List of mills in Derbyshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of the cotton and other textile mills in Derbyshire, England. The first mills were built in the 1760s in the Derwent Valley by Arkwright and Strutt, and were powered by the water of the River Derwent. The abundance of water from the River Etherow and its tributaries led to mills being built in Longdendale and Glossopdale, and similarly along the River Wye in Millers Dale. As the industry developed, the mills changed hands, were demolished, were converted to use steam, or consolidated into larger units. They changed their names and their functions. Water-powered mills were smaller than the later steam-powered mills found in Greater Manchester. Parts of Derbyshire have been subsumed into Stockport.

Longdendale[edit]

Derwent Valley[edit]

Further information: Derwent Valley Mills
This includes Derby, and Belper
Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
North Mill Belper 53°01′45″N 1°29′11″W / 53.0291°N 1.4864°W / 53.0291; -1.4864 (North Mill) 1786/1804
Belper mill.jpg
Notes: The original North Mill, completed in 1786 by Jedediah Strutt, was destroyed by fire in 1803. Its replacement was built in 1804 by his son, William Strutt, on the foundations of the old mill and is one of the oldest surviving examples of an iron-framed 'fire-proof' building in the world.[1][1]
East Mill Belper 53°01′44″N 1°29′09″W / 53.0288°N 1.4857°W / 53.0288; -1.4857 (East Mill) 1912 Standing 102
Belper - East Mill - geograph.org.uk - 736044.jpg
Notes: A fortress-like, seven-storey building, 24 bays by 11, with four corner turrets with Italianate tower, it was constructed by the English Sewing Cotton Company in 1912[1]
Round Mill Belper 53°01′41″N 1°29′11″W / 53.0280°N 1.4865°W / 53.0280; -1.4865 1816
Notes: Demolished, designed for bale breaking
West Mill Belper 53°01′42″N 1°29′12″W / 53.0284°N 1.4866°W / 53.0284; -1.4866 (West Mill) 1797
Notes: Demolished.
South Mill Belper 53°01′42″N 1°29′12″W / 53.0284°N 1.4866°W / 53.0284; -1.4866 (South Mill) 1811
Notes: Demolished.
Junction Mill Belper 53°01′42″N 1°29′12″W / 53.0284°N 1.4866°W / 53.0284; -1.4866 (Junction Mill)
Notes: Demolished.
Reeling Mill Belper 53°01′42″N 1°29′12″W / 53.0284°N 1.4866°W / 53.0284; -1.4866 (Reeling Mill) 1807
Notes: Demolished.
de Bradelei Mill Belper 53°01′18″N 1°29′06″W / 53.0216°N 1.4849°W / 53.0216; -1.4849 (de Bradelei Mill)
Notes: George Brettle & Co., makers of hosiery[2]
Unity Mill Belper 53°01′25″N 1°29′10″W / 53.0236°N 1.4861°W / 53.0236; -1.4861 (Unity Mill)
Notes: A corn mill converted to cotton spinning by John Strutt (1853), then furniture manufacture.[2]
1850 Gritstone warehouse Belper 
Notes: The Ward, Sturt and Sharp hosiery warehouse from 1850.[2]
Boar's Head Cotton Mills Darley Abbey 52°56′38″N 1°28′28″W / 52.9438°N 1.4745°W / 52.9438; -1.4745 1782-1862
Geograph-2329112-by-Chris-Allen.jpg
Notes: The Evans Mills produced high quality 'Boar's Head' sewing cotton. Long Mill was built in 1782, operational in 1788, then burnt down in 1789 and was rebuilt in 1790. The top floor was used as a school room for their child workers. It connects to West Mill (1821), Middle Mill (1804/5) and East Mill (1811). Separate is a Gassing Shed (1862) where the thread was singed, and the North Mill (1835). The free standing engine house has been demolished but the chimney remains. [3]
Cromford Mill Cromford 53°06′31″N 1°33′21″W / 53.1085°N 1.5557°W / 53.1085; -1.5557 1771
Cromford 1771 mill.jpg
Notes:
Bath Street Mill Derby 
Queen Street Mill Derby 
Lombe's Mill Derby 
Masson Mill Matlock Bath 53°06′44″N 1°33′44″W / 53.1121°N 1.5621°W / 53.1121; -1.5621
Main entrance, Masson Mill - geograph.org.uk - 1408625.jpg
Notes:
Milford Mills Milford 53°00′18″N 1°28′53″W / 53.0049°N 1.4813°W / 53.0049; -1.4813 ('Milford Mills')
Milford Mills - geograph.org.uk - 450041.jpg
Notes: The Milford mill complex, built by Jebediah and William Strutt, spanned the A6 toll road, upstream from Milford bridge. Started in the 1780s to spin cotton it expanded to include bleaching and dying mills. William built the warehouse in 1793, experimenting to produce a multi-storey fire-proof mill.The extant Dyehouse near the bridge was a later more successful attempt.[4]


