lionel Atkins Ward-Jackson Conservative
1922 Ernest Whittome Shepperson Conservative
1945 Sir Archer Baldwin Conservative
1959 Sir Clive Bossom Conservative
Feb. 1974 Peter Temple-Morris Conservative
1997 Independent One-Nation Conservative
1998 Labour
2001 Bill Wiggin Conservative
2010 Constituency abolished: see North Herefordshire

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election January 1906: Leominster[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edmund George Lamb 3,892 50.2
Conservative Sir James Rankin 3,864 49.8
Majority 28 0.4
Turnout 83.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir James Rankin 4,822 54.7
Liberal Edmund George Lamb 3,991 45.3
Majority 831 9.4
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: Leominster[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir James Rankin 4,600 57.3 +2.6
Liberal Wyatt Wyatt-Paine 3,431 -2.6
Majority 1,169 14.6 +5.2
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Leominster by-election, 1912

General Election 1918

Electorate 26,184

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Maj. Charles Lionel Atkins Ward-Jackson 8,308 50.5
Liberal Edmund George Lamb 5,291 32.1
Agriculture Ernest Wilfred Langford 2,870 17.4
Majority 3,017 18.4
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
  • Ward-Jackson was endorsed by the Coalition Government.
  • Some records describe Lamb as an Independent Radical.
  • Langford was also a Liberal.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922

Electorate 26,182

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Ernest Whittome Shepperson 10,978 53.1 +2.6
Liberal Geoffrey Le Mesurier Mander 9,698 46.9 +14.8
Majority 1,280 6.2
Turnout 79.0
Unionist hold Swing -12.2
General Election 1923

Electorate 26,658

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Ernest Whittome Shepperson 11,582 57.3 +4.2
Liberal J Dockett 8,614 42.7 -4.2
Majority 2,968 14.6
Turnout 75.8
Unionist hold Swing 4.2
General Election 1924

Electorate 27,033

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Ernest Whittome Shepperson 12,470 64.4 7.1
Liberal George Adolphus Edinger 6,897 35.6 -7.1
Majority 5,573 28.8
Turnout 71.6
Unionist hold Swing 7.1
General Election 1929

Electorate 33,046

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Ernest Whittome Shepperson 13,237 52.5 -11.9
Liberal George Adolphus Edinger 11,990 47.5 +11.9
Majority 1,247 5.0
Turnout 76.3
Unionist hold Swing -11.9

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931

Electorate 33,432

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Ernest Whittome Shepperson 16,916 63.3 +10.8
Liberal George Adolphus Edinger 9,803 36.7 -10.8
Majority 7,113 26.6
Turnout 26,719 79.9
Conservative hold Swing 10.8
General Election 1935

Electorate 34,079

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ernest Whittome Shepperson 14,180 53.2 -10.1
Liberal Albert Ernest Farr 12,465 46.8 +10.1
Majority 1,715 6.4
Turnout 26,645 78.2
Conservative hold Swing -10.1

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945

Electorate 37,389

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Archer Ernest Baldwin 14,224 51.1 -2.1
Liberal Albert Ernest Farr 13,586 48.9 +2.1
Majority 638 2.3
Turnout 74.4
Conservative hold Swing -2.1

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Archer Baldwin 18,036 55.86
Labour Edmund JM Jones 8,402 26.02
Liberal George Morgan-Harris 5,850 18.12
Majority 9,634 29.84
Turnout 80.85
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Archer Baldwin 19,952 66.75
Labour Edmund JM Jones 9,939 33.25
Majority 10,013 33.50
Turnout 74.16
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Archer Baldwin 18,487 65.49
Labour Alfred Thomas Evans 9,740 34.51
Majority 8,747 30.99
Turnout 70.40
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Clive Bossom 16,642 55.43
Liberal Thomas Grenville Jones 6,905 23.00
Labour Frederick W Bowerman 6,475 21.57
Majority 9,737 32.43
Turnout 76.38
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Leominster

