Comparison of web application frameworks

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This is a comparison of notable web application frameworks.

General[edit]

Basic information about each framework.

ASP.NET[edit]

Project Language Current stable version Release date License
ASP.NET MVC Framework (ASP.NET MVC) ASP.NET 5.2 2014-07-01 Apache v2[1]
Base One Foundation Component Library (BFC) ASP.NET 7.43 2011-01-15 Proprietary
Component-based Scalable Logical Architecture (CSLA) C#, Visual Basic .NET 4.3.10 2012-03-04 Proprietary freeware, no limit on use type
MonoRail ASP.NET 2.1 RC 2011-03-17 Apache
OpenRasta ASP.NET 2.0 RC 2009-11-04 MIT
Nancy C#, Visual Basic .NET 0.23.2 2014-07-18 MIT

C[edit]

Project Current stable version Release date License
Saetta Web Server 1.4.7 2014-07-13 Proprietary

C++[edit]

See also: C++
Project Current stable version Release date License
CppCMS 1.0.3 2013-01-04[2] LGPL, Proprietary
Poco 1.4.6p1 2013-03-06[3] Boost Software License
Tntnet 2.2 2013-04-21[4] LGPL
Wt 3.3.3 2014-05-27[5] GPL, Proprietary

ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML)[edit]

Project Current stable version Release date License
CFWheels 1.1.8 2012-07-10 Apache v2
ColdBox Platform 3.8.1 2014-02-04 Apache v2
ColdSpring 1.2 2008-09-12 Apache v2
Fusebox 5.5.1 2008-03-08 Apache
FW/1 2.2.1 2014-05-01 Apache v2
Mach-II 1.8.1 2010-09-20 GPLv3 with Classpath exception
Model-Glue 3.1.299 2010-03-05 Apache

Haskell[edit]

Project Current stable version Release date License
Happstack 7.0 2012-03-29 BSD-3
Snap 0.13 2014-05-06 BSD-3
Yesod 1.2 2013-05-02[6] MIT License

Java[edit]

Project Current stable version Release date License
Apache Click (retired) 2.3.0 2011-03-27 Apache Software License 2.0 (ASL 2.0)
Apache OFBiz 12.04.02 2013-07-30 Apache Software License 2.0 (ASL 2.0)
Apache Shale 1.0.4 (Retired) 2007-12-19 Apache
Apache Sling 6 2011-04-18 Apache 2.0
Apache Struts 2 2.3.16 2013-12-08 Apache 2.0
Apache Tapestry 5.3.7 2013-04-24 Apache
Apache Wicket 6.16.0 2014-06-21 Apache 2.0
AppFuse 2.1 2011-04-04 Apache
Eclipse RAP 2.0 2013-02-11 Eclipse
FormEngine 2.0.1 2011-05-08 Proprietary
Grails 2.4.0 2014-05-21 Apache
Google Web Toolkit 2.6.1 2014-05-10 Apache 2.0
Hamlets 1.7 2011-03-11 BSD
ItsNat 1.2 2011-05-24 LGPL, proprietary
JavaServer Faces (Mojarra) 2.2.6 2014-03-04 CDDL, GPL 2, Apache 2.0,
JBoss Seam 3.1.0 final 2012-01-13 LGPL
Jspx-bay 1.2 2013-02-14 Apache 2.0
JVx 1.1 2013-01-23 Apache 2.0
OpenLaszlo 4.9.0 2010-10-21 CPL
OpenXava 4.7 2013-04-02 LGPL
Oracle ADF 12.1.3.0 2014-06-26 Oracle Technology Network Developer License
Play! 2.3.2 2014-07-21 Apache 2.0
RIFE 1.6.1 2007-07-14 CDDL, LGPL
Spring 4.0.5 2014-05-20 Apache 2.0
Stripes 1.5.7 2012-05-17 Apache
ThinWire 1.2 2007-09-17 GPL
Vaadin 7.2.5 2014-07-18 Apache 2.0
VRaptor 4.0.0.Final 2014-04-23 Apache 2.0
Wavemaker 6.5.3 2013-03-14 Apache
WebObjects 5.4.3 2008-09-15 Proprietary
WebWork 2.2.6 2007-07-21 Apache
Ze Framework 1.0 2014-04-29 BSD
ZK 6.5.2 2013-03-26 LGPL, ZOL
ztemplates 2.4.0 2011-09-11 Apache

