Longevity claims

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This article is about modern, or complete, unvalidated supercentenarian claims up to the age of 130 years. For validated specific supercentenarian claims by modern standards, see List of the verified oldest people. For historical, or incomplete, unvalidated supercentenarian claims, see Longevity myths. For other claims, see List of people reported to have lived beyond 130.

Longevity claims are unsubstantiated cases of asserted human longevity. Those asserting lifespans of 110 years or more are referred to as supercentenarians. Many have either no official verification or are backed only by partial evidence. Cases where longevity has been fully verified, according to modern standards of longevity research, are reflected in an established list of supercentenarians based on the work of such international institutions as the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) and/or the Guinness World Records. This article lists claims of 115 years or more.

Scientific status[edit]

Prior to the nineteenth century, there was insufficient evidence either to demonstrate or to refute centenarian longevity.[1] Even today, no fixed theoretical limit to human longevity is apparent.[2] Studies[1] in the biodemography of human longevity indicate a late-life mortality deceleration law: that death rates level off at advanced ages to a late-life mortality plateau. That is, there is no fixed upper limit to human longevity, or fixed maximum human lifespan.[3] This law was first quantified in 1939, when researchers found that the one-year probability of death at advanced age asymptotically approaches a limit of 44% for women and 54% for men.[4] Researchers in Denmark have found a way to determine when a person was born based on radio-carbon dating done on the lens of the eye.[5]

Categorization[edit]

In 1955, Guinness World Records began maintaining a list of the verified oldest people. It developed into a list of all supercentenarians whose lifespan had been verified by at least three documents, in a standardized process, according the norms of modern longevity research. Many unverified cases ("claims" or "traditions") have been controverted by reliable sources. Taking reliable demographic data into account, these unverified cases vary widely in their plausibility.

Fully verified claims[edit]

For fully verified human longevity claims, see supercentenarian and list of the verified oldest people.
  • 34 people are fully verified as reaching 115.
  • 11 of these people reached 116.
  • Only 4 people are fully verified as reaching 117 and only two have surpassed this age.
  • The oldest person verified by modern standards, and the only person with undisputed evidence to have lived to be 120 (and over), was French woman Jeanne Calment (21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997), aged 122 years, 164 days.
  • The oldest man verified by modern standards, and the only man with undisputed evidence to have lived to be 116 (and over), was Japanese man Jiroemon Kimura (19 April 1897 – 12 June 2013), aged 116 years, 54 days.
  • As of 24 July 2014 the oldest verified living person is Japanese woman Misao Okawa, born 5 March 1898, age 116 years, 141 days, and the oldest living man is Sakari Momoi, born 5 February 1903, age 111 years, 169 days, also of Japan.

Problems in documenting[edit]

  • The first two cases of people Guinness acknowledged as having reached 113 have now been discredited.
  • The first three cases of people Guinness acknowledged as having reached 114 are no longer considered verified.
  • 3 people previously regarded by Guinness or the Gerontology Research Group as having reached 116 are no longer considered verified.

In numerous editions from the 1960s through the 1980s, Guinness stated that

No single subject is more obscured by vanity, deceit, falsehood, and deliberate fraud than the extremes of human longevity.

Despite demographic evidence of the known extremes of modern longevity, stories in otherwise reliable sources still surface regularly, stating that these extremes have been exceeded. Responsible, modern, scientific validation of human longevity requires investigation of records following an individual from birth to the present (or to death); purported longevity far outside the demonstrated records regularly fail such scrutiny.

Actuary Walter G. Bowerman stated that ill-founded longevity assertions originate mainly in remote, underdeveloped regions, among illiterate peoples, evidenced by nothing more than family testimony.[6]

In the transitional period of record-keeping, records tend to exist for the wealthy and upper-middle classes, but are often spotty and nonexistent for the poor. In the United States, birth registration did not begin in Mississippi until 1912 and was not universal until 1933. Hence, in many longevity cases, no actual birth record exists. This type of case is classified by gerontologists as "partially validated".[citation needed]

Proximate records[edit]

Since some cases were recorded in a census or in other reliable sources, obtainable evidence may complete full verification.

