List of countries by steel production

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For the company-oriented account, see List of steel producers.

This article summarizes the world steel production by country.

In 2013, total world crude steel production was 1,607.2 million metric tonnes (mmt). The biggest steel producing country is currently China, which accounted for 48.5% of world steel production in 2013. In 2008 and 2009, output fell in the majority of steel producing countries as a result of the global recession, in 2010 started to rise again.

Countries[edit]

This is a list of countries by steel production in 1967, 1980, 1990, 2000 and from 2007 to 2014, based on data provided by the World Steel Association.[1][2][3][4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

Crude steel production (million metric tons):
Rank (2013) Country/Region 1967 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
 World 497.2 716.4 770.4 850.1 1,351.3 1326.5 1,219.7 1,413.6 1,490.1 1552.9 1649.3 1674 (est.)
1 China People's Republic of China 14 37.1 66.35 128.5 494.9 500.3 573.6 626.7 683.3 724.7 779.0 822.698
 European Union (27) n/a 208.0 191.8 193.4 210.2 198.2 139.3 172.8 177.7 168.6 165.6 169.297
2 Japan Japan 62 111.4 110.3 106.4 120.2 118.7 87.5 109.6 107.6 107.2 110.6 110.666
3 United States United States 115 101.4 89.7 101.8 98.1 91.4 58.2 80.6 86.2 88.6 87.0 88.174
4 India India 6.3 9.5 14.96 26.9 53.5 57.8 62.8 68.3 72.2 77.3 81.2 86.530
5 Russia Russia n/a n/a n/a 59.1 72.4 68.5 60.0 66.9 68.7 70.6 69.4 71.461
6 South Korea South Korea 0.3 8.5 23.1 43.1 51.5 53.6 48.6 58.5 68.5 69.3 66.0 71.543
7 Germany Germany 41.3 51.1 43.980 46.376 48.6 45.8 32.7 43.8 44.3 42.7 42.6 42.943
8 Turkey Turkey 1.0 2.5 9.443 14.325 25.8 26.8 25.3 29.0 34.1 35.9 34.7 34.035
9 Brazil Brazil 3.6 15.3 20.567 27.865 33.8 33.7 26.5 32.8 35.2 34.7 34.2 33.912
10 Ukraine Ukraine n/a 52.353 54.655 31.767 42.8 37.3 29.9 33.6 35.3 32.9 32.8 27.170
11 Italy Italy 15.9 26.5 25.467 26.759 31.6 30.6 19.7 25.8 28.7 27.2 24.1 23.735
12 Taiwan Taiwan 0.4 3.3 9.748 16.896 20.9 19.9 15.7 19.6 22.7 20.7 22.3 23.121
13 Mexico Mexico 3.0 7.1 8.734 15.631 17.6 17.2 14.2 17.0 18.1 18.1 18.2 18.995
14 Iran Iran n/a 0.5 1.425 6.615 10.1 10.0 10.9 12.0 13.0 14.5 15.4 16.331
15 France France 19.6 23.1 19.016 20.954 19.3 17.9 12.8 15.4 15.8 15.6 15.7 16.143
16 Spain Spain 4.5 12.8 12.936 15.874 19.0 18.6 14.3 16.3 15.6 13.6 13.7 14.249
17 Canada Canada 8.8 15.9 12.281 16.595 15.6 14.8 9.0 13.0 13.1 13.5 12.4 12.730
18 United Kingdom United Kingdom 24.3 11.3 17.841 15.155 14.3 13.5 10.1 9.7 9.5 9.6 11.9 12.120
19 Poland Poland 10.4 19.5 13.633 10.498 10.6 9.7 7.2 8.0 8.8 8.4 8.0 8.541
20 Austria Austria 3.0 4.6 4.291 5.707 7.6 7.6 5.7 7.2 7.5 7.4 7.9 7.859
21 South Africa South Africa 3.7 9.1 8.619 8.481 9.1 8.3 7.5 8.5 6.7 7.1 7.2 6.550
22 Belgium Belgium 9.7 12.3 11.453 11.636 10.7 10.7 5.6 8.1 8.1 7.4 7.1 7.331
23 Egypt Egypt 0.4 1.0 2.240 2.838 6.2 6.2 5.5 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8 6.485
24 Netherlands Netherlands 3.4 5.3 5.412 5.666 7.4 6.8 5.2 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.964
25 Vietnam Vietnam n/a 0.06 0.102 0.306 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.7 4.9 5.3 5.6 n/a
26 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia n/a 0.05 1.790 2.981 4.6 4.7 4.7 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.4 6.291
27 Czech Republic Czech Republic n/a n/a 9.712 6.216 7.1 6.4 4.6 5.2 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.360
28 Argentina Argentina 1.3 2.7 3.636 4.474 5.4 5.5 4.0 5.1 5.7 5.0 5.2 5.488
29 Malaysia Malaysia 0.06 0.2 1.100 3.650 6.9 6.4 4.0 4.1 5.9 5.6 4.7 n/a
30 Australia Australia 6.3 7.6 6.676 7.129 7.9 7.6 5.2 7.3 6.4 4.9 4.7 4.607
31 Slovakia Slovakia n/a n/a 5.063 3.733 5.1 4.5 3.7 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.705
32 Sweden Sweden 4.7 4.2 4.455 5.227 5.7 5.2 2.8 4.8 4.9 4.3 4.4 4.549
33 Thailand Thailand 0.035 0.45 0.685 2.100 5.6 5.2 3.6 3.7 4.2 3.3 3.6 n/a
34 Finland Finland 0.4 2.5 2.9 4.1 4.4 4.4 3.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.807
35 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan n/a n/a 7.428 4.769 4.8 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.7 3.9 3.3 3.681
36 Romania Romania 4.1 13.2 9.754 4.672 6.3 5.0 2.7 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.0 n/a
37 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates n/a 0.045 0.045 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.2 0.5 2.0 2.4 2.9 2.390
38 Indonesia Indonesia n/a 0.5 2.892 2.848 4.1 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.6 2.3 2.6 n/a
39 Belarus Belarus n/a n/a 1.452 1.502 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.2 2.513
40 Qatar Qatar n/a 0.46 0.564 0.729 1.1 1.4 1.4 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.2 3.019
41 Venezuela Venezuela 0.7 2.0 3.233 3.835 5.0 4.2 3.8 2.2 3.1 2.4 2.1 1.485
41 Luxembourg Luxembourg 4.5 4.6 3.560 2.571 2.9 2.6 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.193
 Others[9] n/a n/a n/a n/a 30.7 (est.) 28.6 (est.) 23.3 (est.) 26.5 (est.) 29.9 29.5 28.4 n/a