JavaScript[edit]

See also: JavaScript
Project Current stable version Release date License
Ember.js 1.6.1 2011-12-25 MIT
Meteor 0.8.0 2014-03-28 MIT
Sails 0.9.16 2014-04-1 MIT
SmartClient 9.0 2013-07-03 LGPL
multiple frameworks based on node.js 0.8.9 2012-07-11 MIT
qooxdoo 3.5 2013-12-10 LGPL or Eclipse
SproutCore 1.8 (beta 2.0) 2012-03-07 MIT
Wakanda 8.0 2014-06-05 AGPL or Commercial
WaveMaker (client side) 6.3.3 2011-09-22 Apache

Scala[edit]

Project Current stable version Release date License
Play! 2.3.2 2014-07-21 Apache 2.0
Lift 2.5 2013-06-02 Apache 2.0
Scalatra 2.3.0 2014-06-11 BSD

Perl[edit]

See also: Perl
Project Current stable version Release date License
Catalyst 5.90042 2013-07-16 Artistic, GPL
Dancer 1.3118 2013-09-01 Artistic, GPL
Mason 2.20 2012-07-12 Artistic, GPL
Maypole 2.13 2008-04-18 Artistic, GPL
Mojolicious 4.45 2013-10-07 Artistic

PHP[edit]

See also: PHP
Project Start date Current stable version Release date License
Agavi 2005-05 1.0.7 2011-12-22 LGPL
Aiki Framework 2009-09 0.9.1 2012-02-23[7] GPLv3
AppFlower 2009-02 1.3 2012-10-09 GPLv3
Ayoola Framework 2011-01 1.4.1 2014-01-12 Proprietary
CakePHP 2005-08 2.5.3[8] 2014-05-13 MIT
Cgiapp 2004-12 1.0 2004-12-01[9] LGPL
ClanCatsFramework 2012-02 2.0.0 2014-07-10 MIT
CodeIgniter 2006-02-28 2.2.0 2014-06-05[10] OSLv3
Fat-Free 2009-09 3.1.0 2013-08-19 GPLv3
FuelPHP 2011-08 1.7.1 2013-12-01 MIT
Hazaar MVC 2012-10 1.1 2013-04-19 Apache 2.0
Joomla 2005-08-17 2.5.19 2014-03-06 GPLv2
Kajona 2006 4.5 2014-06-23 LGPLv2
Laravel 2011-06-11 4.2.3 2014-06-11[11] MIT
Lithium 2009-10 0.11 2012-10-03 BSD
Nette Framework 2006-01[12] 2.2.1 2014-05-27[13] New BSD, GPLv2, GPLv3[14]
Phalcon 2012-11-14 1.3.2 2014-06-06 BSD
PHPixie 2012-07 2.1 2012-04-24 BSD
PRADO 2004-01 3.2.2[15] 2013-07-20 New BSD[16]
Qcodo 2005-10 0.4.22 2011-08-15[17] MIT
Seagull 2003-10 1.0.4[18] 2013-01-04 BSD
Symfony 2005-10 2.5.3[19] 2014-08-06 MIT
TYPO3 Flow 2011-10 2.0.0 2013-07-12 LGPLv3
Xyster Framework 2007-09 02 Build 01 2010-10-18 BSD
Yii 2008-01 1.1.14 2013-08-11 New BSD
Zend Framework 2006-03 2.3.1[20] 2014-04-15 New BSD

Python[edit]

