List of publicised titan arum blooms in cultivation

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This list of publicized titan arum blooms in cultivation is a partial listing of flowering events of the titan arum (Amorphophallus titanum) in cultivation.

Date Location Notes Reference
1889 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew First known flowering in cultivation [1]
1894 Land's Plantentuin Buitenzorg, Kebun Raya Bogor, Java, Indonesia Titan arum became the symbol of the Indonesian Botanic Gardens [2]
1901 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [3]
1924 Land's Plantentuin Buitenzorg, Kebun Raya Bogor, Java, Indonesia [4]
1926 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [5]
1929 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [6]
June 28, 1929 Botanical Garden, Hamburg, Germany [7]
1930 Botanical Garden, Hamburg, Germany [8]
1932 Botanic Garden of Wageningen, Netherlands Spadix grew to a height of 2.67 m (8.75 ft) and spathe was 1.5 m (4.92 ft) in diameter [9]
1934 Land's Plantentuin Buitenzorg, Kebun Raya Bogor, Java, Indonesia [10]
1935 Botanic Garden of Wageningen, Netherlands [11]
1935 Bergianska trädgården, Stockholm, Sweden First bloom in Sweden. Bloom of a 29 kilogram plant, acquired from Sumatra in 1932. Bloom reached 1.55 meter. [12]
1936 Bern Botanical Garden, Switzerland [13]
1937 Botanical Garden, Bonn, Germany Spadix grew to a height of 2 m (6 ft). Corm imported from Sumatra by Prof. Koernicke in 1934. [14]
June/August? 1937 New York Botanical Garden, New York City Spadix grew to a height of 2.57 m (8.43 ft). Corm weighed 45.36 kg. The titan arum became the "Official Flower of the Bronx". [15]
July 2, 1939 New York Botanical Garden, New York City Spadix grew to a height of 1.22 m (4 ft). Corm weighed 14.06 kg. [16]
1939 Botanical Garden, Berlin, Germany [17]
July 1940 Botanical Garden, Bonn, Germany [18]
1956 Botanical Garden, Leiden, Netherlands [19]
1980 Botanical Garden, Munich, Germany [20]
1985 Palmengarten, Frankfurt, Germany Spadix grew to a height of 2.49 m (8.17 ft). [21]
April 27–28, 1987 Botanical Garden, Bonn, Germany Spadix grew to a height of 1.63 m (5.35 ft). [22]
1994 Botanical Garden, Mainz, Germany [23]
1994 Palmengarten, Frankfurt, Germany [24]
March 14, 1994 Land's Plantentuin Buitenzorg, Kebun Raya Bogor, Java, Indonesia Same corm also bloomed in 1994 and 2001. [25]
1995 Botanical Garden, Leiden, Netherlands [26]
February 15, 1995 Land's Plantentuin Buitenzorg, Kebun Raya Bogor, Java, Indonesia Spadix grew to a height of 1.45 m (4.76 ft) and the spathe was 63 cm (2.07 ft) in diameter. [27]
May 8–11, 1996 Botanical Garden, Bonn, Germany [28]
May 30 – June 2, 1996 Botanical Garden, Bonn, Germany [29]
1996 Palmengarten, Frankfurt, Germany [30]
July 1996 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [31]
1997 Land's Plantentuin Buitenzorg, Kebun Raya Bogor, Java, Indonesia Same corm also bloomed in 1994 and 2001. [32]
May 1, 1998 University of Missouri-St. Louis, United States Spadix grew to 0.89 m. (2 feet 11 inches) high. Plant grown from wild-collected seed discovered by Dr. Jim Symon. The seed was planted in February 1995, and grown in the University of Missouri/St. Louis greenhouse by Kathy Pickett Upton. "Archie" was the very first Amorphophallus titanum to bloom in the United States since 1939. [33]
May 1–3, 1998 Botanical Garden, Bonn, Germany Spadix grew to a height of 2.34 m (7.68 ft). [34]
June 24, 1998 Fairchild Tropical Garden, Florida, United States Spadix grew to a height of 1.51 m (4.95 ft) and spathe was 0.76 m (2.49 ft) in diameter. Also bloomed in May 2001. [35]
July 6, 1998 Atlanta Botanical Garden, Georgia, United States Spadix grew to a height of 1.9 m (6.23 ft). [36]
May 21, 1999 Marie Selby Botanical Gardens [37]
Summer 1999 University of Washington, Seattle [38]
July 7, 1999 Fullerton Arboretum, California State University, Fullerton [39]
August 1, 1999 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens [40]
September 3, 1999 Fairchild Tropical Garden [41]
July 7, 2000 Botanic Gardens, University of Bonn [42]
June 12, 2000 Atlanta Botanical Garden [43]
June 13, 2000 Fullerton Arboretum, California State University, Fullerton [44]
May 7, 2001 University of Washington, Seattle [45]
May 15, 2001 Fairchild Tropical Garden [46]
May 2001 Marie Selby Botanical Gardens [47]
June 7, 2001 University of Wisconsin–Madison [48]
June 20, 2001 University of Missouri-St. Louis, United States Spadix grew to 1.22 m. (4 feet) high. Corm weight was 9.98 kg. (22 pounds). Grown in the University of Missouri-St. Louis greenhouse by Kathy Pickett Upton. [49]
June 27, 2001 Fairchild Tropical Garden [50]
2002 Giardino dei Semplici, Florence, Italy it:Giardino dei Semplici
