List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions

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Countries by carbon dioxide emissions in thousands of tonnes per annum, via the burning of fossil fuels (blue the highest).
China CO2 emission in millions of tonnes from 1980 to 2009.

This is a list of sovereign states and territories by carbon dioxide emissions due to certain forms of human activity. The data presented below corresponds to emissions in 2008. The data was collected by the United States Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) for the United Nations. The data only considers carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but not emissions from land use, land-use change and forestry. Emissions from international shipping or bunker fuels are also not included in national figures,[1] which can make a huge difference for small countries with important ports. The top 10 countries in the world emit 68.62% of the world total.[2][3][4][5][6] Other powerful, more potent greenhouse gases are not included in this data, including methane.

Some dependencies and territories whose independence has not been generally recognized are also included as they are in the source data. Certain entities are mentioned here for purposes of comparison. These are indicated in italics and are not counted in the ordering of sovereign states.

List of countries by 2010 emissions[edit]

Country Annual CO2 emissions
(in thousands of tonnes)
 % of world
emissions
 World 31,350,455 100%
 China (ex.Macau, Hong Kong,) 8,286,892 26.43%
 United States 5,433,057 17.33%
 European Union (27) 3,688,880 13.33%
 India 2,008,823 6.41%
 Russia 1,740,776 5.55%
 Japan 1,170,715 3.73%
 Germany 745,384 2.38%
 Iran 571,612 1.82%
 South Korea 567,567 1.81%
 Canada 499,137 1.59%
 United Kingdom 493,505 1.57%
 Saudi Arabia 464,481 1.48%
 South Africa 460,124 1.47%
 Mexico 443,674 1.42%
 Indonesia 433,989 1.38%
 Brazil 419,754 1.34%
 Italy (including San Marino) 406,307 1.3%
 Australia 373,081 1.19%
 France (including Monaco) 361,273 1.15%
 Poland 317,254 1.01%
 Ukraine 304,805 0.97%
 Turkey 298,002 0.95%
 Thailand 295,282 0.94%
 Spain 269,675 0.86%
 Taiwan 258,599 0.82%
 Kazakhstan 248,729 0.79%
 Malaysia 216,804 0.69%
 Egypt 204,776 0.65%
 Venezuela 201,747 0.64%
 Netherlands 182,078 0.58%
 Argentina 180,512 0.58%
 United Arab Emirates 167,597 0.53%
 Pakistan 161,396 0.51%
 Vietnam 150,230 0.48%
 Algeria 123,475 0.39%
 Iraq 114,667 0.37%
 Czech Republic 111,752 0.36%
 Belgium 108,947 0.35%
 Uzbekistan 104,443 0.33%
 Kuwait 93,696 0.3%
 Greece 86,717 0.28%
 Philippines 81,591 0.26%
 Nigeria 78,910 0.25%
 Romania 78,745 0.25%
 Colombia 75,680 0.24%
 Chile 72,258 0.23%
 North Korea 71,624 0.23%
 Israel 70,656 0.23%
 Qatar 70,531 0.22%
 Austria 66,897 0.21%
 Belarus 62,222 0.2%
 Syria 61,859 0.2%
 Finland 61,844 0.2%
 Libya 59,035 0.19%
 Peru 57,579 0.18%
 Oman 57,202 0.18%
 Norway 57,187 0.18%
 Bangladesh 56,153 0.18%
 Turkmenistan 53,054 0.17%
 Sweden 52,515 0.17%
 Portugal 52,361 0.17%
 Trinidad and Tobago 50,682 0.16%
 Morocco 50,608 0.16%
 Hungary 50,583 0.16%
 Denmark 46,303 0.15%
 Serbia 45,962 0.15%
 Azerbaijan 45,731 0.15%
 Bulgaria 44,679 0.14%
 Ireland 40,000 0.13%
  Switzerland 38,757 0.12%
 Cuba 38,364 0.12%
 Hong Kong 36,289 0.12%
 Slovakia 36,091 0.12%
 Ecuador 32,636 0.1%
 New Zealand 31,551 0.1%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 31,125 0.1%
 Angola 30,418 0.1%
 Tunisia 25,878 0.08%
 Bahrain 24,202 0.08%
 Yemen 21,852 0.07%
 Dominican Republic 20,964 0.07%
 Croatia 20,884 0.07%
 Jordan 20,821 0.07%
 Lebanon 20,403 0.07%
 Estonia 18,339 0.06%
 Bolivia 15,456 0.05%
 Slovenia 15,328 0.05%
 Sudan 14,173 0.05%
 Lithuania 13,561 0.04%
 Singapore 13,520 0.04%
 Sri Lanka 12,710 0.04%
 Kenya 12,427 0.04%
 Mongolia 11,511 0.04%
 Guatemala 11,118 0.04%
 Macedonia 10,873 0.03%
 Luxembourg 10,829 0.03%
 Panama 9,633 0.03%
 Zimbabwe 9,428 0.03%
 Brunei 9,160 0.03%
 Ghana 8,999 0.03%
 Burma 8,995 0.03%
 Afghanistan 8,236 0.03%
 Honduras 8,108 0.03%
 Costa Rica 7,770 0.02%
 Cyprus 7,708 0.02%
 Latvia 7,616 0.02%
 Cameroon 7,235 0.02%
 Jamaica 7,158 0.02%
 Senegal 7,059 0.02%
 Tanzania 6,846 0.02%
 Uruguay 6,645 0.02%
 Ethiopia 6,494 0.02%
 Kyrgyzstan 6,399 0.02%
 El Salvador 6,249 0.02%
 Georgia 6,241 0.02%
 Ivory Coast 5,805 0.02%
 Botswana 5,233 0.02%
 Benin 5,189 0.02%
 Paraguay 5,075 0.02%
 Moldova 4,855 0.02%
 Netherlands Antilles 4,727 0.02%
 Equatorial Guinea 4,679 0.01%
 Nicaragua 4,547 0.01%
 Réunion 4,367 0.01%
 Albania 4,283 0.01%
 Armenia 4,221 0.01%
 Cambodia 4,180 0.01%
 Mauritius 4,118 0.01%