River Wye[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Litton Mill  SK161729 53°15′11″N 1°45′36″W / 53.253°N 1.760°W / 53.253; -1.760 ("Litton Mill")[5]
Cressbrook Mills  SK173726 53°15′00″N 1°44′31″W / 53.250°N 1.742°W / 53.250; -1.742 ("Cressbrook Mills")[5]
Rowsley Mill  


The Mills of New Mills and Rowarth[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
St. George's Works (Wellington New Mill)  [6]
Grove Paper Mill  Coordinates: 53°21′44″N 2°00′23″W / 53.3621°N 2.0065°W / 53.3621; -2.0065 ("Grove Paper Mill")
Ned Mill  [6]


Rowarth Brook[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Top Mill Rowarth [6]
Grove Mill Rowarth 
Notes: A print works[5][6]
Froggatt's Mill Rowarth [6]
Lower Mill Rowarth [6]
Little Mill Rowarth SK011889 53°23′49″N 1°59′06″W / 53.397°N 1.985°W / 53.397; -1.985 ("Little Mill ") 1930
Notes: The oldest known mill in the New Mills area built between the inn and the brook. It was two-storey building powered by a waterwheel. The remains were swept away by the flood of 18 June 1930.[5][6][6]
Ringstones (Alma Mount) Rowarth [6]
Bate Mill Thornsett SK 007868 53°22′41″N 1°59′28″W / 53.378°N 1.991°W / 53.378; -1.991 ("Bate Mill ")
Notes: 1889:Bleachers and Dyers[6][7]


River Goyt[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Torr Vale Mill
aka Stafford's Mill
Lowe's Mill
The Torrs, New Mills SJ999854 53°21′53″N 2°00′11″W / 53.3648°N 2.0030°W / 53.3648; -2.0030 ("Torr Vale Mill
aka Stafford's Mill
Lowe's Mill"
)
1788 **** 212
New Mills, Torr Vale above 1749.JPG
Notes: [6]
Torr Mill,
aka Schofield's Mills
The Torrs, New Mills 53°21′50″N 2°00′01″W / 53.3640°N 2.0002°W / 53.3640; -2.0002 ("Torrs Hydro, New Mills") 1838 1912 74
Notes: Spindlelage:(1811)14 mules, 2802 spindles,(1848) 20 mules, 13,792 spindles, Boiler by Butterley. The first mill was built in 1794 by Samuel Schofield, for cotton spinning. It was powered by water. It was burnt down on 22 October 1838 while being operated by John Sheldon.The second bigger five storey mill was built immediately on the same site. A chimney was added in 1846, suggesting that this mill was operated by steam and water.The mill was occupied by Josiah Mellor and John Roberts until 1857, when it passed to Messrs Hibbert and Alcock cotton spinners. In June 1873, the mill was floated with capital of 4000.00 as a co-operative venture known as the Torr Mill Spinning Company. In 1883 a new boiler was installed. The mill became unviable in 1900 and the machinery removed.Two further firms attempted to use the mill but it was destroyed by fire on 2 December 1912. The leat for this mill passed under the Queens Road bridge and in a trough over the River Sett, and the tail race continued downstream under the Union Road bridge. Torrs Hydro has been built on the site.[6][8][9]
Rock Mill, aka Crowther's Mill The Torrs, New Mills,  53°21′54″N 2°00′08″W / 53.3650°N 2.0022°W / 53.3650; -2.0022 ("Rock Mill, aka Crowther's Mill")[6]
Hague Bar (Hague/Haigh) Mill  [6]
Strines Printworks Strines, Marple,  53°22′35″N 2°02′23″W / 53.3765°N 2.0396°W / 53.3765; -2.0396 ("Strines Printworks")[6]


River Sett[edit]

Also known as River Kinder.


Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Hyde Bank (Beard) (Goddard Mill) Hide Bank, New Mills SK001856 53°22′01″N 2°00′00″W / 53.367°N 2.000°W / 53.367; -2.000 ("Hyde Bank (Beard) (Goddard Mill)") 1785 Standing 229
Beard Mill - geograph.org.uk - 277906.jpg
Notes: The first mill was a woollen mill which burnt down. This four storey gritstone former cotton mill,on Hyde Bank Road straddling the River Sett dates from the early 19th century.The mill used to be a finishing mill for W S Lowe & Sons, but has been shut for a number of years. It has now been converted into flats and the bridge on the left is a recent replacement. The first cotton spinning mill was constructed in 1785 prior to that an early woollen and fulling occupied the site. Now in multiple occupation.[6][10]
Birch Vale Printworks SK 020868 53°22′41″N 1°58′16″W / 53.378°N 1.971°W / 53.378; -1.971 ("Birch Vale Printworks"),  [6]
Garrison Works Thornsett,  SK 015869 53°22′44″N 1°58′44″W / 53.379°N 1.979°W / 53.379; -1.979 ("Garrison Works ")[6]
London Place (Watford Bridge Printworks) Sett Valley SK 005863 53°22′26″N 1°59′38″W / 53.374°N 1.994°W / 53.374; -1.994 ("London Place (Watford Bridge Printworks)")
Notes: 1889:Calico printing.[6][7]
Salem (Bower) Mill  SK002858 53°22′08″N 1°59′53″W / 53.369°N 1.998°W / 53.369; -1.998 ("Salem (Bower) Mill")
Notes:

Two storey gritstone buildings formerly a cotton mill of the 1780s and later a chemical works.Next to the medieval manorial corn mill.

[6]
Barnes Top Shop (Torr Top Mill) (Midland Ironworks)  [6]
Grove (Wyatt's) (Barnes) Mill  [6] 1790


Peak Forest Canal[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Brunswick Mill/Works Newtown, New Mills SJ997849 53°21′40″N 2°00′22″W / 53.361°N 2.006°W / 53.361; -2.006 ("Brunswick Mill/Works ")
Albion Mill - geograph.org.uk - 277892.jpg
Notes: 3 and 4 storey gritstone mill building (datestone 1883)on the Peak Forest Canal. Formerly a cotton mill, bought in 1868 by the Quaker, Edward Godward 1841–1908, who became the first chairman of New Mills UDC, in 1894. Spindleage 1887: 11,000 kitting and sewing cottons.It was extended and used as a sweet factory by Swizzels-Matlow.[5][6][7]
Victoria Mill Newtown, New Mills  1860
Remains of Victoria Mill, Newtown - geograph.org.uk - 1211546.jpg
Notes: 1889: Josseph Froggatt & Son, 1,000 spindles.Victoria Mill was built in 1860 and when it closed in 1985 was the last cotton spinning mill to work in New Mills. It was partly destroyed by fire on 13 March 1986 and has subsequently been largely demolished. There is a picture of it just after the fire on the front of New Mills – A look back at its Industrial Heritage (1997).[6][7]
Woodside (New Brunswick) Mill Newtown, New Mills [6]
Albion Mill Newtown, New Mills SJ996848 53°21′36″N 2°00′25″W / 53.360°N 2.007°W / 53.360; -2.007 ("Albion Mill ")
Albion Mill - geograph.org.uk - 277892.jpg
Notes: – 3 and 4 storey gritstone mill building of 1859. This was the first of a group of mid-19th century cotton mills erected around the Peak Forest Canal.[5][6]
Warks Moor Mill Newtown, New Mills 
Notes: 1889: Francis Rowbottom, 8000 spindles[6][7]
Redmoor Mill Newtown, New Mills [6]
Albert Mill Newtown, New Mills 
Notes: 1889:Bleachers and Dyers and paper maker[6][7]
Some of these mills are occupied by Swizells Matlow.[11] One mill was built about 1843,and part was destroyed by fire in 1983. Swizells Matlow's address is Albion Road


