University of Dhaka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
University of Dhaka
ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়
Logo of the University of Dhaka
Motto সত্যের জয় সুনিশ্চিত (Bengali)
Motto in English Truth Will Prevail
Established 1921
Type Public, Coeducational
Chancellor Abdul Hamid
Vice-Chancellor AAMS Arefin Siddique
Academic staff 3,408
Students 37,800
Location Dhaka,  Bangladesh
Campus Urban, 600 acres (2.43 km²)(without the Institute of leather engineering and tech.)
Website www.du.ac.bd; www.univdhaka.edu
University of Dhaka Logo

The University of Dhaka (Bengali: ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় Dhaka Bishobidæloe , also known as Dhaka University or simply DU), is the oldest university in modern Bangladesh. Established during the British Raj in 1921, it gained a reputation as the "Oxford of the East" during its early years and has been a significant contributor to the modern history of Bangladesh.[1][2][3][4][5] After the partition of India, it became the focal point of progressive and democratic movements in Pakistan. Its students and teachers played a central role in the rise of Bengali nationalism and the independence of Bangladesh.

The university's distinguished alumni include Satyendra Nath Bose (pioneer of Bose–Einstein statistics), Fazlur Rahman Khan (pioneer of modern structural engineering), Muhammad Yunus (winner of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize), Vijayaraghavan (co-discoverer of the PV number), Rehman Sobhan (social democratic economist), Buddhadeb Bose (20th century Bengali poet) and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (the founding father of Bangladesh). It also enjoyed associations with Kazi Nazrul Islam, Rabindranath Tagore and Faiz Ahmed Faiz.

Today, it is the largest public university in Bangladesh, with a student body of 33,000 and a faculty of 1,800. It was identified by AsiaWeek as one of the top 100 universities in Asia.[6] However since the 1990s, the university has suffered from intensely politicized, partisan and violent campus politics promoted by Bangladesh's political parties.[7]

History[edit]

Earliest Bachelor of Arts certificate from the University, 1928
1904 image of Dhaka College, which was in existence from 1841 to 1921 before the founding of Dhaka University

Before Dhaka University was established, near its grounds were the former buildings of Dhaka College. But in 1873 the university was relocated to Bahadur Shah Park. Later it shifted to Curzon Hall, which would later become the first institute of the University of Dhaka.

The establishment of the university was a compensation of the annulment of the 1905 Partition of Bengal. The partition had established East Bengal and Assam as a separate province, with Dhaka as its capital. However, the partition was abolished in 1911.

In 1913, public opinion was invited before the university scheme was given its final shape. The secretary of state approved it in December 1913.[8] The first vice-chancellor of the university, Dr. Philip Joseph Hartog, formerly academic registrar of the University of London for 17 years was appointed. During the opening of the University, Joseph Hartog made this speech in honour of the university:

"A man may be an excellent teacher of elementary subjects without the power to add to knowledge. But in advanced work I maintain that no one can really teach well unless he has the combination of imagination with critical power which leads to the original production (of knowledge), and for that if for no other reason, a university to be a true university must see that its teachers are men who are also capable of advancing knowledge."

Philip Joseph Hartog, during the second convocation of the university

[8]

Meeting on the University of Dhaka premises on 21 February 1952

Established in 1921 under the Dacca University Act 1920 of the Indian Legislative Council, it is modelled after British universities. Academic activities started on July 1, 1921 with 3 Faculties: Arts, Science and Law; 12 Departments: Sanskrit and Bengali, English, Education, History, Arabic and Islamic Studies, Persian and Urdu, Philosophy, Economics and Politics, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Law; 3 Dormitories for students: Salimullah Muslim Hall, Dacca Hall and Jagannath Hall.[9]

The university later played a significant role in the Bengali Language Movement, when Bengalis joined together to fight against Urdu being the official language in East Pakistan. Dhaka University was the main place where the movement started with the students joining together and protesting against the Pakistan government. Later countless students were massacred in where the Shaheed Minar stands today. After the incident, Bangla was restored as official language.