 New Caledonia 3,920 0.01%
 Uganda 3,784 0.01%
   Nepal 3,755 0.01%
 Namibia 3,176 0.01%
 Papua New Guinea 3,135 0.01%
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 3,040 0.01%
 Mozambique 2,882 0.01%
 Tajikistan 2,860 0.01%
 Malta 2,589 0.01%
 Montenegro 2,582 0.01%
 Gabon 2,574 0.01%
 Bahamas 2,464 0.01%
 Zambia 2,428 0.01%
 Suriname 2,384 0.01%
 Palestine 2,365 0.01%
 Aruba 2,321 0.01%
 Martinique 2,281 0.01%
 Mauritania 2,215 0.01%
 Haiti 2,120 0.01%
 Republic of the Congo 2,028 0.01%
 Madagascar 2,013 0.01%
 Iceland 1,962 0.01%
 Laos 1,874 0.01%
 Guadeloupe 1,738 0.01%
 Guyana 1,701 0.01%
 Burkina Faso 1,683 0.01%
 Togo 1,540 0%


 Barbados 1,503 0%
 Niger 1,412 0%
 Guinea 1,236 0%
 Macau 1,030 0%


 Fiji 1,291 0%
 Malawi 1,239 0%
 Swaziland 1,023 0%
 Maldives 1074 0%
 French Polynesia 884 0%


