List of mountain lists
There are many notable mountain lists around the world. Typically, a list of mountains becomes notable by first being listed or defined by an author or group (e.g. Sir Hugh Munro defining the Munros in Scotland) This list then becomes a popular target for peak bagging, where a number of people attempt to climb all of the peaks in the list.
Examples of notable lists of mountains are shown below.
- The Eight-thousanders are the fourteen mountains over 8,000 metres (26,247 ft) in height, all in the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges in Asia.
- The Seven Summits are the highest peaks on each continent, from the Vinson Massif in Antarctica to Everest in Asia.
- The Seven Second Summits are the second highest peaks on each continent. Climber and writer Jon Krakauer, survivor of the 1996 Everest Disaster, argues that a true climber would find more reward in ascending these largely more technical, demanding climbs.[original research?]
- The Volcanic Seven Summits are the highest volcanoes on each of the seven continents, just as the Seven Summits are the highest peaks on each of the seven continents.
- The Ultras are mountains worldwide that have a relative height of at least 1,500 metres (4,921 ft), regardless of location, absolute height or other merit.
- The Snow Leopards are the five peaks of the former Soviet Union over 7,000 metres (22,966 ft) in height.
- The Alpine four-thousanders are the 128 summits (82 'official summits' and 46 'lesser summits') of 4,000 metres (13,123 ft) or more in the Alps in France, Italy and Switzerland as defined by the UIAA.
- The Pyrenean three-thousanders are the 129 summits of 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) or more in the Pyrenees in France and Spain as defined by a UIAA-sponsored joint Franco-Spanish team.
The hills of Britain and Ireland are classified into a large number of lists for peak bagging purposes. Among the better-known lists are the following:
- The Munros: a selection of mountains in Scotland over 3,000 feet (914.4 m). The list was originally compiled by Sir Hugh Munro.
- The Furths: those mountains in Great Britain and Ireland, over 3,000 ft (914.4m) which would be Munros, but for their bad luck in being situated "furth" of Scotland.
- The Corbetts: mountains in Scotland between 2,500 feet (762 m) and 3,000 feet (914 m), with a relative height of at least 500 feet (152.4 m).
- The Marilyns: hills in the British Isles that have a relative height of at least 150 metres (492 ft), regardless of distance, absolute height or other merit. There are currently 1554 Marilyns in Britain and 453 Marilyns in Ireland.
- The Wainwrights: the 214 fells in the English Lake District that have a chapter in one of Alfred Wainwright's Pictorial Guides to the Lakeland Fells.
- The Hewitts: hills in England, Wales or Ireland over two thousand feet (609.6 m) high with a relative height of at least 30 metres (98 ft).
- The 104 major 4000 meter summits of the United States.
- The 67 fourteeners of the contiguous United States (peaks with at least 14,000 feet (4,267.2 m) of elevation and 300 feet (91.44 m) of topographic prominence), including:
- The highest point in each of the 50 US states (ranging from 105.2 meters (345 ft) to 6,193.5 meters (20,320 ft) in elevation).
- Several peakbagging sections of the Sierra Club's Angeles Chapter maintain lists of notable peaks, and organize outings to climb them.
- The Sierra Peaks Section keeps a list of peaks in the Sierra Nevada, and a series of emblems (levels) for climbing a large number of them.
- The Desert Peaks Section climbs peaks in deserts of the Southwestern U.S. and Baja Mexico.
- The Hundred Peaks Section bags all the 277 peaks in Southern California over 5,000 feet (1,524.0 m).
- The Lower Peaks Section keeps a list of 79 peaks of Southern California shorter than 5,000 feet (1,524.0 m).
- The 46 highest peaks in New York's Adirondack Mountains (or rather, the list of 46 peaks once thought to be the highest. Successful completers are eligible for membership in the Adirondack Forty-Sixers)
- The 48 peaks over 4,000 feet (1,219 m) in the White Mountains of New Hampshire.
- All peaks in New England over 4,000 feet (1,219.2 m).
- The highest 100 peaks in New Hampshire
- The highest 100 peaks in New England.
- The "Fifty Finest" peaks in New England (those with the most topographic prominence)
- All peaks in the Catskill Mountains over 3,500 feet (1,066.8 m).Those who climb these, plus four of them a second time in winter, are eligible for membership in the Catskill Mountain 3500 Club.
- The Northeast 111: The White Mountain 48, the Adirondack 46 and 14 Maine peaks, five in Vermont and two Catskill summits over 4,000 feet (1,219.2 m).
- The White Mountain 48, 48 White Mountains above 4,000 ft
- The Southern Sixers, or South Beyond 6000: all 40 peaks above 6,000 feet (1,828.8 m). in the southern Appalachians, which are in either North Carolina or Tennessee. Technically, there are more than forty 6,000 feet (1,828.8 m) mountains in the Southern Appalachians, but the list does not include mountains with peaks that have restricted access.
- East Beyond 6000: Varying just barely from the Southern Sixers are the East Beyond 6000: all 41 peaks above 6,000 feet (1,828.8 m). east of the Mississippi. These include the 40 Southern Sixers, plus Mount Washington (New Hampshire).
- The Saranac Lake 6er, 6 peaks in the Adirondacks of New York State that surround the town of Saranac Lake. Ultra club membership is awarded to those who can complete all 6 mountains in a 24-hour period. There is also a winter 6er.
- The New York State Fire Tower Challenge, a mountain club that includes mountains in both the Catskills and the Adirondacks that have fire towers on their summits. The goal of the club is to educate in regards to the history of the fire towers.
The standard list for the major peaks of the Andes is the list of 6000 m peaks as first compiled by John Biggar in 1996 and listed in his Andes guidebook. This list currently stands at 102 peaks, with no known completers.
- Sacred Mountains of China, including
- 100 Famous Japanese Mountains - The major summits in Japan selected by Kyūya Fukada
- Three-thousanders (in Japan) - The 21 major 3000 meter summits in Japan
- A list of peaks in Indonesia with at least 1,000 metres (3,281 ft) of topographic prominence, known as the Ribus. Also contained in the list are the Spesials. Spesials are Indonesian peaks with less than 1,000 meters of topographic prominence, but of significant touristic interest.
See also List of ribus.
- Bennet, Donald, ed. (1985). The Munros. Scottish Mountaineering Trust. ISBN 0-907521-13-4.
- "95 Peak Lists from around the world". Peakery. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- Bass, Dick; Wells, Frank; Ridgeway, Rick (1986). Seven Summits. Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-51312-1.
- John Biggar: The Andes - A Guide for Climbers, ISBN 0-9536087-2-7
- "State 8".