  • Susie Gibson: Gibson and her family claimed a birthdate of 31 October 1889.[citation needed] The earliest record available, the 1900 census, lists her as born 31 October 1890.[citation needed] The 1900 census is a proximate record, not an immediate record written in 1890. The gerontologist's methodological conclusion is that, at her death on 16 February 2006, it is nearly certain (sufficiently verified) that Gibson was at least 115 years 108 days, and that additional documentation establishing 116 is possible.
  • Maggie Barnes: Barnes claimed to be 117 at her death 19 January 1998.[citation needed] Inconsistent records suggested that she was born 6 March 1882 at the latest, but possibly a year earlier.[citation needed] The conclusion is that Barnes was at least 115 years 319 days, and could have been 116 or 117.

Late-life records[edit]

In another type of case, the only records that exist are late-life documents. Because age inflation often occurs in adulthood (to avoid military service or to apply for a pension early),[citation needed] or because the government may have begun record-keeping during an individual's lifetime, cases unverified by proximate records exist. These unverified cases are less likely to be true (because the records are written later), but are still possible. Longevity narratives were not subjected to rigorous scrutiny until the work of William Thoms in 1873.[citation needed] Thoms proposed the 100th-birthday test: is there evidence to support an individual's claimed age at what would be their centenary birthday?[citation needed] This test does not prove a person's age, but does winnow out typical pension-claim longevity exaggerations and spontaneous claims that a certain relative is over 150.

  • Hanna Barysevich: Barysevich claimed to have been 118. This can be neither verified nor disproven from Belarus records. The claim is demographically possible but incompletely verified. The probability of surviving to age 118 is low.
  • Pasikhat Dzhukalayeva: In 2004, The Moscow Times reported that Dzhukalayeva, of Chechnya, claimed to have been born in 1881 (age 122). The claim is possible but incompletely verified. Her death has not been reported since that time, so no age above 122 has been verifiably claimed.[7]
  • Susie Brunson: Her obituaries appear in Star-News newspaper[8] and The New York Times.[9] Her family claims that she was born in 1870 and lived to age 123.[9] Her Social Security records indicate that she was born 25 December 1888, making her "only" 105 years 355 days, when she died 15 December 1994.[10][not in citation given] The claim is controverted by a reliable source.[citation needed]

Reports with complete date of birth[edit]

These are standardized lists of people whose lifespans remain unverified by proximate records, including both modern (Guinness-era) and historical cases. Claims missing either (or both) a date of birth/date of death are listed separately.

All cases where an individual's supercentenarian lifespan is not (yet) backed by records sufficient to the standards of modern longevity research are listed as unverified. They may be factually true, even though records do not exist (or have not yet been found,) so such lists include these grey-area cases.

Recent[edit]

These notable living supercentenarian cases, in descending order of claimed age, with full birth and review dates, have been updated within the past two years, but have no publicly available early-life records to support them. The names and cases of people whose lifespan is documented by at least one publicly available, standardized early-life record are recorded by the Gerontology Research Group in a list of pending partially verified claims. The minimum claimed age for this list is 115 years, claims between 110 and 113, reported to be alive within the last year, may be found in the living supercentenarians article.