The Dhaka University Order, 1973[edit]

President's order no. 11 OF 1973 re-constitute and re-organize the University of Dhaka for the purpose of improving the teaching and research provided thereby and the administration after 1971 Independence war. Throughout this Order the word Dhaka was substituted for the word Dacca by section 2 of the University Laws (Amendment) Act, 1987 (Act No. XXXVI of 1987)

Academic departments[edit]

Aparajeyo Bangla, a statue on the Bangladesh Liberation War, located at the center of Dhaka University Campus
Convocation dress of student graduating from University of Dhaka
Curzon Hall,a British Raj-era building and home of the Faculty of Science at University of Dhaka
Graduates of University of Dhaka celebrate the day of Convocation
Building of Faculty of Business Studies at University of Dhaka

The university has 70 departments under 13 faculties. The faculties are:

Faculty of Arts[edit]

  • Department of Arabic
  • Department of Bengali
  • Department of English
  • Department of Persian Language and Literature
  • Department of History
  • Department of Philosophy
  • Department of Islamic Studies
  • Department of Pali and Buddhist Studies
  • Department of Sanskrit
  • Department of Urdu
  • Department of Theater and Performance Studies
  • Department of Linguistics
  • Department of Music
  • Department of Islamic History and Culture
  • Department of World Religions and Culture
  • Department of Information Science and Library Management

Faculty of Business Studies[edit]

  • Department of Finance
  • Department of Accounting and Information System (AIS)
  • Department of Marketing
  • Department of Management
  • Department of Banking and Insurance
  • Department of Management Information System (MIS)
  • Department of International Business
  • Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Faculty of Biological Science[edit]

  • Department of Botany
  • Department of Soil, Water and Environment
  • Department of Microbiology
  • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Department of Fisheries
  • Department of Genetic Engineering and Bio-technology
  • Department of Psychology
  • Department of Clinical Psychology
  • Department of Zoology
  • Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology

Faculty of Engineering and Technology[edit]

  • Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Department of Applied Physics, Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • Department of Computer Science and Engineering
  • Department of Nuclear Engineering

Faculty of Education[edit]

Faculty of Fine Arts[edit]

  • Department of crafts
  • Department of Drawing and Painting
  • Department of Graphics Design
  • Department of printmaking
  • Department of Oriental Art
  • Department of Sculpture
  • Department of History of Art
  • Department of ceramics

Faculty of Law[edit]

  • Department of Law

Faculty of Medicine[edit]

Faculty of Postgraduates Medical Sciences & Research[edit]

Faculty of Pharmacy[edit]

  • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  • Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Technology

Faculty of Science[edit]

  • Department of Chemistry
  • Department of Physics
  • Department of Mathematics
  • Department of Statistics
  • Department of Theoretical Physics
  • Department of Biomedical Physics and Technology

Faculty of Social Sciences[edit]

  • Department of Anthropology
  • Department of Criminology
  • Department of Development Studies
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of International Relations
  • Department of Sociology
  • Department of Mass Communication and Journalism
  • Department of Population Sciences
  • Department of Political Science
  • Department of Public Administration
  • Department of Peace and Conflict Studies
  • Department of Women's and Gender Studies
  • Department of Television and Film Studies

Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences[edit]

  • Department of Geography and Environment
  • Department of Geology
  • Department of Oceanography
  • Department of Disaster Science and Management

Institutes[edit]

  1. Institute of Education and Research
  2. Institute of Statistical Research and Training
  3. Institute of Business Administration
  4. Institute of Nutrition and Food Science
  5. Institute of Social Welfare and Research
  6. Institute of Modern Languages
  7. Institute of Health Economics
  8. Institute of Information Technology
  9. Institute of Renewable Energy
  10. Institute of Disaster Management and Vulnerability Studies
  11. Institute of Leather Engineering & Technology

Bureaus and research centers[edit]

Facilities[edit]

Teacher Student Centre

Trusts, foundations and scholarship programs[edit]

The University contains about 220 trusts and foundations offering scholarships and medals to meritorious students of the University. Besides, a large number of scholarships are also offered by the University, Dhaka University Alumni Association and the Government.