May 1, 2002 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [51]
May 29, 2002 University of Washington, Seattle [52]
June 1, 2002 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [53]
June 20, 2002 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [54]
July 31, 2002 University of Wisconsin–Madison [55]
August 7, 2002 Huntington Botanical Gardens [56]
Mid-August, 2002 University of California-Santa Barbara Only bloom from specimen "Tiny." Received from University of Connecticut in 1995. [57]
May 12, 2003 Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Garden's fifth since 1998 [58]
May 22, 2003 Botanic Garden, Bonn, Germany [59]
May 23, 2003 Fullerton Arboretum, California State University, Fullerton [60]
June 9, 2003 UC Davis Botanical Conservatory, University of California, Davis [61]
June 10, 2003 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Kew's fourth since April 2002 [62]
July 2, 2003 Le Conservatoire Botanique, Brest [63] (French)
July 23, 2003 United States Botanic Garden, Washington, DC Garden's second since 2001 [64]
July 6, 2004 University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT The first Titan bloom at UConn. [65]
July 12, 2004 Mast Arboretum, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas [66]
August 4, 2004 Virginia Tech Horticulture Garden, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia [67]
August 4, 2004 University of Wisconsin–Madison University's third since 2001 [68]
August 13, 2004 UC Davis Botanical Conservatory, University of California, Davis [69]
September 2, 2004 Cambridge University Botanic Garden, University of Cambridge [70]
7 October 2004 Royal Botanical Gardens, Sydney, Australia [71]
11 April 2005 Eden Project, St Austell, UK [72]
21 April 2005 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Kew's fifth since April 2002 [73]
May 14, 2005 Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Garden's fifth since 1998 [74]
May 30, 2005 San Francisco Conservatory of Flowers [75]
June 9, 2005 University of Wisconsin–Madison University's fourth since 2001 [76]
18 June 2005 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Kew's sixth since April 2002 [77]
June 28, 2005 University of Wisconsin–Madison University's fifth since 2001 [78]
June 29, 2005 Volunteer Park Conservatory, Seattle On loan from University of Washington [79]
June 29, 2005 Myriad Botanical Gardens, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma [80]
July 14, 2005 University of California Botanical Garden, University of California, Berkeley On loan from Bill Weaver [81]
July 14, 2005 Botanic Garden, Gothenburg, Sweden Second bloom in Sweden, first bloom in the Botanic Garden in Gothenburg. [82]
August 13, 2005 (est) The Botanic Garden of Smith College, Northampton, MA [83]
October 20, 2005 Stuttgart Zoological and Botanic Garden, Wilhelma, Stuttgart, Germany [84] (German)
November 19, 2005 United States Botanic Garden, Washington, DC Specimen owned by the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany [85]
May 13, 2006 Botanic Garden, Bonn, Germany First titan arum with more than one inflorescence [86] (German)
June 5, 2006 Fullerton Arboretum, California State University, Fullerton [87]
August 5, 2006 Virginia Tech Biological Sciences Greenhouse, Blacksburg, VA [88]
August 7, 2006 Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, New York [89]
August 15, 2006 Volunteer Park (Seattle) Conservatory, Seattle, WA On loan from the University of Washington [90]
August 21, 2006 Laconia NH Lakeport Fire Station, Laconia, NH [91]
November 2, 2006 Royal Botanical Gardens, Sydney, Australia [92]
February, 2007 Eden Project, Cornwall [93]
April 22, 2007 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [94]
May 3, 2007 Gustavus Adolphus College, Saint Peter, Minnesota [95]
May 7, 2007 Botanical Conservatory at the University of California, Davis [96]
May 12, 2007 University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT This was this specimen's second bloom. [97]
June 1, 2007 University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT This was the first bloom for this specimen. [98]
July 1, 2007 UNC Charlotte Botanical Gardens, Charlotte, North Carolina [99]
July 2, 2007 United States Botanic Garden, Washington, DC On loan from the Smithsonian Department of Botany Research. [100]
July 23, 2007 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Cleveland, OH This was the first bloom for this specimen, named Cronus, obtained in 1994 from the National Aquarium in Baltimore. [101]
August 7, 2007 University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley, CA Named Titania, after the Shakespearean fairy [102]
August 14, 2007 Giardino dei Semplici, Florence [103]
October 4, 2007 Giardino dei Semplici, Florence