Name Sex Reported birth date Age
as of 24 July 2014
Place of residence Latest report
Alimihan Seyiti[11][12][13] F 25 June 1886 128 years, 29 days China 5 November 2013
Leandra Becerra Lumbreras[14][15] F 31 August 1887 126 years, 327 days Mexico 28 August 2013
Jose Aguinelo dos Santos[16] M 7 July 1888 126 years, 17 days Brazil 15 July 2014
Turupu Aimaiti[17][18] M 5 February 1892 122 years, 169 days China 5 November 2013
Yaqub Qasim[19][20] M 4 January 1893 121 years, 201 days China 5 November 2013
Tian Longyu[21][22][23] F 28 April 1893 121 years, 87 days China 5 November 2013
Da Lanwan[24][25][26] F 3 May 1893 121 years, 82 days China 5 November 2013
Nguyễn Thị Trù[27] F 4 May 1893 121 years, 81 days Vietnam 22 July 2014
Juana Chox Yac[28] F 29 November 1893 120 years, 237 days Guatemala 22 July 2014
Johanna Mazibuko[29] F 11 May 1894 120 years, 74 days South Africa 25 July 2013
Salvador Amesola Ontiveros[30] M 9 November 1894 119 years, 257 days Mexico 29 August 2013
Eurides Fagundes[31][32] F 6 December 1894 119 years, 230 days Brazil 12 March 2013
Yaolidaxi Yaoleiwasi[33][34] M 1 January 1895 119 years, 204 days China 5 November 2013
Cicilia Laurent[35] F 31 January 1896 118 years, 174 days Canada 8 March 2013
Premsai Patel M 11 May 1896 118 years, 74 days India 24 February 2014
Celino Villanueva Jaramillo[36][37] M 25 July 1896 117 years, 364 days Chile 25 July 2013
Fu Jiangshi[38][39][40] F 2 April 1897 117 years, 113 days China 5 November 2013
Huang Mayi[41][42] F 23 April 1897 117 years, 92 days China 5 November 2013
Fu Suqing[43] F 19 July 1897 117 years, 5 days China 21 July 2014
Apullanalada Ukku[44] F 22 August 1897 116 years, 336 days Sri Lanka 14 June 2013
Xing Yeshi[45][46] F 20 September 1897 116 years, 307 days China 11 October 2013
Filomena Taipe Mendoza [47] F 20 December 1897 116 years, 216 days Peru 3 May 2014
María Juana Martínez[48][49][50] F 7 May 1898 116 years, 78 days Argentina 8 May 2014
Guillermo Flores Reyes[51][52] M 25 June 1898 116 years, 14 days Mexico 22 November 2013
Amalia López Celis[53] F 10 July 1898 116 years, 14 days Mexico 11 May 2013
Ciriaca Zapata[54][55] F 23 September 1898 115 years, 304 days Colombia 30 September 2013
Carlos Vázquez Lozada[56][57] M 4 October 1898 115 years, 293 days Mexico 29 August 2013
Manuel Carrasco Rodríguez[58] M 4 October 1898 115 years, 293 days Panama 28 October 2013
Andrew Hatch[59] M 7 October 1898 115 years, 290 days United States 7 October 2013
Li Suqing[60][61] F 14 January 1899 115 years, 191 days China 11 October 2013
Maria Valdomira dos Santos Souza[62] F 18 February 1899 115 years, 156 days Brazil 28 March 2013
Liu Qiu[63] F 6 April 1899 115 years, 109 days China 27 November 2013
Juan Arnout[64] M 17 May 1899 115 years, 68 days Dominican Republic 17 November 2013

Past[edit]

This table contains supercentenarian claims with either a known death date or no confirmation for more than 2 years that they were still alive. Only claims of ages 115–130 are included. They are listed in order of age as of the date of death or date last reported alive.

Name Sex Reported birth date Death date
or latest report
Reported age
Place of death/