Residence halls[edit]

  1. A.F. Rahman Hall
  2. Amar Ekushey Hall
  3. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Hall
  4. Bangladesh-Kuwait Maitree Hall
  5. Begum Fazilatunesa Mujib Hall
  6. Bijoy Ekattor Hall
  7. Fazlul Haq Muslim Hall
  8. Haji Muhammad Mohshin Hall
  9. IBA Hostel
  10. ILET Hostel
  11. Jagannath Hall
  12. Kabi Jashimuddin Hall
  13. Kabi Sufiya Kamal Hall
  14. Muktijoddha Ziaur Rahman Hall
  15. Nawab Faizunnessa Chowdhurani Chhatrinibash (Hostel)
  16. Ruqayyah Hall
  17. Salimullah Muslim Hall
  18. Sergent Zahurul Haq Hall
  19. Shahidullah Hall
  20. Shahnewaz Hostel
  21. Shamsunnahar Hall
  22. Sir P.J. Hartog International Hall
  23. Surya Sen Hall

Library[edit]

The University Library, housed in three separate buildings, is the biggest in Bangladesh. The Library holds a collection of more than 617,000 volumes, including bound volumes of periodicals. In addition, it has a collection of over 30,000 manuscripts on various languages and a large number of microfilms, microfiche and CDs. It subscribes to over 300 current foreign journals.

The Dhaka University Library comprises three buildings: The administrative building, the main library building, and the science library building. The administrative building has the administrative offices, a book acquisition section, a book processing section, a reprographic section, a book binding section, a manuscript section, and a seminar section.

Health services[edit]

The Medical Center of the University of Dhaka, located near the Science Annex Building, offers free medical service and free pathological examinations to students, teachers and staffs of the University and also family members of the teachers and staffs. The Centre provides service round the clock, seven days a week, with 30 doctors working in different shifts. The Centre also has dental unit, eye unit, x-ray department and two ambulances. The Centre has in its premises arrangement for 30 bed accommodation so that students suffering from such contagious diseases as chicken pox, mumps, etc. may be taken care of in isolation.

Student counseling and guidance[edit]

The Students Counselling and guidance service is an integral part of the academic programs of students of the teaching departments and institutes of the university. It aims at helping students to adjust to campus life, effectively pursue curricular as well as co-curricular activities, develop their abilities for making wise choices and plans, and solve individual problems through counselling.

Sports and extracurricular activities[edit]

University of Dhaka organizes sports and other extracurricular and recreational activities. Office of the director of physical education provides three types of programs:

  • Compulsory Physical Education,
  • Certificate course in coaching major games and sports, and
  • Intramural and extramural programs.

University of Dhaka ground is the official stadium of the University of Dhaka. It hosts many inter-collegiate sports tournaments at inter-city and national levels.

Intramural and extramural program (games and sports)[edit]

Directorate also organizes and conducts interdepartmental and inter-hall tournaments, individual hall athletics, Dhaka university athletics, and inter- university games and sports. University students participate in national championships in different games and sports for which prior training and coaching are offered.

Cafeteria[edit]

There are some cafeterias on campus, some of which hold historical and architectural interest. In 1971 Pakistani soldiers killed the owner of the Madhur Canteen.

Transport[edit]

University of Dhaka has transport services for students both resident and nonresident student.As different residential hall situated far away from academic building so university authority has provide transport facilities for the residential students. Though the number of the bus is not enough for the vast student community it is a great facility for the students. Bus schedule for different parts of the city can be found in the bus depot(Beside register building). The service is always available even on university holidays, to help those students who come to university for library or teacher's council.

Culture and activities[edit]

Students of Charukala (Fine Arts) Institute of University of Dhaka preparing for Pohela Boishakh
Pohela Boishakh (Bengali new year) celebrations in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Pohela Boishakh (Bengali new year) celebration in DU campus

Ranking[edit]

International ranking[edit]

In 2011-2012, the University of Dhaka made it into the list of "Top World Universities" in the ranking carried out by the ranking agency Times Higher Education and Quacquarelli Symonds (THE–QS), UK . Out of over 30,000 universities around the world, DU was placed as 551.[12] In Engineering & IT the university positioned 100 th where in Life Sciences & Biomedicine the university ranked 284th. However, the university ranked better in 2007 (within top 500) and 2006 (365th). The ranking in 2007 was: 336th in Arts & Humanities, 256th in Natural Sciences, 256th in Engineering & IT, 297th in Social Sciences and 251st in Life Sciences & Biomedicine[citation needed]. [13]

Asian level ranking[edit]

In the best Asian (and Australian) universities ranking, AsiaWeek ranked the University of Dhaka 37th in 1999[14] and 64th (overall and multi-disciplinary category) out of 77 ranked universities in 2000.[15] In 2000, the university got a comparatively higher rank in student selectivity (23rd) while got lower ranking in academic reputation (74th), faculty resources (59th), research (65th) and financial resources (74) categories.[16]

List of vice chancellors[edit]

  1. Sir. Philip Hartog:[17] 1.12.1920-31.12.1925
  2. Professor G. H. Langley: 1.1.1926-30.6.1934
  3. Sir. A. F. Rahman : 1.7.1934-31.12.1936
  4. Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar : 1.1.1937-30.6.1942
  5. Dr. Mahmud Hasan : 1.7.1942-21.10.1948
  6. Dr. S. M. Hossain : 22.10.1948-8.11.1953
  7. Dr. W. A. Jenkins : 9.11.1953-8.11.1956
  8. Justice Muhammad Ibrahim : 9.11.1956-27.10.1958
  9. Justice Hamoodur Rahman:[18] 5.11.1958-14.12.1960
  10. Dr. Mahmud Hussain : 15.12.1960-19.2.1963
  11. Dr. Md. Osman Ghani:[19] 20.2.1963-1.12.1969
  12. Justice Abu Sayeed Chowdhury : 2.12.1969-20.1.1972
  13. Dr. Muzaffar Ahmed Chaudhury : 21.1.1972-12.4.1973
  14. Dr. Abdul Matin Chaudhury : 13.4.1973-22.9.1975
  15. Professor Muhammad Shamsul Huq : 23.9.1975-1.2.1976
  16. Dr. Fazlul Halim Chowdhury : 2.2.1976-20.3.1983
  17. Dr. A. K. M. Siddiq : 21.3.1983-16.8.1983
  18. Dr. Md. Shamsul Huq : 17.8.1983-12.1.1986
  19. Professor Abdul Mannan : 12.1.1986-22.3.1990
  20. Professor M. Maniruzzaman Miah : 24.3.1990-31.10.1992
  21. Professor Emajuddin Ahamed : 1.11.1992-31.8.1996
  22. Professor Shahid Uddin Ahmad : 31.8.1996-29.9.1996
  23. Professor A. K. Azad Chowdhury : 30.9.1996-12.11.2001
  24. Professor Anwarullah Chowdhury : 12.11.2001-31.7.2002
  25. Professor Dr. A.F. M. Yusuf Haider : August 1, 2002 – September 23, 2002.
  26. Professor Syed Mohammad Abul Faiz : 23.9.2002-16.1.2009
  27. Professor AAMS Arefin Siddique: 17.01.2009–present

Notable alumni and faculty members[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 23°43′53.57″N 90°23′32.99″E / 23.7315472°N 90.3924972°E / 23.7315472; 90.3924972

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mukherjee 'emotional' while receiving degree in Dhaka". The Economic Times. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "In Loving Memory of Samson H. Chowdhury,one of the greatest entrepreneurs the world has ever known". Worldfolio - AFA PRESS. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Nawab Ali Chowdhury National Award, 2013". The News Today. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "DU Day". Banglanews24.com. Retrieved November 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ "TIME Magazine - Asia Edition - October 14, 2013 | Vol. 182, No. 16". Asiaweek.com. Retrieved 2013-10-08. [dead link]
  7. ^ "AFP: Student politics eroding Bangladesh campus life". Google.com. 2010-08-16. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  8. ^ a b Sajahan Miah (2012). "University of Dhaka". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  9. ^ http://www.du.ac.bd/DownLoads/DU-Prospectus-2008.pdf
  10. ^ DU going to launch New Department | BDUnilife.com[dead link]
  11. ^ "DU to establish research centre on ’71 genocide". Dhaka Mirror. 2010-12-14. Retrieved 2013-11-14. 
  12. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2011 (501-600) -Top Universities". University-list.net. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  13. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "ASIANOW | The Asiaweek Best Universities 1999 | The Rankings - Bangladesh". Cgi.cnn.com. 1999-04-15. Retrieved 2013-11-14. 
  15. ^ "Asiaweek.com | Asia's Best Universities 2000 | Overall Ranking". Cgi.cnn.com. 2000-06-22. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  16. ^ "Asiaweek.com | Asia's Best Universities 2000 | University of Dhaka". Cgi.cnn.com. 2000-06-22. Retrieved 2013-11-14. 
  17. ^ BANGLAPEDIA: Hartog, Sir Philip Joseph[dead link]
  18. ^ BANGLAPEDIA: Rahman, (Justice) Hamoodur[dead link]
  19. ^ Metro Desk (2012-03-01). "Birth anniversary". Thedailystar.net. Retrieved 2013-11-14. 

External links[edit]