[104]

April 10, 2008 Como Park Conservatory, St. Paul, MN Plant called "Bob" had a bloom of ~2' in height.

[105]

June 21, 2008 Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, Illinois First Titan Arum bloom in Illinois

[106]

July 8, 2008 University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT Back-to-back blooms for this specimen (13-month dormancy with no intervening leaf stage, possibly a first?); final height 70.5" (about 1.79m), UConn's largest bloom to date.

[107]

July 20, 2008 The Botanic Garden of Smith College, Northampton, MA [108]
July 28, 2008 Volunteer Park Conservatory, Seattle On loan from University of Washington [109]
August 5, 2008 National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise, Belgium Named Jean-Pol, de knol. Spadix grew to a height of 1.56 m. [110]
September 6, 2008 National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise, Belgium Named Hercule, le tubercule. Spadix grew to a height of 1.9 m. [111]
November 10, 2008 Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin The first bloom for the specimen, named Neilson. [112]
May 1, 2009 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Two plants were in bloom. See photos below. [113]
June 7, 2009 University of Missouri–St. Louis First bloom for the specimen, after 14 years of dormant cultivation. Grown in the University of Missouri/St. Louis greenhouse by Kathy Pickett Upton. [114]
June 17, 2009 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens [115]
June 22, 2009 University of California Botanical Garden, University of California, Berkeley Trudy [116]
June 28, 2009 Le Conservatoire Botanique, Brest Second bloom of this specimen [117] (French)
October 28, 2009 Olbrich Botanical Gardens, Madison, Wisconsin [118]
15 January 2010 Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin [119]
March 1, 2010 Nathanael Greene Park, Friends of the Garden, Springfield, Missouri 'Audrey' 35 lb tuber. Current height 4 feet 5 inches with a 27.5 inch girth.

[120]