Electorate 38,805

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Clive Bossom 15,238 50.91
Liberal Dr Edward Paul Cadbury 8,941 29.87
Labour Kenneth A Gulleford 5,750 19.21
Majority 6,297 21.04
Turnout 77.13
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Leominster

Electorate 38,880

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Clive Bossom 15,045 51.47
Liberal Dr Edward Paul Cadbury 7,647 26.16
Labour K Roy Simmons 6,536 22.36
Majority 7,398 25.31
Turnout 75.17
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Clive Bossom 17,630 57.97
Liberal Roger James Pincham 6,462 21.25
Labour Martyn George Morgan Sloman 6,321 20.78
Majority 11,168 36.72
Turnout 72.84
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Temple-Morris 16,221 46.35
Liberal Roger James Pincham 14,602 41.73
Labour CD Lindley 4,172 11.92
Majority 1,619 4.63
Turnout 80.07
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Temple-Morris 15,741 46.07
Liberal Roger James Pincham 15,162 44.38
Labour S Allen 3,264 9.55
Majority 579 1.69
Turnout 77.56
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1979: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Temple-Morris 21,126 53.50
Liberal Roger James Pincham 16,261 41.18
Labour PJ Dobbs 2,099 5.32
Majority 4,865 12.32
Turnout 81.90
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Temple-Morris 29,276 56.99
Liberal Roger James Pincham 19,490 37.94
Labour D Wilcox 1,932 3.76
Ecology Miss Felicity M. Norman 668 1.3
Majority 9,786 19.05
Turnout 77.49
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1987: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Temple-Morris 31,396 57.86
Liberal SC Morris 17,321 31.92
Labour Chris Chappell 4,444 8.19
Green Mrs Felicity M. Norman 1,102 2.03
Majority 14,075 25.94
Turnout 77.54
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Leominster[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Temple-Morris 32,783 56.6 −1.2
Liberal Democrat DC Short 16,103 27.8 −4.1
Labour Chris Chappell 6,874 11.9 +3.7
Green Mrs Felicity M. Norman 1,503 2.6 +0.6
Anti-Federalist League EP Carlisle 640 1.1 +1.1
Majority 16,680 28.8 +2.9
Turnout 57,903 81.7 +3.7
Conservative hold Swing +1.4
General Election 1997: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Temple-Morris 22,888 45.3
Liberal Democrat Terry M. James 14,053 27.8
Labour Richard J. Westwood 8,831 17.5
Referendum Party Anthony J. Parkin 2,815 5.6
Green Mrs Felicity M. Norman 1,086 2.1
UKIP Richard J. Chamings 588 1.2
BNP John B. Haycock 292 0.6
Majority 8,835 17.5
Turnout 50,553 76.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bill Wiggin 22,879 49.0 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Mrs. Celia M. Downie 12,512 26.8 -1.0
Labour Dr. Stephen J.S. Hart 7,872 16.8 -0.6
Green Mrs. Pippa Bennett 1,690 3.6 +1.5
UKIP Christopher R. Kingsley 1,590 3.4 +2.2
Independent John B. Haycock 186 0.4 N/A
Majority 10,367 22.2
Turnout 46,729 69.4 -7.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 2005: Leominster
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bill Wiggin 25,407 52.1 +3.1
Liberal Democrat Ms. Caroline J. Williams 12,220 25.0 -1.7
Labour Paul K. Bell 7,424 15.2 -1.6
Green Mrs Felicity M. Norman 2,191 4.5 +0.9
UKIP Peter S. Whyte-Venables 1,551 3.2 -0.2
Majority 13,187 27.0 +4.8
Turnout 48,793 77.3 +7.9
Conservative hold Swing +2.4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Final recommendations for Parliamentary constituencies in the county of Herefordshire". Boundary Commission for England. 2004-01-07. Retrieved 2010-05-05. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  5. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 by FWS Craig
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 by FWS Craig
  8. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Coordinates: 52°13′N 2°42′W / 52.22°N 2.70°W / 52.22; -2.70