List of Solanum species

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Detail of the flowers of Solanum dulcamara, one of the nearly 800 accepted taxa that make up the genus Solanum (Solanaceae), along with economically important species such as the potato (S. tuberosum), the tomato (S. lycopersicum) and the aubergine (S. melongena).

This is a list of species in the plant genus Solanum. There may be up to approximately 1500 species worldwide.[1] With some 800 accepted specific and infra-specific taxa of the more than 4,000 described, the genus Solanum contains more species than any other genus in the Solanaceae family and it is one of the largest among the angiosperms.

Phylogenetic analysis of molecular data has established or confirmed that the genera Lycopersicon, Cyphomandra, Normania, and Triguera, which were previously classified independently, should in reality be included within the Solanum. In fact, all the species from these four genera have been formally transferred to Solanum. On the other hand, the genus Lycianthes, which is sometimes included within the Solanum, has been shown to be a separate genus.[2][3][4][5]

The following alphabetical list of Solanum species provides the binomial name followed by the name of the species authority, abbreviated according to the appropriate conventions and uses.[Note 1]

The tuberous species within the genus (those related to Solanum tuberosum, the potato, and therefore often called wild potatoes) have been indicated with the letter T. The nothospecies belonging to the genus appear at the end of the list, that is those taxa that have originated from a hybrid between two different species (for example, Solanum × viirsooi, which has been shown to be an interspecific hybrid resulting from the cross between S. acaule and S. infundibuliforme.)[7]


A[edit]

Growth habit of Solanum atropurpureum

B[edit]

Growth habit of Solanum betaceum
Fruit of Solanum betaceum in longitudinal and axial cross section.
Inflorescence of Solanum bonariensis

C[edit]

Flowers of Solanum canasense
Fruit and spiny stem of Solanum carolinense
Solanum chenopodioides growing between rocks
Detail of the flower of Solanum citrullifolium
Detail of the seeds of Solanum citrullifolium

D[edit]

Illustration of Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara, inflorescence and leaves
Detail of the fruit of Solanum dulcamara
Detail of the flowers of Solanum douglasii

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

Growth habit of Solanum heterodoxum
Fruit of Solanum heterodoxum. The fruit's persistent spiny sepals can also be seen.
Flower of Solanum hispidum

I[edit]

Solanum Iycopersicum

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

Flower and leaves of Solanum linnaeanum
Solanum lycioides, flowers and leaves
Solanum lycocarpum - wolf apple

M[edit]

Fruit Solanum muricatum in cross section.
Spiny leaf of Solanum myriacanthum
Fruit of Solanum melongena (aubergine)

N[edit]

Flower of Solanum nelsonii
Leaves and flower of Solanum nigrum

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

Inflorescence of Solanum torvum
Compound leaf of Solanum tuberosum ("potato").
Inflorescence of Solanum tuberosum
Cultivar of Solanum tuberosum

U[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

X[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Hibrid taxa (nothospecies)[edit]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There is only one correct name for each taxa, which is the one that has been validly published, that is, the one that abides by the "naming principles". The "naming principles" are common to all codes: that the taxon should not have not been named before, that the name should be in Latin and not have been used for another taxon, and it should be associated with a description and a representative "type". For more information regarding the naming regulations see Greuter et al. (2000).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus Solanum". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  2. ^ Olmstead, R. G., J. A. Sweere, R. E. Spangler, L. Bohs, & J. D. Palmer (1999) Phylogeny and provisional classification of the Solanaceae based on chloroplast DNA. M. Nee, D. E. Symon, R. N. Lester, & J. P. Jessop (eds.), Solanaceae IV: advances in biology and utilization. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K. Pages 111-137
  3. ^ Olmstead, R. G. & J. D. Palmer (1992) A chloroplast DNA phylogeny of the Solanaceae: subfamilial relationships and character evolution. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79:346-360
  4. ^ Olmstead, R. G., & J. A. Sweere (1994) Combining data in phylogenetic systematics: an empirical approach using three molecular data sets in the Solanaceae. Systematic Biology 43:467-481
  5. ^ Bohs, L. (2005) Major clades in Solanum based in ndhF sequences. Pp. 27-49 in R. C. Keating, V. C. Hollowell, & T. B. Croat (eds.), A festschrift for William G. D'Arcy: the legacy of a taxonomist. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol. 104. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  6. ^ Greuter, W. et al. 2000. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (St. Louis Code).Gantner/Koeltz. ([1]).
  7. ^ Okada, K. & A. M. Clausen. Natural triploid hybrids between Solanum acaule Bitter and S. infundibuliforme Philippi in the province of Jujuy, Argentina. Euphytica 34:227. 1985.
  8. ^ Tepe, Eric J.; Ridley, Glynis; Bohs, Lynn (2012). "A new species of Solanum named for Jeanne Baret, an overlooked contributor to the history of botany". PhytoKeys 8: 37–47. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.8.2101. PMC 3254248. 
  9. ^ http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_soel.pdf
  10. ^ [2][3]
  11. ^ John G. Hawkes. "William Lobb in Ecuador and the Enigma of Solanum lobbianum". www.jstor.org. Retrieved 12 December 2008. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Nee, M. Index of Solanum names. Planetary Biodiversity Inventories (PBI), SolanaceaSource. [4]
  • Bohs, L. 2001. Revision of Solanum Section Cyphomandropsis (Solanaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 61:1–85.
  • Knapp, S. 2002. Solanum Section Geminata (Solanaceae). In: Organization for Flora Neotropica, ed., Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 84.
  • Spooner, D. M. et al. 2004. Wild Potatoes (Solanum section Petota; Solanaceae) of North and Central America. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 68:1–209.
  • United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 2006. Solanum. [5]
  • "GRIN Species Records of Solanum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area.