List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions

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Countries by carbon dioxide emissions in thousands of tonnes per annum, via the burning of fossil fuels (blue the highest).
China CO
2
emission in millions of tonnes from 1980 to 2009.

This is a list of sovereign states and territories by carbon dioxide emissions due to certain forms of human activity. The data presented below corresponds to emissions in 2010. The data was collected by the United States Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) for the United Nations. The data only considers carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but not emissions from land use, land-use change and forestry. Emissions from international shipping or bunker fuels are also not included in national figures,[1] which can make a huge difference for small countries with important ports. The top 10 countries in the world emit 68.62% of the world total.[2][3][4][5][6] Other powerful, more potent greenhouse gases are not included in this data, including methane.

Some dependencies and territories whose independence has not been generally recognized are also included as they are in the source data. Certain entities are mentioned here for purposes of comparison. These are indicated in italics and are not counted in the ordering of sovereign states.

List of countries by 2010 CO2 emissions[edit]

Country Annual CO
2

emissions (kt)[7]
per capita (t)[8]  % of world
total
 Aruba 2321 22.847 0.01%
 Andorra 517 6.637 0%
 Afghanistan 8236 0.29 0.02%
 Angola 30418 1.556 0.09%
 Albania 4283 1.499 0.01%
 Arab World 1601122 4.604 4.76%
 United Arab Emirates 167597 19.854 0.5%
 Argentina 180512 4.471 0.54%
 Armenia 4221 1.424 0.01%
 American Samoa
 Antigua and Barbuda 513 5.885 0%
 Australia 373081 16.934 1.11%
 Austria 66897 7.974 0.2%
 Azerbaijan 45731 5.051 0.14%
 Burundi 308 0.033 0%
 Belgium 108947 9.977 0.32%
 Benin 5189 0.546 0.02%
 Burkina Faso 1683 0.108 0.01%
 Bangladesh 56153 0.372 0.17%
 Bulgaria 44679 6.041 0.13%
 Bahrain 24202 19.338 0.07%
 Bahamas 2464 6.836 0.01%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 31125 8.093 0.09%
 Belarus 62222 6.557 0.19%
 Belize 422 1.367 0%
 Bermuda 477 7.32 0%
 Bolivia 15456 1.522 0.05%
 Brazil 419754 2.15 1.25%
 Barbados 1503 5.362 0%
 Brunei 9160 22.868 0.03%
 Bhutan 477 0.665 0%
 Botswana 5233 2.657 0.02%
 Sub-Saharan Africa
 Central African Republic 264 0.061 0%
 Canada 499137 14.678 1.48%
 East Asia and the Pacific
 Central Europe and the Baltics 714834 6.828 2.13%
 Europe and Central Asia
  Switzerland 38757 4.953 0.12%
 Chile
 Chile 72258 4.213 0.21%
 China 8286892 6.195 24.65%
 Ivory Coast 5805 0.306 0.02%
 Latin America and the Caribbean
 Middle East and North Africa
 Cameroon 7235 0.351 0.02%
 Republic of the Congo 2028 0.493 0.01%
 Colombia 75680 1.629 0.23%
 Comoros 139 0.204 0%
 Cape Verde 356 0.729 0%
 Costa Rica 7770 1.664 0.02%
 South Asia
 Caribbean small states 68085 9.894 0.2%
 Cuba 38364 3.401 0.11%
 Curaçao