Project Current stable version Release date License
BlueBream 1.0 2011-01-18 ZPL
CherryPy 3.2.2 2011-10-28 BSD
CubicWeb 3.15.2[21] 2012-07-24 LGPL
Django 1.6.5 2014-05-14[22] BSD
Flask 0.10.1 2013-06-14[23] BSD
Grok 1.4 2011-04-04 ZPL
Nagare 0.4.1 2012-01-18 BSD
Pyjamas 0.8 2012-06-01 Apache
Pylons 1.0.1 2012-08-14 BSD
Pyramid 1.5 2014-04-08 BSD
TACTIC 4.0[24] 2013-05-07 EPL
Tornado 3.1.1[25] 2013-09-01 Apache
TurboGears 2.3 2013-08-28 MIT, LGPL
web2py 2.9.5 2014-03-16[26] LGPL3
Webware 1.1 2011-08-03 Python
Web.py 0.37 2012-06-26 BSD
Zope 2 2.13.15 2012-06-22[27] ZPL

Ruby[edit]

Project Current stable version Release date License
Camping 2.1 2010-08-20 MIT
Padrino 0.12.2 2014-05-12 MIT
Ruby on Rails 4.1.1 2014-05-06 MIT, Ruby
Ramaze 2012.12.08 2012-12-08 Ruby
Sinatra 1.4.4 2013-10-21 MIT
Merb 1.1.3 2010-07-10 MIT
PureMVC 2.0.4 2008-08-14 CC +Attribution

Others[edit]

Project Language Current stable version Release date License
AIDA/Web Smalltalk 6.5 2012-08-27 MIT
Application Express PL/SQL 4.2.3 2013-09-16 Proprietary freeware
AWS Ada 2014 2014-03-22 GPL
Compojure Clojure 1.0.1 2012-01-08 Eclipse
Flex ActionScript, MXML 4.9 2013-01-11 Apache
Grails Groovy (JVM) 2.4.0 2014-05-21 Apache
Kepler Lua 1.1.1 2009-03-11 MIT
Morfik C#, BASIC, Pascal, Java 3.0.8.1 2010-12-13 Proprietary freeware
Ocsigen OCaml 2.3.0 2012-12-10[28] LGPL
Opa Opa 1.1.0 2013-02-12[29] MIT and AGPL
OpenACS Tcl 5.7.0 2011-07-17 GPL
Seaside Smalltalk 3.0 2010-09-13 MIT
Zotonic Erlang 0.10.1 2014-06-17 Apache

Comparison of features[edit]

ASP.NET[edit]

Project Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
ASP.NET MVC Yes Yes Push Yes ORM-independent Unit tests, Functional Tests, Integration Tests Entity Framework ASP.NET Forms Authentication (Default), Pluggable Razor (Default), ASPX, Pluggable Yes Yes (client-side via plugins)
BFC Yes Not mandatory Push & pull Yes via active data dictionary Unit tests security groups and rules Yes metadata, result sets Data dictionary driven
MonoRail Prototype Active record pattern Push Yes Active record pattern Unit tests via ASP.NET Forms Authentication Yes Yes Yes
OpenRasta No Yes Push Yes ORM-independent Unit tests No HTTP Digest and via ASP.NET Forms Authentication or host environment Yes No No

C++[edit]

Project Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
CppCMS Yes Yes Push Yes CppDB No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Wt Yes Yes Push & Pull Yes Wt::Dbo Boost.test Yes Yes No Yes
Tntnet Yes No No Yes Tntdb No No No Yes No No

ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML)[edit]

Project Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
ColdBox Platform Yes Yes Push-pull Yes Yes via MockBox, MXUnit, others via plugin Yes Yes Yes via plugin
ColdFusion on Wheels Yes Yes via plugin jLingua Yes Yes integrated RocketUnit via plugin Yes via plugin Yes
Fusebox via CF or any JavaScript library optional Push No, custom via lexicons for Transfer, Reactor via MXUnit, others No via plugins via lexicon for ColdSpring No
Mach-II via CF or any JavaScript library Yes Push via plugin Transfer, Reactor, Hibernate via MXUnit, others via plugins ColdSpring
Model-Glue via CF or any JavaScript library Yes Push Transfer, Reactor, Hibernate via MXUnit, others via plugins ColdSpring
onTap native features + Prototype + script.aculo.us optional Push Yes DataFaucet [1] via MXUnit, others DataFaucet has potential - supports multiple db platforms Members onTap Plugin Yes Yes Yes