May 2, 2010 Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL [121]
May 15, 2010 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Cleveland, OH This was the second bloom for this specimen, named Cronus, obtained in 1994 from the National Aquarium in Baltimore. [122]
June 4, 2010 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Second bloom at the The Huntington Library in a row. [123]
June 9, 2010 Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL Second bloom for this specimen [124]
June 10, 2010 Horticultural Gardens, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI [125]
June 22, 2010 UNC Charlotte Botanical Gardens, Charlotte, North Carolina Second bloom of this specimen. [126]
June 29, 2010 University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley, CA Maladora [127]
July 11-12, 2010 Harvard University, Cambridge, MA First flowering for a 15-year-old plant [128] [129] [130]
July 22–24, 2010 Houston Museum of Natural Science, Houston, TX First bloom, "Lois" [131] [132]
July 24–25, 2010 Gustavus Adolphus College, Saint Peter, Minnesota Second bloom; "Perry" [133]
December 17, 2010 Instituto Inhotim, Brumadinho, Minas Gerais, Brazil First bloom; first time ever in South America [134]
September 14–16, 2010 Binghamton University, Binghamton, New York First bloom; "Metis". Spadix grew to 67.5 inches tall. Grown from seed acquired in Bali in 2005. [135]
September 21, 2010 University of Wisconsin–Madison University's sixth since 2001 [136]
October 11, 2010 University of Wisconsin–River Falls University's first since 2001 [137]
January 25, 2011 Flecker Botanic Gardens, Cairns, Queensland, Australia First for 2011 [138]
March 15, 2011 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Third bloom, second of this tubercule since 2008, height 235 cm [139] [140]
April 22, 2011 Botanical Garden of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland [141]
April 23, 2011 Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio The first Titan Arum grown from seed to bloom in Ohio [142]
April 24, 2011 Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo, Hilo, Hawaiʻi Plant from private collection, on loan for public display [143]
May 12, 2011 University of Missouri–St. Louis Second bloom from a specimen that was planted in February 1995 and first bloomed in 1998. At the time, "Archie", a nickname derived from the word "archetype", was the very first Amorphophallus titanum to bloom in the United States since 1939. Bloom height at 1.35 m (53 inches) and weight of 10 kg. This is the 4th bloom to occur at the University of Missouri–St. Louis under the care and supervision of Kathy Pickett Upton. [144]
May 18, 2011 Bergianska trädgården, Stockholm, Sweden Third bloom in Sweden, second bloom in Bergianska trädgården. First bloom of "Cronus". Bloom reached 1.42 meter, first bloom in Sweden from a specimen from Jim Symon's seeds. [145]
May 19, 2011 University of Missouri–St. Louis Height of 1.42 m (56 inches) and circumference of 0.94 m (37 inches). First bloom from a specimen also from Jim Symon's seeds. "Betty" is the 5th bloom to occur at the University of Missouri–St. Louis under the care and supervision of Kathy Pickett Upton. [146]
June 3. 2011 Eden Project, Cornwall Tuberous offset from a specimen that flowered in 2005. Tuber weighed 120kg and reached a height of 2.91M. [147]
June 8. 2011 Eden Project, Cornwall Tuberous offset from a specimen that flowered in 2005. Tuber weighed 80kg and reached a height of 2.82M. Pollen from the bloom on June 3rd was used to successfully pollinate this bloom. Fruit was collected in November of the same year.
June 8. 2011 University of Washington, Seattle Second bloom from a specimen that started as a seed in 1995, flowered in 2003 and then went dormant as a 50 pound tuber. [148]
June 12, 2011 University of Missouri–St. Louis Height of 1.83 m (72 in) and circumference of 1.4 m (55 in). Second bloom from a specimen that also bloomed 2 years ago in 2009 and was nicknamed "Jim Symon", in honor of the collector of the seed. This is the 3rd consecutive bloom this year and the 6th bloom to occur at the University of Missouri–St. Louis over the past 16 years under the care and supervision of Kathy Pickett Upton. [149]
June 16, 2011 University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT Corm #5, 159cm [150]
June 23, 2011 Botanical Conservatory at the University of California, Davis [151]
June 28, 2011 Como Park Conservatory, St. Paul, MN The plant, called "BOB,too", was grown from a seed collected in Sumatra in 1993 by Dr. James Symon while working with David Attenborough on filming the BBC nature documentary The Private Life of Plants.

[152]