 Cayman Islands 590 10.636 0%
 Cyprus 7708 6.984 0.02%
 Czech Republic 111752 10.669 0.33%
 Germany 745384 9.115 2.22%
 Djibouti 539 0.646 0%
 Dominica 136 1.906 0%
 Denmark 46303 8.346 0.14%
 Dominican Republic 20964 2.093 0.06%
 Algeria 123475 3.332 0.37%
 East Asia & Pacific (developing only) 9570523 4.874 28.47%
 East Asia & Pacific (all income levels) 12042676 5.465 35.82%
 Europe & Central Asia (developing only) 1416733 5.313 4.21%
 Europe & Central Asia (all income levels) 6794446 7.641 20.21%
 Ecuador 32636 2.176 0.1%
 Egypt 204776 2.623 0.61%
 Euro area 2479985 7.445 7.38%
 Eritrea 513 0.089 0%
 Spain 269675 5.79 0.8%
 Estonia 18339 13.773 0.05%
 Ethiopia 6494 0.075 0.02%
 European Union 3709765 7.351 11.04%
 Fragile and conflict affected situations 358054 0.859 1.07%
 Finland 61844 11.531 0.18%
 Fiji 1291 1.5 0%
 France 361273 5.556 1.07%
 Faroe Islands 711 14.348 0%
 Federated States of Micronesia 103 0.991 0%
 Gabon 2574 1.654 0.01%
 United Kingdom 493505 7.863 1.47%
 Georgia 6241 1.402 0.02%
 Ghana 8999 0.371 0.03%
 Guinea 1236 0.114 0%
 Gambia 473 0.281 0%
 Guinea-Bissau 238 0.15 0%
 Equatorial Guinea 4679 6.721 0.01%
 Greece 86717 7.775 0.26%
 Grenada 260 2.487 0%
 Greenland 634 11.148 0%
 Guatemala 11118 0.775 0.03%
 Guam
 Guyana 1701 2.164 0.01%
 High income 14901651 11.586 44.33%
 Hong Kong 36289 5.166 0.11%
 Honduras 8108 1.064 0.02%
 Heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) 133288 0.214 0.4%
 Croatia 20884 4.727 0.06%
 Haiti 2120 0.214 0.01%
 Hungary 50583 5.058 0.15%
 Indonesia 433989 1.803 1.29%
 Isle of Man
 India 2008823 1.666 5.98%
 Not classified
 Ireland 40000 8.772 0.12%
 Iran 571612 7.677 1.7%
 Iraq 114667 3.703 0.34%
 Iceland 1962 6.169 0.01%
 Israel 70656 9.268 0.21%
 Italy 406307 6.854 1.21%
 Jamaica 7158 2.66 0.02%
 Jordan 20821 3.444 0.06%
 Japan 1170715 9.186 3.48%
 Kazakhstan 248729 15.239 0.74%
 Kenya 12427 0.304 0.04%
 Kyrgyzstan 6399 1.175 0.02%
 Cambodia 4180 0.291 0.01%
 Kiribati 62 0.638 0%
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 249 4.763 0%
 South Korea 567567 11.487 1.69%
 Kosovo
 Kuwait 93696 31.32 0.28%
 Latin America & Caribbean (developing only) 1553660 2.735 4.62%
 Laos 1874 0.293 0.01%
 Lebanon 20403 4.7 0.06%
 Liberia 799 0.202 0%
 Libya 59035 9.773 0.18%
 Saint Lucia 403 2.274 0%
 Latin America & Caribbean (all income levels) 1733152 2.913 5.16%
 Latin America and the Caribbean
 Least developed countries: UN classification 214256 0.255 0.64%
 Low income 222858 0.281 0.66%
 Liechtenstein
 Sri Lanka 12710 0.615 0.04%
 Lower middle income 3833446 1.565 11.4%
 Low & middle income 16777539 2.997 49.91%
 Lesotho 18 0.009 0%
 Lithuania 13561 4.378 0.04%
 Luxembourg 10829 21.36 0.03%
 Latvia 7616 3.631 0.02%
 Macau 1030 1.927 0%
 Saint Martin
 Morocco 50608 1.599 0.15%
 Mexico and Central America
 Monaco
 Moldova 4855 1.363 0.01%
 Madagascar 2013 0.096 0.01%
 Maldives 1074 3.299 0%
 Middle East & North Africa (all income levels) 2228843 5.855 6.63%
 Mexico 443674 3.764 1.32%
 Marshall Islands 103 1.958 0%
 Middle income 16554874 3.447 49.25%