Java[edit]

Project Language Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
Apache Click Java jQuery Page oriented Pull Yes Hibernate, Cayenne Yes pluggable Velocity, JSP Cached templates Built-in validation
Apache OFBiz Java, Groovy, XML, jQuery Yes Push-pull Yes Entity Engine (Internal kind of ORM, not really ORM, notably used by Atlassian Jira) JUnit Entity Engine Tools, Data File Tool, CSV Parser, Apache POI Internal Security framework based on OWASP Freemarker (Recommended), Velocity (Support Available), JSP (Support Available) Internal Cache Maintenance with Distributed Cache Clearing for clusters Server side validation, Client Side Validation (JQuery)
Apache Sling Java Yes Yes Push-pull Uses JCR content repository Yes Yes Yes
Apache Struts Java Yes Yes Push-pull Yes Yes Unit tests Yes Yes
Apache Tapestry Java Prototype, jQuery Yes Pull Yes JPA, Hibernate, Cayenne Selenium, TestNG, JUnit Spring Security, Shiro Yes with extensions Native or Bean Validation
Apache Wicket Java Extensions for YUI, ExtJS, more No (Modular event-driven) Pull Yes with extensions Mock objects, unit and integration tests via extension Yes Yes Yes Yes
FormEngine Java Yes Yes own connector API Ajax validation on server and form state update
Grails Groovy Yes Active record pattern Push Yes GORM, Hibernate Unit tests, integration test, functional test multiple plugins: autobase, dbmigrate, more Spring Security,[30] Apache Shiro[31] Yes Yes Yes
ItsNat Java Yes event driven Push using Java i18n external, built-in pluggable pure HTML-SVG page caching normal Java
JavaServer Faces Java Yes Yes Pull Yes JPA, Hibernate and any other Java EE ORM framework JUnit Yes Facelets, JSP Yes Native validators, integration with Bean Validation
Project Language Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
JBoss Seam Java Yes Yes Pull Yes JPA, Hibernate JUnit, TestNG JAAS integration, Drools, Hibernate Filters, OpenID, CAPTCHA Facelets JBoss Cache, Ehcache Hibernate Validator
Jspx-bay Java Yes Page oriented Own API JAAS integration Master-content pages Yes, Internal UI validation controls
JVx WebUI Java Yes Model Driven Yes Yes, pluggable JUnit Yes Single sourcing Yes, pluggable
OpenXava Java Yes Model Driven Yes JPA, Hibernate, EJB2 CMP JUnit Hibernate tools uses JSR-168 portal security UI is automatically generated uses portal and JPA caching Yes
Play Java, Scala Yes Yes Push-pull Yes JPA, Hibernate JUnit, Selenium Yes via Core Security module Yes Yes Server-side validation
RIFE Java DWR Yes Push-pull Yes Yes Out of container testing Yes Yes Integration with Terracotta Yes
Spring Java Yes Yes Push Yes Hibernate, iBatis, more Mock objects, unit tests Spring Security (formerly Acegi) JSP, Commons Tiles, Velocity, Thymeleaf, more Ehcache, more Commons validator, Bean Validation
Stripes Java Yes Yes Pull Yes JPA, Hibernate Yes framework extension Yes Yes
Vaadin Java GWT Pull Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Wavemaker JavaScript (client), Java (server) Dojo Toolkit Yes Push Dojo Toolkit Hibernate JUnit Hibernate Spring Security (formerly Acegi), role-based access control Dojo Toolkit Dojo Toolkit Regular expression, schema-driven validation
Project Language Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
WebObjects Java Yes Yes Push-pull Yes EOF WOUnit (JUnit), TestNG, Selenium in Project WONDER Yes Yes Yes
ztemplates Java JDK 1.5 or newer integrates YUI, Google, etc., with annotations Yes Push, multiple actions per URL standard Java use any J2EE ORM framework Unit tests annotation based Velocity, FreeMarker, JSP, others pluggable Ajax validation on server and form state update (YUI, JSON)
Google Web Toolkit Java, JavaScript Yes Yes JPA with RequestFactory JUnit (too early), jsUnit (too difficult), Selenium (best) via Java Yes Bean Validation
4WS.Platform JavaScript (client), Java (server) ExtJS Yes Push Yes Hibernate JUnit Hudson Database LDAP Google OAuth3 ExtJS Regular expression ExtJS, schema-driven validation
ZK Java, ZUML jQuery Yes Push-pull Yes any J2EE ORM framework JUnit,ZATS HibernateUtil, SpringUtil Spring Security Macro components & composition Yes client, server