July 4, 2011 Murdough Greenhouse,Biology Dept, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH This 10-year-old specimen bloomed for the first time. Bloom was 70" tall, Nicknamed Morphy. [citation needed]
July 15, 2011 University of Illinois, Urbana, IL Planted 10 years ago from a seed from the University of Wisconsin–Madison Titan, this was the first bloom for "Titania". The bloom was 55 inches in height. She is expected to bloom again in 2-3 years. [153]
March 18, 2012 Cornell University Flowered to a height of 1.68M. [154] [155]
May 4, 2012 Niagara Parks, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada This specimen, named "Morph" bloomed around 6pm May 4, 2012. It reached 2.41M in height. This is the first bloom reported in Canada. [156]
May 14, 2012 Niagara Parks, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada This specimen was named "Clive". It was expected to bloom around May 14th but no confirmation found. Pollen from "Clive" was donated to The Ohio State University to pollinate a bloom named "Jesse" later in May. [157]
May 19, 2012 Missouri Botanical Garden, Saint Louis, Missouri First flowering of a Titan Arum at the Missouri Botanical Garden. The Titan Arum was grown from seed sent by Jim Symon to Kathy Upton at the University of Missouri–St. Louis. [158]
May 25, 2012 The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Named "Jesse" to honor OSU track star and Olympian Jesse Owens. Bloom began to open at 3:21 PM on May 25, 2012. Height was 5' 7.75" Tuber weight 35 lbs. This is second recorded bloom at OSU. [159]
June 6, 2012 Eden Project, Cornwall Dubbed "007" as it was the 7th bloom at the Eden Project and it was 7 years old. Tuber weighed 35kg and reached a height of 2.57M. [160]
June 9, 2012 Marie Selby Botanical Gardens First bloom since 2005. [161]
June 14, 2012 Moody Gardens, Galveston, Texas Only fourth instance of a Titan arum blooming in the U.S. state of Texas. Named "Morticia". [162] [163]
June 16, 2012 University of Connecticut Corm #3, 2nd bloom for this specimen - 128cm [164]
June 19, 2012 Franklin Park Zoo, Boston, Massachusetts First blooming at the zoo. Also named "Morticia." Blossom lasted less than 24 hours. [165]
June 19, 2012 Missouri Botanical Garden, Saint Louis, Missouri A month after the first flowering of a Titan Arum at the Missouri Botanical Garden a second plant flowered. [166]
June 21, 2012 University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden, Copenhagen, Denmark First bloom in Denmark. Specimen donated by the Botanical Garden in Bonn in 2003. [167]
July 1, 2012 Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL Third bloom for the "Velvet Queen." First bloomed on June 21, 2008, then again on June 9, 2010. 2012 inflorescence was 47.25" tall. Tuber was 33 lb. [168]
November 19, 2012 Botanical Garden of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Second bloom of this specimen [169]
December 25, 2012 Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne, Australia First bloom of this specimen [170]
December 27, 2012 Instituto Inhotim, Brumadinho, Minas Gerais, Brazil Second bloom of this specimen [171]
April 9, 2013 Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States. [172]
April 21, 2013 Muttart Conservatory, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. [173]
May 14, 2013 The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Second bloom of specimen “Woody” reached 72.5” tall. Tuber weight 49 lbs. [174]
May 24, 2013 The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio First bloom for specimen “Maudine”, tuber division of specimen “Jesse”. Named for 1926 OSU Homecoming Queen. Bloom reached 54.5” and tuber weighed 25 lbs. [175]
June 19, 2013 California State University Chico, Chico, California
June 20-21, 2013 Binghamton University, Binghamton, New York Second bloom; "Metis". [176]
June 21, 2013 Botanic Garden, Bonn, Germany Bloom reached 2.90 meters. [177] (German)
July 10, 2013 Bergianska trädgården, Stockholm, Sweden Third bloom at Bergianska, fourth in Sweden. First bloom of 18-year-old "Crius", a specimen from Jim Symon's seeds. Bloom reached 1.94 meters. [178] (Swedish)
July 13, 2013 University of Connecticut First inflorescence for 'Maximus'. Flower unfortunately aborted without opening fully, perhaps due to lighting issues. [179]
July 30, 2013 University of California-Santa Barbara First bloom for specimen "Chanel." From 2002 cross of UCSB "Tiny" x Huntington Botanical Gardens. [180]
August 1, 2013 University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison, Wisconsin Plant was named "Dennis." [181]
August 8, 2013 Phipps Conservatory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Plant named Romero, in honor of George A. Romero, whose 1968 cult classic Night of the Living Dead was filmed in the Pittsburgh region. Expected to bloom in Mid-August.

[182]

October 31, 2013 Gustavus Adolphus College Plant named Perry, bloomed for the third time. [183]
December 1, 2013 Domain Wintergardens, Auckland First bloom in New Zealand. [184]
May 13, 2014 University of Mississippi, School of Pharmacy First recorded bloom of 2014. [185]
June 11, 2014 University of Mississippi, School of Pharmacy Second bloom at the Maynard W. Quimby Medicinal Plant Garden. [186]
June 24, 2014 Orange Coast College, Costa Mesa, California, OCC Horticulture Garden "Little John" [187]
June 29, 2014 Jardin des plantes de Nantes, France [188] (French)
July 11, 2014 Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL Fourth bloom for the "Velvet Queen." Previously bloomed on June 21, 2008, June 9, 2010, and July 1, 2012. 2014 inflorescence was 76.0" tall. Tuber was 62 lb. [189]
July 16, 2014 Royal Gardens of Herrenhausen, Hannover, Germany First bloom in Hannover. [190]
August 8, 2014 Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens, Buffalo, New York [191]

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