List of ecoregions in Bhutan

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The ecoregions of Bhutan generally vary according to altitude and precipitation. Bhutan occupies 38,394 square kilometres (14,824 sq mi)[1] in the eastern Himalaya, at altitudes ranging from 97 metres (318 ft) to 7,570 metres (24,840 ft).[2] The dry, plain-like valleys of western and central Bhutan tend to be relatively densely populated and intensely cultivated. The wetter eastern valleys, however, tend to be steeper, narrower ravines.[3][4][5] At lower and middle elevations, Indomalayan biomes range from tropical and subtropical forests to temperate coniferous forests. In the northern mountainous regions, Bhutan is largely Palearctic, comprising temperate coniferous forests, montane grasslands and shrublands, and swaths without any ecozone in its highest glacial elevations.[6]

List of ecoregions[edit]

Below is a list of ecoregions in Bhutan.

Ecozone Biome Ecoregion[6] Districts
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests Dagana, Pemagatshel, Samdrup Jongkhar, Sarpang, Trashigang
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Chukha, Dagana, Gasa, Haa, Lhuentse, Mongar, Paro, Punakha, Samdrup Jongkhar, Samtse, Sarpang, Thimphu, Trashigang, Trashiyangse, Tsirang, Wangdue Phodrang, Zhemgang
Indomalayan Temperate coniferous forests Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bumthang, Chukha, Dagana, Gasa, Haa, Lhuentse, Mongar, Paro, Punakha, Samdrup Jongkhar, Sarpang, Thimphu, Trashigang, Trashiyangse, Trongsa, Tsirang, Wangdue Phodrang, Zhemgang
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests Bumthang, Chukha, Dagana, Mongar, Pemagatshel, Samdrup Jongkhar, Samtse, Sarpang, Tsirang, Zhemgang
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Himalayan subtropical pine forests Dagana, Trongsa, Tsirang, Wangdue Phodrang, Zhemgang
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Chukha, Dagana, Samtse
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bumthang, Gasa, Haa, Lhuentse, Paro, Punakha, Thimphu, Trashiyangse, Trongsa, Wangdue Phodrang
Palearctic Temperate coniferous forests Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Trashigang

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Portal of Bhutan". Department of Information Technology, Bhutan. Retrieved 2011-08-22. 
  2. ^ "Bhutan". World Factbook. CIA. 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2011-04-03. 
  3. ^ Brown, Lindsay; Armington, Stan (2007). Bhutan. Country Guides (3 ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 181. ISBN 1-74059-529-7. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  4. ^ Carpenter, Russell B.; Carpenter, Blyth C. (2002). The Blessings of Bhutan. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 7–8, 27, 123. ISBN 0-8248-2679-5. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  5. ^ Sinha, Awadhesh Coomar (2001). Himalayan Kingdom Bhutan: Tradition, Transition, and Transformation. Indus. pp. 20–21. ISBN 81-7387-119-1. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  6. ^ a b "WWF WildFinder". World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2011-11-26.