 Macedonia 10873 5.172 0.03%
 Mali 623 0.045 0%
 Malta 2589 6.246 0.01%
 Burma 8995 0.173 0.03%
 Middle East & North Africa (developing only) 1277891 3.895 3.8%
 Montenegro 2582 4.163 0.01%
 Mongolia 11511 4.243 0.03%
 Northern Mariana Islands
 Mozambique 2882 0.12 0.01%
 Mauritania 2215 0.614 0.01%
 Mauritius 4118 3.215 0.01%
 Malawi 1239 0.083 0%
 Malaysia 216804 7.667 0.64%
 North America 5932671 17.276 17.65%
 Namibia 3176 1.457 0.01%
 New Caledonia 3920 15.68 0.01%
 Niger 1412 0.089 0%
 Nigeria 78910 0.494 0.23%
 Nicaragua 4547 0.781 0.01%
 Netherlands 182078 10.958 0.54%
 High income: nonOECD 3190425 12.973 9.49%
 Norway 57187 11.696 0.17%
   Nepal 3755 0.14 0.01%
 New Zealand 31551 7.224 0.09%
 High income: OECD 11799328 11.343 35.1%
 OECD members 12591587 10.152 37.46%
 Oman 57202 20.409 0.17%
 Other small states 28761 1.502 0.09%
 Pakistan 161396 0.932 0.48%
 Panama 9633 2.619 0.03%
 Peru 57579 1.968 0.17%
 Philippines 81591 0.873 0.24%
 Palau 216 10.569 0%
 Papua New Guinea 3135 0.457 0.01%
 Poland 317254 8.309 0.94%
 Puerto Rico
 North Korea 71624 2.923 0.21%
 Portugal 52361 4.952 0.16%
 Paraguay 5075 0.786 0.02%
 Pacific island small states 2430 1.106 0.01%
 French Polynesia 884 3.297 0%
 Qatar 70531 40.31 0.21%
 Romania 78745 3.889 0.23%
 Russia 1740776 12.226 5.18%
 Rwanda 594 0.055 0%
 South Asia 2252623 1.402 6.7%
 Saudi Arabia 464481 17.04 1.38%
 Southern Cone Extended
 Sudan 14173 0.311 0.04%
 Senegal 7059 0.545 0.02%
 Singapore 13520 2.663 0.04%
 Solomon Islands 202 0.383 0%
 Sierra Leone 689 0.12 0%
 El Salvador 6249 1.005 0.02%
 San Marino
 Somalia 609 0.063 0%
 Serbia 45962 6.304 0.14%
 Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only) 703762 0.815 2.09%
 South Sudan
 Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels) 708444 0.819 2.11%
 Small states 100070 3.545 0.3%
 São Tomé and Príncipe 99 0.556 0%
 Suriname 2384 4.54 0.01%
 Slovakia 36094 6.695 0.11%
 Slovenia 15328 7.482 0.05%
 Sweden 52515 5.6 0.16%
 Swaziland 1023 0.857 0%
 Sint Maarten
 Seychelles 704 7.843 0%
 Syria 61859 2.873 0.18%
 Turks and Caicos Islands 161 5.206 0%
 Chad 469 0.04 0%
 Togo 1540 0.244 0%
 Thailand 295282 4.447 0.88%
 Tajikistan 2860 0.375 0.01%
 Turkmenistan 53054 10.522 0.16%
 Timor-Leste 183 0.172 0%
 Tonga 158 1.515 0%
 Trinidad and Tobago 50682 38.161 0.15%
 Tunisia 25878 2.453 0.08%
 Turkey 298002 4.131 0.89%
 Tuvalu
 Tanzania 6846 0.152 0.02%
 Uganda 3784 0.111 0.01%
 Ukraine 304805 6.645 0.91%
 Upper middle income 12721087 5.404 37.84%
 Uruguay 6645 1.971 0.02%
 United States 5433057 17.564 16.16%
 Uzbekistan 104443 3.657 0.31%
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 209 1.912 0%
 Venezuela 201747 6.946 0.6%
 United States Virgin Islands
 Vietnam 150230 1.728 0.45%
 Vanuatu 117 0.497 0%
 Palestine 2365 0.621 0.01%
 World 33615389 4.883 100%
 Samoa 161 0.867 0%
 Yemen 21852 0.96 0.07%
 South Africa 460124 9.041 1.37%
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 3040 0.049 0.01%
 Zambia 2428 0.184 0.01%
 Zimbabwe 9428 0.721 0.03%