latest residence

Maria Do Carmo Geronimo[65] F 5 March 1871 14 June 2000 129 years, 101 days Brazil
Mary Ewen [66] F 5 May 1878 10 April 2007 128 years, 340 days Jamaica
Cruz Hernández[65] F 3 May 1878 8 March 2007 128 years, 309 days El Salvador
Elizabeth Israel[65] F 27 January 1875 14 October 2003 128 years, 260 days Dominica
Tuti Yusupova[67] F 1 July 1880 29 January 2009 128 years, 212 days Uzbekistan
José del Rosario Serrano[68] M 5 March 1881 24 April 2009 128 years, 50 days Colombia
Swami Kalyan Dev[65] M 26 June 1876 12 July 2004 128 years, 16 days India
William Johnson[69] M 8 May 1881 15 May 2009 128 years, 7 days United States
Luo Meizhen[70][71] F 9 July 1885 9 June 2013 127 years, 335 days China
Halim Solmaz[72] F 1 July 1884 29 March 2012 127 years, 272 days Turkey
Tshinyelo Dora Muzila[73] F 4 May 1880 14 January 2008 127 years, 255 days South Africa
Nicolas Savin[74] M 17 April 1768 29 November 1894 126 years, 226 days Russia
Benito Martínez Abrogán[65] M 19 June 1880 11 October 2006 126 years, 114 days Cuba
Margarita Lacsi[75][76][77] F 30 March 1878 27 May 2004 126 years, 58 days Argentina
Jackson Pollard[65] M 25 December 1869 25 October 1995 125 years, 304 days United States
Nuri Öztunç[78] M 1 July 1885 6 March 2011 125 years, 248 days Turkey
Juan Ramos[65] M 24 June 1880 24 January 2006 125 years, 214 days United States
Aberewa Grace[65] F 16 August 1878 18 January 2004 125 years, 155 days Ghana
Anna Visser[65] F 25 December 1878 8 January 2004 125 years, 14 days Namibia
Maria Etelvina dos Santos[65] F 15 July 1878 8 March 2003 124 years, 236 days Brazil
Hu Yeh-mei[79] F 10 February 1885 24 August 2009 124 years, 195 days China
Armando Frid[65][80] M 24 May 1866 28 July 1990 124 years, 65 days Argentina
Maria Verissimo de Matos[81][82] F 5 June 1888 17 June 2012 124 years, 12 days Brazil
Ana Martinha da Silva[65] F 25 August 1880 27 July 2004 123 years, 337 days Brazil
Carmelo Flores Laura M 16 July 1890 9 June 2014 123 years, 328 days Bolivia
Arthur Reed[65] M 28 June 1860 15 April 1984 123 years, 292 days United States
Hava Rexha[65] F 14 August 1880 8 November 2003 123 years, 86 days Albania
Live Larsdatter[83] F 6 August 1575 9 July 1698 122 years, 337 days Denmark
Shukhrat Aliyeva[84] F 1 January 1887 1 December 2009 122 years, 334 days United States
Oberia Coffin[65] F 1 December 1883 18 October 2006 122 years, 321 days United States
Nehemiah Ndur[85] M 25 February 1890 10 December 2012 122 years, 289 days Nigeria
Dora Jacobs[65] F 6 May 1880 19 January 2003 122 years, 258 days South Africa
Zhang Daoling[86][87] M 15 January 34 9 September 156 122 years, 238 days China
Mamie Evans[65] F 2 July 1872 15 January 1995 122 years, 197 days United States
David Peterson[65] M 22 November 1850 31 May 1973 122 years, 190 days United States
Sarah Hoover[65] F 25 June 1874 15 December 1996 122 years, 173 days United States
Seher Bulut[88][89][90] F 18 November 1884 4 April 2007 122 years, 137 days Turkey
Magomed Labazanov[91] M 1 May 1890 11 September 2012 122 years, 133 days Russia
Makgomo Sekhume[92] M 28 December 1879 fl. 2 May 2002 122 years, 125 days South Africa
Lich Nguyen[65] M 4 December 1876 15 December 1998 122 years, 11 days United States
William DuBerry[65] M 7 February 1870 13 November 1991 121 years, 279 days United States
Cliceria Gómez-Morales[93] F 20 September 1885 fl. 28 April 2007 121 years, 220 days Mexico
