List of members of the Universal Postal Union

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The 192 members of the Universal Postal Union are listed below in alphabetical order, with the date of membership.[1] Members are the Vatican City and the 193 UN members except Andorra, Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and Palau. The newest member is South Sudan, which joined on 4 October 2011.

Before 10 July 1964, states became members of the UPU by ratifying the latest version of the Treaty of Bern. After this date, states become members by ratifying the Constitution of the Universal Postal Union, which incorporated the Treaty of Bern and added provisions to it. Three states which were party to the Treaty of Bern in 1964, and hence members of the UPU, and which have signed but never ratified the Constitution are members of the UPU Dominican Republic, Honduras, Sudan.[2] These states are deemed to have "tacitly ratified" the agreement due to their continued participation in the UPU.[3] Also included as members are two "joint memberships" for dependent territories (one for the British overseas territories and one for the Caribbean constituent countries (Dutch: landen) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten), originally as Netherlands Antilles). Dependent territories are not permitted to ratify the UPU Constitution, but because the Treaty of Bern allowed for dependencies to join the UPU,[3] listing these members separately as "Colonies, Protectorates, etc.",[4] the Constitution of the Universal Postal Union grandfathered them when membership was restricted to sovereign states.[3][5] However, neither the British nor the Dutch entities ratified the Treaty of Bern separate from the ratifications of the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, respectively.

By virtue of article 23 of the UPU Constitution, other dependencies of UPU member states are covered by its membership. Territories covered by a sovereign member state are listed under that country.

A[edit]

  UPU member states, including dependencies covered by their membership
  UPU member state dependencies with separate membership
  state represented in UPU by another state
  special observer status

B[edit]

Dependencies of St Helena

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

French Overseas Departments
Territories coming within the UPU's jurisdiction by virtue of article 23 of the UPU Constitution

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

  •  Oman - 17 August 1971

P[edit]

Q[edit]

  •  Qatar - 31 January 1969

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

Acceded automatically as Crown dependencies of the United Kingdom
Territories coming within the UPU's jurisdiction by virtue of article 23 of the UPU Constitution

V[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Observer states and territories[edit]

States, territories and entities not participating in UPU activities[edit]

The states with limited recognition need to have their mail routed through third countries as the UPU will not allow direct international deliveries.

Former member countries of the UPU[edit]

In the course of history a number of member countries of the UPU saw their membership lapse, due to political changes. Where there was an immediate successor state, membership would normally devolve on that state. In other cases membership lapsed.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dependent territory whose membership was grandfathered in by the Constitution.[3]
  2. ^ These three entities are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but have a joint UPU membership separate of that of the Netherlands. Prior to the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on 10 October 2010, Aruba and the then-Netherlands Antilles shared a common UPU membership. Upon dissolution, Curaçao and Sint Maarten became constituent countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, now collectively known as the Caribbean Netherlands, became parts of the Netherlands proper.
  3. ^ Ratified as Austria-Hungary.
  4. ^ Ratified as the Byelorussian SSR.
  5. ^ Ratified as the Empire of Brazil.
  6. ^ Ratified as the Upper Volta.
  7. ^ China was originally represented by the government of the Republic of China from 1914 to 1972. Since 13 April 1972, UPU has shifted its recognition to the government of People's Republic of China.
  8. ^ Hong Kong was part of the British Overseas Territories joint membership from 1 April 1877 to 1 July 1997.[6] Hong Kong continues to participate in the Universal Postal Union after the transfer of sovereignty from the United Kingdom to China on 1 July 1997.[7]
  9. ^ Ratified as the Congo Free State.
  10. ^ a b c State which became a UPU member by ratifying the Treaty of Bern and which signed the Constitution, but which has not ratified it.[2] These states are deemed to have "tacitly ratified" the agreement due to their continued participation in the UPU.[3]
  11. ^ Ratified as the Khedivate of Egypt.
  12. ^ Originally joined on 7 July 1922 prior to Soviet occupation[8]
  13. ^ Ratified as Austria-Hungary.
  14. ^ Ratified as the Irish Free State.
  15. ^ Ratified as the Korean Empire.
  16. ^ Originally joined on 1 October 1921 prior to Soviet occupation[8]
  17. ^ Originally joined on 1 January 1922 prior to Soviet occupation[8][9]
  18. ^ Ratified as the Federation of Malaya.
  19. ^ Ratified as the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway.
  20. ^ Ratified as the Saudi Arabia (1926) Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz.
  21. ^ Ratified as the Serbia and Montenegro Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  22. ^ Ratified as the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway.
  23. ^ Ratified as Tanganyika.
  24. ^ Ratified as the Ottoman Empire.
  25. ^ Ratified as the Ukrainian SSR.
  26. ^ Ratified as the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen.
  27. ^ The Republic of China joined the UPU on 1 March 1914. After the People's Republic of China was founded, the Republic of China continued to represent China in the UPU, until the UPU decided on 13 April 1972 to recognize the People's Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative. This results in International Reply Coupons not being available for Taiwan.
  28. ^ The Orange Free State acceded to the Postal Convention of Vienna in 1898, and a year later also acceded to that of Washington. [16] The state was dissolved at the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging. Membership did not lapse but was absorbed into the British South African membership.
  29. ^ The South African Republic was a member from 1895[17] until its dissolution at the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging. Membership did not lapse but was absorbed into the British South African membership.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Member countries". Universal Postal Union. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  2. ^ a b "List of member countries of the Universal Postal Union". Universal Postal Union. 2014-07-31. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Constitution General Regulations". Universal Postal Union. 2010. pp. XII. 
  4. ^ "Universal Postal Convention". Universal Postal Union. 1952-07-11. Retrieved 2012-08-11. 
  5. ^ "Constitution of the Universal Postal Union". Universal Postal Union. 1964-07-10. Retrieved 2012-08-11. 
  6. ^ Information page for British Overseas Territories on the UPU web site
  7. ^ Information page for Hong Kong on the UPU web site
  8. ^ a b c "CONSTITUTION & GENERAL REGULATIONS". Universal Postal Union. ICANN. October 11, 2000. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Žalimas, Dainius (2002). "Legal Issues on the Continuity of the Republic of Lithuania". Baltic yearbook of international law: 2001. Volume 1. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 17. 
  10. ^ "South Sudan (Rep.)". Member countries. UPU. 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  11. ^ "Palestinian parcel post gets a boost". Universal Postal Union (UPU). Archived from the original on 2012-04-19. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  12. ^ "Israel and Palestinians to boost postal services with help from UN agency". United Nations. 2008-08-07. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  13. ^ "Statement regarding mail destined for the Gaza Strip". Canada Post. 2010-08-20. Archived from the original on 2010-08-20. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  14. ^ "Andorra führt Postleitzahlen ein" (in German). Andorra Intern. 2004-02-27. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  15. ^ [1] Sovereign Order of Malta — Associate Countries (Postal Agreements)
  16. ^ Spies, F.J. du Toit (1946). 'n Nederlander in diens van die Oranje-Vrystaat. Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger. p. 67. 
  17. ^ Spies. 'n Nederlander in diens van die Oranje-Vrystaat. p. 66. 
  18. ^ Rossiter, Stuart & John Flower. The Stamp Atlas. London: Macdonald, 1986. ISBN 0-356-10862-7