|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Olivier Sicre|
|• Land1||12.4 km2 (4.8 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||27/km2 (69/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||12115 / 12230|
|Elevation||699–861 m (2,293–2,825 ft)
(avg. 730 m or 2,400 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The economy is agricultural, notably dairy produce (Roquefort cheese), but also beef and mutton production, and rural tourism.
The commune is named for a historical hospital founded by vicount Millau Gilbert (or Guibert) in 1108. It was owned by Cassan Abbey from 1174 to 1789.The parish church was at Saint-Étienne-du-Larzac, now ruined, in what is now part of Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon commune. The hospital was fortified in the early 1400s, after which the parish center was transferred there. The current parish church dates to 1764, presumably built on top of an older structure.
In 1807, the parish was enlarged, incorporating d’Egalières, du Sambuc, Trinquier and du Rouquet. The modern commune was formed in 1834, with the dissolution of the predecessor commune of La Cavalerie.
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