Krishna Mohan Banerjee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Krishna Mohan Banerjee
Krishna Mohan Banerjee.jpg
1886 lithograph of Krishna Mohan Banerjee
Born (1813-05-24)May 24, 1813
Calcutta, Bengal, British India
Died May 11, 1885(1885-05-11)
Calcutta, Bengal, British India
Nationality Indian
Occupation Christian Evangelist, Professor, Litterateur

Krishna Mohan Banerjee[1] (Bengali: কৃষ্ণমোহন বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়) (24 May 1813 – 11 May 1885) was one of the 19th-century Indian thinkers who attempted to rethink Hindu philosophy, religion and ethics in response to the stimulus of Christian ideas. He himself became a Christian, and was the first president of the Bengal Christian Association, which was administered and financed by Indians. He was a prominent member of Henry Louis Vivian Derozio’s (1808–1831) Young Bengal group, educationist, linguist and Christian missionary.

Early life[edit]

Son of Jibon Krishna Banerjee[2] and Sreemoti Devi, Krishna Mohan was born on 24 May 1813 at Shyampur, Kolkata, Bengal, in the house of his maternal grandfather, Ramjay Vidyabhusan, the court-pundit of Santiram Singha of Jorasanko.

In 1819, Krishna Mohan joined the School Society Institution founded by David Hare at Kalitala. Impressed by his talents, Hare took him to his school at Pataldanga, later famous as Hare School in 1822.

Banerjee joined the newly founded Hindu College with a scholarship.

In 1831, the religious-reformer-and-litterateur started publishing The Inquirer. In the same year his play, The Persecuted: or, Dramatic Scenes Illustrative of the Present State of Hindoo Society in Calcutta, was produced. It was monotonically critical of certain prevalent social practices.

While at college he used to attend the lectures of the Scottish Christian missionary, Alexander Duff, who had come to India in 1830.

His father died of cholera in 1828.

Conversion to Christianity[edit]

On completion of his studies in 1829, Banerjee joined Pataldanga School as an assistant teacher. In 1832, he converted to Christianity, under the influence of Alexander Duff. As a result of his conversion, he lost his job in David Hare’s school and his wife, Bindhyobashini Banerjee, was forced to return to her own father's house, only to join him in later life. Nevertheless, he later became the headmaster of Church Missionary Society School.[2]

When the missionary society had begun its philanthropic activities in Kolkata, Banerjee became the first Bengali priest of Christ Church where he used to preach and deliver sermons in Bengali.[2]

He converted his wife, his brother Kali Mohan, and Ganendra Mohan Tagore, the son of Prasanna Coomar Tagore to Christian faith. Subsequently, Ganendra Mohan married his daughter Kamalmani and became the first Indian to qualify as a barrister. He was also instrumental in the conversion of Michael Madhusudan Dutt.

Later life[edit]

In 1852, Krishna Mohan was appointed a professor of Oriental Studies at Bishop's College, Kolkata. He had studied aspects of Christianity as a student of the same college between 1836 and 1839.

In 1864 he was elected to be a member of the Royal Asiatic Society along with Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar. In 1876 the University of Calcutta honoured him with a doctorate.[3]

Reverend Krishna Mohan Banerjee died on 11 May 1885 in Kolkata, and was buried at Shibpore.

Works[edit]

He published a 13-volume English – Bengali adaptation of Encyclopædia Britannica, Vidyakalpadruma or Encyclopædia Bengalensis (1846–51).[4] He wrote an Indian English drama "The persecuted" in 1837.

His other works include The Arian Witness (1875), Dialogues on the Hindu Philosophy (1861), and The Relation Between Christianity and Hinduism (1881).

References[edit]

  1. ^ His surname is also transliterated as Banerjea or as Bandyopadhyay.
  2. ^ a b c Dastider, Shipra. "Banerji, Rev. Krishna Mohan". Banglapedia. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Annual Convocation". University of Calcutta. 
  4. ^ Datta, Amaresh (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian literature 2. Delhi: South Asia Books. pp. 1162–1163. ISBN 978-81-7201-649-4. 

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Mayukh Das, Reverend Krishnamohan Bandyopadhyaya (in Bengali), Kolkata:Paschimbanga Anchalik Itihas O Loksanskriti Charcha Kendra (2013) ISBN 978-81-926316-0-8
  • T. V. Philip, Krishna Mohan Banerjea, Christian apologist (1982)
  • Ramachandra Ghosha, A Biographical Sketch of the Rev. K. M. Banerjea ed. by Manabendra Naskar & Mayukh Das, Corpus Research Institute, Kolkata (2012)
  • Durgadas Lahiri, Adarshacharit Krishnamohan ed. by Mayukh Das, Kolkata:Paschimbanga Anchalik Itihas O Loksanskriti Charcha Kendra(2012)
  • K. Baago, Pioneers of Indigenous Christianity (1969)
  • Ramtanu Lahiri O Tatkalin Bangasamaj in Bengali by Sivanath Sastri
  • Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) in Bengali edited by Subodh Chandra Sengupta and Anjali Bose
  • Tattwabodhini Patrika and the Bengal Renaissance by Amiya Kumar Sen