"Lemuria" in Tamil nationalist mysticist literature, connecting Madagascar, South India and Australia (covering most of the Indian Ocean).
Lemuria is the name of a hypothetical "lost land" variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is said to have been civilized for over 20000 years, with its population speaking Tamil. Many people believe this is the first civilization and first language to be spoken in the world. The concept of Lemuria has been rendered obsolete by modern understanding of plate tectonics. However, it has still been used as a location and inspiration in a wide range of novels, television shows, films and music. Notable examples are listed here.
In Thomas Pynchon's 2009 novel Inherent Vice, Lemuria is mentioned quite a few times. Being an ephemeral place, it serves as an apt symbol for 1960's California.
In the Perry Rhodan series, Lemuria was the home continent of the Lemurians (also called the First Humanity) 50,000 years ago.
In Dougal Dixon's After Man: A Zoology of the Future, the author posits that a portion of eastern Africa will break off from the main continent and become the last refuge of large ungulates, which are outcompeted by "rabbucks" (rabbit descendants) elsewhere in the world, and names the new island "Lemuria."
In Kerry Greenwood's novel "Cooking the Books", "Pockets", an alcoholic ex-business man with serious mental problems, claims that the Lemurians have appointed him to collect paper work and file it against their takeover when their mothership will land on the Yarra River in Melbourne.
In the 1990s cartoon series Mighty Max, the characters Virgil and Skullmaster were Lemurians. Along with Atlantis, Lemuria is one of two civilizations Skullmaster has already destroyed.
In the 1980s cartoon series, The Mysterious Cities of Gold, the character Tao is the last of the Hiva, an ancient and advanced civilization which had thrived until their entire continent sank into the Pacific ocean due to an enormous volcanic cataclysm.
In the video gameGolden Sun series, Lemuria is a major plot point. In the first title, locating Lemuria is the motivation behind the construction of Babi's Lighthouse, and in the sequel, Golden Sun: The Lost Age, one of the main characters, Piers, is a Lemurian, and travel to Lemuria is possible.
In the video gameFinal Fantasy XI, a supernatural region known as Lumoria (commonly referred to as "Sea" by players) is introduced in the expansion Chains of Promathia towards the end of the main storyline.
The video gameFinal Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings, the main part of the story centers around the discovery of Lemurés, a floating continent above Ivalice that was shielded from the rest of the world by the god Feolthanos.
In the Saint Seiya canon, there are 3 lemurians that apparently survived the disappearance of the continent: Shion, Mu and Kiki. The 3 of them possess extremely powerful telekinetic powers. In Saint Seiya Omega, there is one more: Raki, Kiki's apprentice.
^Lovecraft, H.P. The Haunter of the Dark. It was treasured and placed in its curious box by the crinoid things of Antarctica, salvaged from their ruins by the serpent-men of Valusia, and peered at aeons later in Lemuria by the first human beings.
^Thomas Pynchon, Inherent Vice, 1st Paperback Edition (New York: Penguin Books, 2010), 101, et seq.
^"Lemur" (in German). Pr-materiequelle.de. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
^Čapek, Karel (1985). War with the Newts. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. p. 189. ISBN0810106639.
^Pinkwater, Daniel M. (1980). Alan Mendelsohn, the boy from Mars (2. [pr.]. ed.). New York: Dutton. p. 27. ISBN0-525-25360-2.
^Alan Mendelsohn, the boy from Mars, p. 17 et. seq