 French Guiana 700 0%
 Sierra Leone 689 0%
 Bhutan 477 0%
 Faroe Islands 711 0%
 Rwanda 594 0%
 Seychelles 704 0%
 Somalia 609 0%
 Liberia 799 0%
 Mali 623 0%
 Greenland 634 0%
 Cayman Islands 590 0%
 Andorra 517 0%
 Djibouti 539 0%
 Chad 495 0%
 Antigua and Barbuda 513 0%
 Belize 422 0%
 Gibraltar 473 0%
 Eritrea 513 0%
 Gambia 473 0%
 Saint Lucia 396 0%
 Bermuda 389 0%
 Cape Verde 356 0%
 Guinea-Bissau 238 0%
 Central African Republic 260 0%
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 249 0%
 Grenada 246 0%
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 238 0%
 Palau 213 0%
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 202 0%
 Solomon Islands 198 0%
 Timor-Leste 191 0%
 Burundi 308 0%
 Tonga 158 0%
 Samoa 161 0%
 Turks and Caicos Islands 158 0%
 Nauru 84 0%
 Dominica 128 0%
 São Tomé and Príncipe 99 0%
 Comoros 139 0%
 British Virgin Islands 117 0%
 Marshall Islands 103 0%
 Vanuatu 117 0%
 Montserrat 77 0%
 Cook Islands 70 0%
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 66 0%
 Federated States of Micronesia 62 0%
 Anguilla 66 0%
 Falkland Islands 59 0%
 Kiribati 62 0%
 Wallis and Futuna 22 0%
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 11 0%
 Niue 7 0%

List of countries by 2011 emissions estimates[edit]

EDGAR (database created by European Commission and Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency) released 2011 estimates. The following table is lists the 2011 estimate of annual CO2 emissions estimates (in thousands of CO2 tonnes) from these estimates along with a list of emissions per capita (in tonnes of CO2 per year) from same source.

Country CO2 emissions[7] Emission per capita[8]
 World 33,376,327 4.9
 China 9,700,000 7.2
 United States 5,420,000 17.3
 India 1,970,000 1.6
 Russia 1,830,000 12.8
 Japan 1,240,000 9.8
International transport 1,040,000 -
 Germany 810,000 9.9
 South Korea 610,000 12.6
 Canada 560,000 16.2

List of countries by 2012 emissions estimates[edit]

EDGAR (database created by European Commission and Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency) released 2012 estimates. The following table lists the 2012 estimate of annual CO2 emissions estimates (in thousands of CO2 tonnes) from these estimates along with a list of emissions per capita (in tonnes of CO2 per year) from same source.

Country CO2 emissions[9] Emission per capita[9]
 World 34,500,000 4.9
 China 9,860,000 7.1
 United States 5,190,000 16.4
 India 1,970,000 1.6
 Russia 1,770,000 12.4
 Japan 1,320,000 10.4
International transport 1,060,000 -
 Germany 810,000 9.7
 South Korea 640,000 13.0
 Canada 560,000 16.0
 United Kingdom 490,000 7.7
 Mexico 490,000 4.0
 Indonesia 490,000 2.0
 Saudi Arabia 460,000 16.2
 Brazil 460,000 2.3
 Australia 430,000 18.8
 Iran 410,000 5.3
 Italy 390,000 6.3
 France 370,000 5.8
 South Africa 330,000 6.3
 Poland 320,000 8.4

See also[edit]

General:

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Schrooten, L; De Vlieger, Ina; Int Panis, Luc; Styns, R. Torfs, K; Torfs, R (2008). "Inventory and forecasting of maritime emissions in the Belgian sea territory, an activity based emission model". Atmospheric Environment - 42(4)667-676(2008) 42 (4): 667–676. 
  2. ^ "China now no. 1 in CO2 emissions; USA in second position". Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. Retrieved 2007-06-22. 
  3. ^ "China Overtakes U.S. as No. 1 Emitter of Carbon Dioxide". NPR. 2008-03-14. 
  4. ^ "China CO2 Emissions Growing Faster Than Anticipated". National Geographic. 2008-03-18. 
  5. ^ "Forecasting the Path of China’s CO2 Emissions Using Province Level Information". Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UCB. CUDARE Working Paper 97. 2008-03-14. 
  6. ^ "China Passes U.S., Leads World in Power Sector Carbon Emissions - CGD". Center for Global Development. 2008-08-27. 
  7. ^ EDGAR: CO2 time series 1990-2011 per region/country
  8. ^ EDGAR: CO2 time series 1990-2011 per capita for world countries
  9. ^ a b EDGAR: Trends in CO2 emissions per region/country 1990-2012 per region/country

External links[edit]

The contents of this article comes from the latest figures from the millennium indicators as of 2009-07-14: