|— city —|
|• Total||26.56 km2 (10.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||821 m (2,694 ft)|
|• Density||5,200/km2 ( 14,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
||This article may contain original research. (January 2011)|
Kolar pronunciation (help·info) is a city in the South Indian state of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of Kolar District and is known for gold mining. Kolar is called[by whom?] the land of silk, milk, and gold.
Kolar is located at  It has an average elevation of 822 metres (2,697 ft)..
It is located at a distance of about 72 kilometres (45 mi) from Bengaluru and 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Kolar Gold Fields. The city is located on the southern maidan (plains) region of Karnataka. The Ammerallikere, a tank, forms its eastern boundary. To the north is the Kodikannur tank, the main source of water supply to the city. The nearest railway junction is Bangarpet at a distance of about 15 km. It is situated on the Bengaluru - Chennai National Highway-4.
The Gangas sovereignty lasted from about 350 to 550 CE, initially ruled from Kolar as their Capital City. The founding king of the Ganga dynasty was Konganivarman Madhava who made Kolar his capital around 350 and ruled for about twenty years.
Kolar, the headquarters of the Kolar district, was earlier known as Kuvalala, also known as Kolahala Pura. Historically, Kolar is said to be associated with the epic age, which recalls many legends associated with Avani in Mulbagal Taluk, which was also called Avani Kshetra.
It was once known as Avantika- Kshetra, a sacred place in Kolar district in Karnataka State. It was famous for its religious establishments from ancient times.
It was once known as Aavanya which was under the Ganga prince Madhava Muttarasa, who governed several districts. In about A.D 890,it’s earliest grant relates that Tribhuvana Kartara Deva, who held the title of Kali Yuga Rudra, ruled over the Avaniya Thana for 40 years. During this period he constructed 50 temples and two large tanks.
Maharshi Valmiki, author of the epic Ramayana, lived here. The legend goes further to establish that Seetha Devi, after being sent to exile, gave birth to her twins Lava and Kusha at Avani.
The Avani continued to survive as a religious establishment from the 9th to 11th centuries. There are temples dedicated to Lord Rama.
The hill to the west of Kolar, called the Satasringa Parvata or 'Hundred-Peaked Mountain' is 'Antharagange', associated with the story of Parasurama and his fight with King Kartaviryarjuna over Surabhi, the divine cow. As the story goes, King Kartavirya Arjuna (Sahasrarjuna) and his army visited Jamadagni, Parasurama's father, when the king demanded the magical cow from Jamadagni. When Jamadagni refused, the King sent his soldiers to take the cow, but Parashurama killed the entire army and the king with his axe. In return, the princes beheaded Jamadagni. Thus, Parasurama took an oath to behead the entire Kshatriya race, which is said to have taken place on the hills. It is said that the 'kolahala' on the death of Kartaviryarjuna gave its name to the town, which later become Kolar. Kannada is the main languages spoken in the district of Kolar.
Old City 
Old City of Kolar comprises the following Areas: 1.Fort Area 2.Kurubarapet 3.Kumbarpet 4.Kanakanapalya 5.Dr.Ambedkar Nagar 6.Dharmarayanagar 7.RTO Nagar 8.BEML Layout/ C.Byregowda Nagar 9.Jayanagar 10.P.C.Halli 11.P.C.Extension 12.Kataripalya 13.Big Bazaar 14.Kilaripet 15.Karanjikatte 16.Old Extension 17.New Extension 18.Gowripet 19.Cottonpet 20.Ammavaripet 21.Palasandram Layout 22.Mahalakshmi Layout 23.Autonagar 24.Shahinsha Nagar 25.Shahid Nagar 26.Chowdeshwari Nagar 27.Gandhinagar 28.Gulpet 29.Shanthi Nagar 30.Sarige Nagar 31.Rahmath Nagar 32.Harohalli 33.Karanjikatte 34.Kuvempu Nagar 35.Muneshwara Nagar 36.Keelukote 37.Vibhutipura 38.Antaragange 39.udaygiri nagar 40.sahakar nagar 41.R.m.golden city
Antaragange is the Main Tourist Spot Of Kolar, Mainly it is Knowned as "Dakshina Kashi Kshetra" Because of The Belief of The People The water coming out of Nandi's Mouth who is a Devotee of God Shiva and This is the Major Tourist Attraction spot. Antaragange is 4 Kilometers away from Kolar and 71 Kilometers away from State capital Bangalore
New City 
The New City of Kolar is Getting Developed at a Blazing Speed and Most of The Rural Areas are Getting Developed into Urbans. The Following Rural Areas are Getting Conversion into Urban Areas soon 1. Kondarajanahalli 2. Ammerahalli 3. Maderahalli 4. Arabhikothanur (Up to Narasapura Industrial Area) 5. Tamaka 6. Gaddekannur 7. Vittappanahalli 8. Kogilahalli 9. Hasala 10. Sangondahalli 11. Hogari 12. Elam 13. Garudanahalli - Chokkahalli 14. Medihala 15. Talagunda 16. Vemagal 17. Moorandahalli 18. Thoradevandahalli 19. Arahalli (Up to Powergrid Station)
The major temples in the town are the Kolaramma Temple and the Someswara Temple. Someswara Temple is a fine example of the Vijayanagara style, complete with a massive pillared Mukha Mandapa, heavy Prakara walls, ornate Kalyana mantapa, a Devi Shrine and a lofty Gopura with fine stucco figures on the tower; while the door frame is carved in the typical Vijayanagara style, with dwarapalas, etc. The temple has a large tank (Kalyani) also. There are Vijayanagara inscriptions on the wall of the store room and the yagashala, dated to the 15th century.
Kolaramma Temple: This "L"-shaped temple has two shrines, one for Durga (Kolaramma) and the other for the Saptamatras. Both have a common vestibule. The Durga Shrine has a wagon-roof tower. The stucco figures in the Saptamatras shrine are unusually large. The temple is of Dravida Vimana Style, built in the Ganga Tradition (11th century). The Mahadwara has imposing pavilions in the inner side. The temple contains several Chola inscriptions, the earliest belonging to Mr. Yendeti (1012-1045).
The Member of Parliament is K.H. Muniyappa who has won the last 6 elections. He is currently Union Minister of State (independent charge) for micro small and medium enterprises in the national government.
Varthur Prakash is the local member of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly and also he is the district minister.
As of the[update] 2011 census, Kolar municipality had a population of 138,553. The municipality had a sex ratio of 978 females per 1,000 males and 11.5% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 84.02%; male literacy was 87.28% and female literacy was 80.69%.
Kannada is the major language, however a significant population speaks Telugu. Tamil is also spoken in few places like KGF.
Notable residents 
- Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya – The architect of modern Karnataka and of the world famous Brindavan Gardens
- D. V. Gundappa – Kannada poet
- Masti Venkatesha Iyengar: Kannada poet and recipient of Jnanpith Award
- K. C. Reddy : First Chief Minister of Karnataka, (then Mysore State)
- M. V. Krishnappa – Member of Jawaharlal Nehru’s ministry, represented Kolar, Tumkur, Bangalore North and Chikkaballapur (1952–80), Revenue Minister in Karnataka (1962–67)
- Hyder Ali: Father of Tipu Sultan
- K. Pattabhiraman: Noted freedom fighter, Sarvodaya Nayaka (Leader), eminent lawyer and Member of Legistive Assembly of Mysore (MLA) in 1951. One of the four Independent candidates who won from Mysore State during that elections, amidst a near sweep by Indian National Congress (INC). He was slated to be the first Chief Minister of Mysore but due to caste politics, K. C. Reddy became the first CM. One of Kolar town extensions named after him - "Pattabhiraman Extension" which was previously called Old Extension.
- K. H. Muniyappa: Union Minister of State for Railways, Government of India
- Soundarya, Versatile film actress ruled southern film industry and household famous in southern part of India 
Improvement of the city and as well as transportation 
Now the Kolar city is almost getting improved just like Namma Bengaluru which comprises Multi - Speciality Hospitals, Multi storeyed Buildings, Traffic Controls, and well as Having own Transportation named "Kolara Nagara Sarige" Which was introduced by Karnataka State Deputy CM R.ASHOK in the month of July 2012. Supermarkets are developed in Kolar which in turn they just follows Namma Bengaluru Mall Systems.Roads which connecting to the State / National Highway are excellent. But the areas which related to Kolar Urban Development Authority (KUDA) needs to be improved because most of the areas has not been improved properly and is the major minus point in Kolar. The New railway line which is connected from Kolar to chikkaballapura is almost 75% completed and the Flyover Which is connected to Bangalore Road is getting deployed Near by the central part of the city i.e. Near By Clock Tower of Kolar City Which Connects K.G.F and Bangalore Road Kolar is also Having the Major Shopping Malls For Attires I.E. B.R.Muniyappa and Co and also the mini Vidhana Soudha is Getting Constructed at Mulbagal Main Road, The C.Byregowda Nagar (Formerly called as BEML Layout and Even Today also Called as BEML Layout) is a Well Developed Area and you Never Find This Kind Of Area in Any Part of The City. The Progress of Improvement of Kolar City is 10x Faster Than That of Any Towns / Cities in Karnataka nowadays. The Buildings of The Old Era are Getting Demolished and New Buildings are Rising up, so in this Case Kolar city called as "Mini Bengaluru"
Hospitals and Medical college located in Kolar 
Here is a list of hospital and Medical college located in Kolar
1. Maruthi Hospital -Opp. District Central Library D.V.G. Road, Kolar
2. Srinivasa Nursing Home - Bangarapet Circle, Kolar
3. Shreya Hospital - Shanaishwara Swamy Temple Road, Behind Tirumala Dairy, Fort, Kolar
4. Gaurav Orthopedic Hospital - Opp.Shanaishwara Swamy Temple, Fort, Kolar
5. Manjunatha Health Care - Opp. ETCM Hospital, Kanakanapalya, Kolar
6. E.T.C.M Mission Hospital - Bangarapet circle road, Kanakanapalya, Kolar
7. S.N.R. Hospital - Bangarapet road, Opp. Mahila Samaja School, Doomlight Circle, Kolar
8.Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College - Next to Horticulture college, Tamaka, Kolar
9. R.L.Jalappa teaching Hospital and Research center - Next to S.D.U.M.C,tamaka, Kolar
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Kolar|
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kolar
- K Narasimhamurthy (2). "A teacher whose name is synonymous with the village". India: Deccan Herald. Retrieved December 2011.
- Vishwa Kundapura (15). "Vidurashwath epitomises the sacrifice made by Kolar". India: Deccan Herald. Retrieved December 2011.
- "A singing freedom fighter". India: Deccan Herald. 1. Retrieved December 2011.