List of countries by 2011 emissions estimates[edit]

EDGAR (database created by European Commission and Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency) released 2011 estimates. The following table is lists the 2011 estimate of annual CO
2
emissions estimates (in thousands of CO
2
tonnes) from these estimates along with a list of emissions per capita (in tonnes of CO
2
per year) from same source.

Country CO
2
emissions[9]
Emission per capita[10]
 World 33,376,327 4.9
 China 9,700,000 7.2
 United States 5,420,000 17.3
 India 1,970,000 1.6
 Russia 1,830,000 12.8
 Japan 1,240,000 9.8
International transport 1,040,000 -
 Germany 810,000 9.9
 South Korea 610,000 12.6
 Canada 560,000 16.2

List of countries by 2012 emissions estimates[edit]

EDGAR (database created by European Commission and Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency) released 2012 estimates. The following table lists the 2012 estimate of annual CO
2
emissions estimates (in thousands of CO
2
tonnes) from these estimates along with a list of emissions per capita (in tonnes of CO
2
per year) from same source.

Country CO
2
emissions[11]
Emission per capita[11]
 World 34,500,000 4.9
 China 9,860,000 7.1
 United States 5,190,000 16.4
 India 1,970,000 1.6
 Russia 1,770,000 12.4
 Japan 1,320,000 10.4
International transport 1,060,000 -
 Germany 810,000 9.7
 South Korea 640,000 13.0
 Canada 560,000 16.0
 United Kingdom 490,000 7.7
 Mexico 490,000 4.0
 Indonesia 490,000 2.0
 Saudi Arabia 460,000 16.2
 Brazil 460,000 2.3
 Australia 430,000 18.8
 Iran 410,000 5.3
 Italy 390,000 6.3
 France 370,000 5.8
 South Africa 330,000 6.3
 Poland 320,000 8.4

See also[edit]

General:

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Schrooten, L; De Vlieger, Ina; Int Panis, Luc; Styns, R. Torfs, K; Torfs, R (2008). "Inventory and forecasting of maritime emissions in the Belgian sea territory, an activity based emission model". Atmospheric Environment - 42(4)667-676(2008) 42 (4): 667–676. 
  2. ^ "China now no. 1 in CO
    2
    emissions; USA in second position"
    . Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
     
  3. ^ "China Overtakes U.S. as No. 1 Emitter of Carbon Dioxide". NPR. 2008-03-14. 
  4. ^ "China CO
    2
    Emissions Growing Faster Than Anticipated"
    . National Geographic. 2008-03-18.
     
  5. ^ "Forecasting the Path of China’s CO
    2
    Emissions Using Province Level Information"
    . Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UCB. CUDARE Working Paper 97. 2008-03-14.
     
  6. ^ "China Passes U.S., Leads World in Power Sector Carbon Emissions - CGD". Center for Global Development. 2008-08-27. 
  7. ^ "CO2 emissions (kt)". World Bank. 
  8. ^ "CO2 emissions per capita(kt)". World Bank. 
  9. ^ EDGAR: CO2 time series 1990-2011 per region/country
  10. ^ EDGAR: CO2 time series 1990-2011 per capita for world countries
  11. ^ a b EDGAR: Trends in CO2 emissions per region/country 1990-2012 per region/country

External links[edit]

The contents of this article comes from the latest figures from the millennium indicators as of 2009-07-14: