Lacandon language

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Lacandon
Jach-t’aan
Pronunciation [xatʃ tʼaːn]
Native to Mexico
Region Chiapas
Ethnicity Lacandon people
Native speakers
560  (2000)[1]
Mayan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lac
Glottolog laca1243[2]

Lacandon (Jach-t’aan in the revised orthography of the Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indigenas)[3] is a Mayan language spoken by approximately 1000 Lacandon people in the state of Chiapas in Mexico.[4] Native Lacandon speakers refer to their language as Jach t’aan or Hach t'an. A portion of the Lacandon people also speak Tzeltal, Chol, and Spanish.[4]

Sounds[edit]

The following tables list the standard phonemes of the Lacandon language.

Consonants[edit]

  Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Laryngeal
aspirated ejective aspirated ejective aspirated ejective aspirated ejective
Nasal   m  [m]   n  [n]      
Plosive b'  [ɓ] p'  [pʼ] t   [tʰ] t'  [tʼ] k  [kʰ] k'  [kʼ] 7 [ʔ]
Affricate p  [p̪ʰ] tz  [tsʰ] tz'  [tsʼ] ch  [tʃʰ] ch'  [tʃʼ]      
Fricative s  [s] x  [ʃ]   h  [ʜ]
Approximant   l  [l]   y  [j]   w [ʋ]  
Flap   r  [ɾ]      

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lacandon at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Lacandon". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas (INALI). "Catálogo de las lenguas indígenas nacionales: Variantes lingüísticas de México con sus autodenominaciones y referencias geoestadísticas - lacandón". Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  4. ^ a b Gordon, Raymond G., Jr., ed. (2005). "Lacandon". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (online version). Barbara F. Grimes (contributing ed.) (Fifteenth ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-159-X. OCLC 60338097.