Celina Pinto da Silva[94] F 12 August 1889 16 December 2010 121 years, 126 days Brazil
Rosalina Francisca da Silva[95] F 6 August 1886 27 October 2007 121 years, 82 days Brazil
Khabibamal Khamitova[96][97] F 1 July 1890 17 September 2011 121 years, 78 days Russia
Anna Ragel[98][99] F 4 July 1889 12 September 2010 121 years, 70 days Belarus
Fred Greenwell[65] M 26 January 1880 22 January 2001 120 years, 362 days United States
Mark Thrash[100] M 25 December 1822 17 December 1943 120 years, 357 days United States
Atidje Starkova[65] F 12 May 1875 24 January 1996 120 years, 257 days Bulgaria
James Hopkins[101] M 12 January 1824 10 September 1944 120 years, 242 days United States
Shigechiyo Izumi[102] M 29 June 1865 21 February 1986 120 years, 237 days Japan
Du Pinhua[103] F 22 April 1886 11 December 2006 120 years, 233 days China
Silvina Rosa de Jesus[104][105] F 20 June 1888 8 January 2009 120 years, 202 days Brazil
Feime Hassanova[106] F 14 April 1879 fl. 2 October 1999 120 years, 171 days Bulgaria
Rebecca Lanier F 24 March 1892 13 August 2012[107] 120 years, 142 days United States
Mary Thompson[65] F 27 March 1876 3 August 1996 120 years, 129 days United States
Ruperto Hernández[108] M 13 June 1887 10 August 2007 120 years, 58 days Nicaragua
Bhling Talah[109] F 21 March 1887 fl. 21 March 2007 120 years, 0 days Vietnam
Joana Ribeiro da Silva[110] F 25 May 1888 24 May 2008 119 years, 365 days Brazil
Francisco Mateus de Santana[111] M 21 September 1889 6 September 2009 119 years, 350 days Brazil
Francisca Salinas de Pieler[112] F 17 September 1878 fl. 31 August 1998 119 years, 348 days Argentina
Carmen Lechado[113] F 5 February 1882 16 January 2002 119 years, 345 days Nicaragua
Helen Bexi[114] F 17 August 1888 19 April 2008 119 years, 246 days Greece
José de Jesus[115] M 10 January 1890 fl. September 2009 119 years, 234 days Brazil
Noninji Elizabeth Bete[116] F 21 May 1886 fl. 4 December 2005 119 years, 197 days South Africa
Li Cairong[65] F 12 November 1885 9 May 2005 119 years, 178 days China
Ma Tengjun[117] M 25 April 1889 8 October 2008 119 years, 166 days China
Józef Buszyło[118] M 7 October 1887 8 March 2007 119 years, 152 days Poland
Ana María Pérez González[119] F 22 June 1890 17 November 2009 119 years, 148 days Mexico
Slava Ivanchevich[120] F 10 June 1894 24 September 2013 119 years, 106 days Serbia
Doralina Borba[121] F 22 January 1894 7 April 2013 119 years, 75 days Brazil
Kamu Tongnumchokdee[122][123] M 8 May 1894 fl. July 21 2013 fl. 119 years, 74 days Thailand
Mary J. Thompson[65] F 2 August 1882 8 October 2001 119 years, 67 days United States
Hsu Yun[124][125][126] M 26 August 1840 13 October 1959 119 years, 48 days China
Qiu Yingguang[127] M 21 November 1891 17 October 2010 118 years, 330 days China
Sherin Kuloo[128] F 15 July 1872 31 May 1991 118 years, 320 days United States
Osório Lopes de Santana[129] M 19 March 1885 24 January 2004 118 years, 311 days Brazil
Hanna Barysevich[65] F 18 May 1888 23 February 2007 118 years, 281 days Belarus
Pelageya Zakurdayeva[130] F 6 June 1886 13 March 2005 118 years, 280 days Russia
Maikup Zhan[131] F 15 June 1890 5 February 2009 118 years, 235 days China
Rose Peters[65] F 25 February 1883 26 September 2001 118 years, 213 days Dominica
Felicie Cormier[132] F 9 November 1879 14 April 1998 118 years, 156 days Canada
Manik Bokchalian[65] F 20 June 1880 15 November 1998 118 years, 148 days United States
