Lithuanian parliamentary election, 1992

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lithuanian parliamentary election, 1992
Lithuania
1990 ←
25 October and 15 November 1992
→ 1996

All 141 seats to the Seimas
71 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Algirdas Brazauskas 1998.jpg Vytautas Landsbergis 2009.JPG
Leader Algirdas Brazauskas Vytautas Landsbergis
Party LDDP Sąjūdis
Last election 0 seats 58 endorsed seats
Seats won 73 30
Seat change +73 -28
Popular vote 817,332 (proportional) 393,502 (proportional)
Percentage 43.98% (proportional) 21.17% (proportional)

Chairman of the
Supreme Council
of Lithuania
before election

Vytautas Landsbergis
Sąjūdis

Speaker of the Seimas and
Acting President of Lithuania

Algirdas Brazauskas
LDDP

Coat of arms of Lithuania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lithuania

Parliamentary elections were held in Lithuania in two stages on 25 October and 15 November 1992.[1] This first round of this parliamentary election was held simultaneously with a referendum on the adoption of the 1992 Constitution of Lithuania.[2] The members of the new Seimas would replace the Supreme Council of Lithuania. The elections were held under the terms of the new Electoral Law adopted in July 1992, which provided for a mixed system and run-off elections in constituencies where the required majority was not attained. The election date had been set on 19 June.[3]

70 MPs were elected on proportional party lists and 71 MPs in single member constituencies; in those constituencies where no candidate gained more than 50% of the vote on 25 October, a run-off was held on 15 November.[2]

The main challenger to the ruling Sajudis nationalist movement, led by outgoing President of the Republic Vytautas Landsbergis, was the (ex-communist) Democratic Labor Party of Lithuania (DLP) headed by Algirdas Brazauskas. Sajudis – which had controlled the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania since February 1990 and spearheaded the move to independence – was criticized for the country’s economic woes, while the DLP called for a slowdown in the pace of change to a free-market system and improved relations with the Russian Federation.[3] Altogether 24 parties and political movements contested the Seimas seats. Polling procedures were witnessed by international observers. As opposed to Estonia, for example, suffrage was granted to Lithuania’s ethnic Russian minority.

The election was won by the Democratic Labor Party of Lithuania, which gained 73 seats and was itself surprised by the decisive outcome. Analysts attributed this victory, among other things, to the party’s support by the Russian and Polish minorities, farmers, as well as to popular anger about the economic crisis, in particular the fuel shortage since Russia, the main supplier, had cut off imports.[3] Brazauskas assumed the title of Chairman of the Seimas. Brazauskas would go on to be elected President of Lithuania on 14 February 1993 in Lithuania's first presidential election. Sajudis received 30 seats. On 1 December 1992, Bronislovas Lubys was appointed Prime Minister.

Results[edit]

Party PR votes % Seats
PR Constituency Total
Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party 817,331 44.0 36 37 73
Sajudis coalition 393,500 21.2 17 13 30
Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party 234,368 12.6 10 8 18
Lithuanian Union of Political Prisoners and Deportees 2
Lithuanian Democratic Party 0
Social Democratic Party of Lithuania 112,410 6.0 5 3 8
Lithuanian Christian Democratic Union 66,027 3.6 0 1 1
Young Lithuania 0 0
Lithuanian Centre Movement 46,908 2.2 0 2 2
Association of Poles in Lithuania 39,772 2.1 2 2 4
Lithuanian Nationalist Union 36,916 2.0 0 3 3
Independence Party 1 1
Liberal Union of Lithuania 28,091 1.5 0 0 0
Lithuanian Liberty League 22,034 1.2 0 0 0
National Progress Movement 19,835 1.1 0 0 0
Moderates Movement 13,002 0.7 0 0 0
Socio-Political Movement for Social Justice 9,730 0.5 0 0 0
Lithuanian Liberty Union 7,760 0.42 0 0 0
Lithuanian Movement "Chernobyl" 4,827 0.3 0 0 0
Lithuanian Commonwealth 4,159 0.22 0 0 0
Union of Lithuania's Patriots 1,904 0.1 0 0 0
Independents 1 1
Invalid/blank votes 59,453
Total 1,919,027 100 70 71 141
Registered voters/turnout 2,549,952 75.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1201 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania, 6 December 1999 [1].
  3. ^ a b c Inter-Parliamentary Union Report on 1992 Seimas Elections [2].

External links[edit]