Exports[edit]

Top steel exporters in 2013[10]
Rank Country Mt
1 China 61.5
2 Japan 42.5
- European Union[11] 38.7
3 South Korea 28.9
4 Ukraine 24.7
4 Germany 24.3
6 Russia 23.6
7 Turkey 17.3
8 Italy 16.9
9 France 14.2
10 Belgium 13.9
11 United States 12.5
12 Taiwan 11.6
13 India 10.1
14 Spain 9.3
15 Netherlands 8.8
Top steel net exporters in 2013[10]
Rank Country Mt
1 China 46.8
2 Japan 37.1
3 Ukraine 23.0
4 Russia 17.1
5 South Korea 9.9
- European Union[11] 7.9
6 Brazil 4.4
7 Taiwan 3.8
7 Belgium 3.8
9 Austria 3.7
10 Turkey 2.8
11 Netherlands 2.6
11 Slovakia 2.6
13 India 2.3

Imports[edit]

Top steel importers in 2013[10]
Rank Country Volume
- European Union[11] 30.8
1 United States 30.3
2 Germany 22.1
3 South Korea 19.0
4 Thailand 15.9
5 Italy 15.6
6 China 14.8
7 Turkey 14.5
8 France 13.2
9 Indonesia 12.3
10 Belgium 10.1
11 Vietnam 10.0
12 Canada 8.9
13 Poland 8.1
14 Taiwan 7.8
15 Mexico 7.7
Top steel net importers in 2013[10]
Rank Country Volume
1 United States 17.8
2 Thailand 14.4
3 Indonesia 11.6
4 Vietnam 8.6
5 Saudi Arabia 6.4
6 United Arab Emirates 5.3
7 Algeria 5.1
8 Philippines 4.8
9 Iraq 4.5
10 Egypt 3.9
10 Singapore 3.9
12 Hong Kong 3.2
13 Canada 3.1
13 Poland 3.1
15 Iran 2.7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Steel Association World Crude Steel Production 2009
  2. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2010
  3. ^ World Crude Steel Production 2011
  4. ^ http://www.worldsteel.org/dms/internetDocumentList/press-release-downloads/2012/2012-statistics-table/document/2012%20statistics%20table.pdf World Crude Steel Production 2012
  5. ^ "World Steel Statistics data 2013" (PDF). World Steel Association. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "World Steel Production 1980-2013" (PDF). World Steel Association. Nov 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Handbook of World Steel Statistics" (PDF). 1978. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  8. ^ "Crude Steel Production Jan-Feb 2015 v 2014" (PDF). World Steel Association. Mar 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  9. ^ composition of other countries vary year to year, thus is not comparable
  10. ^ a b c d World Steel Association: WORLD STEEL IN FIGURES 2014
  11. ^ a b c excluding intra-regional trade

External links[edit]