Lu Zijian[133] M 15 October 1893 21 February 2012 118 years, 129 days China
Bienvenido P. Cancero[134] M 31 January 1890 16 May 2008 118 years, 106 days Philippines
David Trumble[135] M December 1867 5 April 1986 118 years, 95 days Canada
Yaso Kobayashi[65] F 2 March 1846 29 May 1964 118 years, 88 days Japan
Alberto Yoip[65] M 12 May 1886 23 July 2004 118 years, 72 days Cuba
Antonia Blanco Palma[136][137] F 26 October 1893 5 December 2011 118 years, 40 days Chile
Augusto Guilherme da Cunha[138] M 15 May 1893 15 August 2011 118 years, 92 days Brazil
Rev. Cornelius Jones[10][139] M 21 April 1861 16 May 1979 118 years, 25 days United States
Józef Piotrowski[140] M 7 September 1887 fl. 8 September 2005 118 years, 1 day Poland
María del Carmen Mayorga[141] F 16 July 1886 fl. 16 July 2004 118 years, 0 days Colombia
Arme Tsering[142] F 16 March 1891 16 March 2009 118 years, 0 days China
Varvara Semennikova[143] F 10 May 1890 9 March 2008 117 years, 304 days Russia
Lucas Melón Ayala[144] M 6 August 1891 3 June 2009 117 years, 301 days Peru
Chen Tuan[145] M 10 October 871 22 July 989 117 years, 285 days China
Dominga Pantoja Nique[146] F 11 May 1889 14 February 2007 117 years, 279 days Peru
Maria Andersson[65] F 24 December 1828 24 August 1946 117 years, 243 days Finland
Maria Ederinn[147] F 25 April 1688 1 December 1805 117 years, 220 days Austria
Lowe Garcia[148] F 2 November 1884 26 April 2002 117 years, 175 days Cuba
Li Ada[65] F 11 April 1889 24 September 2006 117 years, 166 days China
J. Chiossick[149] M 20 December 1702 22 May 1820 117 years, 154 days Italy
Etory Hill[150] F 1 December 1878 23 April 1996 117 years, 144 days United States
Sebastiana de Lourdes Silva[151] F 3 May 1895 4 September 2012 117 years, 124 days Brazil
Kateryna Kozak[152] F 14 February 1897 13 March 2014 117 years, 27 days Ukraine
LaJean Smith[153] F 15 June 1889 fl. 22 June 2006 117 years, 7 days United States
Josefina Salguero[154] F 19 March 1890 18 March 2007 116 years, 364 days Mexico
Mamie Truesdale[150] F 6 September 1873 24 August 1990 116 years, 352 days United States
Martin Kaschke[155] M 5 November 1610 6 October 1727 116 years, 335 days Germany
Jubee Nakamura[65] M 10 December 1852 4 November 1969 116 years, 329 days Japan
Ito Morimoto[156] F 15 August 1853 7 June 1970 116 years, 296 days Japan
Swami Maharadjah[157] M 13 April 1892 26 January 2009 116 years, 288 days India
Amanda Aguilar[65] F 3 May 1890 14 February 2007 116 years, 287 days Nicaragua
Dila Jaku[158] F 5 July 1895 16 April 2012 116 years, 286 days Albania
Nils Öhrberg[159] M 1 January 1700 12 October 1816 116 years, 285 days Sweden
Hryhoriy Nestor[160] M 15 March 1891 15 December 2007 116 years, 275 days Ukraine
Fernando Gómez[161] M 5 May 1886 23 January 2003 116 years, 263 days Mexico
Deraldo Santos[162][163] M 22 November 1894 12 August 2011 116 years, 263 days Brazil
Philip Showers[150] M 24 June 1820 19 February 1937 116 years, 240 days United States
Anísio Rodrigues Alves[164] M 30 December 1892 16 August 2009 116 years, 229 days Brazil
Emilia Torrez F 1 October 1896 8 May 2013 116 years, 219 days Argentina
Zhou Hushi[165] F 19 September 1893 18 April 2010 116 years, 211 days China
Janina Izykowska[65] F 27 February 1882 25 September 1998 116 years, 210 days Poland
Willie Henry Holmes[150] M 25 December 1867 9 July 1984 116 years, 197 days United States
Clementina Rodríguez Quiros[166] F 13 November 1891 23 March 2008 116 years, 131 days Panama
