Kobuk, Alaska

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Kobuk
Laugviik
City
Kobuk is located in Alaska
Kobuk
Kobuk
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 66°55′3″N 156°54′25″W / 66.91750°N 156.90694°W / 66.91750; -156.90694Coordinates: 66°55′3″N 156°54′25″W / 66.91750°N 156.90694°W / 66.91750; -156.90694
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Northwest Arctic
Incorporated September 25, 1973[1]
Government
 • Mayor Edward Gooden, Jr.[2]
Area
 • Total 16.8 sq mi (43.6 km2)
 • Land 16.1 sq mi (41.7 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
Elevation 148 ft (45 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 151
 • Density 9.0/sq mi (3.5/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99751
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-40840

Kobuk (Laugviik in Iñupiaq) is a city in Northwest Arctic Borough, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 151.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Kobuk is located at 66°55′3″N 156°54′25″W / 66.91750°N 156.90694°W / 66.91750; -156.90694 (66.917579, -156.906829).[4]

Kobuk is located on the bank of the Kobuk River, 10 km (6.2 mi) northeast of Shungnak. It is near Kobuk Valley National Park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.8 square miles (44 km2), of which, 16.1 square miles (42 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it (4.34%) is water.

Climate data for Kobuk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −19.6
(−3.3)
−16.8
(1.8)
−10.4
(13.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
10.3
(50.6)
18.9
(66.0)
20.8
(69.4)
18
(64.4)
11.1
(52.0)
−2.1
(28.3)
−10.7
(12.7)
−17.3
(0.9)
0
(32.01)
Average low °C (°F) −32.6
(−26.7)
−30.1
(−22.1)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−15.5
(4.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
5.6
(42.1)
7.6
(45.7)
6.1
(42.9)
0.2
(32.4)
−11.4
(11.4)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−12.17
(10.11)
Precipitation mm (inches) 15.5
(0.61)
8.9
(0.35)
16.8
(0.66)
15.5
(0.61)
20.1
(0.79)
44.4
(1.75)
81.3
(3.20)
86.6
(3.41)
72.9
(2.87)
20.6
(0.81)
24.4
(0.96)
16.5
(0.65)
423.5
(16.67)
Snowfall cm (inches) 18.5
(7.3)
12.4
(4.9)
20.3
(8.0)
11.9
(4.7)
1.8
(0.7)
0.3
(0.1)
0
(0.0)
0
(0.0)
4.8
(1.9)
17.5
(6.9)
29
(11.4)
20.3
(8.0)
136.8
(53.9)
Source: http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ak4964

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 109 people, 26 households, and 23 families residing in the city. The population density was 6.8 people per square mile (2.6/km²). There were 45 housing units at an average density of 2.8 per square mile (1.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 4.59% White, 93.58% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.92% from other races. 4.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 26 households out of which 61.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 30.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.5% were non-families. 11.5% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.19 and the average family size was 4.26.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 52.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 18.3% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 2.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 17 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,750, and the median income for a family was $20,313. Males had a median income of $71,250 versus $21,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,844. There were 32.0% of families and 28.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including 28.2% of under eighteens and 57.1% of those over 64.

History[edit]

Kobuk was founded in 1899 as a supply point for miners north of Kobuk. A trading post, school, and mission were built and residents came to the settlement. In May 1973, a flood covered the entire village.

The economy of Kobuk is based on subsistence hunting for caribou and moose.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government (Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs) XIII (2): 48. January 1974. 
  2. ^ "Community: Kobuk". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  3. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2012. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.