Little Chester

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Coordinates: 52°55′53″N 1°28′21″W / 52.9313°N 1.47257°W / 52.9313; -1.47257

Little Chester
Chester Green
Little Chester is located in Derbyshire
Little Chester
Little Chester
 Little Chester shown within Derbyshire
OS grid reference SK355372
Unitary authority Derby
Ceremonial county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DERBY
Postcode district DE1
Dialling code 01332
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Derby North
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Little Chester, or Chester Green as it is often referred to by locals, is a suburb of the city of Derby, in Derbyshire, England, located directly north of the city centre. It is also bounded by the River Derwent, the main railway line to Sheffield and Darley Park.

History[edit]

Roman times[edit]

It is the most historic area of Derby, the location of a large fortified Roman settlement, which they called Derventio.[1] This fort, which later became a town, was not only protected the river crossing, but also stood at the junction and gave protection to five Roman roads. The most important was Ryknield Street, which connected Gloucester and the West Country with Yorkshire and the North East.[1]

Little of the Roman settlement remains at Little Chester today, apart from two Roman wells, one on Marcus Street and the other in the garden of the vicarage of St Paul's Church.[1] However, a series of excavations in the last fifty years have established both its importance and prosperity, including the discovery of an underfloor heating system on Parker’s Piece and an abundance of coins.

Later times[edit]

The district has been continually inhabited since the departure of the Romans, next being settled by Saxons.[1] Chester Green, the open land which is the centrepiece of the area, is first referred to by name in written records dating back to 1495, and has been a public park since 1866.[2] In modern times the name Chester Green, applied to the district as a whole, seems to have overtaken the "correct" name in popular usage.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Rippon, Nicola (2001). Derby Our City. Derby: Breedon Books. ISBN 1-85983-245-8
  2. ^ a b Chester Green. Derby City Council. Retrieved on 29 October 2008