Yang Mingyun[6] M 30 November 1897 17 March 2014 116 years, 107 days China
Minnie Lee Nave[65] F 15 August 1890 21 November 2006 116 years, 98 days United States
Carrie C. White F 18 November 1874 14 February 1991 116 years, 88 days United States
Richard Washington[167] M 13 April 1893 7 July 2009 116 years, 85 days United States
Augustina Rosales[150] F 28 August 1878 10 November 1994 116 years, 74 days United States
Kamato Hongo F 16 September 1887 31 October 2003 116 years, 45 days Japan
Eva Rayo Potosme[168][169] F 18 May 1887 fl. 1 July 2003 116 years, 44 days Nicaragua
He Erxiu[170] F 16 January 1898 18 February 2014 116 years, 33 days China
Maria Benedita da Conceição[65] F 27 January 1887 20 February 2003 116 years, 24 days Brazil
Elizabeth Johnson[171][172] F 25 December 1892 fl. 13 January 2009 116 years, 19 days United States
Baji Safarova[65] F 3 July 1890 fl. July 2006 115 years, 363 days Azerbaijan
Fan Xiuying[173] F 11 April 1892 30 March 2008 115 years, 354 days China
Fahrija Mučić[174] F 5 September 1896 16 August 2012 115 years, 346 days Montenegro
Elzira Rogelin[175] F 13 September 1893 22 August 2009 115 years, 343 days Brazil
Igboezu Asoegwu[176] M 20 April 1890 fl. 28 March 2006 115 years, 342 days Nigeria
Sóstenes Martínez[177] M 21 May 1891 fl. 27 April 2007 115 years, 341 days Mexico
Miluša Andelic[178] F 15 March 1890 9 November 2005 115 years, 239 days Bosnia and Herzegovina
Margarita Beltrán Alas[179] F 13 June 1888 fl. 10 May 2004 115 years, 332 days El Salvador
Asifyate Vistanova[180] F 15 September 1892 14 July 2008 115 years, 303 days Russia
Tránsita Santana Damil[65] F 15 August 1888 3 June 2004 115 years, 293 days Chile
Liddie Hollis Steele[150] F 9 May 1870 22 January 1986 115 years, 258 days United States
Song Xiangyun[181][182] F 17 March 1893 18 November 2008 115 years, 246 days China
Sadie Mae Caver[150] F 1 April 1888 21 November 2003 115 years, 234 days United States
Demire Durollari[183] F 14 September 1895 26 April 2011 115 years, 224 days United States
Sant Kaur Bajwa[184] F 1 January 1898 19 July 2013 115 years, 199 days United Kingdom
Nancy Lawhead[65] F 12 March 1884 1 September 1999 115 years, 173 days United States
Alípio Francelino da Silva[185][186] M 15 August 1891 3 February 2007 115 years, 172 days Brazil
Chen Aixiang[187][188] F 6 December 1895 1 May 2011 115 years, 146 days China
Odília Alves dos Santos[189][190] F 20 January 1896 28 May 2011 115 years, 128 days Brazil
He Wenzhang[191] M 9 April 1894 13 August 2009 115 years, 126 days China
Catherine Singletary[65] F 16 September 1885 12 January 2001 115 years, 118 days United States
Nancy Brock[150] F 2 August 1800 27 November 1915 115 years, 117 days United States
Juana Corona[150] F 20 October 1794 24 January 1910 115 years, 96 days United States
Eulalia Herrera[192] F 12 February 1887 16 April 2002 115 years, 63 days Mexico
Maria Strelnikova[193][194] F 15 March 1890 3 May 2005 115 years, 49 days Russia
Ellen Carroll[195] F 21 October 1828 8 December 1943 115 years, 48 days Canada
Floripes Luzia Damasio[196] F 13 December 1889 fl. 15 January 2005 115 years, 33 days Brazil
Fan Shee Hoo[197] F 18 December 1895 5 January 2011 115 years, 18 days Canada
Laura Green[150] F 23 December 1800 27 December 1915 115 years, 4 days United States
Marfa Salaikijskaja[198] F 10 September 1889 fl. 10 September 2004 115 years, 0 days Lithuania