JavaScript[edit]

Project Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
qooxdoo Yes Data binding i18n Testrunner Form Validation
SproutCore Yes Yes
Wakanda Yes Yes Push & Pull Native Object NoSQL DB CommonJS Unit Testing YUI Test Service Data Security and Access Control Storage (application.storage, user.storage, SessionStorage)

Perl[edit]

Project Language Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
Catalyst Perl Toolkit-independent (REST & JSON support, specific plugins for Prototype JavaScript Framework, more) Yes Push in its most common usage Yes DBIx::Class, Rose::DB::Object, more Supports Perl testing standards, Test Anything Protocol (TAP) ACL-based, external engines, more Template::Toolkit, HTML::Template, HTML::Mason, PHP and any extant Perl template engine Cache, Memcached, shared memory, more HTML::FormHandler HTML::FormFu, HTML::FormValidator, more
Dancer Perl Yes Yes Push Yes DBIx::Class, ORMesque Yes  ?  ? Template::Toolkit, HTML::Mason, Text::MicroTemplate, any extant Perl template engine Cache, Memcached, shared memory, more DataFu, any extant Perl form validation software
Mason Perl ? ?  ? ? ? ?  ?  ? ? ? ?
Maypole Perl ? ?  ? ? ? ?  ?  ? ? ? ?
Mojolicious Perl Toolkit-independent (REST & JSON support No explicit model support though commonly used as MVC Push Yes Commonly used with DBIx::Class Test::Mojo Signed session cookie Built-in Perl templating, Template::Toolkit and several others via plugins ? Not explicitly, use any Perl Modules

PHP[edit]