Other[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Calver Mill Calver SK 247745 53°16′01″N 1°37′52″W / 53.267°N 1.631°W / 53.267; -1.631 ("Calver Mill") 1804 Standing 119
Calver Mill - geograph.org.uk - 347691.jpg
Notes: The mill opened in 1778, built by John Gardom of Bakewell and John Pares of Leicester on the site of a corn mill. To use Arkwright's two patents there was an initial premium of ₤7000 and an annual royalty of ₤1000. By 1785, the mill had been developed and stood at three-storeys. In 1799, however, the River Derwent washed away Calver Bridge and took part of the mill with it; shortly after the mill was burned to the ground. A new 7 storey mill was subsequently constructed, and began production in 1804. By 1830 it employed 200 workers some being parish apprentices. In 1833 new, larger, water wheels were constructed.[12] Spinning finished in 1923. In the 1980, the mill featured in Pat Reid's television drama, as Colditz Castle.[13][5]
Brunt Mill Longnor,  SK085646 53°10′41″N 1°52′26″W / 53.178°N 1.874°W / 53.178; -1.874 ("Brunt Mill")[14][5]
Lumb Mill
Lambs Hole
Kettleshulme,  SJ 988804 53°19′16″N 2°01′08″W / 53.321°N 2.019°W / 53.321; -2.019 ("Lumb Mill
Lambs Hole"
)
[5]
Edale Mill Edale SK 134854 53°21′54″N 1°48′00″W / 53.365°N 1.800°W / 53.365; -1.800 ("Edale Mill") 1795
Notes: This mill has now been converted into apartments. The first mill was a corn mill driven by the River Noe. In 1795 Nicholas Cresswell enlarged the building, taking James Harrison, Robert Blackwell and Joseph Fletcher as partners. A 3 storey building with external stair column, the present mill was added a little later. The mill which passed to the Fine Spinners & Doublers Ltd, and cotton manufacturing ceased here in 1934. Many of the women workers came from Castleton, walking to the mill via Hollins Cross at a height of 1,250 feet (380 m). This was a climb of 650 feet (200 m), during bad weather they would sleep at the mill.[5] [15]
Hayfield Fulling Mill Hayfield,  SK055863 53°22′26″N 1°55′08″W / 53.374°N 1.919°W / 53.374; -1.919 ("Hayfield Fulling Mill")[5]
Phoside Mill Hayfield,  SK037859 53°22′12″N 1°56′46″W / 53.370°N 1.946°W / 53.370; -1.946 ("Phoside Mill")[5]
Primrose Mill Hayfield,  SK031880 53°23′20″N 1°57′18″W / 53.389°N 1.955°W / 53.389; -1.955 ("Primrose Mill")[5]
Walk Mill Hayfield,  SK037870 53°22′48″N 1°56′46″W / 53.380°N 1.946°W / 53.380; -1.946 ("Walk Mill")[5]
Clough Mill Little Hayfield SK032882 53°23′28″N 1°57′11″W / 53.391°N 1.953°W / 53.391; -1.953 ("Clough Mill")
Clough Mill, Little Hayfield - geograph.org.uk - 1205355.jpg
Notes: A former water powered and later steam powered textile mill. Converted to apartments 1989.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Belper & The Strutts: The Mills
  2. ^ a b c Derwent Valley Mills Heritage Walks Leaflet, Belper Historical Society, 2006
  3. ^ Derwent Valley Mills Heritage Walks Leaflet, Darley Abbey Historical Group, 2006
  4. ^ On site interpretative panel
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Derbyshire and Peak District Mills". Derbyshire Heritage. 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Lewis, Steve. "Industrial Development in New Mills". Retrieved 29 November 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Worrall, John (1887). Cotton Spinners and Manufacturers Directory. Oldham. p. 179. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  8. ^ Brumhead, Derek (Autumn 1988). "Commenting on Advert;Stockport Advertiser 1848". New Mills Historical Society Journal (New Mills Historical Society) (1): 12, 13. Retrieved 26 November 2009. 
  9. ^ Steven Lewis web page,
  10. ^ http://www.stevelewis.me.uk/page5.php?view=preview&category=1&image=141
  11. ^ Swizells Matlow literacy exercise
  12. ^ Cooper 1983, p. 99.
  13. ^ Cooper 1983, p. 101.
  14. ^ Caudwell Land
  15. ^ Cooper 1983, pp. 102-6.