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gavrilov, Leonid A.; Gavrilova, Natalia S.; Center on Aging, National Opinion Research Center/University of Chicago (June 2000). "Book Reviews: Validation of Exceptional Longevity". Population Dev Rev 26 (2): 403–4. Retrieved 18 May 2009. 
  2. ^ Gavrilov, L. A.; Gavrilova, N. S. (1991). The biology of life span: a quantitative approach. New York City: Harwood Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-3-7186-4983-9. 
  3. ^ Gavrilov, Leonid A.; Center on Aging, National Opinion Research Center/University of Chicago (5 March 2004). "Biodemography of Human Longevity (Keynote Lecture)". International Conference on Longevity. Retrieved 18 May 2009. 
  4. ^ Greenwood, M.; Irwin, J. O. (1939). "The biostatics of senility". Human Biology 11: 1–23. Retrieved 18 May 2009. 
  5. ^ "The Eyes Have It: Researchers Can Now Determine When A Human Was Born By Looking Into The Eyes Of The Dead". 2008. Retrieved 28 Feb 2013. 
  6. ^ "No Methuselahs". Time Magazine. 12 August 1974. Retrieved 13 May 2009. 
  7. ^ Aliev, Timur (17 February 2004). "122-Year-Old Chechen Has Seen a Lot". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 13 November 2009. 
  8. ^ Vance, Tricia (30 November 1994). "Susie Brunson, thought to be oldest American, dies at 123". Star-News. p. 21. Retrieved 13 November 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "Susie Brunson; Perhaps the Oldest American, 123". The New York Times. 1 December 1994. Retrieved 13 November 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Social Security Death Index (SSDI)". Rootsweb. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  11. ^ 新疆127岁老人成中国第一寿星 生于清光绪年间(图) (Chinese)
  12. ^ Doubts emerge over China's '127-year-old' woman, who 'can eat a dozen meat buns', SCMP, 29 Aug 2013
  13. ^ 中国十大寿星年龄最大127岁 山东116岁老人排第八 (Chinese)
  14. ^ EFE (31 August 2011). "Mexican Woman Celebrates 124th Birthday". Fox News Latino. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  15. ^ Chávez, Gabriela (28 August 2013). "Doña Leandra: 126 años y 154 nietos, bisnietos y tataranietos" (in Spanish). El Financiero. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  16. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/southamerica/brazil/10968734/Brazilian-who-turned-126-years-old-last-week-could-be-oldest-living-person.html
  17. ^ 中国十大寿星年龄最大127岁 山东116岁老人排第八 (Chinese)
  18. ^ 120岁寿星精心伺候一群羊 (Chinese)
  19. ^ 中国十大寿星年龄最大127岁 山东116岁老人排第八 (Chinese)
  20. ^ “第五届中国十大寿星” (Chinese)
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  22. ^ 每天上下70多级台阶
  23. ^ 中国十大寿星年龄最大127岁 山东116岁老人排第八 (Chinese)
  24. ^ 云南现有1241位百岁老人 最年长者120岁在怒江 (Chinese)
  25. ^ 中国十大寿星之首今年128岁 最小的比毛主席还大!(图) (Chinese)
  26. ^ 中国十大寿星年龄最大127岁 山东116岁老人排第八 (Chinese)
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  29. ^ South African woman, 119, may be World’s oldest
  30. ^ Tiene 119 años el hombre más longevo en Nayarit (Spanish)
  31. ^ Aos 118 anos, idosa mostra vaidade e bom humor em Salvador (Portuguese)
  32. ^ Brasileira Eurides Fagundes completa 118 anos e pode ser a mulher mais velha do Mumundo (Portuguese)
  33. ^ 阿克苏百岁及以上老人128人 最高龄118岁 (Chinese)
  34. ^ 中国十大寿星年龄最大127岁 山东116岁老人排第八 (Chinese)
  35. ^ Haïti-Canada: Et si l’Haïtienne Cicilia Laurent, 117 ans, était la doyenne de l’humanité…? (French)
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  37. ^ Celino Villanueva celebró sus 117 años (Spanish)
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  41. ^ 116岁老人成为广西新寿星 在中国十大寿星中排第9 (Chinese)
  42. ^ 中国十大寿星年龄最大127岁 山东116岁老人排第八 (Chinese)
  43. ^ 四川最高龄老人满117岁 每顿想吃回锅肉 (Chinese)
  44. ^ 116-year-old Sri Lankan is world's oldest person
  45. ^ 我市共有百岁寿星506位 (Chinese)
  46. ^ 江苏最长寿老人116岁 再生黑发被叹“返老还童” (Chinese)
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  51. ^ El último "Dorado de Villa" vive de recuerdos, no tiene para comer (Spanish)
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  53. ^ Amalia López Celis es la persona más longeva, tiene 114 años (Spanish)
  54. ^ Con 114 años, Ciriaca es de las más viejas del mundo (Spanish)
  55. ^ La mujer más vieja de Los Tupes tiene 115 años (Spanish)
  56. ^ Brindan homenaje gobierno y Congreso de NL a sus centenarios (Spanish)
  57. ^ Festejan a regios de hasta ¡114 años! (Spanish)
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  61. ^ 男女寿星冠军的秘诀:喝牛奶、睡足觉 (Chinese)
  62. ^ Aniversário Centenário: Determinação, fé e esperança aos 114 anos (Portuguese)
  63. ^ 广东最长寿老人114岁 (Chinese)
  64. ^ Mulher mais idosa da Paraíba completa 114 anos (Portuguese)
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  121. ^ Morre a montenegrina de 119 anos (Portuguese)
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  123. ^ เศร้า! พ่อเฒ่ากะเหรี่ยงวัย 119 ปีสิ้นลมแล้ว (Thai)
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External links[edit]