Project Start Date Language Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s) Scaffolding RAD Mobility
AppFlower 2009-02 PHP 5 Yes, ExtJS Yes Push Yes Propel Yes Yes Plugin Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes  ?
Auraphp 2011-02 PHP >= 5.3.3 Any Action Domain Response(ADR) Push Yes Propel, Doctrine, Aura.Sql Yes 3rd party 3rd party PHP, Twig, Latte 3rd party Yes No  ?  ?
Banshee PHP framework 2008-10-04 PHP5 Yes, jQuery included Yes Push Yes No No No Yes XSLT Yes Yes No No Yes
Blockify PHP Framework 2014 PHP >= 5.3 Yes Yes Push No No No N/A Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
CakePHP 2005-08 PHP >= 5.2 Prototype, script.aculo.us, jQuery, jQuery UI, MooTools, MooTools More Yes Push Yes Active record pattern (CakePHP 1.x), data mapper pattern (CakePHP 2.x) Unit tests, object mocking, fixtures, code coverage, memory analysis with SimpleTest and XDebug PHPUnit (cakephp 2.0) Yes ACL-based Themes, layouts, views, elements Memcache, Redis, XCache, APC, File Validation, security Yes No  ?
Cygnite Framework 2013-14 PHP >= 5.3 Any Yes Push Ready for coming release ActiveRecord Ready for next release Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No  ?
ClanCatsFramework 2012-02 PHP >= 5.3.9 Any HMVC Push Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Ready for next release Yes Yes  ?  ?
CodeIgniter 2006-01 PHP >= 5.1 Any Yes Push Mostly[32] Third party only Ready for next release Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No[33] Yes Templates
Drupal 2001-01 PHP jQuery, jQuery UI, more PAC N/A Yes Optional module SimpleTest Yes Yes Yes Memcache, APC, Varnish, more Yes No No Yes
Fat-Free Framework 2009-09 PHP Any MVC, RMR Push-pull Yes Data mappers for SQL, MongoDB, Flat-File Built-in Yes Yes Yes APC, Memcache, XCache, WinCache, and Filesystem Yes No  ?  ?
FuelPHP 2010-10 PHP >= 5.3.x Yes MVC, HMVC Push Yes Yes PHPUnit Yes Yes, Plugins available Yes, Plugins available File, Redis, Memcache, more Yes Yes  ?  ?
Fusebox 1997-11 PHP Yes Not mandatory Push No, custom Multiple plugins available via qforms or built in PHP validation Yes  ?  ?
Joomla 2005-09 PHP >= 5.3.x Yes Mootools 1.3 Yes Push-pull Yes Yes Unit tests No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Themes
Kajona 2004-06 PHP 5 >= 5.3 jQuery Yes Push-Pull Yes Yes PHPUnit, Selenium Automatic Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Laravel 2011-06 PHP >= 5.3.7 Any Yes  ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PHP, Blade Yes Yes Plugin  ?  ?
Logiks 2011-06 PHP >= 5.3.x Any eg.Logiks,JQuery Not mandatory Push-Pull SQL, Flat-File via Logiks PHPUnit, Selenium Plugin Yes Smarty,Logiks Yes Yes Yes Plugin Yes Yes
Nette Framework 2006-01 PHP >= 5.3.0 Toolkit-independent MVP Push Yes Third party only Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No  ?  ?
PRADO 2004-07 PHP >= 5.3.0 Prototype, script.aculo.us, own components[34] Yes Push-pull Yes Data access objects (DAO), active record pattern, SQLMap data mapper PHPUnit, SimpleTest, Selenium No Yes XML-based, similar to ASP.NETs[35] APC, Database, eAccelerator, Memcached, XCache Yes[36] Yes[37]  ?  ?
Qcodo 2005-10 PHP 5 built-in QControl Push Yes XML-based Inherent QForm and QControl Yes Yes No  ?  ?
SilverStripe (Sapphire) 2005-11 PHP >= 5.2 jQuery, jQuery UI Push-pull Yes Active record pattern Unit tests Automatic incl. OpenID Yes Yes Yes  ?  ?
Solodev CMS 2005-11 PHP 5 jQuery, jQuery UI, more Push-pull Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes  ?  ?
Spawn 2010-05 PHP >= 5.3 jQuery, Bootstrap, more Yes Push Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes  ?  ?
Symfony 2005-10 PHP 5 Prototype, script.aculo.us, Unobtrusive Ajax with UJS and PJS plugins Yes Push Yes Propel, Doctrine (YAML) Yes Plugin exists (alpha code) Plugin PHP, Twig Yes Yes Yes  ?  ?
Symfony 2 2010 PHP >= 5.3.3 Any Yes Push Yes Propel, Doctrine (YAML) Yes Plugin exists Yes PHP, Twig Yes Yes Yes  ?  ?
Yii 2008-01 PHP >= 5.1.0 jQuery, jQuery UI, own components, plugins Yes Push-pull Yes Data Access Objects (DAO), Active Record Pattern, Plugins (incl. Doctrine 2.0) PHPUnit, Selenium Yes ACL-based, RBAC-based, plugins PHP-based, PRADO-like, plugins APC, Database, eAccelerator, File, Memcache, Redis, WinCache, XCache, Zend Platform Yes Yes[38]  ?  ?
Zend Framework 2006-03 PHP >= 5.2.4 Toolkit-independent Yes Push-pull Yes Table and row data gateway or Doctrine Unit tests, PHP Unit or other independent Yes ACL-based Yes APC, Database, File, Memcache, Zend Platform Yes Yes  ?  ?
Zend Framework 2 2010-06 PHP >= 5.3.3 Toolkit-independent Yes Push-pull Yes Table and row data gateway and Doctrine 2.0 for Zend Framework 2.0 Unit tests, PHP Unit or other independent Yes ACL-based Yes APC, Database, File, Memcache, Zend Platform Yes Yes  ?  ?
Zikula 2008-06 PHP Yes Yes N/A Yes Yes PHPUnit Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No  ?  ?

Python[edit]

Project Language Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s) Python 3.*
CherryPy Python Yes controller & URL dispatching Yes ORM agnostic use stdlib's unittest and doctest depends on ORM Templating engine agnostic Yes Form validation engine agnostic Yes
CubicWeb Python Yes controller & URL dispatching Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Django Python Yes Full stack Push Yes Django ORM Yes Provided by South ACL-based Django Template Language Cache Framework Django Forms API Yes
Flask Python Yes Yes Push Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Jinja2 Yes Yes Yes
Grok Python Yes Yes Pull Yes OODBMS called ZODB, SQLAlchemy, Storm Unit tests, functional tests ZODB Generations Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pyjamas Python, JavaScript Yes Use PureMVC Python version (compiled to JavaScript) Yes  ??, no direct data access No No
Pylons Python helpers for Prototype and script.aculo.us controller Push Yes ORM-agnostic via nose depends on ORM pluggable: Mako, Genshi, Myghty, Kid, more Beaker cache (memory, memcached, file, databases) preferred formencode No
Pyramid Python Yes Yes Push Yes ORM-agnostic Yes depends on ORM Yes pluggable: Chameleon, Genshi; Mako, more Beaker cache (memory, memcached, file, databases) preferred formencode Yes
TACTIC Python Yes Yes Pull No Yes Yes Yes Yes Mako No Yes No
Tornado Python - - - - - - - - - - - -
TurboGears Python Toolkit-independent, provides support via JSON Full stack, best-of-breed based Push Yes SQLAlchemy nose SQLAlchemy-Migrate Repoze.what & Repoze.who pluggable: Genshi, more Support for memcached, and any WSGI compliant system ToscaWidgets, utilizing FormEncode Yes
web2py Python Yes Yes Push Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Webware Python No Optional Pull No Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No
BlueBream (Zope 3) Python via add-on products, e.g. Plone w/KSS Yes Pull Yes ZODB, SQLObject, SQLAlchemy Unit tests, functional tests ZODB generations ACL-based Yes Yes Yes No
Zope 2 Python Yes Pull Yes ZODB, SQLObject, SQLAlchemy Unit tests ACL-based Yes Yes CMFFormController No
mnml Python No No No No only development server No Templating engine agnostic No Form validation engine agnostic No

Ruby[edit]

Project Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
Camping No Yes Push No Active record pattern via Mosquito Yes No Yes No No
Ruby on Rails Prototype, script.aculo.us, jQuery ActiveRecord, Action Pack Push Yes ActiveRecord Unit Tests, Functional Tests and Integration Tests Yes Plug-in Yes Yes Yes
Sinatra No Yes Push No ORM-independent rack-test Yes through a Rack middleware Yes through a Rack middleware No

Others[edit]

Project Language Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)
AIDA/Web Smalltalk Yes Yes Yes Gemstone/S, GLORP, more SUnit Yes Yes
Application Express PL/SQL Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Flex ActionScript, MXML Not by name but similar technology[39] FlexUnit
Kepler Lua Yes
Lift Scala Yes Yes Pull Yes Yes ScalaTest, Selenium [40] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ocsigen OCaml Yes Yes Yes
Opa Opa Yes Yes MongoDB Yes Yes Yes
OpenACS Tcl Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Seaside Smalltalk jQuery, jQuery UI, Prototype JavaScript Framework, script.aculo.us, more Yes Yes GLORP, Gemstone/S, more Unit tests, SUnit No, intentionally Magritte
Project Language Ajax MVC framework MVC push-pull i18n & L10n? ORM Testing framework(s) DB migration framework(s) Security framework(s) Template framework(s) Caching framework(s) Form validation framework(s)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  11. ^ "Laravel releases on GitHub". Laravel.com. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  12. ^ "Nette Framework - first commit". nette.org. 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Nette Framework on Github". 2014. 
  14. ^ "Nette Framework Licence". nette.org. 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-23. 
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