Druk tsendhen

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འབྲུག་ཙན་དན་
English: The Thunder Dragon Kingdom
Druk tsendhen
Emblem of Bhutan.svg

National anthem of  Bhutan
Lyrics Dasho Gyaldun Thinley
Music Aku Tongmi
Adopted 1953
Music sample

Druk tsendhen ("The Thunder Dragon Kingdom") is the national anthem of Bhutan.

Adopted in 1953, the music is by Aku Tongmi and the words are by Dasho Gyaldun Thinley.[1] Tongmi was educated in India and had recently been appointed leader of the military brass band when the need for an anthem rose at the occasion of a state visit from Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India. His original score was inspired by the Bhutanese folk tune "The Unchanging Lotus Throne" (Thri nyampa med pa pemai thri). The melody has twice undergone changes by Tongmi's successors as band leaders. The original lyrics were 12 lines, but was shortened to the present six-line version in 1964 by a secretary to the king.[2]

As the anthem is inspired by a folk tune, there is a choreography to it as well, originally directed by Tongmi.[2][3]

Lyrics[edit]

Original in Dzongkha[4] Transliteration English translation

འབྲུག་ཙན་དན་བཀོད་པའི་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ནང་།།
དཔལ་ལུགས་གཉིས་བསྟན་སྲིད་སྐྱོང་བའི་མགོན་།།
འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་པོ་མངའ་བདག་རིན་པོ་ཆེ་།།
སྐུ་འགྱུར་མེད་བརྟན་ཅིང་ཆབ་སྲིད་འཕེལ་།།
ཆོས་སངས་རྒྱས་བསྟན་པ་དར་ཞིང་རྒྱས་།།
འབངས་བདེ་སྐྱིད་ཉི་མ་ཤར་བར་ཤོག་།།

Druk tsenden koepei gyelkhap na
Pyel loog nig tyensi chongwei gyen
Druk gyelpo ngadak rinpoche
Koo jurmey tyentsing chap tsid pyel
Che sangye tyenpa darshing gyel
Bang deykyed nyima sha-wa sho.

In the Kingdom of Druk, where cypresses grow,
Refuge of the glorious monastic and civil traditions,
The King of Druk, precious sovereign,
His being is eternal, his reign prosperous,
The enlightenment teachings thrive and flourish,
May the sun of peace and happiness shine upon the people!

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brozović, Dalibor (1999). Hrvatska Enciklopedija 1. Miroslav Krleža. p. 569. ISBN 953-6036-29-0. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  2. ^ a b Penjore, Dorji; Kinga, Sonam (2002). The Origin and Description of The National Flag and National Anthem of The Kingdom of Bhutan (PDF). Thimphu: The Centre for Bhutan Studies. p. 14. ISBN 99936-14-01-7. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  3. ^ Blackwell, Amy Hackney (2009). Independence Days: Holidays and Celebrations. Infobase Publishing. p. 15. ISBN 1-60413-101-2. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  4. ^ "National Anthem". Bhutan Portal. Government of Bhutan. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]